Monday, November 10, 2014

Holidays and Observances for November 10 2014

Area Code Day

Whilst area codes certainly aren't as important today as they used to be – primarily due to the proliferation of mobile phones – area codes used to be a point of prestige. Area Code Day remembers a bygone era when the evolution of telephone networks meant changing numbers, changing boundary definitions, and how much your area code could affect the perception and culture of your neighborhood.

The area code system was developed by AT&T and Bell Laboratories in the 1940's, and went into effect in 1947. It was called the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) and included the United States and Canada .

In 1947, states and provinces that had a single area code we assigned three digit codes with 0 as the middle number, such as 203 for Connecticut and 305 for Florida . There were 86 area codes at that time.

States and provinces that had more than one area code distributed to them were given three digit codes with 1 as the middle number, such as 916 and 213 for various sections of California , and 212 and 518 for various sections of New York .

The first and third digits were allotted according to population density in the city or region the area code was going to, with the most populated areas getting the lowest numbers. The New York City area, for example, was assigned 212, while the surrounding suburbs were assigned 914.

The rationale for this “low number/high population” scheme was based on the fact that phones had rotary dials in those days. Lower numbers resulted in shorter “dial pulls” so it was reasoned that the regions with the most people in them should require the least “work” to call.

National Forget-Me-Not Day

November 10 is National Forget-Me-Not Day, a special day set aside each year to remember the special people in your life.

While its origins are unknown, this annual “holiday” provides the perfect opportunity to rekindle an old romance, visit a childhood friend or call that relative you haven’t seen in years. And National Forget-Me-Not Day is not just for the living. It also serves as an important reminder to remember those very special loved ones who have passed away.

Forget-Me-Nots are also lovely flowers that bloom in the spring and are especially fragrant in the evening hours. The Alpine Forget-Me-Not, Mayosotis alpestris, is the official state flower of Alaska.

Legend has it that “forget-me-not” were the very last words a knight said to his lover. Due to the heavy weight of his armor, the knight fell and sunk to the bottom of a river after uttering those words to his special lady friend.

National Vanilla Cupcake Day

A little frosting to start the day - November 10 is National Vanilla Cupcake Day!

Vanilla cupcakes are a delightful treat that can be found at children’s birthday parties, weddings, and everywhere in between. Whether they are decorated with simple store-bought frosting or a state-of-the-art design, vanilla cupcakes are a delicious dessert for people of all ages to enjoy.

Vanilla is never boring, especially when it's baked into cupcakes and slathered on top in rich, creamy frosting. While vanilla cupcakes were long regarded as a confection best enjoyed at kid's birthday parties, these delicate little cakes are perfect for any occasion - especially snacking.

Did you know that cupcakes are called “fairy cakes” in England? The name is inspired by the idea that the miniature cakes are the perfect size for a party of fairies to enjoy. Celebrate National Vanilla Cupcake Day by baking cupcakes for your kids, friends, or coworkers!

Sesame Street Day

On this day in 1969, "Sesame Street," a pioneering TV show that would teach generations of young children the alphabet and how to count, makes its broadcast debut. "Sesame Street," with its memorable theme song ("Can you tell me how to get/How to get to Sesame Street"), went on to become the most widely viewed children's program in the world. It has aired in more than 120 countries.

The show was the brainchild of Joan Ganz Cooney, a former documentary producer for public television. Cooney's goal was to create programming for preschoolers that was both entertaining and educational. She also wanted to use TV as a way to help underprivileged 3- to 5- year-olds prepare for kindergarten. "Sesame Street" was set in a fictional New York neighborhood and included ethnically diverse characters and positive social messages.

Taking a cue from "Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In," a popular 1960s variety show, "Sesame Street" was built around short, often funny segments featuring puppets, animation and live actors. This format was hugely successful, although over the years some critics have blamed the show and its use of brief segments for shrinking children's attention spans.

From the show's inception, one of its most-loved aspects has been a family of puppets known as Muppets. Joan Ganz Cooney hired puppeteer Jim Henson (1936-1990) to create a cast of characters that became Sesame Street institutions, including Bert and Ernie, Cookie Monster, Oscar the Grouch, Grover and Big Bird.

The subjects tackled by "Sesame Street" have evolved with the times. In 2002, the South African version of the program, "Takalani Sesame," introduced a 5-year-old Muppet character named Kami who is HIV-positive, in order to help children living with the stigma of a disease that has reached epidemic proportions. In 2006, a new Muppet, Abby Cadabby, made her debut and was positioned as the show's first female star character, in an effort to encourage diversity and provide a strong role model for girls.

Since its inception, over 74 million Americans have watched "Sesame Street." Today, an estimated 8 million people tune in to the show each week in the U.S. alone.

United States Marine Corps Birthday

During the American Revolution, the Continental Congress passes a resolution stating that "two Battalions of Marines be raised" for service as landing forces for the recently formed Continental Navy. The resolution, drafted by future U.S. president John Adams and adopted in Philadelphia, created the Continental Marines and is now observed as the birth date of the United States Marine Corps.

Serving on land and at sea, the original U.S. Marines distinguished themselves in a number of important operations during the Revolutionary War. The first Marine landing on a hostile shore occurred when a force of Marines under Captain Samuel Nicholas captured New Province Island in the Bahamas from the British in March 1776. Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the Continental Marines and is celebrated as the first Marine commandant. After American independence was achieved in 1783, the Continental Navy was demobilized and its Marines disbanded.

In the next decade, however, increasing conflict at sea with Revolutionary France led the U.S. Congress to establish formally the U.S. Navy in May 1798. Two months later, on July 11, President John Adams signed the bill establishing the U.S. Marine Corps as a permanent military force under the jurisdiction of the Department of Navy. U.S. Marines saw action in the so-called Quasi-War with France and then fought against the Barbary pirates of North Africa during the first years of the 19th century. Since then, Marines have participated in all the wars of the United States and in most cases were the first soldiers to fight. In all, Marines have executed more than 300 landings on foreign shores.

Today, there are more than 200,000 active-duty and reserve Marines, divided into three divisions stationed at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina; Camp Pendleton, California; and Okinawa, Japan. Each division has one or more expeditionary units, ready to launch major operations anywhere in the world on two weeks' notice. Marines expeditionary units are self-sufficient, with their own tanks, artillery, and air forces. The motto of the service is Semper Fidelis, meaning "Always Faithful" in Latin.

World Orphans Day

According to research and studies, every two seconds, somewhere around the globe, a child is being deprived of his or her right to belong to a family and have a normal life as suppose. Reasons may be because of poverty, war and AIDS. World Orphans Day is established and commemoratively observed annually worldwide. World Orphans Day is always observed every 2 Monday of November.

World Orphans Day is an annual worldwide commemoration that facilitates the public awareness on the unfortunate condition of orphans and displaced children even in the developing countries. It is always surprising to find out that this is the reality that we are facing nowadays.

These homeless children’s rampant growth escalates so fast every year. Apparently, they badly need to be rescued from their disheartened situation that they don’t deserve to experience at a very young age.

Children who had lost their parents who are supposed to be their first line of defense and refuge, lacks guidance and security which cause them to become more susceptible and acquire a higher chance to be exposed with domestic violence, abuse, malnutrition, exploitation and mistreatment.

Consequently, World Orphans Day is initiated by The Stars Foundation, for these reasons. This observance encourages every individual to partake and participate to create an innocuous, nonviolent, and more protected atmosphere and surroundings for these children.

There may be no factual details of its origin, but seeing these issues will be enough for us to be aware of this observance, and take it seriously.

A heart full of compassion will always act rather that react, and will never allow not doing something to change a bad situation into something good. There are various ways to be involved with this annual observance, regardless of its quantity but its quality, professing a genuine concern for these orphans.
  • Participate on the prayer walks and vigils organized in your city.
  • Donate cash donations in the orphanage that you know. You've been blessed for having a home and a family so extend your blessings to them.
  • If you can’t donate, build a fundraising project that is applicable to all ages, even to children so that they’ll be aware of the wretched situation of other children globally which will eventually encourage them to help.
  • Sponsor a child in an orphanage. They don’t just need education, but also the love and nurture that they didn't experienced when they lost their parents at a young age.
  • Be a volunteer in an orphanage by cooking for their food, looking after them and playing with them. In this case, his emotional development will become normal.
Every person in this universe has a supply to give. It always depends on how you will respond to certain situations like this. Make this World Orphans Day be somewhat that has brought purpose in your life.

World Science Day for Peace and Development

The World Science Day for Peace and Development (WSDPD) is annually held on November 10 to raise awareness of the benefits of science worldwide. The WSDPD is also known as World Science Day.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) works with people, government agencies and organizations to promote the WSDPD each year. The WSDPD celebrations include:
  • Open days to highlight science’s important role in peace and development.
  • Classroom discussions to emphasize how science and technology affect daily life.
  • Distributing the WSDPD posters throughout tertiary institutions, school campuses, and public venues.
  • Arranged science museum visits to commemorate the day.
  • Visits to local schools on careers in science or scientific presentations.
Some governments have, in the past, used World Science Day to publicly affirm their commitment to increased support for scientific initiatives that help society, as well as launch new science policy programs together with scientific institutions, civil society, universities and schools.

It was recommended at the World Conference on Science in Budapest in 1999 recognition was required for the need for a new compact between science and society. It was discussed at the conference that a World Science Day would help strengthen commitments to attain the Declaration on Science and the Use of Scientific Knowledge’s goals and to pursue the Science Agenda: Framework for Action’s recommendations.

Following the World Conference on Science, UNESCO established the WSDPD through a proclamation at a general conference in 2001. The WSDPD was to be served a reminder of the organization’s mandate and commitment to science. The day was first celebrated on November 10, 2002 and has been held annually on November 10 since then.

Various images promoting science and technology are seen in World Science Day posters. The UNESCO logo is also seen on promotional material associated with the day. The logo features the words “UNESCO” pictured as part of a temple building or structure. The words “United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization” are presented underneath this image.

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