Sunday, June 14, 2015

Holidays and Observances for June 14 2015

Army's Birthday

Two hundred thirty-nine years ago, our nation's leaders established the Continental Army. As the strategic land power of the joint force, the Army is called upon to Prevent, Shape, and Win against our adversaries.

We celebrate 239 Years of Our Profession. As the Army continues to demonstrate its competence, its commitment, and its character in defense of our nation. Our Soldiers possess a lifelong commitment to our values. America's Army professionals conduct themselves consistently with the Army ethic; worthy of our profession. An Army professional strives to adhere to five essential characteristics of trust, military expertise, honorable service, esprit de corps, and stewardship.

America’s Army was founded on June 14, 1775. Under the new Constitution enacted in 1789, it became a military department of the federal government, a hierarchical bureaucratic institution. Many decades later, by the early 1900s, generations of foresighted Army leaders slowly transformed the Army into the modern professional entity of which we are members today.

The first cohort professionalized by today’s standards was the officer corps. It developed a codified body of expert military knowledge in land warfare doctrine, instituted formal programs of career-long military education, and cultivated a unique military culture grounded in the Army Ethic of honorable service to the Nation. Because of these and other such advancements listed above, bonds of trust between the Army and the American people began to grow.

For many years, some believed that only officers were professionals. But in the aftermath of Vietnam, while rebuilding the hollow Army of the 1970s, such status was extended through professional development to warrant officers, non-commissioned officers, and Army Civilians as their vital contributions and value to the profession gained recognition.

The Army as an institution has a dual character. It is both a governmental occupation within a military department organized as a hierarchical bureaucracy and, more recently, recognized collectively as a military profession. These two aspects of the institution—bureaucracy and profession—have very different characteristics, ethics, and ways of behaving. Both aspects are necessary within the variety of organizations and functions within the Army, but overall the challenge is to keep the predominant culture and climate of the Army as that of a military profession.

Family History Day

Although Family History Month comes in October, here’s a chance to jumpstart your family tree project today, June 14 – Family History Day.

What a great day to talk about family history with our families. The summer season is full of reunions, graduations, weddings and other family sharing opportunities.

Here are some ideas:
  • If you are just beginning to track your family history, make sure to interview your parents and grandparents, aunts and uncles. If your children are old enough, have them draw a family tree.
  • What about your family’s traditional recipes? Ask your relatives for their favorites and put them into a cookbook to distribute to everyone. What about a family dinner where the menu offers these traditional dishes?
  • Did you inherit a box of family papers or photos, but haven’t yet opened it? Today’s the day to check out those treasures.
  • Of course, it’s also a great day to start a family site at, or add to it.
  • While facts are what genealogists deal with, family stories – even if they cannot be proven – are also important. While you may not be able to prove the events in that story, make sure to record it somewhere, so someone else can research it.
  • Talk to your children today and share those family stories, look at photographs together, discuss where your family came from, where they immigrated to and where relatives live today around the world. The stories can be funny, embarrassing, sad or even tragic. Make sure to tailor the events to the child’s age.
  • Have you ever thought of making a family time capsule? Ask each family member to write about an event of the past year, add personal items and newspaper stories. Seal the box and mark it with an opening date of a few years down the road.
  • Maybe this is the time to start a family blog, to write about what’s been going on in the family, or let relatives know what you’ve discovered in your research. Ask relatives to share family stories.
  • Show the younger generations where their relatives live – mark the locations on a map and track their immigration routes.
  • Have you received family heirlooms from past generations? Tell your children about them, who owned it, when it was made, what it was used for. Bring the past into the present.
  • If your children are more mature, you might take them to the cemetery to visit ancestors’ graves.
Do you remember what encouraged you to start compiling a family tree? What relative or event ignited and kindled that spark of curiosity? Has MyHeritage provided you with any Smart Matches that have helped you make a family history breakthrough?

Flag Day

On 14th June, it is known to be the National Flag Day of United States. The entire week of 14th June is famous as National Flag Week.

The National Flag of United States was being adopted on that day, thus, it is celebrated as the National Flag Day. Adoption of Flag on that day took place in the year 1777 during the time of resolution taken on Second Continental Congress.

During 1916, President Woodrow Wilson established this day as an official National Flag Day.Then again during 1949, Act of congress re-established National Flag Day on 14th June. Though Flag Day is neither a federal; holiday nor one can declare it as an official leave. But during 1937 on 14th June, Pennsylvania was the first and foremost states of U.S. who celebrated Flag Day as a state holiday.

Every year, Flag Day parade is held at Troy in New York which is known as the largest Flag Day celebration of the Nation.

Various others parts of the nation celebrate Flag Day celebrate Flag Day in many ways. Especially, Framingham in Massachusetts also celebrates Flag Day by arranging parade to give honor to the National Flag.

In United State, official statute of Flag Day is 36 U.S.C. § 110.

Different organization or famous personality recognized Flag Day in different time by explaining it with their own logic. George Morris from Hat ford, Conn. had cited this day as the adaptation for National Flag of America on 14th June in the year 1777. Wherever, the entire city of Harford has cited this day on 1861 with the celebration in a patriotic manner where all the resident of there prayed preservation of the Union and the success of federal Arms.

But those facts did not get the chance to become tradition.Then Bernard J. Cigrand who was the school teacher of Waubeka in Wisconsin, declared Flag Day in the year 1885 in a Stony Hill School of Waubeka. William T. Kerr who is from Collier Township of Pennsylvania established the American Flag Day Association of Western Pennsylvania in the year 1988. During 14th June 1907, Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks also celebrated Flag Day.

Bernard J. Cigrand is famous as the “Father of Flag Day”. It was published in Chicago Tribune that “almost single handedly he established this day as a holiday.

During the week of 14th June every year it is declared as Flag Week, when all U.S. citizens fly a flag of the Nation during this entire week by the proclamation urged by the president. Second Sunday of the June is celebrated as the National Flag Day Foundation. During this celebration, first National Flag is hoisted, then national anthem is sung and later parade takes place.

National Bourbon Day

Celebrate America's "Native Spirit" on National Bourbon Day - June 14

There is something about bourbon that’s captured our global attention. In North America sales have soared and in the U.S., where bourbon originates, one of the nation’s most popular whiskey makers reversed a decision to water down its recipe in an effort to meet worldwide demand.

Some say the rise in bourbon sales is due to the growth of small batch and single barrel bourbon in the 1990s, while others say it has to do with the resurgence in popularity of hard-liquor swilling characters and settings on television shows such as Mad Men and Boardwalk Empire. Whatever the reason, you’ll want to raise a glass of the sweetened amber spirit June 14 as we celebrate the splendor of this great whiskey on National Bourbon Day!

Bourbon’s roots are tied to the migration of settlers west from the original colonies, in the 18th and 19th centuries. They included Scots-Irish descendants of the men who invented Scotch and Irish whiskies, but they also included other English, Welsh, German, and French settlers.

There is no single person or family credited with inventing bourbon. Elijah Craig, a Baptist preacher and distiller, sometimes gets attributed with the creation of the spirit, but that’s doubtful.

The Bourbon name comes from Bourbon County, a large Kentucky district founded after the American Revolution. This county was ripe for crops and corn especially. According to Charles K. Cowdery, by the time Bourbon County was formed in 1785, there were dozens if not hundreds of small farmer-distillers making whiskey throughout the region. In those days, with few roads and even fewer local markets for farm products, the only practical way for farmers to sell their corn crop was by first distilling it into whiskey. If they did not have a still, they found a neighbor who did and traded some percentage of the output in payment for the distilling services.

Along with Kentucky's other main export product, hemp, surplus whiskey was loaded onto flatboats and shipped via the Ohio River to New Orleans for sale. The barrels were stamped with the words Old Bourbon, what residents commonly called Bourbon County, and the name stuck.

Certain political, social and cultural events helped shape the development of this liquor. Prohibition, which took place from 1920 to 1933, made life difficult for American whiskey makers. During World War II, bourbon distilleries were retrofitted to make fuel alcohol and penicillin. Since penicillin is a by-product of fermentation, bourbon distilleries were a natural choice to make it in large quantities.

In the late 1800s, there were hundreds of distilleries in Kentucky. Now, ten major whiskey makers produce hundreds of brands, including many of the top-priced single-barrel, small-batch, and cask-strength variations.

Lyndon B. Johnson gave bourbon his presidential stamp in 1964 when he signed an Act of Congress that designated bourbon as “The Official Spirit of America.

National Strawberry Shortcake Day

National Strawberry Shortcake Day is a food holiday celebrated on June 14.1 It is not a recognized national holiday or special event endorsed by an organization, a corporation, or government.

Strawberry shortcake is a dessert consisting of strawberries sandwiched between two pieces (or more) of a crumbly, crisp, sweet biscuit or cookie, known as shortcake. Whipped cream is added as a topping. Sometimes the strawberries are served on top of the shortcake, and often sugary syrup or juice is added to the strawberries.

Depending on the recipe, sometimes the shortcake has a texture closer to a buttery scone or a softer cookie pastry. Generally, though, shortcake is synonymous with a crumbly, crisp texture due to a rich butter and sugar content, with little moisture. In recent times, there has been a tendency for soft sponge cakes or pound cakes topped with strawberries and cream to sometimes be inaccurately called strawberry shortcake.

Strawberry shortcake has been known for hundreds of years, and was mentioned in one of Shakespeare's plays.

The origin of National Strawberry Shortcake Day is unknown, and it is not known how long it has existed.

No reputable link can be made between grower's associations and this food holiday. There are, however, officially recognized days, months, and special events for strawberries, some of which are endorsed by strawberry industry associations and agriculture organizations. Associations such as the Produce for Better Health Foundation endorse and promote National Strawberry Month in May.

National Strawberry Shortcake Day is most likely one of the many food holidays that originated online, with daily food blogs and novelty holiday lists. Like most food holidays, it is generally only celebrated by some Americans who enjoy featuring special foods on food holidays.

National Strawberry Shortcake Day can be celebrated in any way that allows you to feature the dessert, or enjoy sharing it with someone else. A simple way to celebrate the day is to make the dessert at home, using fresh ingredients and fresh strawberries.

Strawberry shortcake would do very well as a refreshing daytime treat, or served as an after-dinner dessert, to celebrate its holiday. It has often been served in the United States in celebration of Independence Day on July 4. This is probably because the red color of the strawberries and the white of the cream serve as the red and white of the American flag. For the blue in the flag, the strawberry shortcake is often served on blue dishes, or sometimes blueberries are added to the dish.

Pop Goes The Weasel Day

June 14 celebrates Pop Goes the Weasel Day.  On this day people dig back into their memories, to the nursery rhymes they learned as children and celebrate the day singing “Pop Goes the Weasel”.

The origins of this nursery rhyme are believed to date back to the 1700′s.

The original version went as such:
Half a pound of tuppenny rice,Half a pound of treacle.That’s the way the money goes,Pop! goes the weasel.Up and down the City road,In and out the Eagle,That’s the way the money goes,Pop! goes the weasel.   
In the second verse, it is believed that “The Eagle” refers to The Eagle free hold pub at the corner of Shepherdess Walk and City Road.  The Eagle was an old pub in City Road London.  In 1825 it was rebuilt into a music hall, demolished in 1901 and rebuilt as a public house.   Today, this public house bears a plaque with this interpretation of “Pop Goes the Weasel” and the history of the pub.

An alternative version:
A penny for a spool of thread,A penny for a needle.That’s the way the money goes,Pop! goes the weasel.
This version is interpreted as the “weasel” being a shuttle or bobbin, as used by silk weavers, being pawned in a similar was as the suits or jackets owned by the Cockneys.

There are many different versions to this nursery rhyme and they are all fun, with the same “catchy” tune, so today, sing away……….. POP! GOES THE WEASEL!!

World Blood Donor Day

The most precious gift that we humans can give each other is the donation of blood, a gift that can save lives and give a new lease of life to many persons in need. The World Health Organization in league with international blood donor agencies recognizes and in appreciation of blood donors, who are voluntary and unpaid, celebrates the World Blood Donor Day on June 14th every year.  This day also marks the birthday of Karl Landsteiner, who discovered the ABO blood group system and was awarded the Nobel Prize for it.  The day also focuses on the importance of donating blood, motivating more people to donate blood and the need to clear misconceptions about blood donations. The day also emphasizes the need for blood especially in developing countries where there are fewer than 10 donations per thousand people and the need for blood is high. 

The need for safe blood cannot be over stressed.  Every day critical medical emergencies, trauma cases, accidents, require blood transfusions.  Women with complications during pregnancy, severely anemic women and children, cancer patients, persons suffering from sickle-cell anemia, thalassemia, and hemophilia require blood transfusions.

Every year across different countries and regions many activities and events are organized to celebrate the day. Right from football matches to free concerts and from mobile blood donation clinics to monumental decorations.

WHO and its partners are motivating many communities all across the globe to join the World Blood Donor Day 2011 campaign. The campaign says “Paint the world red” and the message is conveyed through lighting or covering monuments, symbolic coloring popular landmarks and buildings in red, forming a “human blood drop” in public places or by organizing programs in an artistic or musical way with a red colored theme.

The campaign of the World Blood Donor day focuses on ‘Young Donors’ with a fresh slogan ‘New blood for the World’. The launch of the World Blood Donor Day will take place in Barcelona, Spain. The 2010 campaign for blood donation targets the young in all its activities and celebrations, hoping that the new generation of motivated, non remunerated donors will create a bank of safe blood that will help save lives whenever necessary.  The campaign believes that young donors will form a long term commitment and help improve a country’s safety and requirements of blood supply. Even young people who for some reason cannot donate blood can work as volunteers to advocate blood donations. The events that take place during the World Blood Donor Day range from cultural activities, sporting events, media and campaign partnerships, educational activities, thanking donors and an award of ‘Donor of the Year’. In the year 2010 initiatives like the ‘Young Ambassadors’ programs, Club 25, media campaigns focusing on the younger generation  and  related youth programs are on the anvil.