Sunday, June 7, 2015

Holidays and Observances for June 7 2015

Daniel Boone Day


Daniel Boone is one of the most widely known American frontiersmen. Boone’s fame stems from his exploits during the exploration and settlement of Kentucky. He first arrived in the future state in 1767 and spent the better part of the next 30 years exploring and settling the lands of Kentucky, including carving out the Wilderness Road and building the settlement station of Boonesboro.

Daniel Boone (1734-1820) is the most widely known of American frontiersmen. Daniel Boone is the most widely known of American frontiersmen. He served as the model for James Fenimore Cooper’s Leatherstocking, and his adventures inspired incidents in hundreds of works of fiction. Even Lord Byron mentioned him in Don Juan. Without Boone the history of Kentucky would have been much different.

Boone was born near Reading, in Berks County, Pennsylvania, the son of hard-working but adventurous Quaker parents. He learned some blacksmithing but had very little formal education. Daniel appears to have been a scrappy lad who loved hunting, the wilderness, and independence. When his parents left Pennsylvania in 1750 bound for the Yadkin valley of northwest North Carolina, Daniel went along willingly.

There, on the cutting edge of the frontier, he was able to indulge his hunting prowess and love of the wilderness. In the following years he served as a wagoner with Gen. Edward Braddock’s ill-fated expedition to Fort Duquesne in 1755; married a neighbor’s daughter, Rebecca Bryan, in 1756; and in 1758 is believed to have been a wagoner with Gen. John Forbes who was hacking out the road to Fort Duquesne, which he rebuilt as Fort Pitt (now Pittsburgh). Back in North Carolina, Daniel purchased land from his father but never seriously engaged in farming; he loved to roam. In 1763 he and his brother Squire journeyed to Florida, although for unknown reasons they did not stay.

Boone’s fame rests primarily upon his exploration and settlement of Kentucky. He was first in eastern Kentucky in 1767, but his expedition of 1769-1771 is more widely known. With a small party Boone advanced along the Warrior’s Path into an Edenic region. When the time came for the party to return he remained behind in the wilderness until March 1771. On the way home, he and his brother were robbed by Indians of their deerskins and pelts, but the two remained exuberant over the land known as “Kentuck.”

So much did Daniel love that “dark and bloody ground” that he tried to return in 1773, taking forty settlers with him, but the Indians drove them back. The next year he went again into the region carrying a warning of Indian troubles to Governor John Murray Dunmore’s surveyors. Even as Judge Richard Henderson was concluding the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (March 1775) by which much of Kentucky was sold to his Transylvania Company, Boone was hacking out the Wilderness Road. As soon as he reached his destination, he began building Boonesboro, one of several stations (forts) under construction at that time.

For the next four years—through 1778—Boone, a captain in the militia, was busy defending the settlements. His leadership helped save the three remaining Kentucky stations, Boonesboro, Logan’s (St. Asaph’s), and Harrodsburg. These were stirring years of ambushes (such as Blue Licks in 1778), captures (Boone was seized but escaped from the Shawnees), rescues, and desperate defenses.

Although he was highly respected and served in the Virginia assembly, Boone was not a good businessman and he lost his Kentucky lands. In September 1799, he set out for Missouri where a son had preceded him. He settled in the Femme Osage valley where he continued to hunt and roam until his death. Twenty-five years later his remains and those of his wife were returned to Kentucky for burial.

Daniel Boone was helped to immortality through the writings of John Filson, whose The Discovery, Settlement and Present State of Kentucke included an appendix containing “The Adventures of Col. Daniel Boon [sic].” The book was widely read in England and Europe as well as in America, and Boone became the model of the American frontiersman. But even if he had not been cast as a heroic figure in Kentucke, residents of Kentucky would still honor him as that state’s frontier hero.

John Bakeless, Daniel Boone (1939; reprint, 1989); Lawrence Elliott, The Long Hunter: A New Life of Daniel Boone (1976).

National Cancer Survivors Day


On June 7, tens of thousands of people around the world will gather in their local communities to observe the 28th annual National Cancer Survivors Day. Hundreds of cities across the U.S. and abroad will hold celebrations on this day to honor cancer survivors, to bring attention to the ongoing challenges of cancer survivorship, and to show the world that life after a cancer diagnosis can be fruitful, rewarding, and inspiring.

National Cancer Survivors Day is an annual worldwide Celebration of Life that is held on the first Sunday in June. It is the one day each year when everyone joins forces to recognize the cancer survivors living in our communities and raise awareness of the ongoing challenges they face. NCSD also provides an opportunity for cancer survivors to connect with other survivors, celebrate the milestones they’ve achieved, and acknowledge the family members, friends, and healthcare professionals who have supported them along the way.

“A ‘survivor’ is anyone living with a history of cancer – from the moment of diagnosis through the remainder of life,” according to the National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation, administrator for the celebration.

“For the vast majority of survivors, cancer is no longer the automatic death sentence that it was a few decades ago,” says Foundation spokesperson, Laura Shipp. “The reality is that, among U.S. adults, the 5-year relative survival rate for all cancers combined is now approximately 68 percent. In 1987, the year that NCSD began, that number was just 56 percent.

“National Cancer Survivors Day is an opportunity for cancer survivors to join with each other and celebrate this new reality in cancer survivorship that more people are living longer and better quality lives after cancer than ever before. It is also an opportunity to bring attention to the challenges these survivors face after diagnosis, and sometimes even years after treatment ends.”

NCSD celebrations will be as diverse as the communities where the events are being held. There will be motivational speeches, health fairs, parades, carnivals, block parties, art exhibits, awareness walks, inspirational programs, and more. Cancer survivors will share their unique stories of how surviving cancer has affected their lives. And communities will come together to stand with these survivors and make a commitment to help find ways to lessen the burdens a cancer diagnosis brings.

The National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation encourages everyone to participate in their community's event. To locate the one nearest you, check with your local cancer treatment center, hospital, or American Cancer Society office, or send an email to the National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation at info@ncsd.org. Or you can host an event of your own. The NCSD website, ncsd.org, has everything you need to plan an NCSD celebration.

NCSD started in the United States in 1987, and it is now celebrated worldwide in countries including Canada, Australia, India, South Africa, Greece, Saudi Arabia, Italy, and Malaysia, according to Shipp.

The nonprofit National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation provides free guidance, education, and networking resources and assistance to hundreds of hospitals, support groups, and other cancer-related organizations that host official National Cancer Survivors Day® events in their communities. The Foundation’s primary mission is to bring awareness to the issues of cancer survivorship in order to better the quality of life for cancer survivors.

More Americans than ever are surviving cancer. According to the American Cancer Society’s Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures 2014 – 2015, there are 14.5 million cancer survivors alive in the US today, and that number is expected to grow to almost 19 million by 2024. Even though cancer incidence rates are dropping, the number of cancer survivors is rising due, in part, to earlier detection and better treatments. As the number of cancer survivors continues to grow, it will be more important than ever to address the unique needs of these survivors.

Many survivors face limited access to specialists, a lack of information about promising new treatments, inadequate or no insurance, difficulty finding employment, and psychosocial struggles. Once active treatment ends, cancer survivors still must cope with the long-term effects of cancer, which can include physical side effects; psychological, social, and emotional concerns; and financial hardships.

“To say that surviving cancer is challenging would be an understatement,” says Shipp. “But it is a challenge that millions of people – 14.5 million in the U.S. alone – are overcoming. National Cancer Survivors Day® is a celebration of how far we’ve come in extending life after cancer. However, the NCSD Foundation hopes that National Cancer Survivors Day® also serves as a call to action for more resources, research, and increased public awareness to improve quality of life after cancer.”

National Cancer Survivors Day® is sponsored nationally by Astellas, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Coping with Cancer magazine, with support from Amgen, Genentech, Seattle Genetics, Takeda Oncology, and Teva Oncology.

“It’s true that cancer survivors are now living much longer after diagnosis thanks to advances in modern medicine,” says Shipp. “However, long-term survivorship poses its own unique challenges. And we need to do a better job of addressing the hardships cancer survivors face beyond treatment.”

Leading up to the event, the NCSD Foundation urges everyone to spread the message that there is life after cancer – and that’s something to celebrate – but we can still do more to lessen the burdens of cancer survivorship.

National Butterfly Awareness Day


National Butterfly Awareness Day - June 7th

Many of us like to see butterflies fluttering around flowers. It is unimaginable to see the world without the colorful butterflies. To preserve the population of butterflies and to promote the industry, a non-profit organization called The Association For Butterflies announced the National Butterfly Awareness Day.

The main purpose of National Butterfly Awareness Day is to raise peoples’ awareness of butterflies and their importance as pollinators and their place in nature. To accomplish the importance of this day, the first Saturday of June is declared as National Butterfly Awareness Day by AFB.

The Association For Butterflies works for the well being of butterflies through conservation, research, and promotion of butterfly gardening and butterfly farmers. This day is set aside for all people throughout the United States to celebrate butterflies.

People of different age groups can celebrate National Butterfly Awareness Day through a variety of activities such as:
  • Plant a butterfly garden to help attract these beautiful insects.
  • Make people more aware of butterflies and their importance as pollinators through local newspapers, TV stations and other media to help promote National Butterfly Awareness Day.
  • Releasing butterflies is a sound ecological way to help increase the population during the warm months.
  • Discourage the use of pesticides.
  • Learn the study of a butterfly’s life cycle and the word “butterfly” in different languages.
  • Raise few butterflies in the classroom or at the end of the school year.
Butterflies are such captivating creatures and one can feel lucky to see many butterflies which are attracted to the flowers soaking up the sunshine that have become an enjoyable and spiritual addition to many events.

National Chocolate Ice Cream Day


It’s National Chocolate Ice Cream Day! Today we celebrate one of the most popular ice cream flavors of all time. Culinary historians believe that the first ice cream flavors were fruit-based, but by the 18th century both vanilla and chocolate were quite common. Thomas Jefferson took a fancy to ice cream while living abroad as the Ambassador to France during the 1780's. It is likely that he is responsible for bringing this delicious frozen treat to America!

Before Ice Cream we had the ice treats flavored with fruit and honey that was enjoyed by the Roman Emperor Nero and the Chinese King Tang who enjoyed Ice milk treats.

The first ice cream as we know it recipe comes from Mrs. Mary Eales’s Receipts, Confectioner to her Late Majesty Queen Anne (1733)  Mrs. Mary Eales began serving Ice Cream before 1718. Ice Cream was introduced to America by Quakers who immigrated from England. Americans invented a hand cranked ice cream machine (Nancy Johnson and William Young 1848), commercialized ice cream (Jacob Fussel 1897) and invented the continuous Ice cream freezer (Clarence Vogt 1926).

The first ice creams were usually flavored with fruits but today Chocolate reigns as American’s favorite ice cream flavor.

Today, the United States produces around 1.6 billion gallons of ice cream each year. Whether you prefer your chocolate ice cream in a cone, a cup, a sundae, or a milkshake, indulge in a scoop (or two!) today! Happy National Chocolate Ice Cream Day!

VCR Day



Before you were able to watch YouTube clips on your iPhone and DVDs in your car, there was an important little machine known as a videocassette recorder, or VCR for short. Today (June 7) on VCR Day, we celebrate this crucial technological development that helped make movies and TV shows available for home viewing at the convenience of the viewer.

The second question people ask about VCR Day (right after “What’s a VCR?”) tends to be “Why is it celebrated on June 7th?” An intensive scouring of the Internet revealed that Sony supposedly made the Betamax VCR available for public purchase today in 1975. We were unable to corroborate this factoid, however, so we suggest taking that with a grain of salt.

To answer the first question about VCR Day second, a VCR is a device that records audio and video signals from a television broadcast or other signal source onto a videocassette containing magnetic tape. The videocassette can then be played in the VCR, allowing the viewer to watch the recorded TV program or movie at any time.

VCR's and videocassettes have been around since the 1950's, but they didn't become affordable for the average consumer until the 1970's. By this time, several different videocassette formats were vying for control of the market. Each format was compatible only with its own VCR, so you could not, for example, play a VHS videocassette in a Betamax machine.

VHS and Betamax emerged as the major competitors in the VCR market, with VHS winning out as the standard format in most markets. VHS videocassettes boasted longer recording times than their Betamax counterparts, which was a bigger draw for consumers than the superior picture quality offered by Betamax.

The increasing popularity of VCR's produced a certain amount of concern amongst TV and movie executives, who worried that VCR's would encourage the public to privately record copyrighted materials for which they would otherwise have to pay.

Jack Valenti, head of the Motion Picture Association of America, famously equated the VCR to the Boston Strangler, claiming that the VCR posed the same threat to film producers that the Boston Strangler posed to a woman home alone. The booming home video industry, however, soon convinced film and TV executives that the VCR wasn't quite that bad.

Videocassettes have since given way to DVD, Blu-ray, and digital video formats, but the VCR remains an important step in the history of video recording.

We suggest celebrating VCR Day with a videocassette screening of your favorite movie from before 2006, when the last major movies were released on VHS. For an extra touch of nostalgia, heat up some Jiffy Pop (the precursor to microwave popcorn) to enjoy during the show.