Monday, October 6, 2014

Holidays and Observances for October 6 2014

Child Health Day

Child Health Day in the United States raises people’s awareness of how they can protect and develop children’s health. This event is annually celebrated on the first Monday of October.

As part of the annual presidential proclamation for the day, all agencies and organizations interested in child welfare are invited to unite on Child Health Day to observe exercises to stimulate or increase people’s awareness of the need for a year-round program to protect and develop children’s health in the United States.

Health professionals and health organizations across the United States take part in this day through various activities and events. For example, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) takes on an active role in providing educational resources for parents, children and schools about issues such as healthy choices, fitness, and child obesity prevention. The HRSA also calls for every surgeon general across the nation to make a pledge towards providing a healthy future for children.

The Maternal and Child Health Library also actively participates in Child Health Day through activities that focus on healthy eating and physical activity for children and their parents or parental figures. The library provides information on nutrition for children and adolescents, the importance of physical activity, and nutrition for pregnant women.  

Calvin Coolidge was the first president to issue a proclamation for Child Health Day in 1928 and it was annually observed on May 1 until it was observed on the first Monday of October from 1960 onwards. The concept of this event was supported by organizations such as the American Child Health Association, the American Federation of Labor and the General Federation of Women’s Clubs in the early 20th century.

According to the HRSA, about one in six children between 2 and 19 in the United States is overweight. This is a risk factor for serious health consequences including asthma, diabetes and heart disease. Child Health Day helps spark or increase people’s awareness of ways to minimize or alleviate health problems that children may face. The day focuses on a range of child health issues such as prenatal care, adolescent health, the impact of daycare on a child’s development, preventing injuries, healthy eating and lifestyle choices, and immunization.

Come and Take It Day

"Come and take it" is an American patriotic slogan used in 1778 at Fort Morris in Georgia during the American Revolution and in 1835 at the Battle of Gonzales during the Texas Revolution. The phrase is similar to Molon labe (come and take them), which is a classical expression of defiance reportedly spoken by King Leonidas I in response to the Persian army's demand that the Spartans surrender their weapons at the Battle of Thermopylae.

The port town of Sunbury is now a ghost town, though previously it was active as a port. Fort Morris was constructed there by the authority of the Continental Congress. A contingent of British soldiers attempted to take the fort on November 25, 1778. The American contingent at Fort Morris was led by Colonel John McIntosh (c. 1748-1826). The Americans numbered only 127 Continental soldiers plus a few militiamen and local citizens. The fort itself was crudely constructed and could not have withstood any concerted attack.

The British Col. Fuser demanded Fort Morris' surrender through a written note to the American rebels. He had 500 men plus artillery. Though clearly outnumbered, Col. McIntosh's defiant written response to the British demand included the following line: "As to surrendering the fort, receive this laconic reply: COME AND TAKE IT!". The British declined to attack, in large part due to their lack of intelligence regarding other forces in the area. Col. Fuser believed a recent skirmish in the area, combined with Col. McIntosh's bravado, might have indicated reinforcements and so the British withdrew.

The British returned in January 1779 with a larger force. They later conquered and controlled nearly all of Georgia for the next few years. Col. McIntosh's defiance was one successful and heroic event which inspired the patriots as the War moved to the Carolinas and then north.

The Fort Morris Historical Marker is on Martin Road, Midway, Georgia. It is located at the visitor center for the Fort Morris Historic Site. The center is located off Fort Morris Road, at the end of the Colonels Island Highway (Georgia Route 38). The marker memorializes the battle and notes the "Come and Take It!" response.

In recognition of his valor of defending Fort Morris in Sunbury, McIntosh was awarded a sword by the Georgia Legislature with the words "Come and Take It" engraved on the blade. McIntosh later served in the War of 1812 as an American General, still protecting the Georgia coast. He served honorably, receiving honors from the City of Savannah for his service.

In early January 1831, Green DeWitt wrote to Ramón Músquiz, the top political official of Bexar, and requested armament for defense of the colony of Gonzales. This request was granted by delivery of a small used cannon. The small bronze cannon was received by the colony and signed for on March 10, 1831, by James Tumlinson, Jr. The swivel cannon was mounted to a blockhouse in Gonzales, Texas and later was the object of Texas pride. At the minor skirmish known as the Battle of Gonzales—the first battle of the Texas Revolution against Mexico—a small group of Texans successfully resisted the Mexican forces who had orders from Col. Domingo de Ugartechea to seize their cannon. As a symbol of defiance, the Texans had fashioned a flagcontaining the phrase "come and take it" along with a black star and an image of the cannon which they had received four years earlier from Mexican officials. This was the same message that was sent to the Mexican government when they told the Texans that they had to return their cannon; failure to comply with the Mexicans' original demands led to the failed attempt by the Mexican military to forcefully take back the cannon.

Replicas of the original flag can be seen in the Texas State Capitol, the Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum, the Sam Houston State University CJ Center, the University of Texas at El Paso Library, the Marine Military Academy headquarters building, the Hockaday School Hoblitzelle Auditorium, and in Perkins Library at Duke University.

Ecological Debt Day

Ecological Debt Day, also known as Earth Overshoot Day, is the (claimed) approximate calendar date on which humanity’s resource consumption for the year exceeds Earth’s capacity to regenerate those resources that year. Ecological Debt Day is calculated by dividing the world biocapacity (the amount of natural resources generated by Earth that year), by the world Ecological Footprint (humanity’s consumption of Earth’s natural resources for that year), and multiplying by 365, the number of days in one Gregorian calendar year:

( \text{World Biocapacity} / \text{World Ecological Footprint} ) \times 365 = \text{Ecological Debt Day}

When viewed through an economic perspective, Ecological Debt Day represents the day in which humanity enters deficit spending, scientifically termed “overshoot”. It is a rough estimate of time and resource trends, of measuring the gap between human demand for ecological resources and services, and how much Earth can provide, made by the Footprint network organization.

Andrew Simms of U.K. think tank New Economics Foundation originally developed the concept of Earth Overshoot Day. Global Footprint Network, a partner organization of new economics foundation, launches a campaign every year for Earth Overshoot Day to raise awareness of Earth’s limited resources. Global Footprint Network measures humanity’s demand for and supply of natural resources and ecological services. Global Footprint Network estimates that in approximately eight months, we demand more renewable resources and CO2 sequestration than what the planet can provide for an entire year.

Throughout most of history, humanity has used nature’s resources to build cities and roads, to provide food and create products, and to absorb our carbon dioxide at a rate that was well within Earth’s budget. But in the mid-1970s, we crossed a critical threshold: Human consumption began outstripping what the planet could reproduce. According to Global Footprint Network’s calculations, our demand for renewable ecological resources and the services they provide is now equivalent to that of more than 1.5 Earths. The data shows us on track to require the resources of two planets well before mid-century. The fact that we are using, or “spending,” our natural capital faster than it can replenish is similar to having expenditures that continuously exceed income. In planetary terms, the costs of our ecological overspending are becoming more evident by the day. Climate change—a result of greenhouse gases being emitted faster than they can be absorbed by forests and oceans—is the most obvious and arguably pressing result. But there are others—shrinking forests, species loss, fisheries collapse, higher commodity prices and civil unrest, to name a few.

Jackie Mayer Rehab Day

This is a day to honor Jacquelyn Jeanne Mayer, Miss America 1963. Ms. Mayer had a stroke in 1970, at the age of 28 years old, and worked hard for seven years to regain her speech and mobility. On this day in 1997, a rehab and nursing facility of Providence Hospital was renamed the Jackie Mayer Rehab Center.

At age 28, Miss America 1963, Jackie Mayer, awoke to find herself paralyzed and without speech. The victim of a massive stroke, Jackie had to learn to walk, tie her shoes, and learn her A-B-C's all over again. 

After seven long years of fighting back, Jackie now speaks to thousands of people throughout the United States and Canada on the preciousness of life, suggesting a philosophy of life that audiences can live by, and touching their lives with hope, encouragement, and love. 

Mad Hatter Day

Mad Hatter Day celebrates the Mad Hatter, from Alice In Wonderland. The original picture of the Mad Hatter by John Tenniel in Alice’s Adventures In Wonderland (more commonly known as Alice In Wonderland, by Lewis Caroll) always depicts him wearing a hat, bearing the note “In This Style 10/6″. Although we know this is really an order from the time the picture was drawn to mean a hat in that style cost 10 Shillings and Sixpence, we take this as inspiration to act in the style of the Mad Hatter on 10/6 (In the UK this would point to the tenth of June, but as the day was founded in America it is the 6th of October).

In 1986 some computer-folk in Boulder, CO celebrated a general day of silliness, inspired by the drawings of the Mad Hatter by John Tenniel in Alice In Wonderland. It was announced that year on computer networks, becoming more popular as people realized its value – some people did less damage by celebrating silliness than if they had done their jobs.

In 1988 it was first recognized as a official holiday and received its first national press coverage.

As well as being a day to celebrate silliness, recent celebrations include looking for something completely sane in your everyday life. How sensible is it to tie a noose around your neck every day to look important at work?

National German-American Day

National German-American Day is a holiday in the United States, observed annually on October 6. The holiday, which celebrates German American heritage, commemorates the date in 1683 when 13 German families from Krefeldnear the Rhine landed in Philadelphia. These families subsequently founded Germantown, Pennsylvania, the first German settlement in the original thirteen American colonies. Originally celebrated in the nineteenth century, German-American Day died out in World War I as a result of the anti-German sentiment that prevailed at the time. The holiday was revived in 1983.

In 1983, President Ronald Reagan proclaimed October 6 as German-American Day to celebrate and honor the 300th anniversary of German American immigration and culture to the United States. On August 6, 1987, Congress approved S.J. Resolution 108, designating October 6, 1987, as German-American Day. It became Public Law 100-104 when President Reagan signed it on August 18. A proclamation (#5719) to this effect was issued October 2, 1987, by President Reagan in a formal ceremony in the White House Rose Garden, at which time the President called on Americans to observe the Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities.

German Day was celebrated in the 19th century and revived in 1987 as German-American Day. The persons most instrumental in establishing National German-American Day were Drs. Eberhard and Ruth Reichmann of the German Heritage Society of Indiana, Dr. Don Heinrich Tolzmann of the Society for German-American Studies, Elsbeth Seewald of the German American National Congress and the many thousands of individuals who petitioned Congress.

The U.S. Congress passed a Joint Resolution requesting President Ronald Reagan to call on the American people to observe National German-American Day with appropriate ceremonies and activities. The Congressmen who led this effort were Senators Lugar and Riegle and Representatives Foley, Hamilton and Luken.

President Reagan officially proclaimed National German-American Day on October 5, 1987, in the Rose Garden of the White House.

National German-American Day is celebrated on October 6th because on that date in 1683, 13 German families from Krefeld near the Rhine landed in Philadelphia and subsequently founded the first German settlement in the 13 Colonies--Germantown, Pennsylvania. The day also honors the many German immigrants who came here before and after that year and who contributed so greatly to this country.

In declaring National German-American Day in 1991, President Bush said, "generations of German immigrants and their descendants have made outstanding contributions to American history and culture. However, the ties that we celebrate today are not only those born of kinship but also those based on common values and aspirations. Indeed, the same love of liberty that led the first German immigrants to these shores continues to animate U.S.-German relations." He stated that the Germany united again in 1990 "stands in friendship with the United States [and] also stands as our partner in leadership."

In 1991, Chancellor Helmut Kohl sent cordial greetings from Bonn to the celebrants of German-American Day: "When President Reagan proclaimed National German-American Day in 1987 for the first time, Europe was still divided by the Iron Curtain. We Germans did regain our unity and freedom in a peaceful way. The thanks for this deservedly is owed to the American people, who secured European peace over 40 years. America stood by our side in the most difficult times, and we will never forget the contributions of U.S. Presidents." Kohl declared that the "friendship and partnership between Germans and Americans" is "a guarantee for a successful future."

In 1995, President Clinton declared, "Since the earliest days of the settlement of North America, immigrants from Germany have enriched our Nation with their industry, culture, and participation in public life. Over a quarter of Americans can trace their ancestry back to German roots, but more important than numbers are the motives that led so many Germans to make a new beginning across the Atlantic. America's unparalleled freedoms and opportunities drew the first German immigrants to our shores and have long inspired the tremendous contributions that German-Americans have made to our heritage... German-Americans have attained prominence in all areas of our national life... While parts of the Midwest, Pennsylvania, and Texas still proudly bear the stamp of the large German populations of the last century, it is their widespread assimilation and far-reaching activities that have earned German-Americans a distinguished reputation in all regions of the United States and in all walks of life."

In 1998, President Clinton said, "Germans and German-Americans have profoundly influenced every facet of American life with their energy, creativity, and strong work ethic. They have enriched the economic and commercial life of the United States, and it is befitting that we set aside this special day to acknowledge their many contributions to our liberty, culture and democracy. All of us can take pride in the accomplishments of German-Americans--as soldiers and statesmen, scientists and musicians, artisans and educators. It is fitting that we set aside this special day to remember and celebrate how much German-Americans have done to preserve our ideals, enrich our culture, and strengthen our democracy."

President Clinton made an equally incisive proclamation in 1999.

Although the annual date of National German-American Day is based on the arrival on October 6, 1683, of the settlers of Germantown, PA, German immigration predates 1683; in 2008, we will be commemorating the 400th anniversary of German immigration to what is now the United States. But these immigrants came to English, Dutch and other settlements. The year 1683 is significant, because it marks the establishment of the first entirely German settlement. By Gary C. Grassl, with thanks to Elsbeth Seewald. (Nov. 1999)

National Noodle Day

October 6 is National Noodle Day! We're just crazy for the oodles of noodles to be slurped down all across the world. Whether you like to twist long ribbons around your fork, slip strips into soup, dish out bow-ties and spirals, or layer sheets with all kinds of savory delights, today is all about canoodling with noodles.

The noodle is a type of staple food made from some type of unleavened dough which is rolled flat and cut into one of a variety of shapes. While long, thin strips may be the most common, many varieties of noodles are cut into waves, helices, tubes, strings, or shells, or folded over, or cut into other shapes. Noodles are usually cooked in boiling water, sometimes with cooking oil or salt added. They are often pan-fried or deep-fried. Noodles are often served with an accompanying sauce or in a soup. Noodles can be refrigerated for short-term storage, or dried and stored for future use.

In American English usage, the word "noodle" is an inclusive term that denotes flour paste products in various shapes. In British English usage it generally denotes a food in the form of long, thin strips of flour paste products. The material composition or geocultural origin must be specified when discussing noodles. The word derives from the German word Nudel.

In 2002, archaeologists found an earthenware bowl containing the world's oldest known noodles, measured to roughly 4000 years BP through radiocarbon dating, at the Lajia archaeological site along the Yellow River in China. The noodles were found well-preserved. They were described as resembling the traditional lamian noodle of China, which is made by "repeatedly pulling and stretching the dough by hand." The composition of the oldest noodles was studied by a team of Chinese researchers, who determined the noodles were made from foxtail millet and broomcorn millet.

The earliest written record of noodles is found in a book dated to the Eastern Han period (25–220) of China. Noodles, often made from wheat dough, became a staple food for people of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE - 220 CE). In Tang Dynasty, the noodles were first cut into strips, and in Yuan Dynasty, the making of dried noodles began. It is also noted that the Chinese presented Marco Polo with noodles during his exploration.

While noodles can be made from virtually any kind of dough - wheat, rice, potato, maize, nut, buckwheat - it's all in how you like to slurp them down. Traditionally, you've got to boil them in water or broth to bring the texture back to life. From there, you can serve them drenched in sauce, chilled in a salad, stir-fried in oil or tossed in with your favorite casserole.

National Physician's Assistant Day

National Physician's Assistant Day celebrates and recognizes the importance and skills of this career. The highly trained Physician's Assistant is an invaluable aide to physicians and general practitioners.

We believe that the American Academy of Physician's Assistants (AAPA) created this special day. While their website does not come out and claim to have created this day, they do sponsor National Physician's Assistant Day, and National Physician's Assistant Week.

A physician assistant (US) or Physician Associate (UK) is a healthcare professional who is licensed to practice medicine as part of a team with physicians.

PAs are concerned with preventing and treating human illness and injury by providing a broad range of health care services in collaboration with a physician or surgeon. They conduct physical exams, diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret tests, perform procedures, prescribe medications, counsel on preventive health care and may assist in surgery.

The occupational title originated in the United States in the 1960s; similar occupations outside the US includeclinical officers in part of Africa and Feldshers in countries of the former Soviet Union.

The PA profession was first proposed in the United States when Charles Hudson recommended to the American Medical Association (AMA) in 1961 the "creation of two new groups of assistants to doctors from nonmedical and nonnursing personnel." Dr. Eugene A. Stead, Jr. of the Duke University Medical Center in North Carolinaassembled the first class of physician assistants in 1965, composed of former U.S. Navy Hospital Corpsmen. He based the curriculum of the PA program in part on his first-hand knowledge of the fast-track training of medical doctors during World War II.[citation needed] Two other physicians, Richard Smith at the University of Washington inSeattle, and Hu Myers at Alderson-Broaddus College in Philippi, West Virginia, also launched their own programs in the mid and late 1960s.

In the early 1970s, the U.S. Army produced eight classes of Physician Assistants, at 30 students per class, through the Academy of Health Sciences, Brooke Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. (Academically accredited by Baylor University, Texas)

Similar providers have different titles in other countries such as clinical officers in Africa, Clinical associates in South Africa, Assistant Medical Officers in Malaysia, Assistant Doctors in China, and Feldsher in countries of the former Soviet Union.

World Architecture Day

World Architecture Day is celebrated on the first Monday of October every year in United States.

The aim of Architecture Day is to promote good architecture. It is organized to increase the awareness of the work of Maltese architects and architectural firms among the general public. It also aids in serving as a meeting point for the current and future members of the organizations and firms dealing in architecture.

World Architecture Day celebration was started by the Union International des Architects (UIA). Malta is a member country of UIA. On the same day, the America also celebrates World Habitat Day to focus on the state of human settlements. It emphasizes the basic right to adequate shelter for all. The goal of World Architecture Day is to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.

World Architecture Day is meant for all the architects of the globe and it also emphasizes on their public and partners. The UIA has decided to dedicate the event of this particular year to the theme that is concerning to all of us such as, fluctuation of climate and CO2 emissions. It has been estimated and confirmed that fifty percent of gas emissions of all greenhouse are generated by the transportation and construction sectors.So this sector alone is responsible for fifty percent of energy consumption annually. Every one who is a part of the construction industry is holding responsibility for this situation. The members of the construction sector also have the capability to create a wonder in extenuating the after effects for the change of climate. Architects are holding the prime responsibility.Architects should be aware of the performance of energy for every material that is involved in the construction work. They must know the carbon imprints left or created by these materials during the time of transportation, construction, fabrication, and maintenance.

It is the main responsibility of the fellow members of the architecture world to take care of the natural resources of the planet, in order to remove waste, recycle. They should use resources which are found locally with the innovation and simplicity that characterize their responsibilities.All nitty-gritty, technologies and techniques and creative ideas are responsible to accomplish the objectiveof the day.The International Union of Architects embodies more than 1 million, 300 thousand architects from all over the world. So their mobilization or enlistment has great prudence in this combat. Different members of the UIA sections are readily dedicated to hit this bull’s eye.The requirement is to make some propaganda for their activities, to take up PR methods, set different objectives, and find out the desirable results so that future and present members of the field get lessons from those actions and share experiences among each other. This is the role and duty of UIA. So the resultant devotion of this worldwide expertise community can provide resonating answers towards this action which was being released by the celebration of World Day of Architecture in the year 2007. 

World Habitat Day

The United Nations’ (UN) World Habitat Day is annually celebrated on the first Monday of October to reflect on the state of human settlements and people’s right to sufficient shelter. It also aims to remind people that they are responsible for the habitat of future next generations.

World Habitat Day is celebrated in many countries around the world, including in places such as Angola, China, India, Mexico, Poland, Uganda and the United States. Various activities around the world are organized to examine the problems of rapid urbanization and its impact on the environment and human poverty.  Activities may include awards ceremonies, including the “Habitat Scroll of Honour” award.

The UN’s World Habitat Day was first celebrated in 1986 with the theme “Shelter is My Right”. Nairobi was allocated as the host city for the observance that year. This annual event is held on the first Monday of October with a new theme each year. Previous themes included: “Shelter for the Homeless” (1987); “Our Neighbourhood” (1995); “Future Cities” (1997); “Safer Cities” (1998); “Women in Urban Governance” (2000); “Cities without Slums” (2001) and “Water and Sanitation for Cities” (2003).

An important highlight of the day is the “Habitat Scroll of Honour” award, which was launched by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UNHSP) in 1989. It is believed to be the world’s most prestigious human settlements award and aims to acknowledge initiatives that make outstanding contributions in areas such as shelter provision, highlighting the plight of the homeless, leadership in post conflict reconstruction, and developing and improving the human settlements and the quality of urban life.

The UNHSP logo and slogan are often associated with World Habitat Day. The logo features The logo features a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of an olive tree encapsulating a circle. Within the circle is a figure of a person with his/her arms stretched out. The figure appears to be standing in front of a triangle. Underneath the image are the words “UN-HABITAT”. The slogan: “Shelter For All” is written in capital letters and sometimes appears next to the logo.

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