Sunday, July 19, 2015

Holidays and Observances for July 19 2015

Anne Hutchinson Memorial Day

An annual gathering to honor Anne Marbury Hutchinson (1591–1643), cofounder of Pocasset (Portsmouth), RI, in 1638. Wife, mother of 16, midwife, religious leader, she was a caretaker of and spiritual leader to women in Puritan Boston. Anne Hutchinson helped shape the tradition of free speech and religious tolerance that has become so important to modern Americans. Annually, on the Sunday near Anne Hutchinson’s birth anniversary, July 20, 1591

Anne Marbury Hutchinson (1591- 1643) is a nationally-known historical figure who spent 9 of her 52 years in the New World and four of those years were spent in Portsmouth. Born in Elizabethan England in 1591, Hutchinson learned the skills she would use all her life, midwifery, healing and herbalism from her mother; from her minister father, she received a solid theological education as well as an understanding of the meaning of religious dissent. She married, had a dozen children and in her 40s she and her husband, Will, followed the preaching of Puritan leader John Cotton. The family followed Cotton to the Puritan colony in Boston.

In Boston, Hutchinson continued her work with sick and child-bearing neighbors and women began to gather at her house as part of their "laying-in" time or with young infants — periods where they could not attend church. Her discussions with women on the sermons led to debate and challenge and the charismatic theologian began to be an important influence in the Boston community. The church leaders of Boston would not tolerate her illegal meetings with women, and felt her religious views were dangerous and a threat to their authority. Hutchinson was banished from Boston with her followers and with the help of Roger Williams they walked to and established Pocasset (Portsmouth) in 1638.
The men of this group of settlers composed "The Portsmouth Compact" of 1638- a unique document combining self-government with civil and religious freedom. This compact with the signers has been memorialized in Founder’s Brook Park with a plaque in 1938. In 1996 a memorial to Anne Hutchinson and her friend, Quaker martyr Mary Dyer, was established at the Park funded by the public and organized by The Friends of Anne Hutchinson.

The Hutchinson family spent four years in Portsmouth where her beloved husband, Will, died in 1642. Anne Hutchinson resettled with her youngest children and a party of 16 to the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam in the present-day Bronx/Lower Westchester, where the parkway and river that bear her name are located. At age 52, Hutchinson and the rest of her household were caught in the middle of pre-existing Indian hostilities and were brutally massacred by the local Siwanoys in 1643.

Anne Marbury Hutchinson has been used as a cautionary tale for centuries — a warning of what can happen to a woman who finds her public voice and challenges authority. Hutchinson has since been linked with Roger Williams as a champion for freedom of conscience which set the tone for the uncommon religious diversity of Rhode Island.

Flight Attendant Safety Professionals' Day

The United States depends upon a safe and efficient air transportation system to move people and goods and to promote the social and economic development of our communities. The daily operation of this system would be impossible without the contributions of many highly skilled and hardworking individuals, including the flight attendants who serve aboard the Nation's air carriers.

Flight attendants strive to make air travel as comfortable and enjoyable as possible. Their chief responsibility, however, is to guard the safety of aircraft passengers. Federal aviation regulations entrust flight attendants with an array of duties that are essential to protecting cabin occupants from in-flight hazards and to ensuring their safe evacuation in the event of an emergency.

The men and women who serve as flight attendants carry out their duties with an outstanding degree of dedication. Their behavior has been calm and professional during accidents, hijackings, in-flight fires, sudden cabin decompression, and other situations of potential or immediate danger to human life. This tradition of professionalism has saved many passengers from injury or death and continues to increase the margin of safety for those who travel the airways today.

In recognition of the contributions America's flight attendants have made, and continue to make, to the safety and comfort of the traveling public, the Congress, by Senate Joint Resolution 278, has designated July 19, 1990, as "Flight Attendant Safety Professionals' Day" and has authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation in observance of that day.

National Daiquiri Day

This July 19, raise your umbrella-garnished glass and say "cheers!" because this is the official date of National Daiquiri Day. Although it has not been confirmed that this holiday is recognized by the United States government, it is widely known as a time for adults of legal age to indulge in a glass (or two) of this fruity spirit, and even those of tender years can enjoy a non-alcoholic version of the drink.

Daiquiris may be served straight up, on the rocks or blended, and while the traditional flavoring is lime daiquiris are now made with a wide variety of fruits. Common flavors include banana daiquiris, strawberry daiquiris, peach daiquiris, mango daiquiris and raspberry daiquiris.

The precise origins of National Daiquiri Day are unclear, though the holiday may have been created by makers of rum.

The daiquiri itself got its beginnings in 1898, when a man named Jennings Stockton Cox (who was an American engineer spending time in Daiquiri, Cuba to work on iron-ore mines) created a drink using fresh lime juice from the fruit of a nearby tree. He added a shot of Bacardi Carta Blanca rum (now sold as Bacardi Superior), a spoonful of sugar and crushed ice to the lime juice, and the concoction was an instant hit. Cox dubbed the new drink "Ron Bacardi a la Daiquiri," which has shortened to simply "Daiquiri" over the years. The drink even became a favorite of author Ernest Hemingway.

National Daiquiri Day may be celebrated at a variety of drinking establishments, so be on the lookout for daiquiri specials at local bars and restaurants. You can also make your own daiquiri at home by mixing rum, lime juice, and simple syrup.

National Flitch Day

As far back as 1104 in Dunmow Priory, England, monks offered a side of bacon (flitch) to any married couple proving a year and a day after their wedding that they had lived in harmony and fidelity for the past year and had not wished they were single again.
"The court is held in a marquee erected on Talberds Ley especially for the occasion and couples (claimants) married for at least a year and a day come from far and wide to try and claim the Flitch. It is not a competition between the couples. All couples could be successful in their claim, which is vigorously defended by Counsel employed on behalf of the Donors of the Bacon, whose job it is to test their evidence and to try and persuade the Jury not to grant them the Flitch." 
"Successful couples are then carried shoulder high by bearers (humble folk) in the ancient Flitch Chair to the Market Place where they take the oath (similar to pre-Reformation marriage vows) kneeling on pointed stones. Unsuccessful couples have to walk behind the empty chair to the Market Place, consoled with a prize of gammon."
A flitch is the side, or a steak cut from the side, of an animal or fish. The term now usually occurs only in connection with a side of salted and cured pork in the phrase a flitch of bacon.

National Ice Cream Day

"I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream!" Shout it from the rooftops, because today is National Ice Cream Day!

In 1984, President Ronald Reagan designated July as National Ice Cream Month. He also declared that the third Sunday in July would be National Ice Cream Day. We’re definitely thankful, because ice cream is a summertime (or anytime!) favorite for people of all ages. With hundreds of flavors and toppings to choose from, you can't go wrong with ice cream!

Ice cream's origins are known to reach back as far as the second century B.C., although no specific date of origin nor inventor has been undisputably credited with its discovery. We know that Alexander the Great enjoyed snow and ice flavored with honey and nectar. Biblical references also show that King Solomon was fond of iced drinks during harvesting. During the Roman Empire, Nero Claudius Caesar (A.D. 54-86) frequently sent runners into the mountains for snow, which was then flavored with fruits and juices.

Over a thousand years later, Marco Polo returned to Italy from the Far East with a recipe that closely resembled what is now called sherbet. Historians estimate that this recipe evolved into ice cream sometime in the 16th century. England seems to have discovered ice cream at the same time, or perhaps even earlier than the Italians. "Cream Ice," as it was called, appeared regularly at the table of Charles I during the 17th century. France was introduced to similar frozen desserts in 1553 by the Italian Catherine de Medici when she became the wife of Henry II of France. It wasn't until 1660 that ice cream was made available to the general public. The Sicilian Procopio introduced a recipe blending milk, cream, butter and eggs at Café Procope, the first café in Paris.

The first official account of ice cream in the New World comes from a letter written in 1744 by a guest of Maryland Governor William Bladen. The first advertisement for ice cream in this country appeared in the New York Gazette on May 12, 1777, when confectioner Philip Lenzi announced that ice cream was available "almost every day." Records kept by a Chatham Street, New York, merchant show that President George Washington spent approximately $200 for ice cream during the summer of 1790. Inventory records of Mount Vernon taken after Washington's death revealed "two pewter ice cream pots." President Thomas Jefferson was said to have a favorite 18-step recipe for an ice cream delicacy that resembled a modern-day Baked Alaska. Check out President Jefferson's vanilla ice cream recipe here. In 1813, Dolley Madison served a magnificent strawberry ice cream creation at President Madison's second inaugural banquet at the White House.

Until 1800, ice cream remained a rare and exotic dessert enjoyed mostly by the elite. Around 1800, insulated ice houses were invented. Manufacturing ice cream soon became an industry in America, pioneered in 1851 by a Baltimore milk dealer named Jacob Fussell. Like other American industries, ice cream production increased because of technological innovations, including steam power, mechanical refrigeration, the homogenizer, electric power and motors, packing machines, and new freezing processes and equipment. In addition, motorized delivery vehicles dramatically changed the industry. Due to ongoing technological advances, today's total frozen dairy annual production in the United States is more than 1.6 billion gallons.

Wide availability of ice cream in the late 19th century led to new creations. In 1874, the American soda fountain shop and the profession of the "soda jerk" emerged with the invention of the ice cream soda. In response to religious criticism for eating "sinfully" rich ice cream sodas on Sundays, ice cream merchants left out the carbonated water and invented the ice cream "Sunday" in the late 1890's. The name was eventually changed to "sundae" to remove any connection with the Sabbath.

Ice cream became an edible morale symbol during World War II. Each branch of the military tried to outdo the others in serving ice cream to its troops. In 1945, the first "floating ice cream parlor" was built for sailors in the western Pacific. When the war ended, and dairy product rationing was lifted, America celebrated its victory with ice cream. Americans consumed over 20 quarts of ice cream per person in 1946.

In the 1940s through the ‘70s, ice cream production was relatively constant in the United States. As more prepackaged ice cream was sold through supermarkets, traditional ice cream parlors and soda fountains started to disappear. Now, specialty ice cream stores and unique restaurants that feature ice cream dishes have surged in popularity. These stores and restaurants are popular with those who remember the ice cream shops and soda fountains of days past, as well as with new generations of ice cream fans.

Whether you get it in a cup or in a cone, atop a waffle or in a banana split, make sure to visit your local ice cream shop today to get some cold, delicious ice cream. Watch out for ice cream events and freebies happening in your area, and check out this amazing Ice Cream Day video! Happy National Ice Cream Day!

National Raspberry Cake Day

National Raspberry Cake Day is celebrated on July 19th of each year. We were unable to discover the origin of National Raspberry Cake Day.

The raspberry or hindberry is the edible fruit of a multitude of plant species in the genus Rubus, most of which are in the subgenus Idaeobatus; the name also applies to these plants themselves. Raspberries are perennial. The name “raspberry” originally referred to the red-fruited European species Rubus idaeus, and is still often used to refer to just this particular species.

Raspberries are grown for the fresh fruit market and for commercial processing into individually quick frozen (IQF) fruit, purée, juice, or as dried fruit used in a variety of grocery products. Traditionally, raspberries were a mid-summer crop, but with new technology, cultivars, and transportation, they can now be obtained year-round. Raspberries need ample sun and water for optimal development. While moisture is essential, wet and heavy soils or excess irrigation can bring on Phytophthora root rot which is one of the most serious pest problems facing red raspberry. As a cultivated plant in moist temperate regions, it is easy to grow and has a tendency to spread unless pruned. Escaped raspberries frequently appear as garden weeds, spread by seeds found in bird droppings.

New Friends Day

Old friends may be invaluable, but new friends are a welcome bonus as well. July 19th celebrates novel acquaintances. It’s New Friends Day.

Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between two or more people. Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and philosophy. Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. A World Happiness Database study found that people with close friendships are happier.

Although there are many forms of friendship, some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics are present in many types of friendship. Such characteristics include affection, sympathy, empathy, honesty, altruism, mutual understanding and compassion, enjoyment of each other's company, trust, and the ability to be oneself, express one's feelings, and make mistakes without fear of judgment from the friend.

While there is no practical limit on what types of people can form a friendship, friends tend to share common backgrounds, occupations, or interests, and have similar demographics.

Why not reach out to a new neighbor or friend on July 19th? Introduce yourself. Who knows? You might even make a new friend on New Friends Day.

Stick out your Tongue Day

When it comes to tongue-in-cheek holidays, July 19 is all about sticking it out! It's Stick Out Your Tongue Day, or National Stick Your Tongue Out Day, an annual "holiday" that celebrates the glorious tongue.

While the origins of this unusual "holiday" are unknown, sticking one's tongue out at unsuspecting bystanders, is often considered rude behavior unless of course your physician asks you to do it. Then it is perfectly acceptable to stick it way out!

The Human Tongue
Touted as the "strongest muscle in the body," tongues come in all shapes and sizes. This muscular and often unappreciated organ is not only vital for speech, the tongue is also used for eating, tasting and swallowing. The average person has about 10,000 taste buds, which are located on and under the tongue, on the cheeks, lips and the roof of your mouth.

Some believe your tongue can reveal some insight into possible health issues like urinary infections, constipation, insomnia and ringing in the ears. So go ahead and stick it out! Take a good hard look at your tongue and compare it to the Nine Common Syndromes and Possible Symptoms chart to see if your tongue is in top-tip shape!

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