Monday, July 20, 2015

Holidays and Observances for July 20 2015

Global Hug Your Kid Day




Today is Global Hug you Kids Day; the mission is pretty simple, every mother and father around the world should hug their children today and every day. Michelle Nichols, an award-winning entrepreneur, founded the day after her son died suddenly at 8 1/2 years old from brain cancer in 1998.

Some may just categorize this holiday with the silly holidays like National Fudge Day, but, for us, this day is incredibly important. We understand that showing affection is not always easy for some parents who grew up in homes where hugs were frowned upon, but science doesn’t lie, hugging has been proven to health benefits for parents and children.

Benefits of hugging
Hugging is a natural instinct for all species; when a mother is absent, most zoos offer the newborn animal a substitute to snuggle with – whether it be a stuffed animal or a surrogate mom – because the baby craves physical contact. The same is true for humans – have you ever noticed that babies sometimes cry just because they want to be held?

Whether you are a hugger or not, these examples should convince you to start hugging your child more often:
  • According to an article in Scientific American, some children from deprived surroundings, such as orphanages, have different hormone levels than children who were raised by parents. In one study, the stress hormone cortisol was much higher in children from orphanages.
  • In another study, children who experienced affection deprivation at a young age still had lower levels of oxytocin and vasopressin (hormones that have been linked to emotion and social bonding) even after spending years in a family home.
  • The Touch Research Institute found that teens have less anxiety, feel less hostile and parents perceive less aggressive attitudes when the teens had received a therapeutic touch – like massage.
  • In the hospital, parents are encourage to hold their newborns who are in intensive care because it has been proven to improve vital signs and it also lowers the parents stress levels.

Need some more benefits? Hugging has been proven to…
  • Make us feel good because “the cuddle hormone” is released when we hug.
  • Helps us build relationships because the “social bondng” hormone is released when we hug.
  • Lower blood pressure.
  • Significantly reduce worry about mortality.
  • Decreases the feeling of loneliness instantly.

 Don’t put off showing affection. The founder of this day found out the hard way that our time together is limited; please show your children you love them today and everyday.

International Chess Day


The International chess day is celebrated annually on July 20, the day the International Chess Federation (FIDE) was founded, in 1924.

The idea to celebrate this day as the international chess day was proposed by UNESCO, and it has been celebrated as such since 1966, after it was established by FIDE. FIDE, which has 181 chess federations as its members, organizes chess events and competitions around the world on this day. As recently as 2013, the international chess day was celebrated in 178 countries, according to FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov.

The day is celebrated by many of the 605 million regular chess players around the world. A 2012 Yougov poll showed that “a surprisingly stable 70% of the adult population has played chess at some point during their lives”. This number holds at approximately the same level in countries as diverse as the US, UK, Germany, Russia, India.

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Chess is played by millions of people worldwide in homes, urban parks, clubs, online, correspondence, and in tournaments. In recent years, chess has become part of some school curricula.

Each player begins the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. Each of the six piece types movesdifferently. The objective is to 'checkmate' the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting their own. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by voluntary resignation by the opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost, or if checkmate appears unavoidable. A game may also result in a draw in several ways, where neither player wins. The course of the game is divided into three phases: opening, middlegame, and endgame.

The first official World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886; the current World Champion is the Norwegian Magnus Carlsen. In addition to theWorld Championship, there are the Women's World Championship, the Junior World Championship, the World Senior Championship, the Correspondence Chess World Championship, the World Computer Chess Championship, and Blitz and Rapid World Championships. The Chess Olympiad is a popular competition among teams from different nations. Online chess has opened amateur and professional competition to a wide and varied group of players. Chess is a recognized sport of the International Olympic Committee and international chess competition is sanctioned by the World Chess Federation (FIDE), which adopted the now-standardStaunton chess set in 1924 for use in all official games. There are also many chess variants, with different rules, different pieces, and different boards.

Since the second half of the 20th century, computers have been programmed to play chess with increasing success, to the point where the strongest home computers play chess at a higher level than the best human players. In the past two decades computer analysis has contributed significantly to chess theory, particularly in the endgame. The computer Deep Blue was the first machine to overcome a reigning World Chess Champion in a match when it defeated Garry Kasparov in 1997.

Moon Day


Moon Day commemorates the day man first walked on the moon in 1969.
The Apollo Space program, begun by President John F. Kennedy, was created to put the first man on the moon. Apollo 11 fulfilled that dream, carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin Aldrin, Jr. What an amazing and historic event it was!

On July 16, 1969, Apollo 11 was launched from Cape Kennedy Space Center atop a huge Saturn V rocket. On July 20, 1969, the Lunar Module, nicknamed the "Eagle", touched down on the surface of the moon at Tranquility Base. Upon landing, Apollo 11 Commander Neil Armstrong reported "The Eagle Has Landed". A few hours later, Neil Armstrong, stepped off of the Eagle's ladder, placed one foot upon the moon's surface and proclaimed: "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind".

Enjoy Moon Day re-living this historic day. Watch a movie on space or read a book on space flight. We suggest the movie " Apollo 13".

National Fortune Cookie Day


What’s yours say? July 20 is National Fortune Cookie Day.

Sometimes, it’s the best part of eating Chinese food. That tiny little golden cookie waits for you at the end of your Mongolian beef, seemingly as desperate to reveal its nugget of information to you as you are to rip through the cellophane wrapper.

Here's the kicker: Fortune cookies are not Chinese, they’re American. Californian to be exact. The origin is a little murky, and in the early '80s there was even a trial in the Court of Historical Review to determine if it was a Chinese or Japanese immigrant who invented the cookie.

Story goes, the Chinese immigrant started making cookies with fortunes in them to hand out to poor people wandering the streets of Los Angeles. Each cookie apparently had a Bible verse on it that was supposed to be inspirational.

But, the fortune cookie could also have been invented by the Japanese immigrant who made a cookie with a thank you note inside for friends who’d stuck by him in troubled times. The Japanese man ended up winning the mock court case and, to this day, even the US government credits him with the invention.

Most of the fortune cookies presented to us at the end of meals come from one of two places: Steven Yang and his daughter make 4 million fortune cookies a day in California, or from Wonton Foods in New York.

How do they get the fortune in the cookie? That’s actually not the hard part. The cookies are baked in a flat, round disc and as they come out of the oven, the fortune is put on one half while they’re still pliable. They’re then folded in half to form a pocket and pinched together.

The real hard part about making a fortune cookie? Coming up with new fortunes!

Fortune cookies are funny things, and there are plenty of superstitions surrounding them. Here are a couple that strike the fear of a fortune cookie into the hearts of fellow diners:

  • If you open your fortune cookie before you’re done eating, the fortune won’t come true.
  • If you don’t eat the whole cookie, the fortune won’t come true.

What’s the weirdest fortune you’ve ever received?

National Get Out of the Doghouse Day


We all do things that we are not proud of — especially to our spouse. We may say something rude and inconsiderate that places us directly where we don’t want to be — the doghouse. When this happens, it should be our top priority to make amends and find a way out of that dreaded place.

Always the third Monday in July is National Get Out of the Doghouse Day. This day is designed to help us make up and be on pleasant terms once again with those we love and cherish the most. Below are five ways you can get yourself out of the doghouse.

  • Pitch in

There are few things that can touch a person’s heart like helping out around the home without being asked. If there is a chore or task that your spouse dreads, do it for her. Don’t wait to be asked to get something done, just go ahead and do it. Your spouse will be pleased when she sees the task complete. A small “Thank you” can go a long ways.

  • Leave a note

Tell your spouse how much you love and care for him in a note. Pour out your heart to him. Let him know how sorry you feel about an incident and ask for his forgiveness. Let him know why you love him, what you admire about him and how much he means to you. You can tell him these things over and over, but if you place it in a note, he can reread it again and again.

  • Buy a present

Buying a present for your spouse will not work for everyone. Many individuals would rather receive a heartfelt gesture than something store-bought. But, if your spouse does not mind a surprise gift, go for it. Buy flowers, tickets to a sporting event or a dozen gourmet cupcakes. Find that perfect item that will let your spouse know you were truly thinking of her and didn’t just buy the first thing you saw when you walked into the store.

  • Make a romantic gesture

Think of some romantic gesture for your spouse. Take him or her on a romantic, candlelight dinner. Send all of the children away for an evening and spend time alone with rose petals, candles and soft music. You know your spouse better than anyone else. Find something he or she would enjoy and put your plan into action.

  • Give your spouse space

Sometimes when your spouse is angry, all he needs is a little space. Give him some time and a little room to calm down and clear his head. Make sure he knows that you love him, you are sorry and when he is ready to talk, so are you. Communication is critical when you or your spouse is angry. If you don’t talk things out, you can guarantee you will be in the doghouse for long period of time and a lot more often.

It is possible to make up and forget about the mistakes you or your spouse have made. You love each other. You care about each other deeply. Don’t let something stupid put you in the doghouse. Apply these five suggestions and you may find a little more happiness in your marriage.

National Lollipop Day


On the 20th day of July every year in the United States, lovers of candy on a stick have one more reason to indulge. This is because National Lollipop Day falls at this time. Lollipops are a favorite sweet candy treat for both children and adults alike, and on this day you can surprise someone you know with a lollipop or enjoy on all your own. If you have children, be warned -- if you inform them that this holiday exists, you will likely need to make sure that they receive a lollipop on this date, or you just might never hear the end of it!

The precise origins of National Lollipop Day are not simple to find on the Internet, such as is the case with the majority of similar food holidays. The day is, however, acknowledged by the National Confectioners Association, which also happens to provide some interesting information on candy and other food holidays in general. According to their website, holidays such as these are usually created by food companies or individual people who have some sort of connection to the product. Typically, they will request that a major calendar company (such as Chase's Calendar of Events) publish their special day. More rarely, government officials will proclaim commemorative holidays.

Most National Candy Day celebrations will not be widely advertised, and many will take place on the regional level at candy stores or similar venues. You may find reduced prices on lollipops at grocery stores. Perhaps the best way to celebrate this special day is by handing out lollipops to your friends and family members, or simply by enjoying one yourself.

Myths and facts about lollipop
  • Previously, the lollipop was a traditional hard candy on a stick or a hard candy on a ring.
  • It contained bubble gum or chocolate in the center to enhance the taste.
  • Sometimes the lollipop used to spin or glow.
  • But the fact is whether traditional or novel, the lollipop is very favorite item for almost all candy lovers.
Process of making lollipop
  • The lollipop manufacturing process is not very typical.
  • Candy is made by mixing heated sugar and corn syrup.
  • After cooking colors and flavors are added.
  • The mixture then goes to a machine that forms the head of the lollipop and inserts the stick.
  • Machine can be preset to form a desired shape of the lollipop.
  • Then the lollipops are cooled.
  • Finally, it is packed in attractive wrappers and shipped.
Variety of Lollipops
  • Tootsie Pops are the largest Selling lollipops.
  • Tootsie Pops are homegrown and manufactured in Chicago.
  • The production of over 20million lollipops is done each day by the manufacturers.
  • It meets the demand of millions of people around the world thus listing
  • Tootsie Pop is world the largest lollipop producer.
  • Many scientists were involved in studing this pop at Purdue University, Yale, Cornell University, University of Michigan.
  • They were reasearching, to conclude how many licks it takes to get to the center of a Tootsie Pop.
  • Tootsie Pops does not contain fats and has only 60 calories.
National Ugly Truck Contest Day


If you are one of those folks who have special names for your vehicles, this annual holiday may be right up your alley. July 20th is Ugly Truck Day. Also known as National Ugly Truck Contest Day, the origins of this "holiday" are unknown.

In honor of this special day, why not crank up Lil Red or Betty Lou and take her for a spin – that is if she’ll start. And if you notice an old beater out on the road today, why not show her some love and give her a great big wave or a couple of friendly honks. Or even better, take your best shot of your ugly truck and use the photo as your Facebook profile pic just for today? The rustier, dirtier and uglier the better!

If you or someone you know has the ugliest truck of ‘em all, why not enter it into the Eastwood Ugly Truck Day Photo Contest? Just submit an original image, a description of the ugly truck and your name and address to contest@eastwood.com. One lucky winner will receive a $100 gift certificate from Eastwood. Only one entry per person and all submitted images will become property of Eastwood. Please visit the website for further information.

World Jump Day


The World Jump Day was an event scheduled for July 20, 2006 at 11:39.13. A day in which people jump. UTC, at which time the organization claimed to have 600 million people from the western hemisphere jump simultaneously. They claimed this would move the Earth out of its orbit, and into a new one, one that would not cause global warming. The site was a hoax, an art installation by Torsten Lauschmann (claiming to be a Professor Hans Peter Niesward from the Institute for Gravitational Physics in Munich), and in no way serious. The German student association Lambda Omega Lambda provided hosting and programming services.

Misconceptions often get carried away. There is a new website called World Jump Day. It asks for people to jump at certain times on July 20, 2006. They claim that if it happens, the world will shift out of its orbit and there will be no more global warming. In fact their website says quite plainly that “Scientific research has proven that this change in planetary position [that's caused by jumping] would very likely stop global warming, extend daytime hours and create a more homogeneous climate.” My first complaint in this claim is that he says research has proven it is silly to make such claims because science is definitely not the end all be all.

The goal of science—particularly physics—is to further our understanding of the world by looking at things differently and thereby challenging convention. Einstein became what he was by challenging the foundation of his field. Therefore, if we are to assume that because some unnamed man with uncited research claims that bouncing will change our ecosystem, you have to take it with an enormous grain of salt. Anyway, to show you how claims should be made, I am here to refute the whole argument with numbers and basic physics. By the way, I shouldn't be making this argument to begin with! That is because if the people who are jumping are from earth, then the forces of them leaving and landing would cancel each other out, and their net force would be zero (Newton's 3rd law). So, for the sake of it, let's invent new people!

Space Exploration Day


The origins of Space Exploration Day date back to man first walking on the moon, with the day itself first observed to commemorate this historic event during events held in the early 1970s. It is about more than just the moon landings though and is intended to pay homage to the incredible achievements of the past and fire up enthusiasm for the benefits of space exploration efforts to come in the future.

The Space Exploration Day website provides details of ways to take part, with these produced by the man behind the original idea for the event, J. David Baxter. These include taking a nature hike in the spirit of exploration, organizing public star gazing parties, setting off model rockets, or having a science fiction party to show a classic space movie. There are plenty of other options to have some fun and celebrate a universe to be explored.

In April of 1961 President John F. Kennedy, with the support of the CIA, carried out an Invasion of Cuba, hoping to bring out popular local Cuban support for the overthrow of Fidel Castro’s communist regime. This mission failed, and soon America was threatened by the Russian led Cuban Missile Crisis.

At this time it became important to build a world view of United States technological leadership, so that America could compete with Communism on a world scale. President Kennedy decided to establish a Man on the Moon Goal. This became a race with the Soviet Union, to get there first. He announced this goal on September 12, 1962. The original goal was motivated by military fears and events. However, Kennedy foresaw the conquest of space, as a potentially peaceful endeavor. When we finally got to the Moon, on July 20, 1969, we conducted Space Exploration, and we came in peace for all mankind.