Caesarean Section Day
Elizabeth Bennett delivers a daughter by cesarean section, becoming the first woman in the United States to give birth this way and survive. Her husband, Jesse, is the physician who performs the operation.
He was pressed into service after Elizabeth, struggling with a difficult labor and believing she would die, requested her attending physician to perform a cesarean in the hope of saving the baby. The doctor refused on moral grounds, so Jesse stepped in.
Conditions were crude. The procedure was performed in the Bennett home — a log cabin in Mason County, deep in the Virginia (now West Virginia) backwoods. A sterile environment was out of the question: The operating table consisted of a couple of planks laid across two barrels. Jesse Bennett resorted to laudanum — lots of it — to knock out his wife.
Despite these limitations, the surgery went smoothly. Bennett extracted a healthy girl and he closed the incision, but not before taking the opportunity to remove his wife’s ovaries, saying he “would not be subjected to such an ordeal again.” Elizabeth quickly recovered, but her feelings about Jesse’s excursion into her ovaries were not recorded.
Although the surgery was successful, Bennett didn't immediately report what he'd done. He apparently feared being ridiculed as a liar, given the primitive conditions under which such a dangerous operation had been performed. Nevertheless, the details eventually came to light and Bennett (not to mention his intrepid wife) entered the annals of obstetric history.
Even in the Bennetts’ time, the cesarean section was not new. What was new was the idea that both mother and child could survive the ordeal. The operation itself dated from antiquity, but with very few exceptions was only performed when the mother was dead or dying. The first recorded cesarean where both mother and child survived was done in Switzerland, in 1500. That was also a husband-wife affair, although in this case Jacob Nufer was a swine gelder, not a doctor.
Before the 19th century, the success rate for physicians performing C-sections in the hope of saving both mother and child was very low. Even with advances in medicine it remained a relatively high-risk procedure into the 20th century.
Times have sure changed. Now, cesareans are so routine that some critics believe they are often performed unnecessarily, as the “delivery method of choice” even when natural birth presents no unusual danger.
The World Health Organization agrees, recommending that cesarean rates should not exceed 15 percent of all live births in any country. In the United States, roughly 31 percent of all births are done by cesarean section, including an increasing number that are performed as an expedient alternative to natural birth. Now, why would anyone opt for major abdominal surgery without a sound medical reason?
National Dress Up Your Pet Day
When choosing a costume, safety comes first. Costumes should not have parts that can cause injury or choking. The costume should fit well, not too tight or too loose. Some pets really don't enjoy dressing up, so take this into account too and don't force anything on them. Choose a costume which is appropriate for your pet’s breed. Dress a Doberman in a biker hat or your Bichon Frise in a pink sweater. A Persian cat will look regal in a studded collar. Costumes should be weather-appropriate too. If you live in the Southern Hemisphere, January is not the time for fuzzy hats and scarves. Think sun visor and glasses.
Once you've made the effort to dress up your pet, take him out for a walk in the park or on the city streets to show off the get-up. Consider memorializing the day with a photo shoot. You can do it yourself or hire a photographer. A fun way to remember the day is to make a photo book using one of the many services available online (such as Snapfish). Another creative way to celebrate the day is with a costume party. Invite your pet owner friends and ask them to come in costume too! If you run a pet-related business or non-profit, why not hold a costume contest for pets? Give prizes for most original costume, best-dressed, silliest etc.
National Dress Up Your Pet Day is one of those holidays which is all about good old-fashioned fun, so be creative and have a good time! So whether your family consists of felines, canines, frogs, birds or horses or critters in-between, pamper your pet today and get their fashionista on!
It is important to remember that while dressing pets in cute costumes or outrageous outfits can be loads of fun, it is important to keep their safety and well-being in mind. Check apparel/costumes for possible choking hazards. Ensure the items fit comfortably and do not restrict their breathing. Depending where you live, make sure your pet’s outfit is weather-appropriate for your neck-of-the-woods.And remember....ADOPT! DON'T SHOP!
National Hot Pastrami Sandwich Day
Pastrami is a popular Jewish delicatessen meat usually made from beef, and sometimes from pork, mutton or turkey. The raw meat is brined, partially dried, seasoned with various herbs and spices, then smoked and steamed. In the United States, although beef plate is the traditional cut of meat for making pastrami, it is now common to see it made from beef brisket, beef round, and turkey. Like corned beef, pastrami was originally created as a way to preserve meat before modern refrigeration.
The name pastrami comes from Yiddish: פּאַסטראָמע (pronounced pastróme), itself from Romanian pastramă, which in turn comes from Greek παστραμάς/παστουρμάς, itself borrowed from Turkish pastırma. The Turkish name comes from the Turkish: bastırma et 'pressed meat'.
Wind-dried beef had been made in Anatolia for centuries, and Byzantine dried meat is probably "one of the forerunners of the pastirma of modern Turkey".
Early references in English used the spelling “pastrama”, closer to the Romanian original pastramă. Pastrami was introduced to the United States in a wave of Jewish immigration from Bessarabia and Romania in the second half of the 19th century. The modified “pastrami” spelling was probably introduced in imitation of the American English salami. Romanian Jews immigrated to New York as early as 1872. Among Jewish Romanians, goose breasts were commonly made into pastrami because they were inexpensive. Beef navels were cheaper than goose meat in America, so the Romanian Jews in America adapted their recipe and began to make the cheaper beef pastrami.
New York’s Sussman Volk is generally credited with producing the first pastrami sandwich in the US in 1887. Volk, a kosher butcher and New York immigrant from Lithuania, claimed he got the recipe from a Romanian friend in exchange for storing the friend’s luggage while the friend returned to Romania. According to his descendant, Patricia Volk, Volk prepared pastrami according to the recipe and served it on sandwiches out of his butcher shop. The sandwich was so popular that Volk converted the butcher shop into a restaurant to sell pastrami sandwiches.
Make sure you have a hot pastrami sandwich to celebrate National Hot Pastrami Day! Enjoy
National Organize Your Home Day
Today is officially the day to get your home organized. With all the Christmas decorations put away, now is the perfect time to give your home a fresh start for spring. A great way to start might be to look around and consider relocating furniture, and putting away items that no longer serve a purpose. Having your home organized will serve as a catalyst for getting your home ready for spring. For a quick and fun refresh, you may try to rearrange decorative accessories; such as vases, candles and table top accessories and rotating your seasonal accents. You may then be inspired to change out the bedding ensemble in your bedroom, or change out the throw pillows on your couch. Fresh coat of paint provides a fresh new look. A back-splash for your kitchen or crown molding creates the perfect finishing touch. What ever home improvement you might consider for your home this Spring; having your home organized before you get started, will be extremely beneficial in the process.
For National Organize your home day, here are some tips .
There’s no right way to organize your home. Whatever strategy you choose just has to work with your lifestyle, habits and tastes. But there are a few tried-and-true strategies that can enhance the effectiveness of any system. From being aware of clutter hot spots to identifying red flags that your organizing method isn't working, we learned some smart approaches to getting organized from the pros so you can save the time, money and stress that come with living in a den of disorder.
- Make it easier to put things away than to take them out.
“It always surprises me how difficult people make organizing for themselves,” says Kate Brown, certified professional organizer and owner of Impact Organizing LLC. Her suggestion: “Make everything a one-handed operation.” For example, don't hide your laundry basket in the back of the closet. Instead, use an open bin that you can throw your clothes into from across the room. “And avoid lids at almost all costs,” she urges. Using open containers for things you use often like toiletries and cooking supplies makes it easier to put them away. This advice even applies to garbage cans. Brown recommends investing in one with a lever you can step on to pop the lid open. “The fewer steps, the better the organizing system,” she says.
- Don't buy storage containers until you've purged.
“When people want to get organized, the first thing they usually do is run out and buy storage supplies,” says Julie Isaacs, a professional organizer and founder of Uncluttered Home. “But that’s actually backwards.” The point, she explains, is to evaluate why you have so much stuff to begin with—not find new ways to house your junk. “You won't have any idea of what you really need in terms of containers or shelving until you've purged.” While deciding what to keep and what to toss, always remember the “80/20 rule.” “It’s the theory that most of us only use 20 percent of what we have. That’s a good starting point to realizing you are surrounded by a lot of things you probably don't need,” Isaacs says. Plus, not only will slimming down your stuff save you money on storage supplies, but it'll save you the headache of going through excess items in an emergency or last-minute situation.
- There are red flags that let you know your system isn't working.
If a room still somehow looks messy after you've cleaned, it’s time to improve your organizational system, which, according to Brown, should allow you to tidy up in 15 minutes or less. Once you've pulled out what you don't need—to either throw away or donate—the next step is to group things together based on use or occasion and store them in open, square containers (round ones take up too much space). Now that everything has a place, Brown recommends labeling. “If you don't like labeling, find some other way to communicate your organizational system to yourself and your family, either by using translucent bins or by simply involving everyone in the purging process so they have a better idea of your goals,” she says.
- Use containers as visual signals that it’s time to purge.
Not only do containers keep items grouped and easier to find, but they also make it obvious when you're at capacity. For instance, most organizing experts would recommend keeping a basket or open container for magazines beside the couch. Brown recommends an 11″x14″ container that’s 4″ to 6″ deep. “When the magazine container is full, you’ve [got] more reading material than you can handle,” she says. A pile of magazines, which has no literal limit, doesn’t relay the same message.
- Don't treat drawers like catchalls.
“There isn't a drawer in your house that should not have container organizers in them,” says interior decorator Christopher Lowell, author of Seven Layers of Organization. They can be any material you want—wood, wire mesh or clear plastic—and are available at most home goods stores. “This allows you to separate the drawers into defined areas for specific things versus throwing everything into one big space,” says Lowell. For the bedroom, store everyday items—like underwear and socks—in top drawers, workout clothes in the second or third drawers and pants in the bottom drawers. In the bathroom, keep cotton swabs and other daily use items on the counter within arm’s reach, and tools you use occasionally under the cabinet. “With the things you only use now and then separated out and away from the things you need every day, those daily essentials will be better organized and easier to get to,” Lowell says.
- Eliminate clutter hot spots.
Flat surfaces like your dining room table, entryway table and kitchen counters tend to accumulate piles faster than any other spot in the house, explains Isaacs, who advises clients to make clearing all flat surfaces part of their nightly routine—right along with washing their face and brushing their teeth. But if that doesn’t work, her last-ditch trick is to physically block any surface that has become a clutter haven. “For instance, if you put a flower arrangement in the middle of the dining room table and set it with placemats, you're sending the message that the space is no longer a dumping zone,” Isaacs says.
- Store a discard bag in the closet.
“I keep a shopping bag with a handle in the front of my closet. Every time I try on a piece of clothing and then take if off again because it’s unflattering, doesn’t fit, is pulled, stained or out of style, I put it in the bag,” Brown says. “If you've taken the piece of clothing off for any reason other than that it’s dirty or doesn't match, that means it’s not right and will probably never be,” she says. When the bag is full, Isaacs explains, donate the clothes or trade them with a friend at a swap party.
- The items you use most frequently should be easiest to get to.
Keep the items you use every day in plain sight—or at least at eye level. “The things you use daily should be the easiest to get to,” says Lowell. “While the things you use once in a while should require a step stool.” This is where high shelving comes in handy. “Things you use only once a year should require a ladder,” he adds. (Think attics or out-of-reach shelving in a garage.) Not only will this storage system make it easier for you to find the things you use often, but the items you don't use regularly will stay organized until you need them.
In the document, which was known as the Second Treaty of Paris because the Treaty of Paris was also the name of the agreement that had ended the Seven Years' War in 1763, Britain officially agreed to recognize the independence of its 13 former colonies as the new United States of America.
In addition, the treaty settled the boundaries between the United States and what remained of British North America. U.S. fishermen won the right to fish in the Grand Banks, off the Newfoundland coast, and in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Both sides agreed to ensure payment to creditors in the other nation of debts incurred during the war and to release all prisoners of war. The United States promised to return land confiscated during the war to its British owners, to stop any further confiscation of British property and to honor the property left by the British army on U.S. shores, including Negroes or slaves. Both countries assumed perpetual rights to access the Mississippi River.
Despite the agreement, many of these issues remained points of contention between the two nations in the post-war years. The British did not abandon their western forts as promised and attempts by British merchants to collect outstanding debts from Americans were unsuccessful as American merchants were unable to collect from their customers, many of whom were struggling farmers.
In Massachusetts, where by 1786 the courts were clogged with foreclosure proceedings, farmers rose in a violent protest known as Shay's Rebellion, which tested the ability of the new United States to maintain law and order within its borders and instigated serious reconsideration of the Articles of Confederation.