International Widows' Day
Absent in statistics, unnoticed by researchers, neglected by national and local authorities and mostly overlooked by civil society organizations – the situation of widows is, in effect, invisible.
Yet abuse of widows and their children constitutes one of the most serious violations of human rights and obstacles to development today. Millions of the world’s widows endure extreme poverty, ostracism, violence, homelessness, ill health and discrimination in law and custom.
To give special recognition to the situation of widows of all ages and across regions and cultures, the United Nations General Assembly declared 23 June 2011 as the first-ever International Widows’ Day, to be celebrated annually.
Once widowed, women in many countries often confront a denial of inheritance and land rights, degrading and life-threatening mourning and burial rites and other forms of widow abuse.
Widows are often evicted from their homes and physically abused – some even killed – even by members of their own family. In many countries, a woman’s social status is inextricably linked to her husband’s, so that when her husband dies, a woman no longer has a place in society. To regain social status, widows are expected to marry one of their husband’s male relatives, sometimes unwillingly. For many, the loss of a husband is only the first trauma in a long-term ordeal.
In many countries, widowhood is stigmatized and seen as a source of shame. Widows are thought to be cursed in some cultures and are even associated with witchcraft. Such misconceptions can lead to widows being ostracized, abused and worse. Research by HelpAge International, for instance, has found that in Tanzania hundreds of older women – mostly widows – have been killed because of accusations of being witches.
The children of widows are often affected, both emotionally and economically. Widowed mothers, now supporting their families alone, are forced to withdraw children from school and to rely on their labor. Moreover, the daughters of widows may suffer multiple deprivations, increasing their vulnerability to abuse.
Such cruelties are often seen as justified in terms of cultural or religious practice. Impunity for abuses of the rights of widows is rife, with few perpetrators ever successfully brought to justice. Even in countries where legal protection is more inclusive, widows can suffer social marginalization.
Across a wide spectrum of countries, religions and ethnic groups, a woman is left destitute when her husband dies. Poverty is often made worse by little or no access to credit or other economic resources, and by illiteracy or lack of education. Without education and training, widows cannot support themselves or their families.
Many widows in traditional societies have no rights, or very limited rights, to inheritance or land ownership under customary and religious law. Without inheritance rights, including a lack of rights to the property of their birth family, widows find themselves financially insecure and totally dependent on the charity of their husbands’ relatives.
In India, where widowhood constitutes a low status social institution as well as a personal condition, thousands of widows are disowned by relatives and made homeless, forcing many women to seek informal work as domestic laborers or turn to begging or prostitution.
Widows in developed countries may also face particular difficulties, ranging from loss of insurance coverage to difficulties in accessing credit to becoming solely responsible for childcare. In some cases, widows can become liable for the debts of a deceased spouse.
Violence against women is one of the most widespread violations of human rights, affecting women of all backgrounds, ages, cultures and countries. Widows are no exception and may in fact be at particularly high risk of violence.
In many countries, but particularly across Africa and Asia, widows find themselves the victims of physical and mental violence – including sexual abuse – related to inheritance, land and property disputes. With no rights to ownership of her husband’s property, a widow may be subject to abuse and cast out of her home altogether. In Africa, widow abuse cuts across ethnic, class and income boundaries, rendering widows among the most vulnerable and destitute women in the region.
Widows are coerced into participating in harmful, degrading and even life-threatening traditional practices as part of burial and mourning rites.In a number of countries, for example, widows are forced to drink the water that their husbands’ corpses have been washed in. Mourning rites may also involve sexual relations with male relatives, shaving of the hair and scarification.
Poor nutrition, inadequate shelter and vulnerability to violence, combined with a lack of access to health care, can impact the physical and mental well-being of widows. The sexual and reproductive health needs of widows may go unaddressed, including the fact that widows are often the victims of rape.
Widows are particularly vulnerable in the context of HIV and AIDS. Women may be kept unaware of the cause of their husband’s AIDS-related death and made to undergo ritual cleansing through sex with male relatives regardless of HIV status. The economic insecurity stemming from widowhood also drives some women and girls to sex work.
Vast numbers of women are widowed due to armed conflict. In some parts of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, for instance, it is reported that around 50 per cent of women are widows, while there are an estimated three million widows in Iraq and over 70,000 in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Widows struggle to care for themselves and their children in their own countries, refugee camps or countries of asylum. In several post-conflict situations, high numbers of children depend on widowed mothers – often young women, sometimes children themselves – as their sole support. Widowed grandmothers are also left caring for orphaned and sick grandchildren.
Prior to being widowed during conflict, many women see their husbands tortured, mutilated or suffering other cruel and inhuman treatment. Widows may themselves be subject to conflict-related violence – including sexual violence as a tactic of war – with violence against women during or after armed conflicts reported in every international or non-international war-zone. Having been raped and mutilated, many widows are infected with HIV during conflict.
Widows in countries coming out of conflict are vulnerable to ongoing abuse and often experience further violence and discrimination in the post-conflict period. Mistreatment of widows can have a negative impact on investments in peace and security, feeding the cycle of poverty, breeding unrest and insecurity, and ultimately challenging democracy and sustainable security.
A dearth of reliable hard data remains one of the major obstacles to developing the policies and programmes to address the poverty, violence and discrimination suffered by widows. There is a need for more research and statistics disaggregated by marital status, sex and age, in order to help reveal the incidence of widow abuse and illustrate the situation of widows.
Furthermore, Governments should take action to uphold their commitments to ensure the rights of widows as enshrined in international law, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Even when national laws exist to protect the rights of widows, weaknesses in the judicial systems of many States compromise how widows’ rights are defended in practice and should be addressed. Lack of awareness and discrimination by judicial officials can cause widows to avoid turning to the justice system to seek reparations.
Programs and policies for ending violence against widows and their children, poverty alleviation, education and other support to widows of all ages also need to be undertaken, including in the context of action plans to accelerate achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
In post-conflict situations, widows should be brought in to participate fully in peace building and reconciliation processes to ensure that they contribute to sustainable peace and security.
Empowering widows through access to adequate healthcare, education, decent work, full participation in decision-making and public life, and lives free of violence and abuse, would give them a chance to build a secure life after bereavement. Importantly, creating opportunities for widows can also help to protect their children and avoid the cycle of inter-generational poverty and deprivation.
International Widows Day is an opportunity for action towards achieving full rights and recognition for widows – too long invisible, uncounted and ignored.
International Olympic Day
Olympic is known to be one of the most popular sports events in the world. 23rd June is popular as the International Olympic Day.
Baron Pierre de Coubertin first initiated this game on 23rd June in the year 1894. Baron Pierre de Coubertin was a famous pedagogue from France. He was highly convinced by the moral of the sports and value of it. Thus, he started replenishing the essence of the Olympic game. He then established a committee for giving the responsibility of arranging Olympic event. He is also famous for his Olympic movement.
The first Olympic game was appeared at Athens in the year 1896. Then officially National Olympic Committee was established. After that, this game took an international shape and running strong till today.
International Olympic Day Initiation
International Olympic Day was firstly celebrated on 23rd June 1948. During the time of 42nd International Olympic session at St Moritz of Switzerland in the year 1948, the International Olympic Committee firstly declared 23rd June as the “International Olympic Day”
National Olympic Committees, shortly NOCs for the last twenty years have arranged this event of sport with the celebration by Olympic Day run. This run includes participants from all over the globe. NOC after and before of 23rd June arranges various activities with the worldwide supporting partner of Olympic, McDonald’s, in order to make this event more playful worldwide.
Those activities include:
- Different kinds of indoor and outdoor games
- Educational events
- Cultural activities.
One individual website is made by National Olympic Committee of Canada. This website helps to collect the vote given by the user for the best moment of Olympic from Canada. Again, National Olympic Committee from China has an arrangement of over three thousand people from all age groups taking part in 1.5km fun-run in the Beijing. Beijing is the host city of Olympic Games 2008.
Let It Go Day
Negative thoughts or feelings holding you back? June 23rd is the day to take charge and LET IT GO!
Sometimes we hold on to feelings, thoughts or ideas about a person, incident or event to the point that it becomes disruptive to our sense of well-being. We can clutch on to these thoughts, ideas or feelings so tightly that if they were actually material objects we would leave claw marks in them if they were pried out of our grip. Holding on to feelings of anger or resentment can cause us to feel just as distressed as holding on to feelings of regret or distrust. Over time these feelings become poisonous to the soul. They can affect our relationships with our friends, co-workers, family members and others we come into contact with throughout the day.
It may seem nearly impossible to let go of certain feelings and, if fear is involved, it can be even harder. The first step to letting go of painful thoughts or feelings or letting go of the outcome of a certain event is to make a conscious decision: Choose to let go of it. Start by letting go of it for 5 minutes. Once you have made the decision, take an action step to focus your mind on something else. Call a friend, take a walk, say a prayer. Each time you feel your grip tightening around the issue you are trying to let go of make the decision again to let it go for another stretch of time.
Sometimes it helps to talk to someone you trust. Sometimes just sharing about the struggle can take some of the power away from it. Try to challenge irrational thoughts that may make it hard to let go of the issue. Become aware of how you feel when you are letting go of the issue. Do you feel more peaceful or relaxed? Can you get through your day in a more enjoyable way when you are letting go of things from the past or upcoming events that you cannot control? If you do, it will help to remind yourself if you begin to ‘take it back’.
We cannot change the past and we cannot control the future, so learning how to let go of things can free up a lot of time in the present, where our effectiveness as humans takes place.
National Pecan Sandies Day
National Pecan Sandies Day is an American food holiday which falls on June 23.
National Pecan Sandies Day is not an official holiday with a recorded pronouncement by an organization or by government. However, it does appear on food holiday lists and unofficial holiday lists. It is occasionally referred to in promotions and events by organizations and retailers.
Pecan sandies are a type of cookie made from flour, brown sugar, butter, pecans, and sometimes additional ingredients. Recipes for pecan sandies are generally egg-free. The texture of pecan sandies is similar to shortbread, although perhaps a little softer. Many recipes recommend chilling the dough in the refrigerator before shaping and baking.
The origin of pecan sandies is thought to be the sweet treats found in medieval Arab cuisine. It is thought that many similar sweet cookies in European and Western cuisine may have evolved from sugar-rich baked goods from the Middle East.
Specifically, pecan sandies probably came from a variation of sugar cookies, which are descended from a very old style of baked cookies called Jumbles. The name sandies is thought to come from the sand-like color of the finished product.
The origin of National Pecan Sandies Day is not clear. The food holiday most likely originates with a retailer of a related product, a pecan grower or pecan growers association, or a food writer looking to fill spaces in food holiday lists or blog posts.
National Pecan Sandies Day is probably only celebrated by those who enjoy this food and are looking for an idea for a treat to cook or to write about.
One of the most obvious ways to celebrate this food holiday is to bake pecan sandies with family or friends, using one of the many simple recipes that are readily available. Recipes for pecan sandies are known to be one of the simplest and easiest baking recipes in existence, and they are very suitable for baking with children.
Those who bake pecan sandies rather than buying them prepared claim that the difference in taste is well worth the effort.
As part of celebrating National Pecan Sandies day, you might also enjoy finding out more about the pecan nut. Some may be surprised by the nutritional features of many nuts, including pecans, when used in a balanced way in a healthy diet. Some of the reported nutritional benefits of pecans include their antioxidant content, and potential for lowering bad cholesterol.
National Pink Day
National Pink Day is celebrated on June 23. Take care, that all your clothing and accessories are pink on this day! National Pink Day is especially a day for the ladies, because pink is a girl's favorite color. Pink is any of the colors between bluish red (purple) and red, of medium to high brightness and of low to moderate saturation.
The association of pink with girls dates to the modern era, probably developing at different times in different countries. The foremost student of the role of color in children's fashion, Jo Paoletti, found that "By the 1950's, pink was strongly associated with femininity" but to an extent that was "neither rigid nor universal" as it later became. Some date the origin of the association of pink with girls in the United States to the 1910's or 1920's. Many have noted the contrary association of pink with boys in 20th-century America.
One study by two neuroscientists in Current Biology examined color preferences across cultures and found significant differences between male and female responses. Both groups favored blues over other hues, but women had more favorable responses to the reddish-purple range of the spectrum and men had more favorable responses to the greenish-yellow end of the spectrum.
Pink Flamingo Day
Pink Flamingo Day was declared in 2007 by Dean Mazzaralla, the mayor of Leominster, MA to honour the work of Don Featherstone, creator of the plastic lawn flamingo.
Show your love for pink flamingos on Pink Flamingo Day! Decorate your front yard on June 23 each year with pink plastic flamingos in celebration. A minimum of four flamingos is required to have a decent size flock.
The iconic pink plastic flamingo lawn ornament was created in 1957 by Don Featherstone for Union Products. Don won the 1996 Ig Nobel Art Prize for this sculpture. The inherent kitsch of the pink flamingo sculpture won it an instant place in pop culture as it began to decorate lawns across the country.
Unfortunately by the late 1960s, lawn flamingos had been degraded to a tacky kitschy lawn ornament, and were banished from lawns across America. It was a dark time for the iconic lawn flamingo.
Some few lawn flamingo habitats remained until the rights to the molds were purchased by HMC International. Pink lawn flamingos once again began production in 2007, and have once again began to migrate across American lawns.
Public Service Day
The United Nations’ Public Service Day is held on June 23 each year. It recognizes that democracy and successful governance are built on the foundation of a competent civil service. The day aims to celebrate the value and virtue of service to the community.
The United Nations (UN) holds a Public Service Awards ceremony each year. It rewards the creative achievements and contributions of public service institutions worldwide. This event promotes the role, professionalism and visibility of public service. At the same time, Africa Public Service Day is celebrated in Africa to coincide with the United Nations Public Service Day.
Many public service organizations and departments around the world celebrate this day by holding various events to recognize the valuable role that public servants play in making improvements in society. Activities include: information days featuring stalls and booths about the public service; organized lunches with guest speakers; internal awards ceremonies within public service agencies or departments; and special announcements to honor public servants.
On December 20, 2002, the United Nations General Assembly designated June 23 of each year as United Nations Public Service Day (resolution 57/277). It encouraged member states to organize special events on that day to highlight the contribution of public service in the development process.
This day was created to: celebrate the value and virtue of public service to the community; highlight the contribution of public service in the development process; recognize the work of public servants; and encourage young people to pursue careers in the public sector.
The United Nations Public Administration Network (UNPAN) uses a special logo for Public Service Day. It features two columns, one on the left side and one on the right side, and in between are a pair of hands outlined in orange in a flame-like manner. These hands surround three blue human figures. The figure in the middle depicts a woman and the two other figures, one on each side of the woman, are male. The word “Public”, which joins the two columns, is written above the heads of the figures, which are standing on or supported by the word “Service” in capital letters, which joins the two columns. A smaller version of UNPAN’s main logo is located above the word “Public”.
UNPAN’s main logo, in blue and white, is similar to the logo on the UN flag. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, enclosed by olive branches. The olive branches are a symbol for peace, and the world map represents all the people of the world.
June 23, 1868 U.S. Patent No. 79,265 is issued for a type-writing machine. Surely, we have now reached the pinnacle of human communication.
Christopher Latham Sholes’ machine was not the first typewriter. It wasn’t even the first typewriter to receive a patent. But it was the first typewriter to have actual practical value for the individual, so it became the first machine to be mass-produced.
With the help of two partners, Sholes, a printer-publisher from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, perfected his typewriter in 1867. After receiving his patent, Sholes licensed it to Remington & Sons, the famous gunmaker. The first commercial typewriter, the Remington Model 1, hit the shelves in 1873.
The idea was based on the principle of Gutenberg’s movable-type printing press, arguably the most important invention in the history of mass communications. As with the printing press, ink was applied to paper using pressure. While the typewriter couldn’t make multiple copies of an entire page, it simplified — and democratized — the typesetting process for a single copy with a system of reusable keys that inked the paper by striking a ribbon.
Within a couple of decades of the first Remington typewriter, big-press operations would begin using a modified, more sophisticated keyboard system, known as Linotype, for their typesetting needs. That little tweak helped make the mass production of newspapers possible.
The notion of devising a machine for the individual writer had been around long before Sholes arrived on the scene. The first typewriter patent known to have been issued went to an Englishman, Henry Mill, in 1714. His typewriter, if that’s what it was, apparently didn’t resemble the modern machine at all. Alas, no example of Mill’s machine exists, and the blueprints — if there were any — have been lost, too.
An American, William Burt, patented a “typographer machine” in 1829, but it was cumbersome to use and ultimately didn’t go anywhere, either. Sholes’ patent was the decisive one.
You’ll find the fingerprints of Thomas Edison, whose name seems to appear on practically everything invented during the latter part of the 19th century, on the typewriter, too. Edison is credited with building the first electric typewriter, in 1872. The idea was not popular. In fact, electric typewriters didn’t come into widespread use until the 1950s.
Christopher Sholes‘ other great contribution to mass communications? He developed the QWERTY keyboard in the 1870s to minimize the rapidly moving typebars getting tangled with one another. That need is long gone, but it’s likely the same keyboard arrangement on which you are, even now, preparing to type your snarky comment on this blog.