Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Holidays and Observances for June 10 2015

Abused Women and Children's Awareness Day


June 10th is Abused Women and Children’s Awareness Day. One of every two families in the United States is involved in domestic violence at some time reports the Domestic Violence official website. Domestic violence is a repetitive pattern in people’s lives. Victims or witnesses of domestic violence in childhood are mostly likely to repeat such acts as adults.
   
In order to eradicate Domestic Violence—Abuse against women and children we must understand what the symptoms of victims being abused are.

Domestic violence is defined as abuse committed against members of the same family, a spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, a person with whom the offender has had a child, or is having or has had a dating or engagement relationship regardless of sexual orientation or between children and elderly parents.

Domestic violence may begin with angry words, a shove, or a slap, and may escalate into a pattern of assaultive controlling behaviors including physical, sexual, and psychological attacks against the victim, children, property, and/or pets.

Criminal domestic violence behaviors include hitting, choking, kicking, assault with a weapon, shoving, scratching, biting, rape, unwanted sexual touching, forcing sex with a third party, or violation of a valid Restraining Order. Degrading comments, interrogating family members, suicide threats/attempts, controlling victim’s time and activities, although not criminal, are also considered domestic violence behaviors.

Some acts of domestic violence even include sexual assault. A sexual assault may be by a stranger or a person known to the victim, including a husband, boyfriend, ex-husband, or ex-boyfriend. Sexual assault is a crime. Victims should notify the police immediately.

The Bureau of Justice Statistics’ reveals that this pattern of control and abuse increases in frequency and severity over time. It is estimated that one-fourth of all homicides in this country occurs within the family and one-half of these are husband-wife killings. Studies have shown that arrest, jail, probation, and Restraining Orders deter many abusers from physically abusing their partners.

Disturbing facts: Did you know…….
  • A woman is beaten every 15 seconds.
  • Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women between ages 15 and 44 in the United States.
  • Battered women are more likely to suffer miscarriages and to give birth to babies with low birth weights.
  • Sixty-three percent of the young men between the ages of 11 and 20 who are serving time for homicide have killed their mother’s abuser.
Domestic Violence Hotline:

800-978-3600

National Domestic Violence Hotline:

800-799-SAFE (7233)
TDD 800-787-3224

Over the course of this month we will answer your questions regarding Abused Women and Children’s Awareness Day which will include information and resources that may help those abused, including the abuser.

Alcoholics Anonymous Founders' Day


On June 10, 1935, Bill Wilson and his friend Dr. Robert Smith set out to find the best way to reform alcoholics, and Alcoholics Anonymous was born.

Bill Wilson, a stockbroker from New York, had success battling his alcoholism with the help of the Oxford Group, a national organization founded by Lutheran minister Dr. Frank Buchman that promoted waiting for divine guidance in every aspect of life. He attempted to help other alcoholics, but none of them were able to become sober.

In June 1935, during a business trip in Akron, Ohio, Wilson felt the temptation to drink. Using a church directory, he was able to reach a local Oxford Group member, Henrietta Buckler Seiberling, who put Wilson in contact with Dr. Bob Smith, an alcoholic who had recently joined the Oxford Group. 

Wilson explained how he was able to become sober, which had a profound impression on Smith. They developed an approach to remaining sober through the personal support of other alcoholics. Seiberling insisted on emphasizing religion, even if it made certain alcoholics less likely to join.

“Well, we’re not out to please the alcoholics,” she reasoned. “They have been pleasing themselves all these years. We are out to please God. … God is your only source of Power.”

On June 10, outside an Akron hospital, Smith drank a beer to steady his hands for surgery; it would be the last drink he ever had.

Both men began devoting their free time to reforming other alcoholics at Akron’s City Hospital, and were able to help one man achieve sobriety. “Though the name Alcoholics Anonymous had not yet been coined, these three men actually made up the nucleus of the first A.A. group,” according to the Alcoholics Anonymous Web site.

In 1935, a second group of alcoholics formed in New York followed by a third group in Cleveland in 1939. Through the group, Wilson “emphasized that alcoholism was a malady of mind, emotions and body,” according to A.A.

In 1939, the group published its textbook, “Alcoholics Anonymous.” Written by Wilson, the book explained the group’s philosophy, including the now well-known 12 steps of recovery. 

Alcoholics Anonymous continued to grow, spreading across the United States and Canada. According to the A.A. Web site, by 1950, there were 100,000 recovered alcoholics worldwide. Also in 1950, A.A. held its first international convention in Cleveland.

A.A.’s Growth and Message
A.A. is a fellowship, although it does not affiliate with one particular religious domination. In a pamphlet titled “This Is A.A.,” the group is outlined and defined. “We are united by our common problem, alcohol,” according to the pamphlet. “Meeting and talking and helping other alcoholics together, we are somehow able to stay sober and to lose the compulsion to drink, once a dominant force in our lives.” 

The June 10 Founders’ Day is celebrated yearly in Akron; 2011 marks the 76th anniversary of A.A.

Biography: Bill Wilson
Wilson grew up in Vermont, the son of a hard-drinking father. His parents both abandoned him when he was 10, leaving him with his maternal grandparents. 

Wilson drank first as a soldier and then as a businessman, “to alleviate his depressions and to celebrate his Wall Street success.” By 1933, he and his wife were living with her parents in Brooklyn, N.Y., and Wilson’s drinking had made him unemployable. 

Getting sober was the first stop in turning his life around. Helping fellow alcoholic Smith was the second step, and paved the way for the founding of Alcoholics Anonymous. According to Time magazine, “As Alcoholics Anonymous grew, Wilson became its principal symbol.” Throughout his life with the group, “he clung to the principles and the power of anonymity,” and declined Time’s offer to put him on the magazine’s cover—“even with his back turned.” 

Wilson, a longtime smoker, died in 1971 of pneumonia and emphysema in Miami, where he had traveled for treatment.

Ball Point Pen Day


June 10th,1943, Brothers László and Georg Bíró, Hungarian refugees living in Argentina, patent the ballpoint pen. A half-century-old idea is coming to commercial fruition.

Lewis Waterman’s invention of a practical fountain pen, patented in 1884, had already solved the problem of portability. You no longer had to carry around an inkwell to be able to write when and where you wanted. But the ink still took a while to dry and was subject to running and smudging.

American banker John L. Loud patented a ballpoint pen in 1888. It used a ball-and-socket to deliver sticky, quick-drying ink. Too sticky: The ink was so coarse, it didn’t really work well on paper. (Which is to say, it was a good idea on paper, except literally.) It did find industrial uses for writing on leather and cloth.

László Bíró was a Hungarian journalist who saw an idea in the quick-drying inks newspapers use. His brother Georg, a chemist, helped him with technical aspects. They used a tiny — and precisely ground — ball bearing to serve two functions. It distributed ink evenly from the cartridge to the paper for writing, and it held the rest of the ink inside the cartridge.

The Bíró brothers made progress on improving the ballpoint — to the point, so to speak, that it could write as smoothly as a fountain pen. But the situation in their homeland was deteriorating. When World War II started, they fled from Budapest to Paris, then to Madrid and finally to Buenos Aires, Argentina.

There, they applied for a patent and sought financial backing. One of their contacts, an English accountant named Harry Martin, realized that the ballpoint solved a problem faced by Britain’s Royal Air Force: Conventional pens were unsuitable for writing aircraft logs, because they leaked, were too sensitive to changes in atmospheric pressure, and wouldn’t let you write on a vertical or overhead surface.

Martin eventually flew to Washington and London, convincing both the U.S. Air Force and the RAF to adopt the new technology. By the time the Allies won the war, the ballpoint shared the luster of victory.

When the pens went into commercial production in 1945, they were a sensation. In the United States, the Reynolds Pen sold for $12.50 (about $150 in today’s money). Yet people swarmed a New York department store to buy 8,000 of them on the first day of sale.

What? People lining up to be the first to buy new technology? Where have we heard that before? You mean, it happened in the old days, too?

Some of the earliest versions of commercial ballpoints leaked and smudged, but manufacturers eventually worked the bugs out. What? A technology brought to market before it’s quite ready? How could that be?

Today, the ballpoint is what most people mean when they say just pen. And in much of the world, the generic name for a ballpoint pen is biro. In Argentina, by the way, it’s a Birome.

National Black Cow Day


Moooove over National Iced Tea Day, June 10 is also National Black Cow Day! While celebrating the 4-legged, bovine-variety is fine-and-dandy, today really celebrates the refreshing beverage made with ice cream and soda. While visions of poodle skirts, soda jerks, roller skates, drive-in diners and soda fountains may come to mind, Black Cows – a popular drink of days gone by, are still enjoyed today.

Black Cows have been served up since the late 1890s. While some credit Robert M. Green as the actual “inventor” of the delicious drink, Cripple Creek Brewing owner, Frank J. Wisner, is often credited as the father of the Black Cow. Legend has it while peering out the window at the snow-capped peak of Cow Mountain, Wisner combined a scoop of creamy vanilla ice cream with Myers Avenue Red root beer. And later, instead of using root beer, he used cola and the Black Cow Mountain drink was born. Children shortened the name to Black Cow and the rest, as they say, is history.

Black Cows are simple to make. Some people choose to use vanilla ice cream and root beer while others prefer the rich combination of chocolate ice cream and root beer. You can also combine other soda flavors with ice cream or add an extra splash of something stronger to the ice-cold drink. Just serve in a tall glass and enjoy. And don’t forget the straw!

National Herb and Spice Day


Spice up your life! Today June 10 is National Herbs and Spices Day.

While herbs and spices are often talked about synonymously, they're quite the opposite. Herbs - think thyme, rosemary and sage - are typically the leaves of herbaceous plants, whereas spices are the roots, flowers, fruits, seeds or bark of plants. They're also usually dried.

Before learning about the history of herbs and spices, it is necessary to define these terms. Herbs are the fresh and dried leaves generally of temperate plants and are usually green in color. In Pennsylvania, we live in a temperate climate characterized by summers and winters of similar length. Spices are the flowers, fruit, seeds, bark, and roots typically of tropical plants and range from brown to black to red in color. In general, spices have a more pungent flavor than herbs. It is possible for one plant to provide an herb and a spice. For example, for the plant Coriandrum sativum, the leaves are used as the herb cilantro while the seed is used as the spice coriander.

Spice Trade
The Ebers Papyrus is an Egyptian scroll listing plants used as medicines, which dates back to about 1550 B.C. Some spices listed are anise, mustard, saffron, cinnamon, and cassia. Cinnamon and cassia are native to southeastern Asia and China, not Egypt. The scroll serves as evidence that the spice trade was in existence at least 3,500 years ago.

Starting around 950 B.C., Arab merchants caravanned by donkeys and camels through India, China, and southeastern Asia on the Incense Route to provide valuable spices to the Greeks. When Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 80 B.C., he established Alexandria as a port used in the spice trade for centuries. Early Romans expanded the use of spices in foods, medicines, and indulgent items such as lotions and perfumes. During these times, large amounts of gold and silver were traded for spices. After the first century, Rome established a direct trade with India via the Red Sea, and effectively broke the Arab monopoly on the spice trade.

Romans then introduced spices throughout Europe, where they became very popular. When the Goths, a tribe living on the Danube River in Europe, overtook Rome in 410, they demanded and received gold, silver, silks, other valuables, and 3,000 pounds of pepper as ransom to spare Roman lives. Trade between Europe and eastern Asia nearly disappeared for 400 years after the fall of Rome in 476, but was later revived in part due to the publishing of Marco Polo’s memoirs in the late 13th century. In his memoirs, Polo described his travels to the Orient and the spices grown there. Europeans then began searching for water routes to the Orient.

Beginning around the 14th century, ocean exploration advanced, and sea routes from Europe to eastern Asia were discovered. In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World while searching for a shorter water route to find black pepper and cinnamon. From 1519 to 1522, Spain discovered a water route to the Spice Islands (the Moluccas, near Indonesia) where cloves, nutmeg, mace, and pepper were produced. Those who controlled the spice trade got rich, as prices were very high. By the early 1800s, spice plantations were established in other locations around the world ending the spice trade cartel forever. The United States entered the spice trade, as it now exists, in the late 1800s and is the largest spice importer and consumer in the world. From 1990 to 1994, an average of 530 million pounds valued at $372 million were imported into the United States.

Herbal History
The use of plants as herbs has been important to all cultures since long before history was recorded. Hundreds of tribal cultures have used wild and cultivated herbs for medicinal and food purposes for thousands of years. Herbs are mentioned in Genesis, the first chapter of the Bible, and throughout its text. As civilizations developed so did the knowledge for the use of herbs.

The study of herbs is well-documented. Evidence of early herb gardens dates to Europe in the Middle Ages. Egyptian schools of herbalists have existed since 3000 B.C. Scholars were interested in herbs medicine, cosmetics, cooking, history, and folklore. Most herbs are symbolic. For example, borage (Borago officinalis) was given to those who needed courage, while rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) was given to others for remembrance. In the past, herbs were only available during the warm months of the growing season, and at other times consumers had to purchase dried herbs. Today, the business of producing fresh herbs for consumption has become one of the fastest growing industries in agriculture. The United States produces about 200 billion pounds of herbs and spices per year.

Storing your herbs and spices properly keeps them fresh longer. Spices are best kept in airtight containers in a dark cupboard, and whole spices have a longer shelf life. Buying whole spices gives you the option of toasting and grinding only the amount you need for each dish. It also allows you to create unique spice blends for grilling and rubs.

Herbs are best kept on the plant for as long as possible. Most herbs are small enough to grow in pots on a kitchen counter or window sill so long as they get enough sun and water.

Both herbs and spices can add varying degrees of flavor. Herbs can brighten up a dish that simmers for a long time, like a tomato sauce or stew, while spices can add heat and richness to a dish that cooks relatively quickly like a crusted protein.

National Iced Tea Day


Although iced tea is a popular refresher throughout the year but it becomes more prevalent in the months of May and June. Some countries celebrate the National Iced Tea Day on 10th of June.

National Iced Tea Day is undoubtedly a favorite summer cooler of Americans, also because tea is good for health. National Iced Tea Day is cool and thirst-quenching, and universally enjoyed thought out America and other countries. The entire month of June is indulged in celebration and revitalization.

During the Annual National Iced Tea Month, In month of June Americans are encouraged to drink healthful glass of iced tea every day. People, simultaneously enjoy the picnic with cold tea in baskets and the pool is preferred for fun and revitalizing during the season along with iced tea.
Some facts
  • National Iced Tea Day is also a well known fact that tea has some medicinal advantages too.
  • National Iced Tea Day helps in preventing heart diseases, cancers and tumors.
  • National Iced Tea Day has been found very helpful in sore throats and colds, with addition of ginger and honey.
  • National Iced Tea Day has a soothing and relaxing effect on the mind.
  • Modern researches have concluded that one can drink and enjoy tea as there is no research to prove that it is harmful.
  • Moreover, it has a great taste.
  • National Iced Tea Day was in 1904, a tea plantation owner, Richard Blechynden set up a stall to sell hot tea at the St. Louis World Fair.
  • But a large number of visitors demanded cold tea instead of hot.
  • They needed something cold.
  • He added ice to the tea and served it cold. It was an liked and became a popular coolant since that day.
  • National Iced Tea Day was the first known use of iced tea.
  • There are some national chains of restaurants in America where you can get a iced tea served in different flavor.
  • There are many different ways to prepare ice tea. It can be enjoyed plain, with lemon or can be sweeten with sugar.
  • Tea has naturally occurring compounds called phyto-chemicals.
  • National Iced Tea Day helps the body in fighting diseases like certain cancers and heart problems.
  • National Iced Tea Day protects heart, by maintaining healthy blood cholesterol levels and body, by a healthy immune system.
  • Both black and green tea contains phyto-chemicals called flavonoids.
  • These have effective antioxidant properties as compared to many fruits and vegetables.
  • Antioxidants are able to neutralize free radicals, which plays a vital role in the treatment of chronic diseased such as various cancers and heart disease.
  • Tea contains good amount of fluoride. Drinking tea helps in maintaining healthy tooth enamel.
  • Drinking tea also helps in maintaining fluid balance. It is vital for normal body metabolism.
  • All of us have some positive effect of fluids from beverages, fruits and vegetables.