National Night Out
National Night Out, ‘America’s Night Out against crime’, is an event that raises community-police awareness, introduced by the National Association of Town Watch, a non-profit, crime management association in 1984. It is celebrated on the first Tuesday of August. National Association of Town Watch is a dedicated organization that aims at the development, growth and maintenance of organised crime and drug prevention activities nationwide. Today its network has spread up including more than 6,500 crime, drug and violence prevention organizations. In Texas it is celebrated on October 4th, to avoid hot weather.
National Night Out was designed by Matt A. Peskin, the Executive Director of National Association of Town Watch. In Peskin’s words, “It’s a wonderful opportunity for communities nationwide to promote police-community partnerships, crime prevention and neighborhood camaraderie. While the one night is certainly not an answer to crime, drugs and violence; National Night Out does represent the kind of spirit, energy and determination that is helping to make many neighborhoods safer places throughout the year. It is a night to celebrate safety and crime prevention successes and to expand and strengthen programmes for the next 364 days.”
National Night Out is celebrated to enhance community-police awareness and to improve participation in local anti-crime activities.
National Night Out aims at the below mentioned goals:
- Crime and drug prevention awareness
- Generate support and enhance participation in local anti-crime efforts
- Strengthen police-community partnerships
- To let the criminals know the fact that neighborhoods are active and ready to fight back.
- Intensifies neighborhood spirit
Nowadays National Night Out celebrations include various events and activities such as, cookouts, visits from local police and sheriff departments, block parties, parades, exhibits, flashlight walks, rallies, meetings, contests and youth programs. The National Night Out 2010 was a grand event with more than 37 million people from over 15,000 communities being a part of it.
National Oyster Day
Oysters sift food from around them in the water. Occasionally during this process, they will get a grain of sand or grit stuck in their shell. A substance called "nacre" will develop around the sand. Eventually, that nacre is what becomes a pearl. Seattle, Washington is known as the "Oyster Capital of the World" due to the number of cultivated pearls produced there.
While the history of National Oyster Day is unclear, oysters have been a part of the human diet for centuries. In fact, there is evidence that oysters were consumed as far back as the Neolithic period, which in Ancient Greece ran from 6000 to 2900 BC. The Romans would send thousands of slaves to the shores of the English Channel to gather oysters.
Oysters are a part of Greek mythology. It is said that the goddess of love, Aphrodite, came out of the sea on an oyster shell and gave birth to Eros. This is where the term "aphrodisiac" comes from and why people associate oysters with sexual prowess.
National Oyster Day can be celebrated by enjoying any of the dozens of recipes that are available for oysters. Oysters Rockefeller is one example. This recipe consists of vegetable mixture of spinach, green onions and celery is placed on each oyster that is on a plate of raw oysters on the half shell. Another example is Oysters Thomas, a dish consisting of oysters, crab meat and bearnaise sauce.
National Underwear Day
If you’re like many Americans, your mother warned you to always wear clean underwear in case you were “in an accident!” Although there are probably better reasons to wear fresh underwear, this is the one that most often comes to mind.
In an effort to publicly shine light on “unmentionables,” Freshpair founded National Underwear Day on August 5th, 2003. Over the last 10 years we've celebrated the holiday with New York City model events, massive underwear giveaways, a pop-up shop in Columbus Circle, and a Times Square runway show.
The ancient Egyptians sometimes wore loincloths. The Romans also wore underwear. Both Roman men and women wore a loincloth or shorts called subligaculum. Women also wore a band of cloth or leather around their chest called a strophium.
During the Middle Ages men word linen shorts called braies but women did not wear knickers until the 19th century. Their only underwear was a long linen garment called a shift, which they wore under their dress. From the 16th century women wore corsets made with whalebone.
19th Century Underwear
In the 19th century underwear became much more elaborate.
Where does the word does the word pants come from? It is derived from a character in Italian comedy called Pantalone. He wore garments that came down to his ankles (when most men wore ones that came to the knee). In 18th century England they were called pantaloons. In the 19th century the word became shortened to pants. In Britain pants came to mean long drawers that covered the whole leg. The garments worn over them came became known as trousers.
The word drawers was invented because underwear was drawn on. Where does the word knickers come from? It comes from a novel called History of New York by Diedrich Knickerbocker, supposedly a Dutchman living in New York (it was actually written by Washington Irving). In Britain the illustrations for the book showed a Dutchman wearing long, loose fitting garments on his lower body. When men wore loose trousers for sport they were sometimes called knickerbockers. However women's underwear were soon called knickerbockers too. In the late 19th century the word was shortened to knickers. In the USA women's underwear are called panties, which is obviously a diminutive of pants.
At the beginning of the 1800's women still wore a long nightie-like garment under their dress but it was now called a chemise not a shift. However after about 1800 they also wore drawers. Sometimes they came to below the knee or sometimes they were longer garments with frills at the bottom called pantalettes. However by the 1830's only girls not women wore pantalettes.
Today we still say a pair of knickers or panties. That is because in the early 19th century women's underwear consisted to two separate legs joined at the waist. They really were a 'pair'.
At first women's drawers were usually very plain but in the late 19th century they were decorated with lace and bands. In the Winter women often wore woolen knickers and woolen vests.
In the 19th century women's underwear were sometimes called bloomers. Elizabeth Miller invented loose trousers to be worn by women. The idea was promoted by Amelia Bloomer from 1849 and they became known as bloomers. In time long underwear became known as bloomers.
By the late 19th century in Britain men's underwear were called pants. Men also wore vests. Some men wore combinations, pants and vest in one garment.
20th Century Underwear
In the 19th century women's underwear was usually open between the legs but in the 20th century closed knickers replaced them.
Meanwhile in 1913 Mary Phelps Jacob invented the modern bra. She used two handkerchiefs joined by ribbon.
In the 19th century knickers came down to the knee. In the 1920's they became shorter, down to the mid-calf. By the 1940's and 1950's many women wore briefs. Men's underwear also became shorter. The word drawers went out of use and they became known as underpants or pants. Y-fronts went on sale in the USA in 1935. They went on sale in Britain in 1938. Boxer shorts were introduced in the 1940's.
Work Like a Dog Day
- Golden Retriever – good-natured and people-oriented, these natural leaders excel in sales positions. Best of Breed: Former President Bill Clinton.
- Terrier – these scrappy, independent thinkers eagerly take on bigger and stronger competitors. Best of Breed examples: Fashion designer Diane von Furstenberg and media mogul Rupert Murdoch and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
- Border Collie – a natural CEO, this breed knows how to derive the best from others. These top dogs excel in helping companies and people adapt to change. Best of Breed: Media mogul Martha Stewart and Walmart founder Sam Walton.
- Rottweiler -these top dogs value tradition and work hard to protect the company’s legacy. Best of Breed: Former Xerox CEO Anne Mulcahy, and former Herman Miller furniture company CEO Michael Volkema, who said, “Leadership is about doing the right thing, not the easy thing.”
- Bloodhound - these dogs sniff out ideas that transform the marketplace, moving far beyond traditional boundaries. Best of Breed: Virgin Group founder Richard Branson. Author Vetere says that Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are great examples of other canine leaders, but they also display bloodhound traits
- Poodle - these elegant but aloof leaders inspire others with their overarching vision. Best of Breed: New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates.
- Husky - Huskies are known for their stamina and perform well without much direction. They use independent thinking and dogged perseverance. Best of Breed: Steve Jobs of Apple.