Thursday, May 28, 2015

Holidays and Observances for May 28 2015

Amnesty International Day

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 3 million members and supporters around the world. The objective of the organisation is “to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated.”

Amnesty International was founded in London in 1961, following the publication of the article “The Forgotten Prisoners” in The Observer 28 May 1961, by the lawyer Peter Benenson. Amnesty draws attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards. It works to mobilize public opinion to put pressure on governments that let abuse take place. The organisation was awarded the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize for its “campaign against torture,” and the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights in 1978.

In the field of international human rights organisations, Amnesty has the longest history and broadest name recognition, and “is believed by many to set standards for the movement as a whole.”

International Day of Action for Women's Health

Every Year the 28th Day of May is observed as the International Day of Action on Women's Health throughout the world. The 1987 meeting of the Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR) at Costa Rica, decided that May 28 will be observed every year as the day focusing on the action to be taken to improve Women's health. Every year WGNRR raise a call for action to protect women's health and takes steps towards improving the conditions for betterment of the health.

 Human life may be at its most comfortable state today than it was a few years ago, the new technologies and the discovery of novel medicines has led to the improvement of life and the steep decrease in death rate. But today a number of other diseases have increased its victims mostly the diseases like AIDS and other sexually transmitted ones. The comfort of living and the improved hospital may be a very positive one but do you know that there are still places on the earth where the basic medical treatment and the proper health care are not easily accessed, a number of people are dying from diseases like flu, TB and Jaundice and pregnancy complication which is easily treatable and curable in today's world.

Women especially are losing their life and health due to the little care given during pregnancy and child birth, babies are many times still born or handicapped as the mother was not given proper care, adequate nutrient and the right medicine when she was expecting. Sometimes mother's life is also put at risk leading to her death of very much complicated delivery.

Besides the inadequate health care offered in the place, the sexual inequalities also makes the women less accessible to the medication and health care. Most of the time, her health care is not given adequate importance as she herself is not considered as an important part of the society. And most of the time she doesn't or couldn't raise the voice for the health care and medication she need. 

The International Day of Action on Women's Health is a day to call for action towards the improvisation of women's health. The main focus of the International Day of Action on Women's Health and the WGNRR lies on protecting the sexual and reproductive health of women. The WGNRR works for the right of women to have 'safe sex' when she wants and the right to decide on when she want to get pregnant with a child and the right to go forward with a legal abortion.

The day mostly deals with the reproductive health because pregnancy related health issues and death in women are far more in number than we imagine. The death and complication of pregnancy is more in the underdeveloped and the developing countries and it is estimated that every year about 600,000 women around the world are killed due to these issues.

The day also calls for the women to have a right to protect herself from sexually transmitted diseases like AIDS by practicing safe sex. It is believed that a large percentage of women does not have their say in sex and are not able to express their desire for a protected sex, the day also raises voice against this issue as the safer sex practice can reduce the AIDS cases significantly. ‘One of the most powerful HIV vaccines today is women’s empowerment ... it is the key to reversing the epidemic.’---UNIFEM.

National brisket day

Cue the celebration - May 28 is National Brisket Day.

There’s something synonymous about summer and barbecue. Now that the weather is warming across most of the country, so is the charcoal.

An often overlooked piece of meat to conquer is the brisket. It’s big and can be quite intimidating, but with a little know-how and some basic technique, you'll be making competition-grade brisket in no time.

Brisket is a cut from the front of the animal, between the shank and chuck. This part does a lot of heavy lifting, so there’s a good bit of connective tissue. The tissue's toughness is one of the main reasons that it’s often recommended to cook a brisket low and slow – that is over low heat for a long time. This helps break down all that connective tissue leaving a tender piece of meat.

Another feature of brisket is what’s called the fat cap. This is a layer of fat over the top of one side of the meat that helps prevent the brisket from drying out during the cooking process. There are different theories as to whether you should cook the brisket with the fat cap facing up or down. Both have pros and cons and the decision can be left up to preference.

Where you live in the U.S. might determine the style in which you cook your brisket. Some regions prefer just a rub, some would rather brine or marinate the cut, and some do both.

Rubs are a spice blend that are massaged into the meat before cooking. Most contain any combination of salt, garlic powder, brown sugar, chili powder, cumin and black pepper, but a rub can really be tailored to your liking.

Marinades are typically acidic to help tenderize the meat. Worcestershire sauce, soy sauce and liquid smoke are popular choices.

There are a few ways to cook brisket, and you don’t need a fancy smoker to get the job done well. You can cook a brisket in the oven or even on the grill. The key really is low and slow - and basting. Basting a brisket with either more marinade or simply the juices from the meat itself helps create a tender brisket with a nice caramelized exterior.

Oh, and one of the best part about cooking a brisket – burnt ends. When you lay your brisket out to be cooked, you’ll see one side is squared off and the other forms a point. This point is where burnt ends come from. This side of the meat usually takes longer to cook because it’s more marbled with connective tissue. When your brisket is done, cut a bit of the point off and throw it back onto your heat source. You’ll end up with nuggets of concentrated flavor that are great to munch on while you wait for the brisket to rest.

National Hamburger Day

Eagle-eyed readers may note that we already celebrated National Cheeseburger Day in September, National Hamburger Day waaaayyyy back in December and others raise high the burger flag on May 28th. However, while there's a fleck of red tape residue on the process, there's not exactly a federal regulatory agency for food holidays, so we'll go with it as an excuse to get beefy.

The hamburger was invented many greasy, cheesy, meaty decades ago, but exactly when and by whom a matter of hot dispute. Time Magazine's Josh Ozersky asserts in his 2008 book, "The Hamburger: A History" that the modern day incarnation of the formed patty between two halves of a bun is "an American invention" with endless regional variations like the Connecticut steamed cheeseburger, Mississippi slugburger or Oklahoma onion burger.

Various inventors have laid claim to that innovation, from Charles "Hamburger Charlie" Nagreen, a vendor at the Seymour Fair in Wisconsin in 1885 and Fletcher Davis in Athens, Texas in the 1880s, to Frank and Robert Menches at the Erie Agricultural Fair in Hamburg, New York in 1885 (they also take credit for the invention of the ice cream cone at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904), or possibly Louis Lassen at Louis' Lunch in New Haven, Connecticut in 1900.

While it took some American ingenuity to slap meat on some bread and render it a hand held sandwich, the concept of the patty itself was brought to the United States by German immigrants who had become fans of the Hamburg Steak. This cheap, chopped or roughly ground beef was mixed with fillers like breadcrumbs, suet and onions, bound with eggs and seasoned with nutmeg. The meat, often salted and smoked for preservation, was brought over to the United States by immigrants on the Hamburg America Line and became a popular menu item on New York City restaurants that catered to German sailors and European immigrants, hungry for the flavors of home.

Sierra Club Day

The Sierra Club is one of the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organizations in the United States. It was founded on May 28, 1892, in San Francisco, California, by the Scottish-born American conservationist and preservationist John Muir, who became its first president.

Traditionally associated with the progressive movement, the club was one of the first large-scale environmental conservation organizations in the world, and currently engages in lobbying politicians to promote green policies. In recent years, the club has gravitated towards green politics and especially towards bright green environmentalism. Recent focuses of the club include green energy and preventing climate change, although traditional concerns such as the preservation of public lands and mitigating pollution remain policy priorities.

In addition to political advocacy, the Sierra Club organizes many outdoor recreation activities, and is a notable organization for mountaineering and rock climbing in the United States, having pioneered the Yosemite Decimal System of climbing. The Sierra Club does not set standards for alpinism, but it frequently organizes wilderness courses, hikes, rock climbs, and alpine expeditions for members.

The Sierra Club has hundreds of thousands of members in chapters located throughout the United States. It is affiliated with Sierra Club Canada.

Slugs Return From Capistrano Day

This silly holiday is a parody of the holiday called “Swallows Return to Capistrano.” Swallows Day is supposed to be a lovely day in March when flocks of cliff swallows arrive at the beautiful Mission San Juan Capistrano and begin to build their springtime nests. For years people have had a parade and festival to welcome back the sparrows, and they traditionally ring the mission bells as well. Unfortunately, there have been very few or no swallows anywhere near Capistrano, recently. And I don't mean few or no swallows on Swallows Day; I mean few or no swallows anywhere near Capistrano at all, ever.

Still, from what I can tell, Swallows Day goes on, with or without the swallows!

Today's “holiday,” Slugs Day, warns people all over the nation that the slugs are returning from their winter headquarters in Capistrano—but of course, that's a great big lie! Slugs do not migrate each year, and they certainly don't overwinter in Capistrano!

Still, it might be fun to have a Slugs Day today. Try out the slugs links and games at Wart Games. And here are some experiments about slugs and caffeine.  (You should know that most gardeners consider slugs and snails huge problems, major pests. They want to learn about them so they can repel or even destroy them!) Finally, here are some groan-worthy jokes about snails and slugs.

World Hunger Day

World Hunger Day is observed on May 28th organized by Britain´s the Hunger Project UK.

It is estimated that most of the malnourished people living in developing countries constitutes to 98% of the world's population. It is a known fact that 870 million people do not have enough food to eat. Even today, 90% majority of deaths occurs only because of hunger and poverty related illness.  It is not area specific and is happening in other parts of the world as well not as a result of famine or from the high profile emergency crises but because of the persistent hunger that exists in the developing world particularly in Africa, South Asia and Latin America.  

world hunger day is about raising awareness of the hunger and poverty related issues. The idea behind this day is to inspire people in both the developed and developing countries to show their harmony and support to end hunger and poverty.

Every year on World Hunger Day, the achievements of millions of people who are trying to end their hunger and poverty is observed and celebrated. By empowering people in meeting their basic needs and to lead lives of self-reliance could result in building better futures for their children.

 Every individual who seek to end hunger and poverty can get involved in the World Hunger Day through understanding the challenges, use the talent they possess and offer your support in planning fundraising event or spread the word as global citizens for the needy ones.

Though we can’t eradicate the world hunger and poverty instantly but one can support the organizations established to develop effective, bottom-up strategies to end hunger and poverty. Join your hands to empower people to end their hunger.