Saturday, February 21, 2015

Holidays and Observances for Feb 21 2015

Card Reading Day

Card Reading Day is celebrated on February 21st. The day is a chance for sentimental people to get their saved cards out for reading them. A greeting card is an illustrated, folded card featuring an expression of friendship or other sentiment.

Although greeting cards are usually given on special occasions such as birthdays, Christmas or other holidays, they are also sent to convey thanks or express other feeling. Postcards, which are single-sided without the fold, can function in a manner somewhat similar to greeting cards.

Greeting cards, usually packaged with an envelope, come in a variety of styles. There are both mass-produced as well as handmade versions that are distributed by hundreds of companies large and small.

International Mother Language Day

The United Nations' (UN) International Mother Language Day yearly celebrates mother tongue miscellany and diversity universally on February 21. It also keeps in mind events for example the killing of four students on February 21, 1952, because they fought to formally bring into play their mother language, Bengali, in Bangladesh. Its ceremonial was also officially known by the United Nations General Assembly in its declaration establishing 2008 as the International Year of Languages. International Mother Language Day is observed yearly by UNESCO member states and at its command centre to encourage linguistic and cultural assortment and multilingualism. International Mother Language Day is a civic holiday in Bangladesh, where it is also known as Shohid DibĂ´sh, or Shaheed Day. It is a worldwide adherence but not a public holiday in other parts of the globe.

At the division of India in 1947, the Bengal region was divided as per the major religious conviction of the population. The western parts became the component of India and the eastern part turn out to be a state of Pakistan known as East Bengal and afterwards East Pakistan. Nevertheless, there was economic, educational and lingual chafing between East and West Pakistan.

These anxieties were evident in 1948 when Pakistan's administration declared that Urdu was the only nationalized language. This ignited remonstrations amid the Bengali-speaking mainstream populace in East Pakistan. The government banned the disputes but on February 21, 1952, students at the University of Dhaka and other campaigners prepared for a protest. Later on that day, the police opened fire at the protesters and killed four students. These students' demise in fighting for the right to use their mother language is now considered on International Mother Language Day.

The turbulence sustained as Bengali speakers protested for the right to use their mother language. Bengali became a legitimately documented language in Pakistan on February 29, 1956. Subsequent to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Bangladesh developed into a sovereign country with Bengali as its authorized language.

On November 17, 1999, UNESCO stated publicly February 21 to be International Mother Language Day and it was first observed on February 21, 2000. Every year the revels around International Mother Language Day focus on an exacting subject.

On International Mother Language Day the UN's Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and other UN organizations partake in proceedings that encourage linguistic and cultural variety. They also cheer natives to keep up their awareness of their mother language while education and using more than one language. Governments and non-governmental associations may use the day to make known strategies to promote language learning and hold up language diversity.

In Bangladesh, February 21 is the anniversary of an essential day in the country's history. Public lay flowers at a Shaheed Minar (martyr's monument). They also buy glass bangles for themselves or female associations; eat a merry meal and arrange parties; and reward prizes to literates or host literary contests. It is a time to commemorate Bangladesh’s ethnicity and the Bengali language.

The Linguapax Institute, in Barcelona, Spain, aspires to protect and encourage linguistic assortment worldwide. The association awards the Linguapax Prize on International Mother Language Day every year. The award is for those who have made exceptional work in linguistic diversity or multilingual learning.

The Shaheed Minar (martyr's monument) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, pays respect to the four protesters murdered in 1952. There have been three adaptations of the monument. The first adaptation was constructed on February 22-23 in 1952 but the police and army shattered it within a few days. Erection of the second adaptation started in November 1957, but the beginning of martial law stopped erection work and it was smashed at some stage in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

The third adaptation of the Shaheed Minar was constructed to identical strategy as the second version. It is made up of four erected marble frames and bigger double marble edges with a skewed top segment. The frames are build from marble and are positioned on a stage, which is raised about four meters (14 feet) above the ground. The four frames stands for the four men who died on February 21, 1952, and the double frame symbolizes their mothers and country. Imitations of the Shaheed Minar have been built globally where citizens from Bangladesh have established themselves, chiefly in London and Oldham in the United Kingdom.

An International Mother Language Day memorial was constructed at Ashfield Park in Sydney, Australia, on February 19, 2006. It comprises of a block of slate build up vertically on an elevated podium. There are stylized engravings of the Shaheed Minar and the world on the facade of the stone. There are in addition, the words "We will remember the martyrs of 21st February" in English and Bengali and words in five alphabets to symbolize mother tongues on five continents where public exists.

National Sticky Bun Day

Enjoy a sticky bun today, and celebrate along with the rest of the nation. Sticky buns are loved by children and adults. February 21 is National Sticky Bun Day.

What exactly are sticky buns? Sticky buns are the same as cinnamon rolls. Sticky buns are delicious dessert or breakfast pastries made with leavened dough. Traditional sticky bun recipes call for a glazed topping with pecans, maple syrup or honey, cinnamon, and butter.

Even though sticky buns are usually eaten as a breakfast food, know that a sticky bun is good at any time.

Though you wouldn't think it were possible to ascribe sticky buns to the ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians, some food historians in fact do. It’s yet another example of food researchers gone wild, since those cultures had nothing like our brioche doughs, cane sugar and butter. All of them did have yeast-raised dough, however, so it’s not terribly surprising that at one point or another cooks in those locales thought to flatten it into a rectangle, spread a filling out over it and roll it up. Some of them might have had dried fruit in them, some might have had meat or dried fish (a concept Cinnabon tried early on that tanked miserably).

Me, I don't consider those to be “sticky buns” since they wouldn't have been “sticky”. Which is to say, no sugary syrup on the outside. Pastries of that description don’t seem to have come on the scene until much later, and then possibly in a region of southwest Germany called the Palatinate where similar rolled-up sweet treats were known as Schnecken. Yet the sticky bun didn't come into full flower until the people of that region were forced to flee — many to the U.S. — as a result of the Nine Years’ War in 1688, a largely forgotten conflict that occupied nearly all of continental Europe, pitting a belligerent France against, well, pretty much everyone else.

The same thing happened again in 1702, only this time it was the War of Spanish Succession that decimated the Palatinate, sending larger and larger waves of refugees to Philadelphia (many via England). These sweet roll-loving people settled in an area of Philadelphia that came to be known as Germantown, and before long Schnecken were everywhere in that city, topped with whatever was handy: honey, molasses, even maple syrup. To this day Philadelphia is known as the sticky bun capital of the world.

In time of course the German immigrants that brought sticky buns to Philly expanded outward to other parts of Pennsylvania where they became known as the “Pennsylvania Deutsch”, known erroneously today as the “Pennsylvania Dutch”. And while these days sticky buns know no nationality or religious allegiance, many of the biggest, sweetest and richest exemplars can be found wherever you find the Amish.

Use a quick and easy recipe to bake some fresh sticky buns to share with friends and family. You can also pick up a batch from your local bakery if you prefer not to make your own.

Locomotive Birthday

Richard Trevithick demonstrated for the public the world’s first railway locomotive on February 21st 1802.

The history of modern train industry started with the appearance of first steam engines, which enabled human race for the first time to transport goods and people using fast, reliable and cheap way that sparked new age in the life of industrial revolution, human expansion and global economy. With the initial great expansion of railways and locomotive designs, countless inventors focused their careers on improving trains and enabling goods and people to be transported much safer and faster than ever before, reaching the current times where diesel engines, electrical trains and maglev high-speed bullet train encompass the entire earth. But all those trains had to start from one point, and that point was steam engines.

Steam engines were introduced to the public during 1770s, but their Scottish inventor James Watt sat on the patent and did not allow anyone to gain any commercial benefit from his designs. When his patent expired in 1800s, floodgates of innovation opened all around the world and many inventors jumped to the opportunity to create their own vision of automated locomotive powered by steam. Richard Trevithick’s was first one who took this chance, and showcased to the world his innovative design of high-pressure steam engines that enabled him to create much more power from the locomotive of same weight and size than before. Even though nobody believed that steam can deliver enough power for industrial use, he managed to showcase his design to a mine owner by pulling the weight of 10 tons over his 10 mile long course. Even though his initial train design was not successful, he continued to innovate, managing even to publicly showcase his “Catch me who can” locomotive that was placed on a makeshift train track set in the middle of the London's Torrington Square.

Much more success is today contributed to English inventor Matthew Murray who in 1804 created first moving steam locomotive, and more famous twin-cylinder Salamanca locomotive that was used publicly in 1812. However he was not the inventor who designed steam locomotive that was used on the first public railway system. That honor went to George Stephenson, famous English engineer who created “Locomotion” in 1825 for the Stockton and Darlington Railway in north-east England. Only four years later he joined into Rainhill Trials, competition of building best and easy to use steam locomotive for transport of passengers. With four more entrants as his competition, Stephenson managed to win using “The Rocket” by reaching incredible speed of 45 km/h while transporting 30 passengers. He and his designer of tube pressurized boiler received prize for 1st place, and soon their locomotives started appearing across entire England.

Over the years steam trains evolved significantly. They were equipped with cow catchers for better moving through turns (and protection from wandering animals on railway tracks), passenger sections became popular and built for both short and long travels with all necessary luxuries. Engines received update to four cylinders, geared wheels for industrial use, and between 1930s and 1950s they slowly transitioned to the new kinds of power sources– diesel and electric engines.

Today, steam locomotives are mostly used in museums as windows to the past, but sometimes preserved and working models are used as tourist attractions enabling anyone to feel for themselves how train industry began.

Single Tasking Day

Attention multitaskers. If doing more than one thing at a time is part of your daily routine, hold on to your keyboard, telephone, handy-dandy gadget and/or mobile device. It's Single Tasking Day, an annual "holiday" that encourages folks to slow down and tackle one thing at a time.

While some observe the event on February 21, the Chase Calendar celebrates Single Tasking Day on February 19th. But regardless which day you celebrate, can you imagine what life would be like if you could complete one task at a time? No more trying to finish 20 things at once.

Let's be honest. Most of us are overworked, underpaid and over-stressed. There simply is not enough time in the day to get everything done. The thought of being able to actually complete a thought, a sentence, a task, project or activity without interruption, sounds absolutely divine! Researchers have found that the human brain is unable to focus on two or more tasks at once. And studies suggest multitasking actually lowers productivity. Being able to take your time to do one thing at a time means less stress and fewer mistakes.

If only every day could be Single Tasking Day.