Saturday, March 28, 2015

Holidays and Observances for Mar 28 2015

 Barnum & Bailey Day

The Barnum & Bailey Circus (The Greatest Show on Earth)

In 1875, Dan Castello and William Cameron Coup persuaded Barnum to lend his name and financial backing to the circus they had already created in Delavan, Wisconsin. It was called "P.T. Barnum's Great Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan, and Hippodrome". The moniker "Greatest Show on Earth" was added later.

Independently of Castello and Coup, James Anthony Bailey had teamed up with James E. Cooper to create the Cooper and Bailey Circus in the 1860s. The Cooper and Bailey Circus became the chief competitor, then they started looking at "Columbia," the first baby elephant born in the United States, in March 1880 in Philadelphia, to "Babe" and "Mandarin". Barnum attempted to buy the elephant.

They eventually agreed to combine their shows on March 28, 1881. In 1882, the combined "Barnum & Bailey Circus" was successful with acts such as Jumbo, advertised as the world's largest elephant. Barnum died in 1891 and Bailey then purchased the circus from his widow. Bailey continued touring the eastern United States until he took his circus to Europe. That tour started on December 27, 1897 and lasted until 1902.

In 1884, five of the seven Ringling brothers had started a small circus. This was about the same time that Barnum & Bailey were at the peak of their popularity. Similar to dozens of small circuses that toured the Midwest and the Northeast at the time, the brothers moved their circus from town to town in small animal-drawn caravans. Their circus rapidly grew and they were soon able to move their circus by train, which allowed them to have the largest traveling amusement enterprise of that time. Bailey's European tour gave the Ringling brothers an opportunity to move their show from the Midwest to the eastern seaboard. Faced with the new competition, Bailey took his show west of the Rocky Mountains for the first time in 1905. He died the next year and the circus was sold to the Ringling Brothers.
Earth Hour

Earth Hour 2015 date is 28th March

Earth hour is a very important global event which is conducted by World Wildlife Fund. The organization World Wildlife fund is also called as World Wide Fund for Nature which is abbreviated as WWF. Earth hour is celebrated on the last Saturday of March every year.

The main concern of earth hour is to take larger level of awareness for the change of climate. In earth hour, the foremost action is taken as to turn off non-essential lights and other electrical appliances for one hour in all households and businesses. This is like offering an hour for further protection of the earth to reduce energy consumption as a whole. It is a unity towards the earth for less consumption of energy level.
  • The main focus of Earth Hour:
The main focus of earth hour is to be aware of energy level of the earth. The energy level of earth is getting decreased day by day because most of the time all sources of energy is not reused properly. Renewable energy is to develop a lot but the scientists are not getting further success in this category. Hence, people have to be educated for the usage of energy in a parsimonious way. We have to keep our energy level for longer time and this can be done when we use energy in a systematic and parsimonious way. Many a time, it has been observed that people do not know the usage of energy particularly, electricity, petrol, diesel and LPG etc and therefore if we continue the same usage for longer time, we may suffer extinct of energy from the earth. Common people have not much knowledge about it and therefore, earth hour tries to spread this education all over the world. By turning off all non-essential lights and other electrical appliances for one hour in all households and businesses worldwide gives a high level of awareness for the same.
  • Earth Hour Celebrations:
In 2007, earth hour was first commemorated by WWF in Sydney as millions of people offered the helping hand to switch off all non-essential lights for an hour. With this considerable step held in Sydney, many other countries also came out and commemorated earth hour. Most importantly, earth hour 2013 will be held on March 30th. This time will be considered every country’s specific time according to their time zone however earth hour time is commemorated in the morning hours only.
  • Importance of Earth Hour:
Celebration of earth hour is very important as the people of the world have to be educated with the consumption of energy and its impact of our daily life. We should not use energy in a lavish way because energy is being extinct every time we use. People of the world should understand the bad result of much usage of energy. We have to avoid unnecessary usage of energies. As everyone knows, ‘Prevention is better than cure’ and therefore awareness of using energy in a parsimonious way can provide a good solution for us to live in our planet for much longer time happily.

National Black Forest Cake Day

Chocolate, cherries and whipped cream, oh, my! - March 28 is National Black Forest Cake Day!

Calling this traditional German dessert a Black Forest cake, which is a cherry torte on steroids, is a lot easier than the original moniker: Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte.

The Black Forest region of southern Germany (Der Schwarzwald) is known for its sour Morello cherries and for Kirsch, or Kirschwasser, a double-distilled, clear cherry brandy made from them. It’s not surprising, then, that desserts made with both the cherries and the Kirsch are part of the regional repertoire. Its German name is Schwarzwälderkirschtorte, Black Forest Cherry Torte (torte is the German word for cake).

Black Forest Cake is a chocolate layer cake, with added layers of whipped cream and Kirsch-soaked morello cherries. The cake is then decorated with more whipped cream, morello or maraschino cherries, and chocolate curls or shavings. The cake layers are also soaked in a Kirsch syrup (although brandy or rum can be used). American recipes tend to omit the spirits to make the cake more family-friendly.

The earliest version of the recipe possibly dates back to the late 16th century when chocolate was first integrated into cakes and cookies (and was extremely expensive). The first “Black Forest Cake” was probably not a conventional cake but a dessert comprising cooked cherries, cream, Kirsch and a biscuit—similar to the original berry shortcake.

The recipe that follows on the next page, from Carlyn Berghoff of Chicago’s historic Berghoff restaurant,* cuts the overall richness by substituting the center chocolate layer with yellow cake. Morton’s doesn’t add liquor to the cake, but we’ve provided optional measurements for those who like it. We do—we think it provides authenticity for this quintessential Old World dessert. It transports us to eras past, when the thought of chocolate cake, cherries and whipped cream were the German equivalent of dancing sugarplums.

Make a slightly more streamlined version of Black Forest cake for a supreme treat that will find its way to your dreams. One thing is for sure, this is one forest you'll want to get lost in.

National Something On A Stick Day

Something on a Stick Day is observed on March 28. The holiday celebrates things on a stick like popsicles, corndogs and marshmallows. The celebration of Something on a Stick Day is really easy: 1. get a stick; 2. push something on it; 3. have fun with your creation! 

Ever since our ancestor discovered how to tame the flame, they enriched their diet with the variety of new foods. As one of the earliest recipes for preparing meat was roasting it over the flame, our ancestors discovered that the easiest way to accomplish that is to string pieces of meat on long thing pieces of wood. This invention of first skewer represented only the beginning of life for this popular eating utensil. Ease of creation, maintaining and simple use enabled it to remain one of the most popular utensils for cooking over the open flame, and was used regularly by all the civilizations and nations from the dawn of time up to today.

Tradition of using skewers was recorded in the histories of many areas. Japan has a very long history of cooking and grilling meat over charcoal, and Hawaii has a clash of many traditions of Pacific which entails roasting almost everything over the fire with skewers - from meat to fruits and pineapples.

In modern times, skewers are used in variety of ways. In addition of its traditional use, they also found their place as holders of candy and other sweet products, garnishes on cocktails, and many others types of food that are sold "on a stick" in many outdoor market/sidewalk businesses.

Small, often decorative, skewers of glass, metal, wood or bamboo known as "olive picks" are used for garnishes on cocktails and other alcoholic beverages. Many types of snack food are sold and served "on a stick" or skewer, especially at outdoor markets, fairs, and sidewalk or roadside stands.

Weed Appreciation Day

March 28th is Weed Appreciation Day, a day reserved for honoring the lowly weed.

You're thinking: Why would I celebrate weeds?

Well, there are many qualities about weeds to appreciate. For instance, some weeds have medicinal value. Others are extremely nutritious food for humans, birds and insects. Weeds are pioneers in land restoration. Some weeds have even have given mankind some very great ideas for inventions. Yes, really.

This isn't a holiday like the Fourth of July, so a fireworks celebration is out of the question. There are some small ways to honor the weeds on Weed Appreciation Day.

Whether you love them or hate them, weeds are powerful botanical pioneers, capable of restoring devastated lands that have been ravaged by nature or war. On the other hand, they are capable of taking over and destroying ecosystems.

For centuries, mankind has stomped, slashed, burned, and poisoned weeds. One of humanity's longest wars is and has been with these plants who were living peacefully on the land. Weeds have been ripped from their homes so that mankind could reclaim land for their own purposes.

This enormous foe, the weed, is so powerful that it is one of the primary reasons for the development of a 15 billion dollar pesticide industry. Even if you hate weeds, you've got to appreciate that kind of power!

When soil has been devastated by war or a catastrophic event, weeds are the first species to colonize. As mentioned earlier, these plants are powerful. They are adapted to survive these inhospitable environments.

There were some interesting projects instituted under President Franklin Roosevelt during the USA Dust Bowl era in the 1930's. Among the projects, one entailed large trenches being dug so that pioneer weeds could begin the work of restoration.

Weeds add vegetable material to the soil, shading it thereby helping it to retain moisture, also offering wind protection. The weeds, even when they die, provide a way for nutritious debris and new seeds to collect. I've watched this in the far section of my yard. The debris allows more moisture to be retained making a new environment for more new plants. Often there are several weeds growing at the base of an old dead one.

The other great things that weeds do is tell you things about the soil condition. For example, when wild mustard thrives in the soil, then phosphorus must be present. On the other hand, if Lamb's quarters are thriving, soil phosphorus may be very low. Salinity in soil is reflected by ample growth of Foxtail Barley. Some plants are nitrogen fixers, like some Clovers, improving the soil quality with their presence. Other very deep rooted plants are able to bring up nutrients from deep in the earth.

You can see from these examples, weeds can alter the environment in beneficial ways, both on cultivated farms and in natural environments.