Monday, March 23, 2015

Holidays and Observances for Mar 23 2015

National Chip and Dip Day


March 23 is National Chip and Dip Day! Chips and dip are the iconic American party snack. Whether you prefer tortilla chips, potato chips, or corn chips, there are dozens of dips to complement your snack of choice.

First, the chip. While potato chips are almost a century older than dips (the crunchy vehicle for salt and grease was invented in Saratoga Springs, NY, in 1853), they didn't become standard American snack fare until much later. In the 1920s, mechanical potato peeling machines made it possible to produce the so-called “Saratoga Chips” in large quantities. They were soon introduced to the deep South by a traveling salesman named Herman Lay. By 1944, Lay’s now-famous name began to appear on bags of potato chips all over the country.

Meanwhile, in 1932, a young Texan name Elmer Doolin bought the rights to a variation on fried corn tortilla strips. He added an “s” to the Spanish word for “fried” and called his snack “Fritos.” After World War II, Doolin’s business grew to the point where he decided to sell franchises. Herman Lay’s company bought the first one. (The two companies eventually merged in 1961, forming Frito-Lay, the largest snack-food manufacturer in the country.)

Chips were now everywhere, but what about their dancing partner (and our second footnote in history): the dip? The mass production and mass marketing that made The Frito Company and H. W. Lay’s & Company successes were also at work in other food industries. By 1952, the Lipton Company had pushed its instant soup business to its probable limit. If the business was to grow, new uses for its products had to be found. The company experimentally launched a campaign that taught people to combine their undiluted dried soup mix with sour cream. While the new-fangled mixture could have been used with crudités, like Fannie Farmer’s Mayonnaise Cocktail Bowl, the combination of the cool, tangy dip with crisp and salty chips was too perfect to be ignored.

The third thing that happened along the way to chips and dip was a fundamental change in the way Americans went about their daily lives. Houses had long had a room near the front of the ground floor reserved for reading or playing music or formal occasions such as funerals. The room was called a “parlor,” and the name still connotes dignified formality. People would not think of eating in the parlor. Instead, they took their meals in their kitchen or dining room, at a table, with plates, utensils, and table linens. They faced each other during meals and even—remember, this was a long time ago—conversed with one another.

Then, in the 1920s, funeral parlors—the ones situated outside of the home—became the standard place for dealing with the dearly departed. A principal reason for the existence of the home parlor was no more. By the ‘30s, radio had become part of family life. People began to share their parlor with the likes of characters such as Fibber McGee and Molly, and the room began to lose its prim and proper edge, even if the name did not. By the ’40s, architects had begun to speak openly of something called a “living-dining room,” reflecting the collective shift away from the more restrictive, one-dimensional definition of the old parlor. And in the ’50s, Americans began their love affair with the cathode-ray tube. With the advent of television, the staid parlor was forever transformed into a living room.

Americans loved watching their newly televised sports in their new living rooms—a place where, more and more, they actually lived. However, people soon discovered that while sitting on a couch for hours on end was hungry work, it was, strangely enough, not ideally suited for a traditional sit-down meal. Instead of facing each other, everyone sat looking in the same direction. Rather than speaking with each other, everyone’s attention was glued to the box that emitted that eerie blue light.

What was needed, given that forks and the like were an undesirable distraction from the tube, were more—and more convenient—finger foods. Chips, fortuitously, served as both eating utensil and complement for the new-fangled dips, almost perfectly suiting the needs of the emergent couch-potato class.

To celebrate National Chip and Dip Day, invite some friends over for a potluck-style chip and dip party!

National Melba Toast Day


March 23rd  celebrates Melba Toast Day, a food holiday. Melba toast is a dry, crisp and thinly sliced toast, often served with soup and salad or topped with either melted cheese or pâté. It is named after Dame Nellie Melba, the stage name of Australian opera singer Helen Porter Mitchell. Its name is thought to date from 1897, when the singer was very ill and it became a staple of her diet. The toast was created for her by chef and fan Auguste Escoffier, who also created the Peach Melba dessert for her. The hotel proprietor César Ritz supposedly named it in a conversation with Escoffier.

Melba toast is made by lightly toasting slices of bread under a grill, on both sides. The resulting toast is then sliced laterally. The thin slices are then returned to the grill with the untoasted sides towards the heat source, resulting in toast half the normal thickness. Thus, it can be described as a twice-baked food (see under rusk).

Melba toast is also available commercially, and was at one time given to infants who were teething as a hard food substance on which to chew.

In 1925, the Mayo Brothers prescribed the "Eighteen Day Reducing Diet" to Ethel Barrymore. It included Melba toast, which made the toast very popular at the time. Melba toast can also be used to make stuffing or dressing.

National Puppy Day


National Puppy Day is a special day to celebrate the magic and unconditional love that puppies bring to our lives. But more importantly, it's a day to help save orphaned puppies across the globe and educate the public about the horrors of puppy mills, as well as further our mission for a nation of puppy-free pet stores. National Puppy Day was founded in 2006 by Celebrity Pet & Home Lifestyle Expert and Author, Colleen Paige, who is also the founder of National Dog Day and National Cat Day (among many others).

National Puppy Day is actually considered an international holiday now, as it's trended worldwide on Twitter in 2012, 2013 & 2014. Colleen Paige has devoted her life to creating special days of recognition that improve the lives of animals and their people.

There approximately 8,000-10,000 puppy mills in the U.S. and this would include many businesses that call themselves breeders such as "backyard breeders", people who purposely allow their dog to get pregnant in hopes of selling puppies through their local paper or online. Pet stores that sell puppies are the number one reason that so many puppy mills exists today. Convince each and every pet store to stop selling puppies and the mills will go out of business. The most successful way to accomplish this is by organizing rallies and peaceful demonstrations outside of pet stores that sell puppies.

The tragedy of puppy mills is that they don't care about the animals more than a commodity to be sold. Most of these animals live in crammed cages with no room to move, in complete and utter squalor. Many puppies are sick and never given true health exams, necessary vaccines or proper health care. The puppies are always taken way too early from their mothers, so they're denied the basic social skills they need to behave well in the home, thus, resulting in many dogs later being abandoned at the shelter. After a female dog's fertility wanes, she is often killed, abandoned or sent to another mill that will attempt make her produce one more litter. Puppy mills and backyard breeders are the number one reason we have an overpopulation of dogs in this country...that and a lack of spaying and neutering.

Responsible breeders have a limited number of litters per year, they care for their animals like their own and help to keep bloodlines pure. However, people need to do their homework if they want to buy a pure breed puppy from a breeder. They need to make sure that the breeder is licensed by their city and state, has a good reputation, no BBB complaints, no law suits, valid customer testimonials, a health certificate from a reputable vet and no signs of illness with their puppies. If you go to visit your prospective puppy from a breeder, be wary of the following:

  • Bad odor/unhealthy conditions in kennel
  • Breeder unwilling to allow you to see the puppy's mother and father
  • Puppies with weepy eyes and overall lethargy
  • A puppy that shows no interest in interacting with people
  • A skinny puppy
  • A limping puppy 

Better yet, there are many pure breed puppies and young adult dogs that are orphaned for one reason or another and there are plenty of pure breed rescues that you can visit to give one or more of them a forever home. National Puppy Day encourages you to always consider adoption first.

Near Miss Day


March 23rd, 1989, Apollo asteroid 4581 Asclepius passed surrounded by 700,000 km (400,000 miles) of the Earth; by way of an exact location the Earth was simply 6 hours before. Near Miss Day celebrates the day a colossal Asteroid almost missed hitting the earth. On 23rd March, 1989, an asteroid the dimension of the mountain came surrounded by 500,000 miles of clash with Earth. And in interstellar conditions, it was close to miss. It had crashes with planet and it would have departed hollow the size of Washington, D.C. And its influence on the earth would have been disastrous. In the view of fact that, there has been additional near misses.

Near misses with bulky, potentially life bullying galactic substances happens on an uncommon basis. And it is alleged a big asteroid clashed with the planet and reasons the extermination of dinosaurs. And the Scientists suppose it is simply an issue of time prior to another appalling collision with planet. But there is no need to worry. And the chances are that it will not occur for a lengthy time.

Other Asteroid Near Misses:
  • 2003 SQ222 - about 10 meters in diameter, came surrounded by 54,700 miles of planet on 27September, 2003.
  • Asteroid 2002 EM7 - about, 70 meters lengthy, this rock came surrounded by 288,000 miles in March, 2002.
We haven't constantly been that the smart currency and lucky are on our receiving wretched another time one of these days. Finally, if the planet didn’t have water, vegetation and soil, it would appear vastly like the moon, pock-marked through smashes in excess of millions of years. And the variation is that the planet has frame, not the moon is running meddling for us.

And it is speculated that each major extermination in the history of earth overlapped with asteroid crash that radically changed the existing climate patterns. And the hazard of the major crash is genuine to the tip of being predictable.

But there is no need to fuss. Spain (in company with Belgium, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, Sweden, and United Kingdom) is on the point of this. And these countries frame European Space Agency (ESA) whose purpose is drawing up and affecting the European liberty program. One feature of European liberty program is forming out how to repel an asteroid. With humility, wit, and style, the Europeans have named this assignment "Don Quixote." And if USA were developing it, we would possibly have called it "Terminator” and a "literary" reference more expected to be appreciated by us.

Standing by you requires your memoirs refreshed (and that's all it would be--a refreshing--since Saint Report readers have grounding in classics), Don Quixote (Spanish spelling of Quixote) was Spanish author Cervantes' passionate nobleman who jousted with the windmills thoughts that they were opponents. And the windmills came first. Hidalgo was his grade and Sancho Panza was his squire.

Had it collision, it would’ve produced a detonation thousands of time more commanding than the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. Therefore, we should not forget the value of projects like Arecibo Observatory inPuerto Rico, which look for the skies, keeping an eye on Near-Earth Objects (NEOs) that could retune the humanrace reverse to Stone Age in the wink of an eye.
OK Day


"OK" is the all-purpose American expression that became an all-purpose English expression that became an all-purpose expression in dozens of other languages. It can be an enthusiastic cheer (A parking spot! OK!), an unenthusiastic "meh" (How was the movie? It was…OK.), a way to draw attention to a topic shift (OK. Here's the next thing we need to do), or a number of other really useful things. It's amazing that we ever got along without it at all. But we did. Until 1839.

There may be more stories about the origin of "OK" than there are uses for it: it comes from the Haitian port "Aux Cayes," from Louisiana French au quai, from a Puerto Rican rum labeled "Aux Quais," from German alles korrekt or Ober-Kommando, from Chocktaw okeh, from Scots och aye, from Wolof waw kay, from Greek olla kalla, from Latin omnes korrecta. Other stories attribute it to bakers stamping their initials on biscuits, or shipbuilders marking wood for "outer keel," or Civil War soldiers carrying signs for "zero killed."

The truth about OK, as Allan Metcalf, the author of OK: The Improbable Story of America's Greatest Word, puts it, is that it was "born as a lame joke perpetrated by a newspaper editor in 1839." This is not just Metcalf's opinion or a half remembered story he once heard, as most OK stories are. His book is based in the thorough scholarship of Allen Walker Read, a Columbia professor who for years scoured historical sources for evidence about OK, and published his findings in a series of journal articles in 1963 to 1964.

OK, here's the story. On Saturday, March 23, 1839, the editor of the Boston Morning Post published a humorous article about a satirical organization called the "Anti-Bell Ringing Society " in which he wrote:

The "Chairman of the Committee on Charity Lecture Bells," is one of the deputation, and perhaps if he should return to Boston, via Providence, he of the Journal, and his train-band, would have his "contribution box," et ceteras, o.k.—all correct—and cause the corks to fly, like sparks, upward.

It wasn't as strange as it might seem for the author to coin OK as an abbreviation for "all correct." There was a fashion then for playful abbreviations like i.s.b.d (it shall be done), r.t.b.s (remains to be seen), and s.p. (small potatoes). They were the early ancestors of OMG, LOL, and tl;dr. A twist on the trend was to base the abbreviations on alternate spellings or misspellings, so "no go" was k.g. (know go) and "all right" was o.w. (oll write). So it wasn't so surprising for someone come up with o.k. for oll korrect. What is surprising is that it ended up sticking around for so long while the other abbreviations faded away.

OK got lucky by hitting the contentious presidential election jackpot. During the 1840 election the "oll korrect" OK merged with Martin van Buren's nickname, Old Kinderhook, when some van Buren supporters formed the O.K. Club. After the club got into a few tussles with Harrison supporters, OK got mixed up with slandering and sloganeering. It meant out of kash, out of karacter, orful katastrophe, orfully confused, all kwarrelling or any other apt phrase a pundit could come up with. It also got mixed up with the popular pastime of making fun of van Buren's predecessor, Andrew Jackson, for his poor spelling. One paper published a half-serious claim that OK originated with Jackson using it as a mark for "all correct" (ole kurrek) on papers he had inspected.

OK was the "underestimated," "refudiated," and "binders full of women" of its day, and it may have ended up with the same transitory fate if not for the fact that at the very same time, the telegraph was coming into use, and OK was there, a handy abbreviation, ready to be of service. By the 1870s it had become the standard way for telegraph operators to acknowledge receiving a transmission, and it was well on its way to becoming the greatest American word.

But, as Metcalf says, its ultimate success may have depended on "the almost universal amnesia about the true origins of OK that took place early in the twentieth century. With the source of OK forgotten, each ethnic group and tribe could claim the honor of having ushered it into being from an expression in their native language." By forgetting where OK came from, we made it belong to us all.

World Meteorological Day


World Meteorological Day is observed on 23 March every year. Commemorates the founding of the World Meteorological Organization by the WMO Convention in 1950. Marks a significant occasion for the World Meteorological Organization. Is celebrated by 188 members of the World Meteorological Organization worldwide. In 1951, the WMO was designated a specialized agency of the United Nations.

The World Meteorological Organization, as the successor of the International Meteorological Organization, created in 1873, has its fundamental mission to support the countries of the world in providing meteorological and hydrological services to protect life and property from natural disasters related to weather, climate and water, to safeguard the environment, and to contribute to sustainable development. This cannot happen without the necessary observations, research and operations that develop the understanding and knowledge of weather and climate.

Since 1961, World Meteorological Day has commemorated the coming into force on 23 March 1950 of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization and the essential contribution that National Meteorological and Hydrological Services make to the safety and well-being of society. Each year, the celebrations focus on a theme of topical interest.

The theme for this year, “Climate knowledge for climate action,” provides an opportunity to take stock of the climate knowledge built in the last decades as an essential base to support the path towards more ambitious action to address climate change and climate variability.