Sunday, April 26, 2015

Holidays and Observances for Apr 26 2015

Audubon Day

John James Audubon (1785-1851) was America's foremost ornithological illustrator. After studying drawing in Paris under the French painter Jacques Louis David, Audubon struggled for many years to make a living from his art, shuttling back and forth between Europe and the United States and supplementing his income by giving drawing lessons, turning out portraits, playing the flute or violin at local dances, and at one time running a general store.

In 1820 he began a flatboat excursion down the Mississippi River to seek out new varieties of birds to paint. Eventually he had enough bird portraits to publish in book form. Birds of America, produced with the help of engraver Robert Havell, Jr., contains 435 hand-colored plates and was published in "elephant folio" format to accommodate the life-sized portrayals of birds on which Audubon insisted.

After his death in 1851, Audubon's wife Lucy returned to teaching to support herself. One of her students, George Bird Grinnell, became the editor of Forest and Stream magazine and in 1886 organized the Audubon Society for the study and protection of birds. Today there are many branches of this organization, known as the National Audubon Society, and it remains dedicated to the conservation of wildlife and natural resources. Its members honor Audubon on his birthday, April 26. In some states, Audubon Day and Arbor Day are celebrated together by planting trees in bird sanctuaries.

Hug an Australian Day

Hug An Australian Day is an annual event that was founded by Thomas and Ruth Roy of the website.

Though the origins of this event are unclear, Hug An Australian Day has quickly become popular over the last few years, and is celebrated by sending the likes of greeting cards and e-cards to Aussie friends.

Event ideas for Hug An Australian Day include listening to famous Aussie music artists, from The Seekers to Kylie all day long with a can of Foster’s or Castlemaine XXXX, or holding an Aussie movies day – beginning with ‘Crocodile Dundee‘, naturally enough.

Hug An Australian Day shouldn't just stop with just a hug for Aussies living overseas. They’re bound to be appreciative of a present that reminds them of home, like a toy koala bear or kangaroo for instance – or a DVD of great Aussie cricket moments.

If you really want to celebrate Hug An Australian Day why not plan a trip around it? It is the perfect time to travel to the land down under, especially if you have friends or relatives there that need a good hugging. It could be Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide, it doesn't matter, there’s bound to be Australians to hug wherever you choose. With the timing right before the big holiday season beginning in May, most travel sites will even be offering discounts. You can check for hotel deals in Adelaide on Expedia and similar sites, or shop around for the best flights to Sydney. Whatever it’s going to take to get you there. While you’re there you even have a guaranteed pick up line: “Do you know what today is?”

Mother, Father Deaf Day

The last Sunday in April is designated Mother Father Deaf Day. This is a day that CODAs (Children of Deaf Adults) around the world acknowledge and celebrate our deaf parents.

In a classic "Peanuts" comic strip, one of the characters asks an adult relative, "We have mother's day, father's day...when do we have children's day?" The wise adult relative responds, "Every day is children's day."

What about deaf parents and their hearing children? For years deaf parents have raised hearing children, a task made easier all the time by modern technology. Joanne Greenberg's classic novel "In this Sign" paints a picture of a deaf couple and their hearing children in the thirties. Deaf parents and hearing children have been the subjects of movies such as "Beyond Silence."

Hearing children of deaf parents also play a major role in the carrying on of deaf culture. It is they who often become interpreters or teachers of the deaf, for instance. While technology has reduced deaf parents' dependence on hearing children, hearing children can still help their deaf parents out in certain situations.

Deaf parents are a special type of mother and father. So in 1994, the organization Children of Deaf Adults decided to designate one day each year for hearing children (young and old) everywhere to honor their deaf parents: Mother, Father Deaf Day, held each year on the last Sunday in April. The day is usually marked with events such as picnics.

National Help A Horse Day

Horses are extremely intelligent, sensitive animals and true American icons. They have been central to the ASPCA’s work since our founding 148 years ago, when Henry Bergh stopped a cart driver from beating his horse, resulting in the first successful arrest for the mistreatment of a horse on April 26, 1866. Today, the ASPCA continues to assist domesticated and wild horses through legislation, advocacy, rescue and targeted grants.

Thousands of horses, donkeys, mules and other equine find themselves homeless each year through no fault of their own. Hundreds of rescues, many of them all-volunteer groups, toil long hours every day of the year to care for these at-risk animals. On Help a Horse Day 2014, help us shine a light on their exemplary work and lend a hand!

April 26, please join us in celebrating our nation’s horses by supporting the ASPCA and your local horse rescue in the fight to end equine cruelty and neglect.

Here’s how you can help:
  1. Consider making a donation to the ASPCA. The ASPCA Equine Fund supports the work of selfless horse rescues and sanctuaries nationwide.
  2. Locate a participating group near you and join in their Help a Horse Day celebration. Check below for an event near you!
  3. Can’t find an event near you? Search for a horse rescue or equine welfare group near you and send a donation or an item off their wish list.
The ASPCA Equine Fund is running a Help a Horse Day Celebration Contest and will award $10,000 grants to the top five equine organizations whose events inspire the most community engagement and support.

Please help us spread the word and let equine welfare groups how grateful you are for the work they do as a safety net for the nation’s at-risk horses.

National Kids and Pets Day

National Kids and Pets Day has been going strong since 2005, this very special day was set up by Colleen Paige who is a mother and pet lover herself. There are lots of great reasons for a child to have a pet companion - the biggest reason being that a child who is shown how to be compassionate towards pets as a child is very likely to carry that compassion on into adulthood, in both their behaviour towards animals and people.

It is also claimed that children with learning disabilities can improve their skills by reading to an animal - and that pets can help shyer children grow more confident.

Growing up, I had a cat from the age of five until I was 16. She was so good-natured, and although other members of the family cared for her, she really was my cat! We were very close and I'll always treasure the memories I had with her!

Coleen talks about how animals 'innocently' pull on tails or ears. I can vouch for this one - as a very young child I thought it would be fun to pull my cat's tail - she soon told me in no uncertain terms (with a swift scratch) that it wasn't on! Most of the time animals who lash out are generally affectionate and not aggressive, so teaching children not to do these things is very important. To follow Colleen's tips on on bringing a baby home, go to the National Kids and Pets Day website. She can tell you all about how cats and dogs temperaments and reactions might vary - and how to deal with it!

The main point of this day is to encourage you to adopt a pet. There are millions of extremely cute and loving animals out there, just waiting to be part of your family unit! As long as you and your family are ready, you could be safe in the knowledge that you are giving an animal in need a great home.

National Pet Parent's Day

Whether you have cats, dogs, pot-bellied pigs, horses, ferrets or bunnies, there's a special day of the year dedicated to the millions of caring people who make pets a part of their lives. National Pet Parent’s Day is an annual event observed on the last Sunday in April. This year, the event will be celebrated on April 27, 2014.

National Pet Parent's Day - Launched in 2008 by the folks at Veterinary Pet Insurance (VPI), the “nation’s oldest and largest provider of pet health insurance,” the yearly “howliday” recognizes and honors people who love and care for critters of all shapes and sizes.

For many humans, pets are not just dogs or cats – they are valued members of the family. Animals not only provide unconditional love and companionship, some provide special assistance and support to people in need. Whether your pet has two legs, four legs or no legs at all, it’s hard to imagine life without them!

Please Help Save a Life - But due to the current economic conditions, many animal shelters have seen an increase in the number of pets being surrendered. Please consider adopting from your local shelter or Humane Society and give an abandoned, neglected, abused or unloved pet a forever home – before it’s too late.

While pets add tremendous joy to our lives, they can also take a lot of time. For you who do the doo-doo, this day is for you! Happy National Pet Parent’s Day!

National Pretzel Day

It’s National Pretzel Day! Centuries ago, Catholic monks created the first pretzels from scraps of leftover dough. The unique knot shape represented the Holy Trinity, but the significance of this symbol has evolved over the course of history. During the 17th century, pretzels symbolized the bond of marriage. This is where the phrase “tying the knot” originated! Today, traditional soft pretzels are popular at sporting events, carnivals, and festivals.

There are numerous accounts on the origin of pretzels, as well as the origin of the name; most agree that they have Christian backgrounds and were invented by German monks. According to The History of Science and Technology, by Bryan Bunch and Alexander Hellemans, in 610 AD " Italian monk invents pretzels as a reward to children who learn their prayers. He calls the strips of baked dough, folded to resemble arms crossing the chest, 'pretiola' ("little rewards")". Another source locates the invention in a monastery in southern France. The looped pretzel may also be related to a Greek ring bread, derived from communion bread used in monasteries a thousand years ago. In Germany there are stories that pretzels were the invention of desperate bakers held hostage by local Dignatories.  Meyers Konversations-Lexikon from 1905 suspects the origin of pretzels in a ban of heathen baking traditions, such as in the form of a sun cross, at the Synod of Estinnes in the year 743. The pretzel may have emerged as a substitute. The German name "Brezel" may derive also from Latin bracellus (a medieval term for "bracelet"), or bracchiola ("little arms").

The pretzel has been in use as an emblem of bakers and formerly their guilds in southern German areas since at least the 12th century. A 12th-century illustration in the Hortus deliciarum from the southwest German Alsace region (today France) may contain the earliest depiction of a pretzel.

Within the Catholic Church, pretzels were regarded as having religious significance for both ingredients and shape. Pretzels made with a simple recipe using only flour and water could be eaten during Lent, when Christians were forbidden to eat eggs, lard, or dairy products such as milk and butter. As time passed, pretzels became associated with both Lent and Easter. Pretzels were hidden on Easter morning just as eggs are hidden today, and are particularly associated with Lent, fasting, and prayers before Easter.

Like the holes in the hubs of round Swedish flat bread (which let them be hung on strings), the loops in pretzels may have served a practical purpose: bakers could hang them on sticks, for instance, projecting upwards from a central column, as shown in a painting by Job Berckheyde (1630–93) from around 1681.

To celebrate National Pretzel Day, pick up a bag of your favorite type of pretzels to enjoy today!

National Richter Scale Day

Richter Scale Day is celebrated on April 26th of each year.

The Richter magnitude scale (often shortened to Richter scale) was developed to assign a single number to quantify the energy released during an earthquake.

The scale is a base-10 logarithmic scale. The magnitude is defined as the logarithm of the ratio of the amplitude of waves measured by a seismograph to an arbitrary small amplitude. An earthquake that measures 5.0 on the Richter scale has a shaking amplitude 10 times larger than one that measures 4.0, and corresponds to a 31.6 times larger release of energy.

Since the mid-20th century, the use of the Richter magnitude scale has largely been supplanted by the moment magnitude scale in many countries. However, the Richter scale is still widely used in Russia and other CIS countries. Also worth noting is that earthquake measurements under the moment magnitude scale in the United States—3.5 and up, on the MMS scale—are still usually erroneously referred to as being measured under the Richter scale in the general public, as well as the media, due to the familiarity with earthquakes being measured by the Richter scale instead of the MMS scale.

National Prescription Drug Take Back Day

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and participating local law enforcement are coordinating a nationwide drug "take-back" day on April 26th from 10 am to 2 pm. This one-day event will provide residents with no cost anonymous collection of unwanted and expired medicines.

Click here to find a DEA collection site near you.

It's a great time to clean out your medicine cabinet! Protect our kids, families and environment by properly disposing of your unwanted and expired medicines. Medicines in the home are a leading cause of accidental poisoning and flushed or trashed medicines can end up polluting our waters. Rates of prescription drug abuse are alarmingly high - over half of teens abusing medicines get them from a family member or friend, including the home medicine cabinet, and often without their knowledge.

What if I miss this event, what I can do? For the safety of our kids, families and environment, some communities, pharmacies, and law enforcement are paying for temporary ongoing take-back programs to help you properly dispose of unwanted and expired medicines in your homes until a permanent statewide program is in place. Click here to find a temporary ongoing take-back program.

Experts agree: Take-back programs are the first choice. Law enforcement, public health, and environmental professionals stand united in support of take-back programs, such as the DEA’s take-back event on Saturday, April 26th, as the safest and most responsible way to dispose of unwanted and expired medicines to protect your family and to protect our waters.

Although needed, events like this aren’t a permanent solution. The DEA’s National Pharmaceutical Take-Back Day is a great one-time opportunity, but it provides only a band-aid solution to an ongoing need. Year-round programs are required to ensure families in Washington have ongoing access to safe disposal of unwanted and expired medicines.

Funding to provide a permanent solution is still needed. A dedicated and adequate source of funding is needed to provide our communities with a secure and environmentally sound option for disposal of leftover medicines. Our over-stretched local law enforcement and local government budgets cannot absorb the costs of providing a permanent take-back system.

World Immunization Day

Immunization day is dedicated to make the people aware about different vaccines effective in different diseases. Measles, mumps, tuberculosis are some diseases which attack the child in his childhood and parents don’t know what happens to them. Therefore in this day different immunization programs are established in order to create awareness among people about diseases, their causes, vaccines their effects and proper recovery methods. In this program number of activities happen:
  • Groups of members and society members come together to give the guidelines related to immunization.
  • People come to know about new vaccine availability, its benefits.
  • People bring their children for detailed check-up and give vaccine and polio as required.
  • Staff members and nurses maintain the immunization record and provide them when needed.
  • Number of immunization session are organised so that awareness can spread worldwide.
What is immunization? Immunization is a shield that protects children, young person and elderly person from different diseases. Though there is pollution particle spread all over the places containing different infection, we cannot protect our self from getting into the body but all we can do is to increase our body resistance so that our body become strong enough to fight with these diseases. Different injections and vaccines increase the body immunity that reacts with diseases. There are different type of diseases like measles, mumps, influenza, hepatitis which can create complication in body and sometimes results to death. Therefore immunization is given to protect the children and an adult from diseases. This is given in the form of injection or through mouth. When it is given through injection it is termed as vaccination and when given through mouth it is termed as polio.

Some of the vaccination described below which can protect children from diseases:
  • Tuberculosis - It is a disease causes mainly by bacteria affecting the main organ that is lungs. When a person inhale the air having this infected bacteria, he gets infected with TB.Earlier people were mainly suffered with this disease because there was no proper vaccine available. The BCG vaccine has been made for fighting with this infectious disease.
  • Measles - it is caused by virus causing small pox all over the body. It is a complicated disease the MMR vaccine is made for this disease. Therefore proper vaccination should be done, as it is said that prevention is better than cure.
  • Mumps - It is also infectious disease caused by virus. The vaccine is given in the form of two doses: MMR.
  • Influenza - This is viral contagious disease effecting the lungs and air pipes. It spreads when it comes in contact with person suffering with it. This flu attacks the person as the body does not have enough resistance to fight with disease. Therefore FLU SHOT vaccine is given to protect the body from infectious disease and another to increase the immunity or resistance to safeguard the body from this disease.
  • Polio - This is a drop given in mouth to fight with the disease causing paralysis. This is a viral infectious disease. It spread in unhealthy, dirty, crowded places mainly developing countries. Hence in India every month polio boots and camps are established to eradicate this disease.
Different organisation like WHO, UNICEF are also working on the topic of immunization spreading knowledge and awareness about different diseases.

World Intellectual Property Day

World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26 April. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to "raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life" and "to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe". April 26th was chosen as the date for World Intellectual Property Day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.

Following a statement made at the Assembly of the Member States of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in September 1998, the Director General of the National Algerian Institute for Industrial Property (INAPI) proposed on 7 April 1999 the institutionalisation of an international day for intellectual property, with the aim of
"[setting up] a framework for broader mobilization and awareness, [opening up] access to the promotional aspect of innovation and [recognizing] the achievements of promoters of intellectual property throughout the world."
On 9 August 1999, the Chinese delegation to the WIPO proposed the adoption of the "World Intellectual Property Day"
"in order to further promote the awareness of intellectual property protection, expand the influence of intellectual property protection across the world, urge countries to publicize and popularize intellectual property protection laws and regulations, enhance the public legal awareness of intellectual property rights, encourage invention-innovation activities in various countries and strengthen international exchange in the intellectual property field".
In October 1999, the General Assembly of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) approved the idea of declaring a particular day as a World Intellectual Property Day.

World Pinhole Photography Day

World Pinhole Photography day was created to celebrate the art of pinhole photography. In an age of ever growing digital photography, Pinhole photography day celebrate the humble pinhole camera. Whether you own or make your very own make sure that share you photos.

A pinhole camera is a simple camera without a lens and with a single small aperture, a pinhole – effectively a light-proof box with a small hole in one side. Light from a scene passes through this single point and projects an inverted image on the opposite side of the box.

It is completely dark on all the other sides of the box including the side where the point is created. This part is usually painted black, but black boxes are also used for this purpose. There is also a thin screen which looks like a projector sheet, and is put in between the dark side adjacent to the pinhole.

Up to a certain point, the smaller the hole, the sharper the image, but the dimmer the projected image. Optimally, the size of the aperture should be 1/100 or less of the distance between it and the projected image.

Because a pinhole camera requires a lengthy exposure, its shutter may be manually operated, as with a flap made of light-proof material to cover and uncover the pinhole. Typical exposures range from 5 seconds to several hours.

A common use of the pinhole camera is to capture the movement of the sun over a long period of time. This type of photography is called solargraphy.

The image may be projected onto a translucent screen for real-time viewing (popular for observing solar eclipses; see also camera obscura), or can expose photographic film or a charge coupled device (CCD). Pinhole cameras with CCDs are often used for surveillance because they are difficult to detect.

Pinhole devices provide safety for the eyes when viewing solar eclipses because the event is observed indirectly, the diminished intensity of the pinhole image being harmless compared with the full glare of the Sun itself.

World Pinhole Day is held on the last Sunday of April.