Election Day in the United States of America is the Tuesday following the first Monday in November. It can fall on or between November 2 and November 8. It is the day when popular ballots are held to select public officials. These include national, state and local government representatives at all levels up to the president.
On Election Day, citizens of the United States of America can vote by popular ballot for candidates for public offices at local, state and national levels. In even numbered years, federal elections are always held. In years divisible by four, presidential elections are always held. Elections for local and state officials may be held in odd or even-numbered years, depending on local and state laws.
The way in which people vote, depends on the state in which they live. In Oregon, all votes are cast by post and all votes have to be received at a given time on Election Day. In the state of Washington, nearly all people vote by post and the envelopes containing the voting papers have to be postmarked with the date of Election Day. In other states, people vote at voting stations, where long queues can form.
Election Day is not a federal holiday but it is a yearly or biennial holiday in some states (see table below article), including:
- West Virginia
Employees in some states have the legal right to have time off work to vote, and in some cases, without losing any pay.
In 1792, a law was passed allowing each of the states to conduct presidential elections at any point in the 34 days before the first Wednesday in December. This was the date when the meetings of the Electors of the U.S. president and vice-president, known as the Electoral Colleges, were held in each state. A date in November or early December was preferable because the harvest would have been finished, but the most severe winter storms would not have begun.
As long distance communication improved and became quicker with the advent of trains and telegraphs, allowing each state to conduct its elections at any point in a period of more than a month, became outdated. The results of the elections that were announced earliest could influence the outcomes of elections held later in the permitted period.
In 1845 the United States Congress chose a single date for all national elections in all states. The first Tuesday after the first Monday in November was chosen so that there would never be more than 34 days between Election Day and the first Wednesday in December. Election Day is held on a Tuesday so that voters will not have to vote or travel on Sunday. This was an important consideration at the time when the laws were written and is still so in some Christian communities in the United States.
In 2008 Barack Obama was the first African American to be elected as president of the United States, 45 years after Martin Luther King Jr’s speech about equal opportunities. On Inauguration Day, which is on January 20 every four years, the president and vice-president of the United States of America are sworn in and take office.
King Tut Day
Tutankhamun’s tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings and is by far the best preserved royal tomb ever discovered. The tomb, which was thought to be left intact, was believed to be robbed twice. Even though this tomb revealed treasure beyond our imagination, it was modestly furnished compared to the pharaohs before and after Tutankhamun's time.
This “humble” tomb had remained hidden for 3000 years and had eluded tomb robbers and flash floods for many centuries. With the odds stacked against finding this tomb, the discovery of this tomb was brought to light through Theodore M. Davis who was an American business man.
Davis was the first person to find items that led to the discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb. His first clue came from a famous cache (a group of royal funerary objects from Tell el Amarna that were brought to Thebes to escape destruction). These items were hidden in a safe tomb, and according to the clay sealing of the cache, it was done by Tutankhamun himself. Some Egyptologists believe this royal cache was probably stored by tomb robbers who hoped to find the treasure later. Among these treasures, furniture that belonged to Tutankhamun was found there too. In addition, there were other clues that gave some insight to the existence of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
More clues were found inside a small pit in 1907. This pit provided seal impressions of Tutankhamun along with many embalming materials such as linen bags, natron, and broken pottery. These findings were overlooked and sent to New York where they underwent examination.
Theodore also discovered a faience cup with King Tut’s name upon it. Close to this cup and under a large piece of stone, Mr. Davis found fragments of gold foil with Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun (King Tut's wife) inlaid upon it. These clues were disregarded by Davis. It wasn't until later an Egyptologist, named Howard Carter, who worked with Davis during his excavations found the items to be very interesting.
After studying and examining these items, Carter was convinced that King Tut’s tomb lay inside the Valley of the Kings. Howard Carter quickly went to Lord Carnarvon, his long time friend, to finance his search for Tutankhamun’s tomb. Carnarvon reviewed the evidence and agreed that the tomb might still be there. They were given the concession to dig in 1914 but had to abandon the dig due to World War I.
After the war had died down they resumed the dig. Like Davis they turned up without Tutankhamun’s tomb and Carnarvon started to run low on funds. Carnarvon was ready to give up and abandon the project. Carter persisted that Tutankhamun ’s tomb had to be hidden, so he pleaded for one more season of digging. He promised Carnarvon if nothing turned up, he would pay for the dig himself. Carnarvon agreed and digging began again on November 1, 1921.
They began this project by digging close to Ramesses VI’s tomb. While there, the workers were told to remove an Ancient workman’s hut. As they took down this hut a step was found.
Carter quickly ordered the steps to be cleared of sand and debris and by noon the next day the doorway was revealed. This door was stamped with the seal of the royal necropolis. The Necropolis seal depicted Anubis standing above five defeated enemies. Carter quickly sent a telegram to Carnarvon which said, “At last have made wonderful discovery in valley; a magnificent tomb with seals intact; re-covered same for your arrival; congratulations.”
Carnarvon and his daughter, Lady Evelyn Herbert, quickly left for Egypt to arrive in Alexandria on November 23rd. Once they reached the Archeological spot, they were met by Howard Carter and his assistant, A. R. Callender. They quickly removed the ruble from the 16 steps to show Carnarvon and his daughter the discovery. Both Lady Evelyn and Lord Carnarvon saw the royal stamp of Tutankhamun and the necropolis.
The next day Cater started to drill a hole into the plaster door. In the foreground, Carter, Carnarvon, Lady Evelyn, and Callender waited anxiously. Carter made the hole in the upper left-hand corner and started to chip away at the opening. As the hole became larger, it allowed him to peer inside. Carter held the candle into the darkness and permitted his eyes to adjust to the warm ancient air that exited the tomb. This air made the candle flicker.
The gold furniture became illuminated by the small candle. Carter stood frozen and looked with amazement. Lord Carnarvon who waited anxiously for any news quickly exclaimed, “Can you see anything?” Carter replied with, “Yes, wonderful things.”
They made the hole large enough to squeeze by and they all entered the tomb. They stepped carefully down into the first room. The air was warm and a faint smell of perfume and oil filled the air. To them, the tomb looked as if it had remained intact as the day it had been sealed. Carter held up the candle that flickered frantically as they moved about the tomb viewing all the objects. As the candle lit the room to a small glow, three animal couches were visible. As they searched about, Lady Evelyn turned her light to the left and a pile of broken chariots littered the room. Carter explained that tomb robbers had most probably thrashed the chariots in search of gold. At the end of the room and to their right two statuesque guards could be seen. They were life-sized statues of the king holding maces and staffs. With so much excitement they all agreed to explore more of the remaining tomb the next day.
The next day, Callender came prepared with electric lights and they were setup inside the tomb. This allowed the four of them to explore the tomb more freely.
The tomb was eventually excavated and heavily photographed and this excavation consumed many years of Carter’s life. He eventually died in 1939. Now its contents lay inside the Cairo Museum. The treasure toured the world during the 1970’s and the second tour began in 2005.
National Candy Day
It’s National Candy Day! Humans have been eating candies and sweet confections for thousands of years. By definition candy is a rich sweet confection made with sugar or other sweeteners and often flavored or combined with fruits or nuts. Dessert refers to any sweet dish for example: candy, fruit, ice cream, or pastry, served at the end of a meal.
The history of candy dates back to ancient peoples who must have snacked on sweet honey straight from bee hives. The first candy confections were fruits and nuts rolled in honey. The manufacturing of sugar began during the middle ages and at that time sugar was so expensive that only the rich could afford candy made from sugar. Cacao, from which chocolate is made, was re-discovered in 1519 by Spanish explorers in Mexico.
The price of manufacturing sugar was much lower by the seventeenth century when hard candy became popular. By the mid-1800s, there were over four hundred factories in the United States producing candy.
Today, there are thousands of different types of candy, all with their own unique history. For example, did you know that Tootsie Rolls were created by Leo Hirshfield of New York in 1896? He named them after his daughter, who was nicknamed "Tootsie." The average American eats twenty-five pounds of candy each year. That may seem like a lot, but the average person in Denmark eats thirty-six pounds each year!
Whether you like chocolate, caramels, hard candy, or marzipan, treat yourself to something delicious to celebrate National Candy Day!
National Chicken Lady Day
National Chicken Lady Day is November 4th to honor Dr. Dupree's work in helping to teach, train, and certify hundreds of professional speakers, authors, and trainers for more than two decades.
Dr. M. Tina Dupree is an expert in motivational programs especially designed to inform, inspire, motivate, and leave a positive lasting impression. Her personal motto is: “You’ve invested countless dollars and time in other things. Now it’s time to invest in yourself.“
Invest in yourself, the model from which she uses to present her interactive keynote speeches, one-on-one coaching, workshops, and seminar training programs.
Tina is lovingly known internationally as ‘The Chicken Lady’’ because of 12 years experience as Corporate spokesperson for a major fast food chicken restaurant chain. When she resigned from her corporate level position to start Motivational Training Center LLC, the corporation contracted her as their community spokesperson. As owner of Motivational Training Center LLC, she presents personal and professional development interactive keynote speeches, corporate training programs, and monthly seminars on Public Speaking, Professional Speaking, Customer Service, Leadership, and Training Trainers to Train. Dr. Dupree has received more than 500 plaques and awards for community service and has been written about in more than 75 newspapers and magazines. She is also a columnist for the South Florida Business News since 1999.
Dr. Dupree has authored four books: It’s Time to Invest in Yourself, Hot TIPS on Public Speaking, Room to Grow: The Doorway to achieving your True POTENTIAL, and How to Speak Locally and Get PAID. She was a 10 year Professional Member of the National Speakers Association (NSA), and also served as NSA’s Liaison for Chapters in the State of Florida; and she served as 1999-2000 President of Florida Speakers Association. For 8 years, Tina was the radio talk show host for Building Bridges aired on WMCU 89.7 FM in Miami and 101.9 in Palm Beach. She was also a co-host for Truth of the Matter, broadcast in South Florida on WTPS a.m. and hosted the television program Speak for Success on Cable TV. Dr. Dupree now has an internet radio program on blog talk radio.
In 2001, she received a special invitation by President George W. Bush to the Oval Office at the White House for a special discussion on reforming education. Dr. Dupree is an adjunct professor at Florida Memorial University where she teaches Public Speaking and she also teaches non-credit business classes for Miami Dade College.
As Founder of a non-profit organization, Professional Speakers Network, Inc., she has personally trained and certified more than 150 professional speakers. More than 100 of the members as a result of her training have written and published their own books, several have started their own businesses, and all have improved their public speaking skills.
Dr. Dupree is honored to be included in the AT&T 2011-12 African American History Calendar on the September page. She is also included in the Chases Calendar of Events with her own national holiday. November 4th is National Chicken Lady Day.
Use Your Common Sense Day
November 4th is Use Your Common Sense Day, a day that “celebrates common sense in business and in life.” This no-nonsense holiday is observed each year on the birth anniversary of Will Rogers, who was quoted as saying “common sense ain't all that common.” Bud Bilanich, an internationally recognized speaker, success coach, and author created Use Your Common Sense Day because he was concerned that he “often finds a lack of common sense — in life and in work.” His books, articles, blogs, and radio and television appearances focus on giving individuals the common sense career and life advice “that way too many people ignore” on the path to creating the lives they want and deserve.
I like to think I have a decent amount of common sense. I don’t text and drive, I always wear my seatbelt, I write my work emails in a professional manner, and never put small children in the dryer before I start it. I mean, don’t we all have a good amount of common sense? I’m afraid that those of us lacking it might not be long for this earth…”survival of the fittest” and all that. But there is one area where I've always second-guessed my initial instincts: my career. Before my latest promotion I managed four employees and I often found myself confused over how to handle conflict in my department. Luckily, I have had the pleasure of working with a couple of experienced women who were mentors to me (whether they new it or not!) and helped me develop some common sense for dealing with business relationships.
To celebrate Use Your Common Sense Day I kept my eyes open, hoping to find some inane product labels. I was hoping to spot a good one, like Bud Bilanich’s examples of a spray deodorant that says “do not spray in eyes” or a toiled bowl cleaner that’s marked “not for oral use”, but unfortunately the best warning I found was on my hair dryer: “do not use in shower”. When I was done having my fun I decided to focus on the career advancement aspect of this “unofficial” and I downloaded Bilanich’s free book, Success Tweets: 140 Bits of Common Sense Career Success Advice All in 140 Characters or Less. I read each of the tweets, looking for some inspiration that might help me determine what I want from my future. As I mentioned in our past for Evaluate Your Life Day, I really like my job but I don’t feel passionate about it.