Alcoholics Anonymous Founders' Day
On June 10, 1935, Bill Wilson and his friend Dr. Robert Smith set out to find the best way to reform alcoholics, and Alcoholics Anonymous was born.
Bill Wilson, a stockbroker from New York, had success battling his alcoholism with the help of the Oxford Group, a national organization founded by Lutheran minister Dr. Frank Buchman that promoted waiting for divine guidance in every aspect of life. He attempted to help other alcoholics, but none of them were able to become sober.
In June 1935, during a business trip in Akron, Ohio, Wilson felt the temptation to drink. Using a church directory, he was able to reach a local Oxford Group member, Henrietta Buckler Seiberling, who put Wilson in contact with Dr. Bob Smith, an alcoholic who had recently joined the Oxford Group.
Wilson explained how he was able to become sober, which had a profound impression on Smith. They developed an approach to remaining sober through the personal support of other alcoholics. Seiberling insisted on emphasizing religion, even if it made certain alcoholics less likely to join.
“Well, we’re not out to please the alcoholics,” she reasoned. “They have been pleasing themselves all these years. We are out to please God. … God is your only source of Power.”
On June 10, outside an Akron hospital, Smith drank a beer to steady his hands for surgery; it would be the last drink he ever had.
Both men began devoting their free time to reforming other alcoholics at Akron’s City Hospital, and were able to help one man achieve sobriety. “Though the name Alcoholics Anonymous had not yet been coined, these three men actually made up the nucleus of the first A.A. group,” according to the Alcoholics Anonymous Web site.
In 1935, a second group of alcoholics formed in New York followed by a third group in Cleveland in 1939. Through the group, Wilson “emphasized that alcoholism was a malady of mind, emotions and body,” according to A.A.
In 1939, the group published its textbook, “Alcoholics Anonymous.” Written by Wilson, the book explained the group’s philosophy, including the now well-known 12 steps of recovery.
Alcoholics Anonymous continued to grow, spreading across the United States and Canada. According to the A.A. Web site, by 1950, there were 100,000 recovered alcoholics worldwide. Also in 1950, A.A. held its first international convention in Cleveland.
A.A.’s Growth and Message
A.A. is a fellowship, although it does not affiliate with one particular religious domination. In a pamphlet titled “This Is A.A.,” the group is outlined and defined. “We are united by our common problem, alcohol,” according to the pamphlet. “Meeting and talking and helping other alcoholics together, we are somehow able to stay sober and to lose the compulsion to drink, once a dominant force in our lives.”
The June 10 Founders’ Day is celebrated yearly in Akron; 2011 marks the 76th anniversary of A.A.
Biography: Bill Wilson
Wilson grew up in Vermont, the son of a hard-drinking father. His parents both abandoned him when he was 10, leaving him with his maternal grandparents.
Wilson drank first as a soldier and then as a businessman, “to alleviate his depressions and to celebrate his Wall Street success.” By 1933, he and his wife were living with her parents in Brooklyn, N.Y., and Wilson’s drinking had made him unemployable.
Getting sober was the first stop in turning his life around. Helping fellow alcoholic Smith was the second step, and paved the way for the founding of Alcoholics Anonymous. According to Time magazine, “As Alcoholics Anonymous grew, Wilson became its principal symbol.” Throughout his life with the group, “he clung to the principles and the power of anonymity,” and declined Time’s offer to put him on the magazine’s cover—“even with his back turned.”
Wilson, a longtime smoker, died in 1971 of pneumonia and emphysema in Miami, where he had traveled for treatment.
Ball Point Pen Day
June 10th,1943, Brothers László and Georg Bíró, Hungarian refugees living in Argentina, patent the ballpoint pen. A half-century-old idea is coming to commercial fruition.
Lewis Waterman’s invention of a practical fountain pen, patented in 1884, had already solved the problem of portability. You no longer had to carry around an inkwell to be able to write when and where you wanted. But the ink still took a while to dry and was subject to running and smudging.
American banker John L. Loud patented a ballpoint pen in 1888. It used a ball-and-socket to deliver sticky, quick-drying ink. Too sticky: The ink was so coarse, it didn’t really work well on paper. (Which is to say, it was a good idea on paper, except literally.) It did find industrial uses for writing on leather and cloth.
László Bíró was a Hungarian journalist who saw an idea in the quick-drying inks newspapers use. His brother Georg, a chemist, helped him with technical aspects. They used a tiny — and precisely ground — ball bearing to serve two functions. It distributed ink evenly from the cartridge to the paper for writing, and it held the rest of the ink inside the cartridge.
The Bíró brothers made progress on improving the ballpoint — to the point, so to speak, that it could write as smoothly as a fountain pen. But the situation in their homeland was deteriorating. When World War II started, they fled from Budapest to Paris, then to Madrid and finally to Buenos Aires, Argentina.
There, they applied for a patent and sought financial backing. One of their contacts, an English accountant named Harry Martin, realized that the ballpoint solved a problem faced by Britain’s Royal Air Force: Conventional pens were unsuitable for writing aircraft logs, because they leaked, were too sensitive to changes in atmospheric pressure, and wouldn’t let you write on a vertical or overhead surface.
Martin eventually flew to Washington and London, convincing both the U.S. Air Force and the RAF to adopt the new technology. By the time the Allies won the war, the ballpoint shared the luster of victory.
When the pens went into commercial production in 1945, they were a sensation. In the United States, the Reynolds Pen sold for $12.50 (about $150 in today’s money). Yet people swarmed a New York department store to buy 8,000 of them on the first day of sale.
What? People lining up to be the first to buy new technology? Where have we heard that before? You mean, it happened in the old days, too?
Some of the earliest versions of commercial ballpoints leaked and smudged, but manufacturers eventually worked the bugs out. What? A technology brought to market before it’s quite ready? How could that be?
Today, the ballpoint is what most people mean when they say just pen. And in much of the world, the generic name for a ballpoint pen is biro. In Argentina, by the way, it’s a Birome.
National Herb and Spice Day
Spice up your life! Today June 10 is National Herbs and Spices Day.
While herbs and spices are often talked about synonymously, they're quite the opposite. Herbs - think thyme, rosemary and sage - are typically the leaves of herbaceous plants, whereas spices are the roots, flowers, fruits, seeds or bark of plants. They're also usually dried.
To further confuse matters, there are a few plants that are both herbs and spices. Take, for example, the Coriandrum sativum plant: Its leaves are what we commonly call cilantro, while its seeds are the spice coriander.
Storing your herbs and spices properly keeps them fresh longer. Spices are best kept in airtight containers in a dark cupboard, and whole spices have a longer shelf life. Buying whole spices gives you the option of toasting and grinding only the amount you need for each dish. It also allows you to create unique spice blends for grilling and rubs.
Herbs are best kept on the plant for as long as possible. Most herbs are small enough to grow in pots on a kitchen counter or window sill so long as they get enough sun and water.
Both herbs and spices can add varying degrees of flavor. Herbs can brighten up a dish that simmers for a long time, like a tomato sauce or stew, while spices can add heat and richness to a dish that cooks relatively quickly like a crusted protein.
National Iced Tea Day
Although iced tea is a popular refresher throughout the year but it becomes more prevalent in the months of May and June. Some countries celebrate the National Iced Tea Day on 10th of June.
National Iced Tea Day is undoubtedly a favorite summer cooler of Americans, also because tea is good for health. National Iced Tea Day is cool and thirst-quenching, and universally enjoyed thought out America and other countries. The entire month of June is indulged in celebration and revitalization.
During the Annual National Iced Tea Month, In month of June Americans are encouraged to drink healthful glass of iced tea every day. People, simultaneously enjoy the picnic with cold tea in baskets and the pool is preferred for fun and revitalizing during the season along with iced tea.
- National Iced Tea Day is also a well known fact that tea has some medicinal advantages too.
- National Iced Tea Day helps in preventing heart diseases, cancers and tumors.
- National Iced Tea Day has been found very helpful in sore throats and colds, with addition of ginger and honey.
- National Iced Tea Day has a soothing and relaxing effect on the mind.
- Modern researches have concluded that one can drink and enjoy tea as there is no research to prove that it is harmful.
- Moreover, it has a great taste.
- National Iced Tea Day was in 1904, a tea plantation owner, Richard Blechynden set up a stall to sell hot tea at the St. Louis World Fair.
- But a large number of visitors demanded cold tea instead of hot.
- They needed something cold.
- He added ice to the tea and served it cold. It was an liked and became a popular coolant since that day.
- National Iced Tea Day was the first known use of iced tea.
- There are some national chains of restaurants in America where you can get a iced tea served in different flavor.
- There are many different ways to prepare ice tea. It can be enjoyed plain, with lemon or can be sweeten with sugar.
- Tea has naturally occurring compounds called phyto-chemicals.
- National Iced Tea Day helps the body in fighting diseases like certain cancers and heart problems.
- National Iced Tea Day protects heart, by maintaining healthy blood cholesterol levels and body, by a healthy immune system.
- Both black and green tea contains phyto-chemicals called flavonoids.
- These have effective antioxidant properties as compared to many fruits and vegetables.
- Antioxidants are able to neutralize free radicals, which plays a vital role in the treatment of chronic diseased such as various cancers and heart disease.
- Tea contains good amount of fluoride. Drinking tea helps in maintaining healthy tooth enamel.
- Drinking tea also helps in maintaining fluid balance. It is vital for normal body metabolism.
- All of us have some positive effect of fluids from beverages, fruits and vegetables.
National Black Cow Day
World Pet Memorial Day
Moooove over National Iced Tea Day, June 10 is also National Black Cow Day! While celebrating the 4-legged, bovine-variety is fine-and-dandy, today really celebrates the refreshing beverage made with ice cream and soda. While visions of poodle skirts, soda jerks, roller skates, drive-in diners and soda fountains may come to mind, Black Cows – a popular drink of days gone by, are still enjoyed today.
Black Cows have been served up since the late 1890s. While some credit Robert M. Green as the actual “inventor” of the delicious drink, Cripple Creek Brewing owner, Frank J. Wisner, is often credited as the father of the Black Cow. Legend has it while peering out the window at the snow-capped peak of Cow Mountain, Wisner combined a scoop of creamy vanilla ice cream with Myers Avenue Red root beer. And later, instead of using root beer, he used cola and the Black Cow Mountain drink was born. Children shortened the name to Black Cow and the rest, as they say, is history.
Black Cows are simple to make. Some people choose to use vanilla ice cream and root beer while others prefer the rich combination of chocolate ice cream and root beer. You can also combine other soda flavors with ice cream or add an extra splash of something stronger to the ice-cold drink. Just serve in a tall glass and enjoy. And don’t forget the straw!
World Pet Memorial Day
Memorial Day for humans has an important meaning to many people, not just those in the military. It is a chance to reflect on the lives of others and pay tribute to those around us. The same is true for World Pet Memorial Day, which happens around this time every year.
For pet owners it is a chance to reflect on animals that have come and gone, and to pay tribute to the happiness that each brought along the way. Many are considered to be a best friend, and family. Others are much more and give their all for their human's physical and mental well-being.
For those working in the welfare and rescue worlds it is also a day to once again bring attention to the millions of animals that have been lost due to the overpopulation crisis in our country and hopefully remind others about the continuing struggle to save lives.
No matter the circumstances, loss can be difficult for many people and the ability to show respect and appreciation is important. Many people find unique ways to honor their pet, such as creating a backyard memorial or donating to a shelter or rescue in the name of their special friend. Many others do so by reaching out to others via social media and posting a Rainbow Bridge poem. Some rescues and shelters across the country also hold memorial and fundraising events for this important day, so make sure to ask and see how you can help.
As Anatole France famously said: "Until one has loved an animal, a part of one's soul remains unawakened." Pets, no matter their species, are vital to our world and to our lives and they will never really be gone as long as they are remembered.