Although the term D-Day is used routinely as military lingo for the day an operation or event will take place, for many it is also synonymous with June 6, 1944, the day the Allied powers crossed the English Channel and landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, beginning the liberation of Western Europe from Nazi control during World War II. Within three months, the northern part of France would be freed and the invasion force would be preparing to enter Germany, where they would meet up with Soviet forces moving in from the east.
With Hitler's armies in control of most of mainland Europe, the Allies knew that a successful invasion of the continent was central to winning the war. Hitler knew this too, and was expecting an assault on northwestern Europe in the spring of 1944. He hoped to repel the Allies from the coast with a strong counterattack that would delay future invasion attempts, giving him time to throw the majority of his forces into defeating the Soviet Union in the east. Once that was accomplished, he believed an all-out victory would soon be his.
On the morning of June 5, 1944, U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe gave the go-ahead for Operation Overlord, the largest amphibious military operation in history. On his orders, 6,000 landing craft, ships and other vessels carrying 176,000 troops began to leave England for the trip to France. That night, 822 aircraft filled with parachutists headed for drop zones in Normandy. An additional 13,000 aircraft were mobilized to provide air cover and support for the invasion.
By dawn on June 6, 18,000 parachutists were already on the ground; the land invasions began at 6:30 a.m. The British and Canadians overcame light opposition to capture Gold, Juno and Sword beaches; so did the Americans at Utah. The task was much tougher at Omaha beach, however, where 2,000 troops were lost and it was only through the tenacity and quick-wittedness of troops on the ground that the objective was achieved. By day's end, 155,000 Allied troops--Americans, British and Canadians--had successfully stormed Normandy’s beaches.
For their part, the Germans suffered from confusion in the ranks and the absence of celebrated commander Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, who was away on leave. At first, Hitler, believing that the invasion was a feint designed to distract the Germans from a coming attack north of the Seine River, refused to release nearby divisions to join the counterattack and reinforcements had to be called from further afield, causing delays. He also hesitated in calling for armored divisions to help in the defense. In addition, the Germans were hampered by effective Allied air support, which took out many key bridges and forced the Germans to take long detours, as well as efficient Allied naval support, which helped protect advancing Allied troops.
Though it did not go off exactly as planned, as later claimed by British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery--for example, the Allies were able to land only fractions of the supplies and vehicles they had intended in France--D-Day was a decided success. By the end of June, the Allies had 850,000 men and 150,000 vehicles in Normandy and were poised to continue their march across Europe.
The heroism and bravery displayed by troops from the Allied countries on D-Day has served as inspiration for several films, most famously The Longest Day (1962) and Saving Private Ryan (1998). It was also depicted in the HBO mini-series Band of Brothers (2001).
Drive-in Movie Day
On this day in 1933, eager motorists park their automobiles on the grounds of Park-In Theaters, the first-ever drive-in movie theater, located on Crescent Boulevard in Camden, New Jersey.
Park-In Theaters--the term "drive-in" came to be widely used only later--was the brainchild of Richard Hollingshead, a movie fan and a sales manager at his father's company, Whiz Auto Products, in Camden. Reportedly inspired by his mother's struggle to sit comfortably in traditional movie theater seats, Hollingshead came up with the idea of an open-air theater where patrons watched movies in the comfort of their own automobiles. He then experimented in the driveway of his own house with different projection and sound techniques, mounting a 1928 Kodak projector on the hood of his car, pinning a screen to some trees, and placing a radio behind the screen for sound. He also tested ways to guard against rain and other inclement weather, and devised the ideal spacing arrangement for a number of cars so that all would have a view of the screen.
The young entrepreneur received a patent for the concept in May of 1933 and opened Park-In Theaters, Inc. less than a month later, with an initial investment of $30,000. Advertising it as entertainment for the whole family, Hollingshead charged 25 cents per car and 25 cents per person, with no group paying more than one dollar. The idea caught on, and after Hollingshead's patent was overturned in 1949, drive-in theaters began popping up all over the country. One of the largest was the All-Weather Drive-In of Copiague, New York, which featured parking space for 2,500 cars, a kid's playground and a full service restaurant, all on a 28-acre lot.
Drive-in theaters showed mostly B-movies--that is, not Hollywood's finest fare--but some theaters featured the same movies that played in regular theaters. The initially poor sound quality--Hollingshead had mounted three speakers manufactured by RCA Victor near the screen--improved, and later technology made it possible for each car's to play the movie's soundtrack through its FM radio. The popularity of the drive-in spiked after World War II and reached its heyday in the late 1950s to mid-60s, with some 5,000 theaters across the country. Drive-ins became an icon of American culture, and a typical weekend destination not just for parents and children but also for teenage couples seeking some privacy. Since then, however, the rising price of real estate, especially in suburban areas, combined with the growing numbers of walk-in theaters and the rise of video rentals to curb the growth of the drive-in industry. Today, fewer than 500 drive-in theaters survive in the United States.
National Applesauce Cake Day
National Applesauce Cake Day celebrates a cake which uses applesauce as flavor for the dessert. This unofficial food holiday is observed annually on June 6. Applesauce cake can be made using a cake mix or made from scratch.
It is often baked as a Bundt cake and may be combined with spices and known as an Applesauce Spice Cake. Applesauce cake can be glazed, dusted with powdered sugar, or be frosted with a cream cheese frosting. National Applesauce Cake Day is observed as apple blossoms begin to turn to the fruit of the season. Apple harvest season ranges from August through December each year.
Apple sauces were first made by medieval cooks in Europe. Cooked apple recipes included stewed apples and apple puddings which were both considered sauces. These apple sauces varied in taste from tart to sweet and were added to a number of foods. The first mention of applesauce in cookbooks was in 1739. Applesauce was made by cooking then draining the apples and then sauteing with butter and egg yolks. It is not known when this sauce was first added to a cake to make applesauce cakes.
Applesauce cake comes in a number of varieties which can be prepared for a celebration of this food holiday. Simple applesauce cake recipes can be prepared as cupcakes for individual servings. A Bundt cake with a glazed finish may be shared with coworkers or family members. Applesauce cake may also be made with a cream cheese frosting or as a coffee cake and served for a brunch. In honor of National Applesauce Cake Day, local bakeries may offer a special dessert of the day at a discount price.
National Donut Day
National Donut Day 2014 celebrates on June 6.
If you love donut, then paying your respect to Salvation Army is necessary. As history of Donut day depends on Salvation Army is evident. Donut day is celebrated on every First Friday of June.
Donut day is celebrated to honor the Salvation Army “Lassies” of First World War. Donut day is also the means of fund raising for the needy causes of Salvation Army.
The first National Doughnut Day was established on 1938 by the Chicago Salvation Army in order to raise fund for needy causes of Great depression and to honor Salvation Army lassies during World War I.
First Donut day was served on 1917 in the month of August. The history of Donut day is revolved with a true story of few dedicated soldiers. During the First World War, Salvation Army “Lassies” went for the European front lines at that time, all the soldiers from the war rushed to the camp. They were completely tired, famished and wet thoroughly in continuous rain of 36 days. In order to end up the starvation of the soldiers, lassies prepared some home made donuts for them. Salvation army lassies also gave soldiers moral boost.
Making donuts at that situation was not that easy. They had to make some arrangements to fulfill hunger of weary soldiers. They prepared donuts by putting oil in to the bucket. Then they used dough with remainder flour and other integrant on hand. They even used wine bottles at the place of rolling pin of dough in order to flatten the surface. They took the idea of baked powder tin for using as a cutter end. Instantly, they also discovered suck tube of camphor-ice as the ingredient for making the hole. They took soldier’s steel helmets were the equipments to be used as a stove. At a time, seven doughnuts used to be made by lassies.
Infantryman of Americans used to be known as dough boy. During that period, only the Lassies were the civilians who were allowed to take entry inside the front lines. They were first one who used to be known as first donut girls.
At the first go, 100 donuts were made and those were absorbed immediately. But after that also, around 500 soldiers were on the queue waiting to taste the doughnuts. To serve the purpose, almost 9000 donuts were made at that time round the clock. Gradually, that tent turned into the 24 hour donut shop.
Then gradually Salvation Army lassies started making donuts in every front line. Even few pilot dropped some requisition of donuts for them during that war period. Gradually, taste of donut became famous in those days in America. Various bakeries even started preparing donuts in order to serve the purpose of civilian and Army people as well. Donut day became wartime favorite food. It is said wherever Army were seen donut also used to appear then and there. Donut got the popularity as the good work of Salvation Army Lassies. Again donut appeared during World War II, it became tradition for Army people. Donut day took birth from the year 1938, considering its popularity among soldiers of war.
- 3rd and 4th June of 2005 is declared as 67th Anniversary of salvation of Army Donut Day in Chicago.
- In this, Salvation Army till today celebrates this day with various generous causes.
- In recent years, around $350,000 was accumulated by Salvation Army workers only in two-day for street solicitation in order to help 35 major local programs.
- In 1998, Salvation Army did a supportive act for more than 500,000 people in the Chicago area.
National Gardening Exercise Day
National Gardening Exercise Day is celebrated on June 6th of each year.
Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture. In gardens, ornamental plants are often grown for their flowers, foliage, or overall appearance; useful plants, such as root vegetables, leaf vegetables, fruits, and herbs, are grown for consumption, for use as dyes, or for medicinal or cosmetic use. Gardening is considered to be a relaxing activity for many people.
Gardening ranges in scale from fruit orchards, to long boulevard plantings with one or more different types of shrubs, trees and herbaceous plants, to residential yards including lawns and foundation plantings, to plants in large or small containers grown inside or outside. Gardening may be very specialized, with only one type of plant grown, or involve a large number of different plants in mixed plantings. It involves an active participation in the growing of plants, and tends to be labor-intensive, which differentiates it from farming or forestry.
National Yo-yo Day
National Yo-Yo Day is celebrated on June 6th of each year in honor of Donald Duncan Sr., the entrepreneur who brought mass-produced yo-yos to the United States. However, it was later found that Donald Duncan Sr.’s birthday is actually June 8th.
The yo-yo in its simplest form is an object consisting of an axle connected to two disks, and a length of string looped around the axle, similar to a slender spool. It is played by holding the free end of the string known as the handle (usually by inserting one finger in a slip knot) allowing gravity or the force of a throw to spin the yo-yo and unwind the string (similar to how a pullstring works), then allowing the yo-yo to wind itself back to one’s hand, exploiting its spin (and the associated rotational energy). This is often called “yo-yoing”. First made popular in the 1920s, yo-yoing remains a popular pastime of many generations and cultures. It was first invented in ancient Greece.
In the simplest play, the string is intended to be wound on the spool by hand; The yo-yo is thrown downwards, hits the end of the string, then winds up the string toward the hand, and finally the yo-yo is grabbed, ready to be thrown again. One of the most basic tricks is called the sleeper, where the yo-yo spins at the end of the string for a noticeable amount of time before returning to the hand.
Many yo-yo tricks are done while the yo-yo is said to be sleeping. One of the most famous tricks on the yo-yo is “walk the dog”. This is done by throwing a strong sleeper and allowing the yo-yo to roll across the floor, before tugging it back to the hand. English historical names for the yo-yo include bandalore (from French) and quiz. French historical terms include bandalore, incroyable, de Coblenz, emigrette, and joujou de Normandie (joujou meaning little toy).