Saturday, November 30, 2013

Holidays for November 30th 2013

Computer Security Day

Computer Security Day is an annual event that is observed worldwide. It was started in 1988 to help raise awareness of computer related security issues. The goal of Computer Security Day is to remind people to protect their computers and information. Officially, Computer Security Day is November 30th. However, some some organizations choose to have functions on the next business day or week if CSD falls on a weekend.

Computer Security Day is a great opportunity for information security professionals and their organizations to raise the level of awareness within their users. We can help by providing ideas for CSD activities, posters and other resources.

For 2008 the theme for CSD will be "A Good Defense " The poster has yet to be designed but will include an image and text portraying the idea that we must be proactive and active for security to work. Each individual is responsible and plays a part in protecting information assets and resources. These include:
  • Viruses
  • PC security
  • Firewalls
  • Using strong passwords
  • Social engineering
  • Physical security of information resources and assets
National Meth Awareness Day

Today National Meth Awareness day will be observed Saturday, November 30th in an effort to combat the abuse and use of methamphetamine. Coordinated by the Meth Project, a large-scale, teen-targeted prevention program of The Partnership at which aims to significantly reduce meth use through public service messaging, public policy and community outreach, this event will kick off with provocative creative and social content dramatizing the dangerous and devastating effects of meth.

With participation from state partners including Colorado, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming, the awareness campaign will launch with various local events and enhanced digital media support.

“Meth production, use and resulting addiction have wreaked havoc among individuals, families and communities across our nation,” explained The Partnership at President and CEO, Steve Pasierb. “The launch of Meth Awareness Week is a prime opportunity to engage all sectors of our society to take action to prevent teens and young adults from ever experimenting with meth. While intervention and treatment are vital components to reduce use, prevention is the most effective and efficient step in eliminating the damage done by this destructive drug.”

According to the U.S. Department of Justice, methamphetamine is one of the greatest drug threats to the nation. The agency recently reported that the drug is at its highest levels of availability and purity; and lowest cost since 2005 because of increased levels of meth imported from Mexico, and growing rates of small-scale domestic production. RAND estimates methamphetamine costs the country between $16.2 and $48.3 billion per year in treatment, health care and foster care services, as well as the costs of crime and lost productivity associated with the drug.

The research-based program has had a profound effect, first in Montana, where teen meth use has dropped 63 percent and meth-related crime has declined by 62 percent. The success of the Montana Meth Project led to its adoption by five additional states that have seen similar results.

Stay Home Because You're Well Day

November 30th is “National Stay At Home Because You’re Well Day”!! How will you celebrate?!

November is not only a month of turkeys and football, but there are many weird and crazy holidays that are being celebrated all month long! One holiday that not many people know about is happening next week on November 30th and it is “National Stay At Home Because You’re Well Day”!!

Everyone knows that staying home when you are sick is not only necessary, but no fun at all! Usually you are laying in bed feeling horrible and taking medicine every few hours in hopes of feeling like yourself again in a few days! But with this holiday, you have the ability to stay home from work, but not feel sick and tired! If you play hooky from work or school, you can go out and do what you want, or stay in and have a ball all while feeling A-OK!

If you decide to celebrate this holiday, here is a list of ten things you can do on your day off!

10. Catch up on your favorite television shows: During the week you are way too busy with school and work to even think about what is going to happen next to the doctors of Grey’s Anatomy or which amazing singer just got voted off of The Voice, but if you stay home on this day, you can hang out all day with your DVR and see what you’ve missed all week!

9. Go Shopping: Who says you have to spend all day at home? When you are busy with work, you never have time to hit up your local mall during the week! Usually you have to wait for the weekend and with all of the people being off from work, the lines are crazy and forget about parking! By taking off, you can hit up every store that you want to and find a killer outfit for your weekend plans, or maybe find that game you’ve been dying to get a hold of!

8. Read a good book: Who has time anymore to sit down and read a book?! If you play hooky from your responsibilities for a day, you can finally pick up that dusty old Kindle that is sitting on your shelf and read the third book in that trilogy you’ve been dying to finish before the movie is released!

7. Do some chores: Now this may not sound like fun, and I am the first to admit that I would do anything but clean my closet out! However, when you are busy and at work all week, you rarely have time to do what you have to do at home! Why not use the time off to organize your life a little more so when the weekend rolls around you can really enjoy the break! BONUS: If you play some loud music and dance around in your socks alla Tom Cruise in Risky Business then you are bound to have more fun than you thought!

6.Start a new project: Have you always wanted to try something new or get into something creative like knitting or painting? If you have and never had the time, why not just use the day off to figure out where you want to go and what you want to do? Try something new and do something creative with your time!

5. Play video games: As every girl will tell you, guys spending all day playing video games is one of the biggest mysteries we face today! How can they sit in front of the computer or X-Box for three hours and still be entertained? However, maybe there is something to it after all? If you are a guy then this will come as no shock to you, and if you are a girl who plays video games, then you will know exactly where I am coming from here! But, if you are someone who doesn’t play video games on the regular, maybe try it for the day! You may find that it is a lot more entertaining than you thought!

4. Investigate some new music: If you are feeling musically challenged lately and like you just don’t have the tunes to get you in the mood anymore, literally or figuratively, than maybe it’s time to jump on your laptop and search for some new bands or singers that get your blood pumping! I love when I find a band that I didn’t know about and fall in love with their music! It’s awesome to know how many talented singers and songwriters there are out there, and it’s a lot of fun to discover them!

3. Go workout: With everything you are doing during the week, the last thing you probably want to do is workout! But, with all of this extra time on your hands, it may be fun to go to the gym or maybe go for a run and let off some steam! Research has shown that working out makes you happy, and maybe that is just what you need on your day off!

2.Try cooking or baking something: Take the time to head over to Pinterest and look up those amazing recipes you’ve always wanted to try, but have never had the time to do. Cooking is fun, and with the extra time you have, you’ll become a regular Martha Stewart in no time!

1.Make your friends play hooky too: Staying home alone and getting things done is all well and good, but why not make some of your other friends stay home too so you can have some company! Make everyone come over and watch movies if the weather is gross! If it is nice out, maybe go enjoy a fun time outside in the park, or if it’s really nice where you live, the beach! No matter what you do, having your friends with you will make it twice as fun!

Are you planning on celebrating the holiday on November 30th?!

National Mousse Day

Celebrate National Mousse Day! Mousse is a divine dessert made from egg whites and cream. Did you know that “mousse” is the French word for “foam”? It’s a fitting name for this light, fluffy, and decadent confection!

Chocolate mousse was a specialty in French restaurants during the 1800s, but now it can be found in restaurants and households worldwide. Popular variations include different kinds of chocolate, nut, and fruit flavors.

To celebrate National Mousse Day, make your favorite type of mousse for you and your friends!

Friday, November 29, 2013

Holidays for November 29th 2013

Sinkie Day

Every year, the day after Thanksgiving (Friday, November 29, 2013)

Christmas shopping and Thanksgiving leftovers provide the perfect reasons to enjoy a quick meal. It's the day many people discover the benefits of becoming a Sinkie and go on to many years of dining with a view overlooking the water.

Eating and snacking over the kitchen sink.

Millions of people around the world have been enjoying this casual dining style for many years.

Their casual dining style can also include standing in front of their open refrigerators, rummaging around the leftovers, taking inventory of the contents.
  • Drinking milk straight from the carton.
  • Eating on the run.
  • Grabbing a jelly doughnut, while racing out the door in the morning, late for work.
  • Dashboard dining in the car.
  • Having a desk lunch of M&Ms and Diet Pepsi from the vending machines in the break room. 
In other words, if it has anything to do with having a quick bite, it has everything to do with being a Sinkie.

All of us at Sinkie.Com have been standing at our kitchen sinks since 1991 and we’re beginning to get a little weak in the knees. Therefore, we’ve decided to take what we believe is a well-deserved break.

In the meantime, Bon Appétit!

National Flossing Day

Whereas, This Nation will once again have spent a full day focused on food, on Thanksgiving Day, November 28, And since it is good for each of us to floss after meals,

Therefore, It is befitting and proper that the following day, November 29, 2013 be celebrated as National Flossing Day.

During that day each and every person is encouraged to consider the role flossing has played in his or her life during the previous year, and to celebrate flossing so they can Help Spread "Peace of Mouth"

in their own lives and the lives of others around them, in ways with and without floss.

All citizens are encouraged to search for ways to experience the JOY OF FLOSSING and thereby move beyond negative reasons to floss.

On this special day, our children should also be made aware of the richness and health that flossing can bring to life. Especially at this time when dental care is becoming available to nearly 9 million needy kids!

Be this day so proclaimed in the name of all the Volunteers who have devoted time to the work of the National Flossing Council and to Help Spread "Peace of Mouth!"

National Day of Listening

The National Day of Listening is an unofficial day of observance where Americans are encouraged to set aside time to record the stories of their families, friends, and local communities. It was first launched by the national oral history project StoryCorps in 2008 and now recurs on the Friday after Thanksgiving Day, when families are more likely to spend time together. It was proposed as an alternative to "Black Friday", a day many businesses see as a high volume pre-Christmas sale day.

Tens of thousands of Americans interviewed one another as part of the National Day of Listening in 2008, including President George W. Bush and his wife Laura, who were interviewed by President Bush's sister Dorothy Bush Koch. National Public Radio personalities including Scott Simon, Liane Hansen, Steve Inskeep, Renée Montagne,Frank Deford, Susan Stamberg, and Noah Adams also conducted National Day of Listening interviews and broadcast them on the air.

There are no restrictions on who may conduct an interview as part of the National Day of Listening or what type of interview format may be used. StoryCorps provides Do-It-Yourself Resources and equipment recommendations to guide people through the interview process. guides are available to help teachers and librarians to incorporate The National Day of Listening into the classroom and library.

StoryCorps is a national nonprofit organization modeled after the Federal Writers' Project of the Works Progress Administration of the 1930s. In addition to collecting and archiving interviews at the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress, StoryCorps helps Americans engage with oral histories at the grassroots level.

American Indian Heritage Day

American Indian Heritage Day, also known as Native American Heritage Day, annually recognizes the rich cultural heritage, history and vital contributions of American Indians on the Friday after Thanksgiving Day in the United States.

Some individual states, such as Maryland have taken legislative action to recognize this day as a state holiday.

Many people observe American Indian Heritage Day with activities, programs, and ceremonies that promote the historical and present day status of Native Americans and the Native American tribal governments. These events celebrate the culture, traditions, and languages of Native Americans that all Americans enjoy today.

The day also encourages public elementary and secondary schools to educate students about the history, achievements, and contributions of Native Americans by providing classroom instructions and activities.

American Indian Heritage Day is a civil holiday but some individual states, such as Maryland recognize this day as a state holiday. Maryland state agencies, libraries and public schools are closed on this day and most state employees and many others have the day off from work.

Native Americans are the descendants of the aboriginal, indigenous, native people who were the original inhabitants of the United States. American Indian Heritage Day aims to highlight the relationship between the United States government and the Native American governments, as well as honor the achievements and contributions of Native Americans to the US.

Native Americans have made distinct and significant contributions to the United States and the rest of the world in many fields, including agriculture, medicine, music, language, and art. Throughout history, Native Americans have distinguished themselves as inventors, entrepreneurs, spiritual leaders, as well as scholars.

Black Friday

Black Friday is the day after Thanksgiving Day in the USA and falls on the Friday after the fourth Thursday in November. It is a busy shopping day and is a holiday in some states.

Many people have a day off work or choose to take a day from their quota of annual leave on Black Friday. Some people use this to make trips to see family members or friends who live in other areas or to go on vacation. Others use it to start shopping for the Christmas season.

Shopping for Christmas presents is also popular on Black Friday. Many stores have special offers and lower their prices on some goods, such as toys.

Black Friday is not a federal holiday, but is a public holiday in some states. Many people take a day of their annual leave on the day after Thanksgiving Day. Many organizations also close for the Thanksgiving weekend.

Public transit systems may run on their normal schedule or may have changes. Some stores extend their opening hours on Black Friday. There can also be congestion on roads to popular shopping destinations.

Black Friday is one of the busiest shopping days in the USA. There are two popular theories as to why the day after Thanksgiving Day is called Black Friday. One theory is that the wheels of vehicles in heavy traffic on the day after Thanksgiving Day left many black markings on the road surface, leading to the term Black Friday.

The other theory is that the term Black Friday comes from an old way of recording business accounts. Losses were recorded in red ink and profits in black ink. Many businesses, particularly small businesses, started making profits prior to Christmas. Many hoped to start showing a profit, marked in black ink, on the day after Thanksgiving Day.

Buy Nothing Day

Buy Nothing Day (BND) is an international day of protest against consumerism. In North America, Buy Nothing Day is held the Friday after U.S. Thanksgiving; elsewhere, it is held the following day, which is the last Saturday in November. Buy Nothing Day was founded in Vancouver by artist Ted Dave and subsequently promoted by Adbusters magazine, based in Canada.

The first Buy Nothing Day was organized in Canada in September 1992 "as a day for society to examine the issue of over-consumption." In 1997, it was moved to the Friday after American Thanksgiving, also called "Black Friday", which is one of the ten busiest shopping days in the United States. In 2000, advertisements by Adbusters promoting Buy Nothing Day were denied advertising time by almost all major television networks except for CNN. Soon, campaigns started appearing in the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, Austria, Germany, New Zealand, Japan, the Netherlands, France, and Norway. Participation now includes more than 65 nations.

Electronic Greeting Card Day

Electronic Greeting Card Day is today. Send Ecards to everyone you know.

Most people love to send and receive Ecards. They a fun, and they're free... a great combination.

In exchange for the free cards, you may have to put up with a lot of pop-up ads. They support the sites, and make it possible for you to get, and send these cards for free.The ads are easily closed and deleted, a small price for all of the fun.

Hop on an electronic greeting card site, and send a few animated cards today. Don't just limit the fun to today. The online greeting card sites have cards for every day of the year.

Tip: You may have to get the ball rolling and send out Ecards. Then, many of the recipients will send you one back.

International Day of Solidarity With The Palestinian People

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is annually observed on November 29. The day is also known as Solidarity Day.

Special meetings may be held to observe Solidarity Day in some UN offices, councils, government bodies and organizations that have a special interest in the issues encompassing the event. The day may also be publicized through newspapers, magazines, radio and television news, and online media. Some topics that may be publicized or discussed include the status and plight of Palestinian refugees, as well as general information on Palestinian culture and society.

On November 29, 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted the resolution on the partition of Palestine (resolution 181 (II)). On December 2, 1977, it was recorded that the assembly called for the annual observance of November 29 as the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People (A/RES/32/40 B). On December 1, 2003, the assembly encouraged member states to continue to provide support and publicity to observe the day. So the day was observed on December 1 in 2003.

The assembly also requested that the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and the Division for Palestinian Rights of the Secretariat should continue to organize an annual exhibit on Palestinian rights or a cultural event with the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the United Nations.

The UN logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map depicts the area of concern to the UN in achieving its main purpose, peace and security. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.

National Square Dance Day

Are you ready to Dosey Do and swing your partner round and round?

This holiday is dedicated to square dancing! Let today be the day you learn to square dance and see for yourself just how fun it is.

Our research did not find the creator, or the origin of this day.
This holiday is referred to as a "National" day. However, we did not find any congressional records or presidential proclamations for this day. Even though we didn't, this is still a holiday that is publicized to celebrate. So have fun with it and celebrate it!

Two types of square dancing
  • Traditional square dance, which is also called "old time square dance". Traditional square dance is not standardized and can be subdivided into regional styles. The New England and Appalachian styles have been particularly well documented; both have survived to the present time. There are several other styles; some have survived or been revived in recent years, some have not. Traditional square dance is frequently presented in alternation with contra dances or with some form of freestyle couple dancing. One ancestor of New England style square dances is the quadrille, and older New England callers occasionally refer to their squares as “quadrilles.”
  • Modern Western square dance, which is also called "Western square dance", "contemporary Western square dance", or "modern American square dance". The basis of modern Western square dance was established during the 1930s and 1940s by Lloyd Shaw, who solicited definitions from callers across the country in order to preserve traditional American folk dance. Since the 1970s modern Western square dance has been promoted and standardized by Callerlab, the "International Association of Square Dance Callers". Modern Western square dance is sometimes presented in alternation with round dances.
You're Welcome-giving Day

You're Welcome-giving Day encourages us to simply say "You're welcome". It helps to put manners back into society.

This very special day comes the day after Thanksgiving. On Thanksgiving Day we say "Thanks" for what we have. So, it only seems natural, that "You're Welcome" immediately follows a thank you.

Participating in this day can happen anywhere that you are, and anywhere that you go today. Just speak a profusion of "thank you's" for even the slightest of reasons. When you say thank you, make sure to be sincere. It will go a long ways.

Are you enjoying this special day? If so, You're welcome!

Determining the proper date of celebration:
We surfed through countless sites. We found that this day is referenced as occurring on either November 23, 24, 25, 28, or 29. The 23rd was the most common date. We also discovered that most sites that also noted the year, had it occurring the day after Thanksgiving. Recognizing that the single reference to the meaning and content of this day had it noted on the day after Thanksgiving, one can only conclude that this is the correct day of celebration.

In our experience, this is a classic case of individuals and websites copying a date for a special day, without understanding that it may not occur on the same date every year. Keeping the dates correct, takes a lot of effort and research.

Origin of You're Welcome-giving Day:
It is very likely that this special day originated on a blog in 2002. The blog was posted on, declaring that day, the day after Thanksgiving, as You're Welcome-giving Day . Unfortunately, the creator did not identify themselves.

Thursday, November 28, 2013

Holidays for November 28th 2013

Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving Day in the United States is a holiday on the fourth Thursday of November. It precedes Black Friday.

Thanksgiving Day is traditionally a day for families and friends to get together for a special meal. The meal often includes a turkey, stuffing, potatoes, cranberry sauce, gravy, pumpkin pie, and vegetables. Thanksgiving Day is a time for many people to give thanks for what they have.

Thanksgiving Day parades are held in some cities and towns on or around Thanksgiving Day. Some parades or festivities also mark the opening of the Christmas shopping season. Some people have a four-day weekend so it is a popular time for trips and to visit family and friends.

Most government offices, businesses, schools and other organizations are closed on Thanksgiving Day. Many offices and businesses allow staff to have a four-day weekend so these offices and businesses are also closed on the Friday after Thanksgiving Day. Public transit systems do not usually operate on their regular timetables.

Thanksgiving Day it is one of the busiest periods for travel in the USA. This can cause congestion and overcrowding. Seasonal parades and busy football games can cause disruption to local traffic.

Thanksgiving Day has been an annual holiday in the United States since 1863. Not everyone sees Thanksgiving Day as a cause for celebration. Each year since 1970, a group of Native Americans and their supporters have staged a protest for a National Day of Mourning at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts on Thanksgiving Day. American Indian Heritage Day is also observed at this time of the year.

There are claims that the first Thanksgiving Day was held in the city of El Paso, Texas in 1598. Another early event was held in 1619 in the Virginia Colony. Many people trace the origins of the modern Thanksgiving Day to the harvest celebration that the Pilgrims held in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621. However, their first true thanksgiving was in 1623, when they gave thanks for rain that ended a drought. These early thanksgivings took the form of a special church service, rather than a feast.

In the second half of the 1600s, thanksgivings after the harvest became more common and started to become annual events. However, it was celebrated on different days in different communities and in some places there were more than one thanksgiving each year. George Washington, the first president of the United States, proclaimed the first national Thanksgiving Day in 1789.

National Maize Day

November 28 is National Maize Day each and every year!

This Holiday is set aside for people to appreciate Maize and learn just what part it played in our food history. Did you know that many crops first domesticated by indigenous Americans (Native American Indians) are now produced and/or used globally. Largest among these is maize or "corn", arguably the most important crop in the world! So on National Maize Day remember how sweet and delicious corn is and have some fun learning about it's history. Have even more fun by learning the many ways to eat corn. Everything from cornbread to corn casserole can be cooked up into some mouth watering corn dishes. Share in the good taste with all your friends, family and neighbors too.

What is Maize??
Maize, known as corn in some countries, is a cereal grain domesticated in Mesoamerica and subsequently spread throughout the American continents. After European contact with the Americas in the late 15th century and early 16th century, maize spread to the rest of the world.

Maize is the largest crop in the Americas (270 million metric tons annually in the U.S. alone). Hybrid maize, due to its high grain yield due to heterosis ("hybrid vigour"), is preferred by farmers over conventional varieties. While some maize varieties grow 7 metres (23 ft) tall at certain locations, commercial maize has been bred for a height of 2.5 metres (8 ft). Sweet corn is usually shorter than field-corn varieties.

Tell me about the name
The term maize derives from the Spanish form (maíz) of the indigenous Taino term for the plant, and is the form most commonly heard in the United Kingdom. In the United States, Canada and Australia, the usual term is corn, which originally referred to any grain (and still does in Britain), but which now refers exclusively to maize, having been shortened from the form "Indian corn" (which currently, at least in the US, is often used to refer specifically to multi-colored "field corn" cultivars.

In the United States and Canada, the primary use for maize is as a feed for livestock, forage, silage or grain. Many forms of maize are used for food, sometimes classified as various subspecies:
  • Flour corn — Zea mays var. amylacea
  • Popcorn — Zea mays var. everta
  • Dent corn — Zea mays var. indentata
  • Flint corn — Zea mays var. indurata
  • Sweet corn — Zea mays var. saccharata and Zea mays var. rugosa
  • Waxy corn — Zea mays var. ceratina
  • Amylomaize — Zea mays
  • Pod corn — Zea mays var. tunicata Larrañaga ex A. St. Hil.
  • Striped maize - Zea mays var. japonica
Human consumption of corn and cornmeal constitutes a staple food in many regions of the world. Corn meal is made into a thick porridge in many cultures: from the polenta of Italy, the angu of Brazil, the mămăligă of Romania, to mush in the U.S. or the food called sadza, nshima, ugali and mealie pap in Africa. It is the main ingredient for tortillas, atole and many other dishes of Mexican food, and for chicha, a fermented beverage of Central and South America. The eating of corn on the cob varies culturally. It is common in the United States but virtually unheard of in some European countries.

Sweet Corn is a genetic variation that is high in sugars and low in starch that is served like a vegetable. Popcorn is kernels of certain varieties that explode when heated, forming fluffy pieces that are eaten as a snack.

Maize can also be prepared as hominy, in which the kernels are bleached with lye; or grits, which are coarsely ground corn. These are commonly eaten in the Southeastern United States, foods handed down from Native Americans. Another common food made from maize is corn flakes. The floury meal of maize (cornmeal or masa) is used to make cornbread and Mexican tortillas. Teosinte is used as fodder, and can also be popped as popcorn.

The grain used in most of Native American cooking was maize, while wild rice (not a true grain) was found in certain southern regions. The seeds from various plants were also commonly utilized: pine nuts (western white pine, western yellow pine, pinyon pine), anglepod, dropseed, pigweed, spurge, sunflower seeds, tumbleweed, unicorn plant.

The Native Americans are credited as the first in America to create fire-proof pottery to place in direct flame. In what is now the Southwestern United States, Native Americans also created ovens made of adobe called hornos in which to bake items such as breads made from cornmeal.

Ornamental Maize
Some forms of the plant are occasionally grown for ornamental use in the garden. For this purpose, variegated and coloured leaf forms as well as those with colourful ears are used. Additionally, size-superlative varieties, having reached 31 ft (9.4m) tall, or with ears 24 inches (60cm) long, have been popular for at least a century.

Maize Crafts
Corncobs can be hollowed out and treated to make inexpensive smoking pipes, first manufactured in the United States in 1869. Corn shucks are very common made into dolls.

Corncobs are also used as a biomass fuel source
Maize is relatively cheap and home-heating furnaces have been developed which use maize kernels as a fuel. They feature a large hopper which feeds the uniformly sized corn kernels (or wood pellets or cherry pits) into the fire.

Fun Corn Mazes
An unusual use for maize is to create a maize maze as a tourist attraction. This is a maze cut into a field of maize. The idea of a maize maze was introduced by Adrian Fisher, one of the most prolific designers of modern mazes, with The American Maze Company who created a maze in Pennsylvania in 1993. Traditional mazes are most commonly grown using yew hedges, but these take several years to mature. The rapid growth of a field of maize allows a maze to be laid out using GPS at the start of a growing season and for the maize to grow tall enough to obstruct a visitor's line of sight by the start of the summer. In Canada and the U.S., these are called "corn mazes" and are popular in many farming communities.

Fish Bait
Maize is also used as fish bait called "dough balls". It is particularly popular in Europe for coarse fishing.

Herbal Supplement
Stigmas from female corn flowers, known popularly as corn silk, are sold as herbal supplements.

Corn kernels can be used in place of sand in a sandbox-like enclosure for children's play.

Origin of Maize
Perhaps as early as 1500 BCE, maize began to spread widely and rapidly. As it was introduced to new cultures, new uses were developed and new varieties selected to better serve in those preparations. Maize was the staple food, or a major staple, of most the pre-Columbian North American, Mesoamerican, South American, and Caribbean cultures. The Mesoamerican civilization was strengthened upon the field crop of maize; through harvesting it, its religious and spiritual importance and how it impacted their diet. Maize formed the Mesoamerican people’s identity. During the 1st millennium CE (AD), maize cultivation spread from Mexico into the Southwest and a millennium later into Northeast and southeastern Canada, transforming the landscape as Native Americans cleared large forest and grassland areas for the new crop.

In 2005, research by the USDA Forest Service indicated that the rise in maize cultivation 500 to 1,000 years ago in what is now the southeastern United States contributed to the decline of freshwater mussels, which are very sensitive to environmental changes.

Make Your Own Head Day

This holiday is observed & celebrated on November 28, every year.

Make Your Own Head Day is a crafty day. A day to be an Artist of yourself and make your own head. It is a very popular thing to do in grade schools, and art classes. Use any medium you can think of. Just be creative using clay, paper mache, oil paints or any other item you can be creative with. How about trying to draw or sketch your head. You can make a picture with charcoals, colored pencils or crayons.

Like most holidays, they can have a double meaning. This holiday is about seeing yourself for who you are. Knowing your positive traits and negative traits and knowing the difference between the two. Make your own head can be a reference to being your own person and being the wiser of it. Make your own head day can be for contemplating on the "you" and being a better person for it. In order to do that you have to look at yourself. Hence, "Make Your own Head Day."

Cultural importance as wiki encyclopedia explains it:
For humans, the head and particularly the face are the main distinguishing feature between different people, due to their easily discernible features such as hair and eye color, nose, eye and mouth shapes, wrinkles, etc.

People who are more intelligent than normal are sometimes depicted in cartoons as having bigger heads, as a way of indicating that they have a larger brain; in science fiction, an extraterrestrial having a big head is often symbolic of high intelligence. However, minor changes in brain size do not have much effect on intelligence in humans. In English slang, sometimes a boastful individual is said to have a "big head."

The weight of the average adult human head is about 3.6 kilograms or 8 pounds.

National Day of Mourning

Every year since 1970, United American Indians of New England have organized the National Day of Mourning observance in Plymouth at noon on Thanksgiving Day. Every year, hundreds of Native people and our supporters from all four directions join us. Every year, including this year, Native people from throughout the Americas will speak the truth about our history and about current issues and struggles we are involved in.

Why do hundreds of people stand out in the cold rather than sit home eating turkey and watching football? Do we have something against a harvest festival?

Of course not. But Thanksgiving in this country -- and in particular in Plymouth --is much more than a harvest home festival. It is a celebration of the pilgrim mythology.

According to this mythology, the pilgrims arrived, the Native people fed them and welcomed them, the Indians promptly faded into the background, and everyone lived happily ever after.

The truth is a sharp contrast to that mythology.

The pilgrims are glorified and mythologized because the circumstances of the first English-speaking colony in Jamestown were frankly too ugly (for example, they turned to cannibalism to survive) to hold up as an effective national myth. The pilgrims did not find an empty land any more than Columbus "discovered" anything. Every inch of this land is Indian land. The pilgrims (who did not even call themselves pilgrims) did not come here seeking religious freedom; they already had that in Holland. They came here as part of a commercial venture. They introduced sexism, racism, anti-lesbian and gay bigotry, jails, and the class system to these shores. One of the very first things they did when they arrived on Cape Cod -- before they even made it to Plymouth -- was to rob Wampanoag graves at Corn Hill and steal as much of the Indians' winter provisions of corn and beans as they were able to carry. They were no better than any other group of Europeans when it came to their treatment of the Indigenous peoples here. And no, they did not even land at that sacred shrine called Plymouth Rock, a monument to racism and oppression which we are proud to say we buried in 1995.

The first official "Day of Thanksgiving" was proclaimed in 1637 by Governor Winthrop. He did so to celebrate the safe return of men from the Massachusetts Bay Colony who had gone to Mystic, Connecticut to participate in the massacre of over 700 Pequot women, children, and men.

About the only true thing in the whole mythology is that these pitiful European strangers would not have survived their first several years in "New England" were it not for the aid of Wampanoag people. What Native people got in return for this help was genocide, theft of our lands, and never-ending repression. We are treated either as quaint relics from the past, or are, to most people, virtually invisible.

When we dare to stand up for our rights, we are considered unreasonable. When we speak the truth about the history of the European invasion, we are often told to "go back where we came from." Our roots are right here. They do not extend across any ocean.

National Day of Mourning began in 1970 when a Wampanoag man, Wamsutta Frank James, was asked to speak at a state dinner celebrating the 350th anniversary of the pilgrim landing. He refused to speak false words in praise of the white man for bringing civilization to us poor heathens. Native people from throughout the Americas came to Plymouth, where they mourned their forebears who had been sold into slavery, burned alive, massacred, cheated, and mistreated since the arrival of the Pilgrims in 1620.

But the commemoration of National Day of Mourning goes far beyond the circumstances of 1970.

Can we give thanks as we remember Native political prisoner Leonard Peltier, who was framed up by the FBI and has been falsely imprisoned since 1976? Despite mountains of evidence exonerating Peltier and the proven misconduct of federal prosecutors and the FBI, Peltier has been denied a new trial. Bill Clinton apparently does not feel that particular pain and has refused to grant clemency to this innocent man.

To Native people, the case of Peltier is one more ordeal in a litany of wrongdoings committed by the U.S. government against us. While the media in New England present images of the "Pequot miracle" in Connecticut, the vast majority of Native people continue to live in the most abysmal poverty.

Can we give thanks for the fact that, on many reservations, unemployment rates surpass fifty percent? Our life expectancies are much lower, our infant mortality and teen suicide rates much higher, than those of white Americans. Racist stereotypes of Native people, such as those perpetrated by the Cleveland Indians, the Atlanta Braves, and countless local and national sports teams, persist. Every single one of the more than 350 treaties that Native nations signed has been broken by the U.S. government. The bipartisan budget cuts have severely reduced educational opportunities for Native youth and the development of new housing on reservations, and have caused cause deadly cutbacks in health-care and other necessary services.

Are we to give thanks for being treated as unwelcome in our own country?

Or perhaps we are expected to give thanks for the war that is being waged by the Mexican government against Indigenous peoples there, with the military aid of the U.S. in the form of helicopters and other equipment? When the descendants of the Aztec, Maya, and Inca flee to the U.S., the descendants of the wash-ashore pilgrims term them 'illegal aliens" and hunt them down.

We object to the "Pilgrim Progress" parade and to what goes on in Plymouth because they are making millions of tourist dollars every year from the false pilgrim mythology. That money is being made off the backs of our slaughtered indigenous ancestors.

Increasing numbers of people are seeking alternatives to such holidays as Columbus Day and Thanksgiving. They are coming to the conclusion that, if we are ever to achieve some sense of community, we must first face the truth about the history of this country and the toll that history has taken on the lives of millions of Indigenous, Black, Latino, Asian, and poor and working class white people.

The myth of Thanksgiving, served up with dollops of European superiority and manifest destiny, just does not work for many people in this country. As Malcolm X once said about the African-American experience in America, "We did not land on Plymouth Rock. Plymouth Rock landed on us." Exactly.

National French Toast Day

If you are wondering what to have for a nice change of pace breakfast, here is something to try especially if you have not had it in a while. November 28 is National French Toast Day.

French toast is the perfect way to start your day. It is typically made with bread soaked in eggs and milk and then fried on both sides until the slices are brown and cooked through.

Day-old bread is often recommended by chefs because the stale bread will soak up more egg mixture without falling apart.

Cinnamon or sugar may be added before frying. However, you might want to reconsider using sugar especially if you are going to top the French toast with maple syrup. French toast can be topped with fruit, jelly, jam, marmalade, honey, molasses, yogurt, applesauce, ice cream, whipped cream, nuts or other toppings of your choice.

French toast was known in England as "poor knight's pudding" because it was a simple and inexpensive dish that a knight with no money could afford. In France, it was called "pan perdu" or lost bread, because it was a way of using lost or stale bread.

Even though most people eat French toast for breakfast, it can be eaten for breakfast, lunch or dinner.

Do something different. Celebrate French Toast Day by surprising your family with French toast for dinner. Put the above toppings on the table for your family, and let them choose their own toppings. This will make your dining experience more exciting.

Red Planet Day

Red Planet Day is celebrated on November 28th of each year to commemorate the first launch of Mariner 4, the first spacecraft to obtain and transmit close range images of Mars. After its launch on November 28, 1964 and a journey of hundreds of millions of kilometers, Mariner 4 passed within 9844 kilometers of Mars on July 14, 1965.

Beginning at a range of 16,900 km, the probe acquired a surface image composed of 200 lines, consisting of 200 pixels each every 48 seconds until, at a range of 11,900 km, 22 television pictures of the Martian surface had been stored on the spacecraft’s 4-track tape recorder. It took 4 days to transmit the image information to Earth and the spacecraft returned useful data until October 1965, when the distance from Earth and its antenna orientation temporarily halted the signal acquisition. Data acquisition resumed in late 1967 and continued until December 20, 1967.

Auto Race Day

On this Thanksgiving Day in 1895, piloting a gas-powered "horseless carriage" of his and his brother's own design, the mechanic, inventor and now racecar driver Frank Duryea wins the first motor-car race in the United States. The race, sponsored by the Chicago Times-Herald, was intended to drum up publicity for the nascent American car industry. It worked, especially for the Duryeas: In the year after the Times-Herald race, the brothers sold 13 of their eponymous Motor Wagons, more than any other carmaker in America.

The race course was originally supposed to loop from Chicago to Waukegan, Illinois, and back (a harrowing 92 miles) but, thanks to the sudden arrival of a spectacular blizzard, race organizers decided to abbreviate the route. ("With eight inches of snow," one journalist wrote later, "Waukegan might as well have been Timbuktu.") The racers would be driving just 50 miles, from Chicago to Evanston, Illinois, and back again. The other rules would remain the same: Vehicles had to have at least three wheels, all wrapped in twine to give traction in the snow, and they also had to be able to carry at least two people, the driver and a race-appointed umpire who would ride along to guard against cheating.

Because of the bad weather, only six of 89 racers made it to the starting line: the Duryea; three Benz cars, one sponsored by Macy's in New York; and two electrics whose batteries died almost immediately after the race began.

About 10 hours after the race began, the Duryea chugged across the finish line. The only other finisher was one of the Benzes (not the one from Macy's: that one collided with a streetcar on the way to Evanston and with a sleigh and then a hack on the return trip), which sloshed to a finish almost two hours later. The victorious Duryeas won $2,000 and enough publicity to establish themselves as the American motor-car company. From then on, for the Duryeas and all who followed, automobile manufacturing was a business—not just a hobby.

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Holidays for November 27th 2013

National Tie One On Day

While Americans prepare to celebrate the Thanksgiving holiday, the day before Thanksgiving is also a special day. It’s National Tie One On Day (NTOOD), and chances are pretty good, it’s not what you think!

National Tie One On Day
First observed in 2006, Tie One On Day was created by author EllynAnne Geisel. Geisel wanted to celebrate one of the world’s most recognized pieces of clothing in a very special way!

“Tie One On and celebrate the humble apron and the spirit of women of earlier generations who donned the universal symbol of home, family and mothering as the uniform of their daily wardrobe and helped make America the great country it is today. On the eve of Thanksgiving, wrap a loaf of bread in an apron and tuck a prayer or note of hope in the pocket. Tie One apron of course, and deliver the wrapped bread to someone without bounty and in need.”

National Tie One On Day is an annual holiday celebrated on the fourth Wednesday in November. This year’s event takes place on Nov. 27, 2013.

How to Celebrate National Tie One On Day
Although the economy is improving and unemployment rates are dropping, there are still people who are struggling to get by. National Tie One On Day serves as an important reminder to remember those less fortunate. Why not whip up a batch of homemade cookies, muffins or loaf of fresh bread, wrap the goodies in an lovely apron along with a handwritten note or prayer, and deliver it to an elderly widow, unemployed friend, nursing home or charity? This lovely gesture of kindness could really make someone’s day!

As we gather with friends and family this Thanksgiving, let’s remember those less fortunate.

National Bavarian Cream Pie Day

November 27 is National Bavarian Cream Pie Day.

Most food historians accredit the invention of Bavarian cream (a gelatin-based pastry cream) to French chef Marie Antoine Carême (1784-1833), the forefather of haute cuisine and referred to as the “chef of kings, and the king of chefs."

Recipes for Bavarian cream, or crème bavaroise, started to appear in American cookbooks shortly thereafter in the 1880s, as seen in Mrs. Lincoln's Boston Cook Book: What to Do and What Not to Do in Cooking in 1884.

To make the pie version, pour Bavarian cream into a prepared pie crust and refrigerate for approximately two hours until set.

Bavarian Cream No. 2 (With Eggs)
As seen in "Mrs. Lincoln's Boston Cook Book" by Mary Johnson Bailey Lincoln
  • 1/2 box gelatin (sic)
  • 1/2 cup cold water
  • 1 pint cream
  • 1 pint milk
  • 4 eggs (yolks)
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 1/2 teaspoonful salt
  • 1 teaspoonful vanilla
  • 1 tablespoonful wine
Soak the gelatin in cold water till soft. Chill and whip the cream till you have three pints. Keep the whipped cream on ice, and boil the remainder of the cream, adding enough milk to make a pint in all. Beat the yolks of the eggs, and add the sugar and salt. Pour the boiling milk on the eggs, and when well mixed put back in the double boiler and cook about two minutes, or just enough to scald the egg. Stir constantly, add the soaked gelatin, and strain at once into a pan set in ice water. When cool, add the vanilla and wine, or half a cup of orange juice. Stir till it begins to harden, then stir in quickly the whipped cream, and when nearly stiff enough to drop, pour into molds wet in cold water

National Electric Guitar Day

Today is National Electric Guitar Day. It's also, not-so-coincidentally, Jimi Hendrix's birthday.

Guitar legend Jimi Hendrix is born in Seattle. Hendrix grew up playing guitar, imitating blues greats like Muddy Waters as well as early rockers. He joined the army in 1959 and became a paratrooper but was honorably discharged in 1961 after an injury that exempted him from duty in Vietnam. In the early 1960s, Hendrix worked as a pickup guitarist, backing musicians including Little Richard, B.B. King, Ike and Tina Turner, and Sam Cooke. In 1964, he moved to New York and played in coffeehouses, where bassist Bryan Chandler of the British group the Animals heard him. Chandler arranged to manage Hendrix and brought him to London in 1966, where they created the Jimi Hendrix Experience with bassist Noel Redding and drummer Mitch Mitchell. The band's first single, "Hey Joe," hit No. 6 on the British pop charts, and the band became an instant sensation.

In 1967, the Jimi Hendrix Experience made its first U.S. appearance, at the Monterey Pop Festival. Hendrix made a splash by burning his guitar and was quickly established as a rock superstar. In the next two years, before the band broke up in 1969, it had released such classic songs as "Purple Haze," "Foxy Lady," and "The Wind Cries Mary." The band's albums included Are You Experienced? (1967), Bold as Love (1969), and Electric Ladyland (1969).

After the band dissolved because of creative tensions, Hendrix made his famous appearance at Woodstock, playing a masterful, intricate version of "The Star Spangled Banner." Later that year, he put together a new group called the Band of Gypsies, which debuted on New Year's Eve in 1969. The band put out only one album, Band of Gypsies(1969). (A second album, Band of Gypsies II, was released in 1986.) Hendrix then recorded another album, without the band, called The Cry of Love, which was released in 1971.

Hendrix, one of the most innovative guitar players of the rock era, established an advanced recording studio in New York called the Electric Lady, boasting 46-track recording technology. The studio opened in August 1970, shortly before Hendrix died in London in September 1970, following a drug overdose. He was 27.

National Pins and Needles Day

At first glance you would think that this holiday has something to do with sewing wouldn't you? Well through our research of this holiday, we found out it had nothing at all to do with sewing pins and needles at all, but was a holiday founded in 1937 to commemorate the opening of a play named Pins and Needles by a man named Harold Rome.

-Researching this holiday, it was a pro-labor play with the cast and crew from the International Ladies Garment Workers Union. (so that's where the pins and needles most likely came into play) The play played on weekends only so the women could keep their day jobs. Our research shows that the play ran for more than 1000 performances.

The Meaning of this holiday changed over time
Time passed and the play closed, but November 27 is still Pins and Needles Day. The meaning of the day changed with the passing of the play. Now it is referred to as a day of anticipation.

"Pins and Needles" is a saying that refers to Anticipation.

The meaning of Anticipation
Anticipation or being enthusiastic, is an emotion involving pleasure (and sometimes anxiety) in considering some expected or longed-for good event, or irritation at having to wait. A name for pleasured anticipation is excitement. Anticipation can be shown in many ways; for example, some people seem to smile uncontrollably during this period.

Pins & Needles final thought
Our research shows that the most popular things that people are anxious about at this time of year is the excitement of the Christmas season.

This is the time of the year that children are on "pins and needles" waiting for Christmas. Just thinking about Santa Claus coming and bringing gifts is exciting in itself. Even adults get excited about new gifts they're going to receive. And last but not least, we all get excited when we think about all the holiday food that is enjoyed during the holiday season.

When it comes to getting all the holiday shopping done on time, plays a role in this holiday as well. Being on pins and needles can be shown in many ways. The definition of "Anticipation" can also be a bit on the negative side as well as the positive side. for example, some people seem ill or sick when feeling they are pushed for time. It is not uncommon for the brain to be so focused on an event, that the body is affected and they get that pins and needles feeling.

Turtle Adoption Day

November 27th is Turtle Adoption Day! Have you ever heard of a Mini-turtle? Itty-bitty. Adorable. Only costs $1. Lives in a bowl of water.

Oh…, the Mini-turtle, sounds like a pretty awesome pet… How do you tell someone their cute bright green little pet was only a baby and not a Mini-turtle? It was a tragic victim of accidental turtle neglect. It was maybe even purchased as a ‘throw-away’ pet. Do you even tell them?

But if we never talk about it, we won’t be able to shed light on these issues. So, I thought today would be a good day to talk about mythical Mini-turtles, and common misconceptions when it comes to adopting a turtle.

Turtles do start out small, but there are no known species of miniature turtles. A hatchling uses a single small tooth in the front of her beak to pierce through her egg and break into the world. This is the only tooth she will ever have, and it soon falls out on its own. After the turtle hatches, a portion of the yolk sac remains connected to her, and will continue to feed the turtle as she grows. So, if you do adopt a baby turtle, it is important not to clean her off or remove any remaining yolk sac, especially since she may not begin immediately eating on her own. Hatchlings are very fragile to begin with, so try to avoid handling them when possible.

If you are currently in possession of the mythical Mini-turtle, I encourage you to find out what species of turtle it really is, since each species has different needs. If you take the proper steps to care for your Mini-turtle, you may be able to transform him into an adult Red Eared Slider, or perhaps even a Painted Turtle, and give him a long healthy life. I came across some videos a few years ago that I think are really great for teaching you how to care for and how to set up a habitat for baby turtles. You can view them on

The deceptive sale of Mini-turtles (when they are in fact, baby turtles) leads to many problems. An owner who is told the turtle can thrive in a bowl of water, will have a bad surprise when he finds out the turtle is ill and won’t eat. Or if the turtle does eat, the owner will be shocked at the turtle’s growth and initially overwhelmed by the resources and expenses required to care for the turtle. Many turtles end up at the animal shelter when they begin to grow and mature into something not quite as cute as a Mini-turtle. And to release an unwanted captive-raised turtle into the wild is never a good idea. Its chances of survival are minimal.

The bigger the turtle, the less chance it has of being adopted, since everyone seems to gravitate toward small turtles. The irony in this is that all turtles will grow. No matter how small it is when you adopt it, your turtle is going to grow if you care for it. Whether you start out with a baby turtle and buy a small tank now, and upgrade all your equipment in size as your turtle grows, or you adopt an adult turtle to begin with, you will still eventually need a massive tank if you intend on keeping your pet. You will actually save money in the long run if you skip setting up mini-habitats and start big.

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Holidays for November 26th 2013

National Cake Day

It’s National Cake Day! On this day, we celebrate one of the world’s favorite desserts—cake. The cake we know and love today evolved from early leavened breads, which were sweetened with honey, fruit, and nuts.

The history of cake dates back to ancient times. The first cakes were very different from what we eat today. They were more bread-like and sweetened with honey. Nuts and dried fruits were often added. According to the food historians, the ancient Egyptians were the first culture to show evidence of advanced baking skills. The Oxford English Dictionary traces the English word cake back to the 13th century. It is a derivation of 'kaka', an Old Norse word. Medieval European bakers often made fruitcakes and gingerbread. These foods could last for many months.

According to the food historians, the precursors of modern cakes (round ones with icing) were first baked in Europe sometime in the mid-17th century. This is due to primarily to advances in technology (more reliable ovens, manufacture/availability of food molds) and ingredient availability (refined sugar). At that time cake hoops--round molds for shaping cakes that were placed on flat baking trays--were popular. They could be made of metal, wood or paper. Some were adjustable. Cake pans were sometimes used. The first icing were usually a boiled composition of the finest available sugar, egg whites and [sometimes] flavorings. This icing was poured on the cake. The cake was then returned to the oven for a while. When removed the icing cooled quickly to form a hard, glossy [ice-like] covering. Many cakes made at this time still contained dried fruits (raisins, currants, citrons).

It was not until the middle of the 19th century that cake as we know it today (made with extra refined white flour and baking powder instead of yeast) arrived on the scene.

Whether you prefer vanilla, chocolate, red velvet, or even the pineapple-upside-down variety, grab a slice of your favorite cake to celebrate this delicious day! Happy National Cake Day!

Good Grief Day

November 26th Good Grief Day Honoring the birth in 1922 of legendary cartoonist Charles M. Schulz.

Charles Monroe Schulz (November 26, 1922 – February 12, 2000), nicknamed Sparky, was an American cartoonist, best known for the comic strip Peanuts (which featured the characters Snoopy and Charlie Brown, among others). He is widely regarded as one of the most influential cartoonists of all time, cited as a major influence by many later cartoonists. Calvin and Hobbes-creator Bill Watterson wrote in 2007: "Peanuts pretty much defines the modern comic strip, so even now it's hard to see it with fresh eyes. The clean, minimalist drawings, the sarcastic humor, the unflinching emotional honesty, the inner thoughts of a household pet, the serious treatment of children, the wild fantasies, the merchandising on an enormous scale -- in countless ways, Schulz blazed the wide trail that most every cartoonist since has tried to follow."

It's Good Grief Day! Don't be a blockhead -- get out there and celebrate!

Monday, November 25, 2013

Holidays for November 25th 2013

National Parfait Day

It’s National Parfait Day! Did you know that the word "parfait" means "perfect" in French? It’s no wonder that this dish makes a perfect snack, meal, or dessert!

Although parfaits were originally served on decorative plates, today they are typically layered in tall, thin glasses. There are also many variations on the original parfait recipe, which originated in France in the 19th century.

American parfaits are made by layering ice cream with granola, nuts, yogurt, fresh fruits, and whip cream. 

In the United States, parfait refers to either the traditional French-style dessert or to a popular variant, the American parfait, made by layering parfait cream, ice cream, and/or flavored gelatins in a tall, clear glass, and topping the creation with whipped cream, fresh or canned fruit, and/or liqueurs.

In the northern United States, parfaits may also be made by using yogurt layered with nuts or fresh fruits such as peaches, strawberries, or blueberries. Although the traditional American parfait is sweet, savory parfaits have also been concocted. A parfait can be made by layering mashed potatoes with barbecue sauce and pulled pork.

Whip up your own version to celebrate National Parfait Day. More than likely, you will choose to go with the ice cream variation.

Shopping Reminder Day

Shopping Reminder Day is today. On your mark. Get Set. Go Shop!

One month before Christmas, a reminder to shoppers that after today there are only 29 more shopping days (excluding Thanksgiving and Christmas Eve) until Christmas.

If we all heed this reminder, there is no doubt the malls and stores will be mobbed. But, wait a minute!? Isn't the holiday season already in full gear? Aren't we being blasted with ads on Television, radio, newspapers and billboards? How could we not know, that it's time to shop for the holidays?

There is no shortage of fun, crazy, wacky and special days. Some of them are a little "wackier" than others. As we pondered this special day, we realized if you need a special day this time of year, to remind you to do your holiday shopping, then it's not just this special day that's a little wacky .......

So, just in case you weren't thinking about it.... please remember to do your holiday shopping.

Whatever your means of transportation, have a happy Shopping Reminder Day.

Evacuation Day

On this day in 1783, nearly three months after the Treaty of Paris was signed ending the American Revolution, the last British soldiers withdraw from New York City, the last British military position in theUnited States. After the last Redcoat departed New York, U.S. GeneralGeorge Washington entered the city in triumph to the cheers of New Yorkers. The city had remained in British hands since its capture in September 1776.

Four months after New York was returned to the victorious Patriots, the city was declared to be the capital of the United States. In 1789, it was the site of Washington's inauguration as the first U.S. president and remained the nation's capital until 1790, when Philadelphia became the second capital of the United States under the U.S. Constitution.

New Yorkers shaped the history of two new nations. The British evacuated their New York Loyalists to remaining British territories, mainly in Canada. These families had been dispossessed of their land and belongings by the victorious Patriots because of their continued support of the British king and were able to regain some financial independence through lands granted to them by the British in western Quebec (now Ontario) and Nova Scotia. Their arrival in Canada permanently shifted the demographics of what had been French-speaking New France until 1763 into an English-speaking colony, and later nation, with the exception of a French-speaking and culturally French area in eastern Canada that is now Quebec.

In 1784, one year after their arrival, the new Loyalist population spurred the creation of New Brunswick in the previously unpopulated (by Europeans, at least) lands west of the Bay of Fundy in what had been Nova Scotia. In 1785, the Loyalists yet again made their mark on Canadian history when their combined settlements at Parrtown and Carleton of approximately 14,000 people became British North America’s first incorporated city under the name City of Saint John. The division between the Anglophile and Francophile sections was ultimately recognized by creating the English-dominant province of Ontario, west of Quebec, in 1867.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women

The United Nations' (UN) International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is an occasion for governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations to raise public awareness of violence against women. It has been observed on November 25 each year since 2000.

Various activities are arranged around the world to draw attention to the need for continuing action to eliminate violence against women, projects to enable women and their children to escape violence and campaigns to educate people about the consequences of violence against women. Locally, women's groups may organize rallies, communal meals, fundraising activities and present research on violence against women in their own communities.

An ongoing campaign that people are encouraged to participate in, especially around this time of the year when awareness levels for the day are high, is the “Say NO to Violence Against Women campaign”. Through the campaign, anyone can add their name to a growing movement of people who speak out to put a halt to human rights violations against women.

On November 25, 1960, three sisters, Patria Mercedes Mirabal, María Argentina Minerva Mirabal and Antonia María Teresa Mirabal, were assassinated in the Dominican Republic on the orders of the Dominican ruler Rafael Trujillo. The Mirabel sisters fought hard to end Trujillo's dictatorship. Activists on women's rights have observed a day against violence on the anniversary of the deaths of these three women since 1981.

On December 17, 1999, November 25 was designated as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women by the UN General Assembly. Each year observances around the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women concentrate on a particular theme, such as “Demanding Implementation, Challenging Obstacles” (2008).

Events around the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women are coordinated by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). The logo of this organization consists of "UNIFEM". The letters “U” and “N” are in blue and the letters “I”, “F”, “E” and “M” are in a darker shade of this color. An image of a dove surrounded by olive branches is to the right of the word. The image of the dove incorporates the international symbol for "woman" or "women". This is based on the symbol for the planet Venus and consists of a ring on top of a “plus” sign.

Sunday, November 24, 2013

Holidays for November 24th 2013

Celebrate Your Unique Talent Day

It’s Celebrate Your Unique Talent Day! Everyone has a unique talent or skill at which they truly excel. Today is the day to embrace those quirky abilities and show them off to everyone else!

Your unique and special talent could involve writing, art, sports, or math! Or maybe you are double jointed, can talk in a cartoon voice, or can do a one-handed pull-up like no other. No matter what your special skills are, today is the day to flaunt them for all your friends and family.

Invite everyone you know over to have a showdown for the best special talent. Winner gets a prize and Celebrate Your Unique Talent Day bragging rights!

National Use Even If Seal Is Broken Day

Many sources have been active in promoting "National Use Even if Seal is Broken Day," a "fun" holiday for people to take part in. However, there are many dangers in using any product that has been tampered with, and you should not consume any item that has a broken seal. While this is a funny, "Damn the man" approach to life and holidays, it should not be taken seriously, as yours and your family's health could be at risk by participating in this particular "fun" holiday.

What is the seal on products for?
The seals that have been placed on many consumables is called a Tamper Indicating or Tamper Evident seal. Companies sanitarily place these seals onto bottles and packaging to ensure that the food items inside the sealed package are free of any pathogens, bacteria, or harmful drugs and are safe for consumption; once that seal has been tampered with or broken, it is no longer safe to eat and should be returned or thrown away.

How is a broken seal bad for my health?
When a seal has been broken or tampered with, that means that this package has been opened by someone before you received it. For drinks, this means someone could have opened the bottle, drank from it, and replaced it upon the shelf; you will never know if that person was carrying a deadly disease, and when you drink from that contaminated bottle, you will receive the active virus through second-hand drinking. Sealed canned food items can contain the deadly bacteria botulism, and open medicine seals could contain inaccurate medicines, resulting in death due to overdosing or deadly drug interactions.

Open seals means unknown and harmful substances, whether they are in the form of bacteria and mold or deadly, contagious viruses.

How do I know if my item has been opened or tampered with?
  • For drink bottles with plastic caps, the safety ring should still be attached to the cap, and when you twist it, there should be an obvious breaking or separation from the ring and the cap.
  • For glass drink bottles with metal lids, the lid should not click when pressed, and the middle of the cap should not be raised.
  • For cans, there should be no dents or holes, and the can should not give when squeezed.
  • For items with plastic bands around lids, do not use if band has been slit or removed.
  • For items with plastic, removable lids, the paper, plastic, or aluminum seal underneath should still be glued to the container.
  • For items in bags inside of open boxes, the bag should not lose air when squeezed.
Be safe when enjoying these National holidays!

D.B. Cooper Day

D. B. Cooper is a media epithet popularly used to refer to an unidentified man who hijacked a Boeing 727 aircraft in the airspace between Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, on November 24, 1971, extorted $200,000 in ransom, and parachuted to an uncertain fate. Despite an extensive manhunt and an ongoing FBI investigation, the perpetrator has never been located or positively identified. The case remains the only unsolved air piracy in American aviation history.

The suspect purchased his airline ticket using the alias Dan Cooper, but due to a news media miscommunication he became known in popular lore as "D. B. Cooper". Hundreds of leads have been pursued in the ensuing years, but no conclusive evidence has ever surfaced regarding Cooper's true identity or whereabouts. Numerous theories of widely varying plausibility have been proposed by experts, reporters, and amateur enthusiasts. The discovery of a small cache of ransom bills in 1980 triggered renewed interest but ultimately only deepened the mystery, and the great majority of the ransom remains unrecovered.

While FBI investigators have insisted from the beginning that Cooper probably did not survive his risky jump, the agency maintains an active case file—which has grown to more than 60 volumes and continues to solicit creative ideas and new leads from the public. "Maybe a hydrologist can use the latest technology to trace the $5,800 in ransom money found in 1980 to where Cooper landed upstream," suggested Special Agent Larry Carr, leader of the investigation team since 2006. "Or maybe someone just remembers that odd uncle."

National Sardines Day

They might be packed with water, oil, tomato sauce or even mustard but they have been cleaned and cooked and are packed in an airtight container and ready for you to eat. Some people are afraid to even taste these small and silver fish but sardines have a delicious taste that is loved by millions across the United States. Today is their special day and they are celebrated each year on November 23 on National Sardines Day.

Sardines are several types of small, oily fish, related to herrings. Actually a common type of fish consumed by millions of people, sardines are rich in nutrients. Most commonly served in cans, fresh sardine are also often grilled, pickled or smoked. Sardines are packed in either water, olive, sunflower or soybean oil or in a tomato, chili or mustard sauce. The term sardine was first used in English during the beginning of the 15th century, possibly coming from the Mediterranean island of Sardinia where there was an abundance of sardines. Sardine oil is used in the manufacturing of paint, varnish and linoleum.

Sardines are a great source of vitamins and minerals.

From one’s daily vitamin allowance containing:
  • 13 % B2
  • .25 % niacin
  • 150% vitamin B12
  • phosphorus
  • calcium
  • potassium
  • iron
  • selenium
  • omega-3 fatty acids
  • vitamin D
  • protein
  • B vitamins are important in helping to support proper nervous system function and are used for energy metabolism.
  • Omega 3 fatty acids reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular disease and regular consumption may reduce the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease and can even boost brain function as well as help lower blood sugar levels.

Relative to other fish commonly eaten by humans, sardines are very low in contaminants, such as mercury.

The sardine canning industry peaked in the United States in the 1950′s. After the industry’s peak, it has been on the decline. The Stinson Seafood plant in Prospect Harbor, Maine, which was the last large sardine cannery in the United States, closed its doors on April 15, 2010 after 135 years in operation.

To celebrate National Sardines Day, share a can, or two of canned sardines with a friend. See if you prefer the mustard, chili or the tomato packed ones better! Happy National Sardines Day!

Saturday, November 23, 2013

Holidays for November 23rd 2013

Family Volunteer Day

Family Volunteer Day is a day of service that demonstrates and celebrates the power of families who volunteer together, supporting their neighborhoods, communities and the world.

Points of Light created the day 22 years ago to showcase the benefits of family volunteering and provide opportunities for families to help communities create supportive environments for their children and each other. This year Family Volunteer Day takes place on November 23 and is being sponsored by Disney Friends for Change and powered by generationOn.

Family Volunteer Day is strategically held on the Saturday before Thanksgiving to “kick-off” the holiday season with giving and service. It also signals the start of National Family Week, sponsored by the Alliance for Children and Families and the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

Families that volunteer together not only address community social problems, but also strengthen themselves. Volunteering together as a family provides quality time, strengthens family communication and provides opportunities for family members to be role models.

National Eat a Cranberry Day

Cranberries are excellent sources of antioxidants, fiber, vitamin C, and do wonders for the body's toxin-removal system; it's no wonder the puckering red berry has a national holiday! Having just finished Thanksgiving, or possibly coming upon Thanksgiving, depending on the year, cranberries are right at their peak season, meaning that there is no better time pluck raw cranberries from your grocery shelf! Go ahead! Try a new recipe using real cranberries!

Can you eat raw cranberries?
While raw cranberries tend to be very bitter and pack quite a puckering punch, cranberries are excellent sources of vital nutrients that, like all nutrients in foods, are strongest when they are raw. How can you sweeten up the tangy berry? Some combine the with sweeter fruits, acting as a balance to their fruit salads, or add the juiced berry to sweet tea. Don't worry cooking the berry can be good as well!

What exact health benefits will I get from eating cranberries?
One cup of cranberries contains 12g of carbohydrates, essential natural energy for the body, 5g of fiber, one-fifth of the daily fiber we need, 13mg of vitamin C, 13% of your daily requirements, 36 mcg of beta-carotene, converted to vitamin A in your body, and low levels of vitamin B, manganese, iron, and zinc. Cranberries are rich in cyanidins, anthocyanins and proanthocyanins, antioxidant plant pigments that prevent cell damage by scavenging destructive free radicals. All of that also provides cranberries with the uncanny ability to fight and prevent E.coli from causing urinary tract infections.

What can I do with cranberries?
With the holiday season coming around, an all-time favorite is Homemade Cranberry Sauce, a recipe that only takes 10 minutes and 4 common ingredients to create! Cranberry scones, cranberry jelly, cranberry muffins, and more! Add cranberries to any recipe that involves fruit for an added punch of health and flavor!

National Adoption Day

National Adoption Day was launched in November 2000 as the National Adoption Day Coalition worked with law firms, state foster care agencies, child advocates and courts to complete hundreds of adoptions from foster care in nine jurisdictions nationwide (New York City; Los Angeles; Chicago; Dallas; El Paso, Texas; Fort Worth, Texas; Washington, D.C.; Omaha, Neb.; and Columbus, Ohio).

As this grassroots effort took hold across the United States, the number of events grew quickly, from 17 in 2001, to 120 in 2003, and to about 400 events in 2011 in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam.

Today National Adoption Day is celebrated nationwide on the Saturday before Thanksgiving as hundreds of events are held to finalize the adoptions of children in foster care, and to celebrate all families who adopt. In total, nearly 40,000 children have been adopted from foster care on National Adoption Day during the last 12 years.

National Adoption Day is a collective national effort to raise awareness of the more than 100,000 children in foster care waiting to find permanent, loving families. This annual, one-day event has made the dreams of thousands of children come true by working with policymakers, practitioners and advocates to finalize adoptions and create and celebrate adoptive families.

In total, National Adoption Day helped nearly 44,500 children move from foster care to a forever family. Communities across the country celebrate the Saturday before every Thanksgiving. In 2012, more than 4,500 children were adopted by their forever families during the 13th annual National Adoption Day celebration in almost 400 cities across the United States.

This year the National Adoption Day Coalition expects 4,500 children in foster care to be adopted on National Adoption Day, on November 23, 2013.

  • Finalize adoptions from foster care in all 50 states
  • Celebrate and honor families who adopt
  • Raise awareness of the more than 100,000 children in foster care waiting for permanent, loving homes
  • Encourage others to adopt children from foster care
  • Build collaboration among local adoption agencies, courts and advocacy organizations
National Survivors of Suicide Day

National Survivors of Suicide Day was designated by the United States Congress as a day when the friends and family of those who have died by suicide can join together for healing and support. This day always falls on the Saturday before American Thanksgiving.

In 1999, Senator Harry Reid introduced a resolution to the United States Senate which led to the creation of National Survivors of Suicide Day. Reid is a survivor of his father's suicide. As citizens of other countries began observing the day in their local communities, it was renamed as International Survivors of Suicide Day.

Every year, the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention sponsors International Survivors of Suicide Day, a program that unites survivors of suicide loss across the world. At events in hundreds of cities spanning 6 continents, survivors of suicide loss gather together to remember their loved ones and offer each other support. The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention produces a program shown at these events that features personal stories and advice from other survivors and psychiatric professionals. These events help survivors cope with the tragedy of losing someone to suicide.

Fibonacci Day

Leonardo of Pisa, better known as Fibonacci, is responsible for the Fibonacci Sequence (or Fibonacci numbers) – a pattern of counting where each number is the sum of the previous two. As well as being prevalent in nature, this kind of system is used widely in computer data storage and processing, and Fibonacci Day recognizes the importance and value of Fibonacci’s contributions to mathematics.

In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers or Fibonacci series or Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence: (sequence A000045 in OEIS)
By definition, the first two numbers in the Fibonacci sequence are 0 and 1, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two.

In mathematical terms, the sequence Fn of Fibonacci numbers is defined by the recurrence relation
with seed values[3]

The Fibonacci sequence is named after Leonardo Fibonacci. His 1202 book Liber Abaci introduced the sequence to Western European mathematics, although the sequence had been described earlier in Indian mathematics. By modern convention, the sequence begins either with F0 = 0 or with F1 = 1. The Liber Abaci began the sequence with F1 = 1, without an initial 0.

Fibonacci numbers are closely related to Lucas numbers in that they are a complementary pair of Lucas sequences. They are intimately connected with the golden ratio; for example, the closest rational approximations to the ratio are 2/1, 3/2, 5/3, 8/5, ... . Applications include computer algorithms such as the Fibonacci search technique and the Fibonacci heap data structure, and graphs called Fibonacci cubes used for interconnecting parallel and distributed systems. They also appear in biological settings, such as branching in trees, phyllotaxis (the arrangement of leaves on a stem), the fruit sprouts of a pineapple, the flowering of artichoke, an uncurling fern and the arrangement of a pine cone.

International Aura Awareness Day

While every one of us has one, few people give much thought to their energy body. Also known as the aura, these shining bodies of light have been recognized for millenia to exist in all living things. Since dark or damaged auras are early warning indicators of every kind of physical, emotional, and psychological problem, it is clear that you can improve your health by taking one day each year to examine your aura. Begun in 2002, November 23, 2013 will mark the twelfth annual International Aura Awareness Day.

Held on the fourth Saturday of November, it is the only "aura" day on the calendar. Some ways to celebrate this special day are by reading about auras, talking about auras, and practicing visualizing and feeling auras.

What is the Human Aura?
It's been said that true beauty comes from within, but until recently there's been no official day for honoring and acknowledging that special inner light we each have. Our shining body of light, also known as the aura, has been recognized and artistically portrayed for millennia. The aura surrounds each and every one of us and changes according to our health, mood, and character.

The human energy body, or aura, surrounds each and every one of us and changes according to our health, mood, and character. You can both feel and see auras relatively quickly, and learn how to energize your aura through visualization and meditation.

Why Should I Care?
Auras are not just bright and colorful -- they are also our assurance of good physical, emotional, and psychological health. Recent medical studies have shown that distant healing plays a significant role in people's health, even when they have a life-threatening disease like AIDS, or are undergoing medical treatment for heart disease. Clearly, humans are able to influence each others' health long-distance through prayer.

Raising awareness through public education—that auras can easily be viewed and felt, are intimately tied to our health and well-being, and can be photographed—is a vital step towards improving global health, well-being, and peace.

National Espresso Day

Espresso – that thick, bold Italian-style coffee – got its name thanks to the technology used to make the dark, rich brew, which is “pressed out” and tailor made ‘pronto’ for its consumer.

Espresso, which is also the base ingredient for other popular coffee beverages such as cappuccino, café latte and macchiato, has come a long way since its invention in Italy sometime around the 1900s.

So let’s toast the rise of this complex and concentrated concoction with what else? – a shot of espresso as we mark National Espresso Day on November 23.

Anatomy of Espresso
Contrary to popular belief, espresso is not a specific bean or roast level. Any bean or roast level can be used to make espresso. What makes espresso espresso is its brewing method, which is made by forcing pressurized hot water through finely ground coffee to create a concentrated coffee topped with a delicate foam, called a crema.

The crema should be thin and foamy with a golden-brown and sometimes slightly reddish color. The crema has a sweet flavor as it contains the espresso’s concentrated sugars and oils. The body is the middle layer and it is typically caramel-brown in color. The bottom of an espresso, known as the heart, should have a deep brown tone. The heart contains the bitterness that provides a balance to the sweetness of the crema.

While there is no universal standard in how to make the perfect espresso, it is often thought that the quality of the ultimate espresso comes from the four Ms:
  • Macinazione – correct grinding of the coffee bean
  • Macchina – the espresso machine
  • Miscela – the coffee blend
  • Mano – the skilled hand of the person making the coffee
The Origins of Espresso
Espresso made its debut in Italy in the early 20th century although coffee was already very much a part of Italian life for centuries. Espresso lovers owe their thanks for the tasty brew to Italy’s Luigi Bezzera, the owner of a manufacturing plant who wanted to speed up the time it took to make coffee. It’s unclear whether he was motivated to hasten the process by frustration over how long his morning coffee took or whether he wanted to speed up the time his employees took for their coffee breaks.

Regardless, Bezzera discovered that adding steam pressure to the process produced a stronger, more robust cup of coffee. This machine used in this new quick-brew process was named the Fast Coffee Machine. The beverage produced by the machine would eventually become known as espresso, which means fast in Italian. Regrettably, Bezzera wasn’t as talented at marketing and sales as he was at engineering. A few years later in 1905, Desidero Pavoni purchased the rights to the machine from Bezzera and had it patented. It is due to Pavoni’s marketing genius that espresso grew in popularity.

In the early 1940s, Achille Gaggia created a piston-based espresso machine that improved the taste by eliminating the burnt flavor and giving espresso a thicker consistency. Initially for professional use in coffee bars, the espresso machine gradually became available for use at home.