On this day in 1945, at 8:16 a.m. Japanese time, an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, drops the world's first atom bomb, over the city of Hiroshima. Approximately 80,000 people are killed as a direct result of the blast, and another 35,000 are injured. At least another 60,000 would be dead by the end of the year from the effects of the fallout.
U.S. President Harry S. Truman, discouraged by the Japanese response to the Potsdam Conference's demand for unconditional surrender, made the decision to use the atom bomb to end the war in order to prevent what he predicted would be a much greater loss of life were the United States to invade the Japanese mainland. And so on August 5, while a "conventional" bombing of Japan was underway, "Little Boy," (the nickname for one of two atom bombs available for use against Japan), was loaded onto Lt. Col. Paul W. Tibbets' plane on Tinian Island in the Marianas. Tibbets' B-29, named the Enola Gay after his mother, left the island at 2:45 a.m. on August 6. Five and a half hours later, "Little Boy" was dropped, exploding 1,900 feet over a hospital and unleashing the equivalent of 12,500 tons of TNT. The bomb had several inscriptions scribbled on its shell, one of which read "Greetings to the Emperor from the men of the Indianapolis" (the ship that transported the bomb to the Marianas).
There were 90,000 buildings in Hiroshima before the bomb was dropped; only 28,000 remained after the bombing. Of the city's 200 doctors before the explosion; only 20 were left alive or capable of working. There were 1,780 nurses before—only 150 remained who were able to tend to the sick and dying.
According to John Hersey's classic work Hiroshima, the Hiroshima city government had put hundreds of schoolgirls to work clearing fire lanes in the event of incendiary bomb attacks. They were out in the open when the Enola Gay dropped its load.
There were so many spontaneous fires set as a result of the bomb that a crewman of the Enola Gay stopped trying to count them. Another crewman remarked, "It's pretty terrific. What a relief it worked."
National Fresh Breath Day
Are there times that you find yourself turning the corner only to turn back around and go the same way you came in order to not have to speak with particular people? Could it possibly be that their breath is RANK and you can't concentrate on anything that they say because all you want to do is look for green moldy things in between their teeth? Eww! It may be that you avoid people because you can taste the foulness of your own mouth but you’re not sure what to do about it except chew your 10,000th piece of gum for the day. Well, if this sounds anything like you, today could be your opportunity to make a change!
Today, August 6 is National Fresh Breath Day. A group of New York dentists created this holiday as an awareness that having fresh breath is part of overall health and wellness. If you have bad breath, the solution to your problem could be very simple. Chronic bad breath could indicate a serious illness or it could be a small personal problem that needs a little attention. Either way, bad breath (or Halitosis) can affect your relationships and your self-esteem.
“The term "halitosis" was introduced by Listerine in 1921. It has been causing embarrassment for thousands of years. Records mentioning bad breath have been discovered more than 3,000 years ago, all the way back in 1550 B.C. Back then, exactly what caused bad breath was not known, but a mouthwash of wine and herbs was one recommended way of solving the problem."
Bad Breath Facts:
- 25% of the population has chronic bad breath.
- There are over 600 different types of bacteria found in the mouth.
- Over 50% of bacteria found on the tongue contribute to bad breath.
National Root Beer Float Day
National Root Beer Float Day is an unofficial food holiday celebrated on August 6 each year. The food holiday celebrates the ice cream soda which is made with root beer and vanilla ice cream. Root beer floats have been enjoyed for more than a hundred years and have evolved to include other flavors of carbonated beverages also such as Coke floats or Orange Crush floats. The root beer float has also been varied to include additional ingredients like bananas or alcohol additions like vodka. The root beer float can also be prepared as a pie and a cookie instead of a beverage.
National Root Beer Float Day is not noted anywhere as being an official holiday but is enjoyed by root beer fans. The celebration of the ice cream treat honors the concoction originally known as The Black Cow. The Black Cow was put together the first time on Aug. 19, 1893, by Frank J. Wisner, owner of Cripple Creek Brewing in Cripple Creek, Colorado. The tale passed down through the generations in the Cripple Creek community says that Frank got his inspiration of the snow caps on the Cow Mountain, sparking him to think of ice cream floating on top of the black Cow mountain. This vision prompted the name of the treat, The Black Cow.
For Oakland Athletics fans, a celebration is held annually on National Root Beer Float Day. A's players, local celebrities, radio and television personalities join together to sell root beer and orange crush floats. Each year a fundraiser is done to raise money for a charity. In 2010, the proceeds from autographs benefited the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
Other food holiday celebrations may take place at local ice cream shops or fast food restaurants where root beer floats are served. Root beer floats can easily be made at home by purchasing the canned beverage and a container of ice cream.
Wiggle Your Toes Day
Wiggle Your Toes Day is celebrated on August 6th of each year. We were unable to discover the origin of Wiggle Your Toes Day.
Toes are the digits of the foot of a tetrapod. Animal species such as cats that walk on their toes are described as being digitigrade. Humans, and other animals that walk on the soles of their feet, are described as being plantigrade; unguligrade animals are those that walk on hooves at the tips of their toes. The toes are, from medial to lateral:
Hallux (“big toe” or “great toe”), the innermost (most proximal) toe and the closest to the toes of the other foot
Second toe or “long toe”
Third toe, or “middle toe”
Fourth toe, or “ring toe”
Fifth toe (“little toe”, “pinky toe”, or “baby toe”), the outermost (most distal) toe
The human foot consists of numerous bones and soft tissues which support the weight of the upright human. Specifically, the toes assist the human while walking, providing balance, weight-bearing, and thrust during the gait. Toe bones articulate around the metatarsal bones which make up the central portion of the human foot. The joints between bones of the toe are known as interphalangeal joints. Movements are generally instigated by way of tendons actuated by muscles in the lower leg.
The hallux (large toe) is primarily flexed by the flexor hallucis longus muscle, located in the deep posterior of the lower leg, via the flexor hallucis longus tendon. Additional flexion control is provided by the flexor hallucis brevis. It is extended by the abductor hallucis muscle and the adductor hallucis muscle. The remaining toes are primarily controlled by the flexor digitorum brevis muscle and the extensor digitorum brevis muscle. Finally, the fifth toe (the smallest toe) has a separate set of control muscles and tendon attachments, the flexor and abductor digiti minimi. Numerous other foot muscles contribute to fine motor control of the foot. The connective tendons between the minor toes accounts for the inability to actuate individual toes.
Humans usually have five toes on each foot. Exceptions include polydactyly (more than five toes), and syndactyly or amputation (fewer than five toes). The four smallest toes consist of three phalanx bones, while the largest consists of two phalanx bones and two sesamoid bones. Many of the flexor tendons are shared, making it impossible to move individual toes independently; however, some prehensility, or grasping capability, does exist for most humans.