Sunday, March 1, 2015

Holidays and Observances for Mar 1 2015

Asiatic Fleet Memorial Day

All of America's service personnel and veterans deserve our gratitude, and it is fitting to pay tribute to the United States Asiatic Fleet.

The United States Navy's presence in the Far East dates to 1822. The Asiatic Fleet was formed in 1902, reestablished in 1910, and continued to serve into 1942. Through years of unrest and disturbance, the Fleet protected American lives and interests along the China coast and the Yangtze River, bearing responsibilities that were as much diplomatic as Naval. The Fleet also assisted civilian areas devastated by the forces of nature and by internal warfare.

When the attack on Pearl Harbor thrust the United States into World War II, the Asiatic Fleet played a key role in the defense of the Philippines. Outnumbered and outgunned at sea and in the air, the Fleet was joined by ships of the British, Dutch, and Australian navies to oppose the Japanese advance through what is now Indonesia. The Fleet's destroyers hit the Japanese at Balikpapan and Badung Strait, and the cruiser Marblehead fought her way through massive air attacks off Bali while submarines, short of fuel and torpedoes, struck Japanese supply lines.

The battle for the "Malay Barrier" reached its climax in the Java Sea. In the opening hours of March 1, 1942, the American cruiser Houston and the Australian cruiser Perth, outnumbered and outgunned by the Japanese, fought to the last in the Sunda Strait. They went down with their guns still firing and were followed hours later by the British cruiser Exeter. The remaining Allied ships were then ordered to make their way to Australia.

The Asiatic Fleet was no more, but its heritage of courage and selfless dedication helped spur our Navy to victory in World War II. Since then, the Seventh Fleet has carried on the Asiatic Fleet's duties, earning honor in Korea and Vietnam and helping to preserve peace and stability in East Asia. The men and women of our Naval services who saw the Cold War to a peaceful conclusion and won victory in Operation Desert Storm are worthy descendants of the sailors and Marines who earned glory in the Java Sea. As we pay tribute to the memory of the Asiatic Fleet, I call on all Americans to join me in saluting its proud heritage of bravery and honor.

Endometriosis Day or Wear Yellow Day

"Yellow for Endo" is an effort to raise awareness for women fighting with endometriosis. The month of March is dedicated to raise worldwide awareness about these condition.

For the entire day on the 1st of March, Wear a yellow t-shirt/dress/anything in yellow to show your support and care towards patients of this problem.

Endometriosis affects an estimated 176 million women worldwide regardless of their ethnic and social background. Many remain undiagnosed and are therefore not treated.

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (the endometrial stroma and glands, which should only be located inside the uterus) is found elsewhere in the body. The body experiences abnormal growth of cells which results in lesions on the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, on the pelvic side-wall (peritoneum), the uterosacral ligaments, the cul-de-sac, the rectal-vaginal septum, on the bladder,on the bowel, on the intestines, colon, appendix, and rectum

The most common symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain.For many women, the pain of endometriosis is so severe and debilitating that it impacts their lives in significant ways.

Any woman can be diagnosed with this medical issue and though one possibly may not die from it, they live the rest of their lives in excruciating pain all the time.

If you, or someone you care about, has endometriosis, it is important to research the disease as much as possible.

"Yellow for Endo" is to show that though we may not exactly understand what the person having this problem is going through, we are here to support them and uplift their fighting spirit.

Namesake Day

Namesake Day is a holiday for learning about the story of how you got your given name and the origin of your surname. Were you named after your parent? Perhaps, one of your aunts or uncles or a friend of the family? Maybe someone famous, or just a name that your parents liked? If you don't know already, today's the day to find out. Use the Internet to research the origin, or the significance, of your last name. Celebrate by having a party with people who have the same name as you.

This holiday is part of the Celebrate Your Name Week (CYNW) which was established in 1997 by onomatology hobbyist Jerry Hill.

Namesake is a term used to characterize a person, place, thing, quality, action, state, or idea that has the same, or a similar, name to another - especially (but not exclusively) if the person or thing is actually named after, rather than merely sharing the name of another.

For example, if a person, place, or thing has the same name as another - especially if they are named after another person, place, or thing, then the name target is said to be the namesake of the name source. The earliest use reported in the Oxford English Dictionary was in 1635. Dictionaries suggest that the word probably comes from "name's sake", "for one's name('s) sake", for "name sake".

The term namesake was first recorded in 1635, referring to a place with the same name as another. Among other recordings, a 1646 usage was carried through in an 1806 publication, entitled A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, and Expositor of the English Language. Modern-day usage has expanded to several uses for the term.

National Fruit Compote Day

March 1st is National Fruit Compote Day. It seems a bit odd that a nation in the northern hemisphere has its fruit compote day in winter instead of summer, but be that as it may, we living here in California can usually find some sort of fresh fruit year round. Our huge, fat juicy and sweet Navel Oranges are at their peak of perfection this time of year, as are some varieties of pears. Of course winter also gives us Pomegranates, and do remember that the Avocado is a fruit and the Hass is excellent in winter. Sweet, wonderful varieties of Tangerines are also excellent in late winter.

Living in a true Mediterranean climate as we do, we have a larger selection of fresh local fruit year round than most. You can't go wrong with a visit to your local farmers market to see what is fresh and local and of course, with modern refrigeration and transportation, we also reap the benefit of those south of the equator climates where it is now harvest time.

Fruit compote usually takes two forms, fresh fruit or reconstituted dried fruit. Both can be “No Brainers.” Be it made from fresh or dried fruit, a compote may be served as a salad side dish or as a dessert. For an excellent fresh fruit compote simply collect a goodly quantity of ripe fresh fruit, cut it into bite size pieces and dress it in some manner. Please, try to break away from the whipped cream, whipped topping or mayonnaise tradition. Think outside the box and experiment. Try simply pouring a bit of a fruity wine over it, or a bit of cream Sherry. A fruit compote is excellent when dressed with inexpensive Champagne. You don’t drink, use sparkling cider, or make a dressing of fruit juices; orange, pineapple and apple or a combination thereof are all excellent. Try adding a chiffonade of fresh mint to your fruit compote. Almost all fresh fruit is appropriate for a good fruit compote. Fruits I should avoid however are bananas, which will turn brown and get slimy if the compote sits for any length of time. Black berries are excellent, however they will turn the entire thing purple which for some people, be a bit off putting.

Now, if you wish to make a dried fruit compote, again, it isn't rocket science. Gather together a selection of favorite dried fruits: apricots, peaches, pears, and figs. I would avoid dates. Although they are delicious, they add a disconcerting texture to your compote. Raising, again, are tasty but they sometimes achieve an unpleasant texture when they are marinated. Dried cherries and cranberries however work out very well. Again, wine makes an excellent marinade or dressing for a dried fruit compote, or a combination of wine and cream Sherry. Fruit juices also make good marinades for dried fruit compotes. Try simmering a stick of cinnamon and a slice of fresh ginger in a bit of fruit juice and adding that to whatever other liquid you use. It is best to let your dried fruit compote sit in its marinade for several hours or even overnight.

If you are planning a fresh fruit compote you may want to check out your local farmers market to see what is local and in season

National Horse Protection Day

Horses are the icon of Freedom in America. Aside from the dog, horses have been man's best friend for centuries, carrying them cross-country, being their faithful comrades in battle, pulling the wagons that carried their families, their supplies and materials for their homesteads. Many families would not have had a home if it weren't for the tireless efforts of their true blue horse, hauling hundreds of pounds of supplies and water back and forth for miles and weeks at a time. Horses, with their gentle nature and deep emotional soul offer friendship and help to heal children with disabilities. 

When one thinks of the American Spirit, it includes the horse; visions of cowboys, farms, horse racing and ponies comes forefront to mind - not abuse, starvation, neglect and slaughter of these amazing and sensitive creatures. It's almost unfathomable that this proud and beautiful country could stand behind the cruelty and murder of such proud and beautiful animals for so long...our friends....the frequent guests of childhood lullaby's and dreams. 

But now, thankfully things are changing because of that great American Spirit and because of people like you who care - people who have been educated through public awareness causes such as National Horse Protection Day.

This holiday was founded in 2005 by Pet Lifestyle Expert and Animal Behaviorist/Advocate, Colleen Paige.Growing up, Colleen spent much of her summertime with horses, where she learned dressage, show jumping and horse husbandry, to trail riding in the desert and mountains and caring for foster horses, Chico and King.

The lessons Colleen learned from the horses in her life as a child, have made an impact on the woman she is today. Colleen created National Horse Protection Day for March 1st, to bring light to the plight of horses in America and beyond - and help the thousands of unwanted horses in this country to find forever homes.
Oh, a wonderful horse is the Fly-Away Horse -

Perhaps you have seen him before;

Perhaps, while you slept, his shadow has swept 

Through the moonlight that floats on the floor.

For it's only at night, when the stars twinkle bright,
That the Fly-Away Horse, with a neigh
And a pull at his rein and a toss of his mane,
Is up on his heels and away!
The Moon in the sky,
As he gallopeth by,
Cries: "Oh! what a marvelous sight!"
And the Stars in dismay
Hide their faces away
In the lap of old Grandmother Night. 

It is yonder, out yonder, the Fly-Away Horse

Speedeth ever and ever away -
Over meadows and lanes, over mountains and plains,
Over streamlets that sing at their play;
And over the sea like a ghost sweepeth he,
While the ships they go sailing below,
And he speedeth so fast that the men at the mast
Adjudge him some portent of woe.
"What ho there!" they cry,
As he flourishes by
With a whisk of his beautiful tail;
And the fish in the sea
Are as scared as can be,
From the nautilus up to the whale! 

And the Fly-Away Horse seeks those faraway lands

You little folk dream of at night -
Where candy-trees grow, and honey-brooks flow,
And corn-fields with popcorn are white;
And the beasts in the wood are ever so good
To children who visit them there -
What glory astride of a lion to ride,
Or to wrestle around with a bear!
The monkeys, they say:
"Come on, let us play,"
And they frisk in the cocoanut-trees:
While the parrots, that cling
To the peanut-vines, sing
Or converse with comparative ease! 

Off! scamper to bed - you shall ride him tonight!

For, as soon as you've fallen asleep,
With a jubilant neigh he shall bear you away
Over forest and hillside and deep!
But tell us, my dear, all you see and you hear
In those beautiful lands over there,
Where the Fly-Away Horse wings his faraway course
With the wee one consigned to his care.
Then grandma will cry
In amazement: "Oh, my!"
And she'll think it could never be so;
And only we two
Shall know it is true -
You and I, little precious! shall know! - Unknown
National Peanut Butter Lover's Day

It’s National Peanut Butter Lover’s Day! Whether you prefer it smooth, chunky, or natural, peanut butter is the perfect addition to any snack. It goes with practically everything: crackers, pretzels, celery, carrots, apples, bananas, chocolate, and much more.

Did you know that the average child will eat 1,500 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches before he or she graduates high school? Peanut butter has been popular since the early 1900s, but no one knows who invented it. Today, it is an $800 million industry dominated by household names such as Jif, Skippy, and Peter Pan.

Peanut butter is an excellent source of protein and healthy fats, and can help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. For the healthiest choice, look for brands that have no oil or sugar added. Celebrate National Peanut Butter Lover’s Day with a delicious peanut butter snack in honor of the occasion!

Cultivated peanuts, a legume rather than a true nut, are native to the eastern foothills of the Bolivian Andes. The origin of peanut butter can be traced back to the Aztecs, who ground roasted peanuts into a paste. A number of peanut paste products have been used over the centuries and the distinction between peanut paste and peanut butter is not always clear in ordinary use. Modern processing machines allow for very smooth products to be made, which often include vegetable oils to aid in its spreadability.

Canadian Marcellus Gilmore Edson (February 7, 1849 – March 6, 1940) of Montreal, Quebec was the first to patent peanut butter, in 1884. Peanut flour already existed. His cooled product had "a consistency like that of butter, lard, or ointment" according to his patent application. He included the mixing of sugar into the paste so as to harden its consistency.

Edson, a chemist (pharmacist), developed the idea of peanut paste as a delicious and nutritious staple for people who could hardly chew on solid food, a not uncommon state back in those days. Peanut paste was initially sold for six cents per pound.

Edson was issued United States patent #306727 in 1884. The patent describes a process of milling roasted peanuts until the peanuts reached "a fluid or semifluid state."

John Harvey Kellogg was issued a patent for a "Process of Producing Alimentary Products" in 1898 and used peanuts, although he boiled the peanuts rather than roasting them. Kellogg served peanut butter to the patients at his Battle Creek Sanitarium. Other makers of modern peanut butter include George Bayle, a snack-food maker in St. Louis, Missouri, who was making peanut butter with roasted peanuts as early as 1894, and George Washington Carver, who is often mistakenly credited as the inventor due to his extensive work in cultivating peanut crops and disseminating recipes.

Early peanut-butter-making machines were developed by Joseph Lambert, who had worked at John Harvey Kellogg's Battle Creek Sanitarium, and Ambrose Straub.

National Pig Day

National Pig Day is observed on March 01. National Pig Day is an event held annually in the United States to celebrate the pig. The holiday celebration was started in 1972 by sisters Ellen Stanley, a teacher in Lubbock, Texas, and Mary Lynne Rave of Beaufort, North Carolina. According to Rave the purpose of National Pig Day is "to accord the pig its rightful, though generally unrecognized, place as one of man's most intellectual and domesticated animals." The holiday is most often celebrated in the Midwest. 

National Pig Day includes events at zoos, schools, nursing homes, and sporting events around the United States. It is also recognized at "pig parties" where pink pig punch and pork delicacies are served, and pink ribbon pigtails are tied around trees in the pigs' honor. The question of whether the holiday is a time to honor pigs by "giving them a break" or to appreciate their offerings (spare ribs, bacon and ham) is an open question.

A pig is any of the animals in the genus Sus, within the Suidae family of even-toed ungulates. Pigs include the domestic pig and its ancestor, the common Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa), along with other species; related creatures outside the genus include the babirusa and the warthog. Pigs, like all suids, are native to the Eurasian and African continents. Juvenile pigs are known as piglets. Pigs are omnivores and are highly social and intelligent animals.

A typical pig has a large head with a long snout which is strengthened by a special prenasal bone and by a disk of cartilage at the tip. The snout is used to dig into the soil to find food and is a very acute sense organ. There are four hoofed toes on each trotter (foot), with the two larger central toes bearing most of the weight, but the outer two also being used in soft ground.

Plan a Solo Vacation Day

Plan a Solo Vacation Day is a celebration designed for those people who like to view the world alone. Rather than being constrained by the demands and foibles of friends and family, people like this prefer the intensity of an individual adventure.

The day itself varies in actual date, but there is no doubt about the seriousness of its purpose. Solo travellers are rarely highlighted by travel companies, who prefer to focus their marketing on families, couples and groups.

The solo traveller is a special breed, though. More spontaneous than many travellers, he or she does not like to have their travel agenda shaped by others.

While formally celebrating the day at a social occasion would defeat the object, the best way to mark Plan a Solo Vacation Day is to take a trip. Simply by planning to hit the road alone, anyone can become a part of this international celebration.

Peace Corps Day

On March 1, 1961, President John F. Kennedy issues Executive Order #10924, establishing the Peace Corps as a new agency within the Department of State. The same day, he sent a message to Congress asking for permanent funding for the agency, which would send trained American men and women to foreign nations to assist in development efforts. The Peace Corps captured the imagination of the U.S. public, and during the week after its creation thousands of letters poured into Washington from young Americans hoping to volunteer.

The immediate precursor of the Peace Corps--the Point Four Youth Corps--was proposed by Representative Henry Reuss of Wisconsin in the late 1950s. Senator Kennedy learned of the Reuss proposal during his 1960 presidential campaign and, sensing growing public enthusiasm for the idea, decided to add it to his platform. In early October 1960, he sent a message to the Young Democrats that called for the establishment of a "Youth Peace Corps," and on October 14 he first publicly spoke of the Peace Corps idea at an early morning speech at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. The night before, he had engaged Vice President Richard Nixon in the third presidential debate and was surprised to find an estimated 10,000 students waiting up to hear him speak when he arrived at the university at 2 a.m. The assembled students heard the future president issue a challenge: How many of them, he asked, would be willing to serve their country and the cause of freedom by living and working in the developing world for years at a time?

The Peace Corps proposal gained momentum in the final days of Kennedy's campaign, and on November 8 he was narrowly elected the 35th president of the United States. On January 20, 1961, in his famous inaugural address, he promised aid to the poor of the world. "To those peoples in the huts and villages of half the globe struggling to break the bonds of mass misery," he said, "we pledge our best efforts to help them help themselves, for whatever period is required--not because the communists may be doing it, not because we seek their votes, but because it is right." He also appealed to Americans to "ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."

After March 1, thousands of young Americans answered this call to duty by volunteering for the Peace Corps. The agency, which was headed by Kennedy's brother-in-law, R. Sargent Shriver, eventually chose some 750 volunteers to serve in 13 nations in 1961. In August, Kennedy hosted a White House ceremony to honor the first Peace Corps volunteers. The 51 Americans who later landed in Accra, Ghana, for two years of service immediately made a favorable impression on their hosts when they gathered on the airport tarmac to sing the Ghanaian national anthem in Twi, the local language.

On September 22, 1961, Kennedy signed congressional legislation creating a permanent Peace Corps that would "promote world peace and friendship" through three goals: (1) to help the peoples of interested countries in meeting their need for trained men and women; (2) to help promote a better understanding of Americans on the part of the peoples served; and (3) to help promote a better understanding of other peoples on the part of Americans.

By the end of 1963, 7,000 volunteers were in the field, serving in 44 Third World countries. In 1966, Peace Corps enrollment peaked, with more than 15,000 volunteers in 52 countries. Budget cuts later reduced the number of Peace Corps volunteers, but today more than 7,000 Peace Corps volunteers are serving in over 70 countries. Since 1961, more than 180,000 Americans have joined the Peace Corps, serving in 134 nations.

Self-Injury Awareness Day

March 1 is Self-Injury Awareness Day, a day meant for learning about self-injury and providing resources to those who need help.

Self-Injury is also known as:

  • Parasuicide
  • Deliberate Self Harm
  • Self-Abuse
  • Self-Mutilation
  • Self Inflicted Violence
  • Cutters

NSSI is the most recent term is Non Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). This term was coined in an effort to distinguish Suicidal Self-injury (e.g. self harm designed to end one's life) from Non suicidal Self-Injury (e.g. self-harm designed as a coping strategy). This term is consistently utilized by researchers and will most likely become the predominant term for this class of behaviors.

The definition of NSSI is the deliberate harming of one's body, resulting in tissue damage, without the intent of suicide, and  is not culturally sanctioned by the society in which one lives.

Self-Injury can include but is not limited to the following behaviors:

  • Scratching (Excoriation)
  • Cutting
  • Burning
  • Hitting or Biting Oneself
  • Ingesting or Embedding Toxic Substances or Foreign Objects
  • Hair Pulling
  • Interfering with the Healing of Wounds

It is not uncommon for self-injurers to engage in more than one form of self-injurious behavior.

Some reasons why people engage in self-harm:

  • To distract from emotional pain  ( Research supports that the number one reason most people self-injure is to regulate  uncomfortable emotional states.
  • To punish oneself
  • To relieve tension
  • To feel real by feeling pain or seeing evidence of injury
  • To numb; to not feel anything
  • To experience a sense of euphoria (associated with release of endorphins)
  • To communicate pain, anger, or other emotions to oneself or others
  • To nurture oneself through the caring for wounds. 

Who Self-Injurers? Males and females all ages, ethnic groups and religions self-injure. While there is evidence that males injure in almost equal numbers to females, they don't present in treatment nearly as frequently. It is unclear as to why this might be, except that males tend to have a much more difficult time asking for help. In addition it is much more common for self-injury to begin in adolescence or preadolescence and continue into early adulthood. There is a myth however, that self-injury is a "teen" problem. Older adults engage in self-injury as well, although it usually, but not necessarily begins in adolescence.

How common is this behavior? It is difficult to know how common the behavior actually is since there has not been consistency in definition of the behavior among researchers. Research in the U.K. for example includes both suicidal and non suicidal self-injury people in their research samples. In the U.S. researches are beginning to make sure that their samples only include people who are non suicidal self-injurers (NSSI) in an effort to make comparisons between research studies more reliable.

It is estimated that 4% of the adult general population admits to at least occasional self-injury (Briere & Gil, 1998).

A recent research study of 2,875 college students showed a lifetime prevalence of 17% (Whitlock, 2006).

World Compliment Day

When was the last time you heard words like ‘Hey, you look great!’, ‘I like your presentation!’, ‘You did a great job!’ and similar praises? So, how did you feel about it? It feels good to hear thoughtful remarks, right? Sincerely-said compliments build our self-esteem and encourage us to keep up the good work. This National Compliment Day, it is a great chance to compliment others and contribute in making their day a nice one!

National Compliment Day was created in 1998 by Debby Hoffman and Kathy Chamberlin from Concord and Hopkinton, New Hampshire, respectively. These women want to remind people that through giving of compliments, a positive connection with anyone will be quickly and easily achieved.

Are those receiving compliments the only ones who benefit? Certainly not! Giving of compliments makes us feel good inside and throws away loneliness. It also forges positive bonds. But these should be given sincerely. It shows the truthfulness of the saying: “There is more happiness in giving than there is in receiving”.
  • Compliment your family. Does the food prepared taste good? Then tell your wife (or mom) and make her happy! If you are a wife, why not let your husband know how good a provider he is? Take time to praise your children for their efforts at home and school.
  • Compliment your employer, employee or co-workers. It might be hard, especially if you have a demanding boss or a gossiping workmate. But who knows? You might ease the friction if you commend them for a job well done.
  • Compliment your friends. Do you have a trusted, loyal or understanding friend? Let your buddy know how much you appreciate his/her good qualities.
  • Compliment your neighbor for a well-trimmed lawn or a beautiful garden, anything that is worth praising.
  • Compliment a teacher’s patience or a student’s academic efforts. Find something beautiful in others and give a good remark. Remember, every one of us has something good and deserves to be praised.
Zero Discrimination Day

Discrimination continues to affect the lives of millions of people around the world. On 1 March, Zero Discrimination Day, people from all corners of the world will unite under the theme of Open Up, Reach Out in order to celebrate diversity and reject discrimination in all its forms.

The support garnered for Zero Discrimination Day has created a global movement of solidarity to end discrimination, which remains widespread. Millions of women and girls in every region of the world experience violence and abuse and are unable to exercise their rights or gain access to health-care services, education or employment. Discrimination at work, school and health-care and other settings reduces people’s ability to participate fully and meaningfully in societies and provide and care for themselves and their families. Globally, there are almost 80 countries that still have laws criminalizing same-sex sexual relations. Some 38 countries, territories and areas impose some form of restriction on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV. Furthermore, legal and social environments are still failing to address stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV and those most vulnerable to HIV infection.

“Discrimination is a violation of human rights and must not go unchallenged,” said United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. “Everyone has the right to live with respect and dignity.”

For this year’s Zero Discrimination Day people have been invited to Open Up, Reach Out, using social media channels to tell the world what zero discrimination means to them. People have shared songs, poems, thoughts and activities inspired by the butterfly, the transformative symbol of the campaign. People are also calling on their governments to make greater efforts to realize and protect human rights and eliminate discrimination.

“Some of the world’s most challenging problems can be solved simply by eliminating stigma and discrimination,” said Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of UNAIDS. “As we collectively strive for a fairer world we can be encouraged by the enthusiasm for achieving zero discrimination.”

Among celebrities supporting the campaign are UNAIDS International Goodwill Ambassador David Luiz, who posted a special message on standing up to racism, UNAIDS Goodwill Ambassador Toumani Diabaté and his son, Sidiki Diabaté, as well as the ICC Cricket World Cup 2015 Ambassador and Sri Lankan cricketing star, Kumar Sangakkara, whose message is being played on screens at venues hosting the ICC Cricket World Cup 2015 in Australia and New Zealand. Governments, lawmakers and business leaders have also pledged their support to the campaign.

Events to mark Zero Discrimination Day include photo exhibitions in China, dancing in Gabon, concerts in Madagascar, a storytelling event for children in Mongolia and special film screenings in Nepal. Seminars and workshops to discuss issues relating to stigma and discrimination will take place in more than 20 countries worldwide, from Colombia to Uzbekistan.

Zero Discrimination Day was first celebrated on 1 March 2014.