Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Holidays and Observances for September 22 2015

American Business Women's Day



American Business Women’s Day is celebrated on September 22nd of each year.

Every year on September 22, the United States celebrates American Business Women's Day. The first annual event was held on September 22, 1982 and was officially recognized by congressional proclamation in 1983 and 1986.

American Business Women's Day is a day set aside to honor and reflect upon the contributions and accomplishments of the millions of women in the work force and the millions of women business owners in the U.S.

The organization responsible for starting this national day of recognition for business women is the American Business Women's Association, a professional network for women in business and women business owners.

The American Business Women's Association (ABWA) was founded on September 22, 1949 "to bring together businesswomen of diverse occupations and to provide opportunities for them to help themselves and others grow personally and professionally through leadership; education, networking support and national recognition."

Today, the ABWA offers a wide variety of membership based resources and networking opportunities for business women, female entrepreneurs, and for women who work from home.

The ABWA offers local chapters ins some areas of the U.S., but local membership is not required to become a member of the ABWA.

Members can take advantage of ABWA's online training programs and earn business certificates. The ABWA celebrates women on National American Business Women's Day, as well as through awards and other forms of recognition.

Chainmail Day


September 22 is Chainmail Day. A day to celebrate the history, use, and creation of chainmail, by using and creating chainmail. Chainmail being the metal armor, not the spam mail lists.

To celebrate Chainmail Day,one simply must make chainmail, wear chainmail, or make or wear something in the likeness of chainmail.

Chainmail , also known as chain mail, chain maille, or just mail or maille, is a type of armor or jewelry that's made from small metal rings linked together in a pattern. Mail can generally be punctured by a spear or cut by the blow from a heavy axe or sword. Its flexibility and ability to expand means that its wearer is vulnerable to blunt weapons.

However, it was an effective defense for its ability to stop cutting weapons from piercing the skin. The word chainmail is of relatively recent origin, having been in use only since the 1700s. Prior to this it was simply referred to as mail.

The word "mail" refers to the armor material, not the garment made from it. A shirt made from mail is hauberk, if knee-length; haubergeon if waist-length. Mail socks are called chausses, a mail hood is a coif and mail mittens are mitons'. A mail collar hanging from a helmet is a aventail.

Samples of mail go back as far as the Etruscans,  over 3000 years ago.  Etruscan constructed in a pattern that is more closely related to Japanese patterns than the common European 4-in-1 pattern. Because the Etruscan Mail pattern is more akin to Japanese patterns and because historical examples of mail don't appear for another 2000 years, it's assumed that Etruscan mail isn't the base for European mail. Most scholars believe that European mail developed from a ring Lamellar type of armor.

Around the 2nd Century B.C. the Romans found that the Gauls wore the first known examples of European pattern mail shirts and soon adopted it as a common armor for their secondary troops. Roman mail shirts were referred to as Lorica Hamata.

Lorica Hamata is interesting in that half of the links that made up the shirt were solid rings  punched from metal sheets. This technique continued in some later European Mail examples but most European mail is made fully from drawn-wire links. Another example of mail with punched links is called "theta" or "bar link" which comes from Persia and India. It's called "theta" or "bar link" because the punched links have a bar across their center which makes them resemble the Greek letter "theta".

From 200 B.C. through the fall of the Roman Empire and into the Dark Ages, mail was a common armor all over Europe even down into what we now call the Middle East, north into the Viking Cultures and even in the far east where the Japanese developed their own styles of mail.

Chainmail armor in the Middle Ages was achieved through a process of creating wire from steel. Once the wire portion of the process was complete, the blacksmith would form them into little interlocking rings through the use of a hand-cranked machine. The most common form of chainmail armor utilized an overlapping ring system in which rows of rings were interlinked for strength. Flat rings were thinner in one direction than the other, which meant that they had less of a tendency to open up when struck with the tip or side of a sword. The chain mail metal heated and cooled quickly and was constructed over an open flame. Inserting the actual rings was a tedious process requiring more than one person to help. About 40,000 rings were required to make one shirt of chainmail armor.

In Europe, as plate armor began to develop, it became common to use mail to protect areas that needed more flexibility than the rigid metal allowed. Mail became common in elbow joints, knees and etc. It wasn't long before full plate armor became more popular and, with the invention of fully articulated joints, mail started to loose its popularity.

Another type of mail is Japanese mail. Common Japanese patterns were lighter and more open than European, but were made of superior quality tempered wire that wasn't riveted. Some links in Japanese mail were double or even triple wrapped for strength. Like the best European mail makers, the Japanese paid attention to which parts of the body the armor was supposed to be protecting. Mail over one's chest would be thick and strong, but on an elbow where flexibility was more important, it would be lighter.

It's not really fair to compare Europe to Japan, as the fighting styles of each evolved differently. European armor needed to be heavier to deal with the bigger, crushing weapons common in their battles. Japanese combat techniques used lighter, faster weapons where mobility was more of a concern.

The Japanese were also used mail as decoration or in combination with plates. The Japanese word for chain is Kusari and each of their patterns had its own proper name. The common 4-in-2 square Japanese pattern is called Hitoye-Gusari. A similar 6-in-2 hexagonal Japanese pattern is called Hana-Gusari.

Mail is still being used today by a few industries. Butchers commonly wear fine mail gloves to protect their hands while shark divers wear entire suits of fine mail. This fine mail is made from strong, welded links and is woven on large machines.

There are other decorative and practical uses for mail currently. Historical recreation groups, Live-Action Role-Playing (LARP) groups, as well as the fashion and costuming industries. Modern chainmail artists also have access tools and materials that historical armor makers didn't.

Dear Diary Day


September 22nd is Dear Diary Day. Let's face it - many people are overworked, overwhelmed and stressed out. Finding one or two minutes a day to write in a diary or journal may provide that rare moment of peace and quiet in a hectic, busy world.

Whether a diary is a personal record of a special trip, occasion or event or food intake diary, people have been writing journals for centuries. In fact, some journals of the past serve as important historical records today.

If you've always wanted to keep a record of your every thought, deepest, darkest secret or the struggles and joys of everyday life, today is the perfect time to start. Keeping a diary or journal is not only fun, but some believe it is therapeutic and beneficial to your health. Besides improving your writing, organizational and problem solving skills, expressing your emotions by writing a daily journal can also reduce stress.

You don’t need to spend an arm-an-a-leg on an expensive diary either. All you need is a pen or pencil and something to write in. You can even write your journal on your personal computer or electronic device. And why not take a stroll down memory lane and re-read those old diaries from days gone by?

National Centenarian's Day


People are living to the ripe old age of 100 and beyond these days thanks to a number of different factors.  An article titled, Live to 100: Number of centenarians has doubled, published by CNN.com this week notes that one-third of UK babies born in 2013 are expected to live to see 100.  The United States Census has reported similar trends.  In 2010, there were 53,364 centenarians in the US.

Places That Have the Most Centenarians. Blue zones, places studied by scientists for decades, are areas of the planet where living to be 100 and beyond is normal.  The most documented parts of the globe include Sardinia, Italy, the islands of Okinawa, Japan, Loma Linda, California, Nicoya, Costa Rica, and Ikaria, Greece.  Centenarians are customary in these cities.

Things People 100 Years and Older Have in Common. What people that live to be 100 and beyond have in common according to US News & World Report is several different things including gender, city living, residences in the Northeast or Midwest, and the fact that they live with others not alone.  Furthermore, centenarians share secrets to living a long, happy life.  Some contributing factors include not smoking, spending quality time with loved ones, constant low-level exercise, and a plant-based diet (meat and carbohydrates permitted but vegetables make up the foundation of the meal).

Celebrating National Centenarian’s Day. National Centenarian’s Day is September 22nd.  The annual celebration honors individuals that have lived to be 100 years old or older.  The oldest living person in the United States at the moment is Jeralean Talley who just celebrated her 115th birthday last month in Inkster, Michigan.  Ms. Talley was an avid bowler at 104 years old.  She likes to fish and gets around on her own with the use of a walker.

Calculate Your Own Life Expectancy. Living to be 100 is a real accomplishment. To calculate your own life expectancy, visit https://www.livingto100.com/. Starting to adopt healthier habits today can increase your longevity. The current life expectancy in the US is 78.64 years.

National Elephant Appreciation Day


September 22nd is National Elephant Appreciation Day. National Elephant Appreciation Day was announced in the year of 1996 by the Mission Media (a digital and stamp publisher of Graphics). It is the magnificent vacation in the honor of very particular animal, which in 1874 became the symbol of the Republican Party. And while the entry of GOP elephant into the supporting realm was not dreadfully auspicious, and the amulet stuck for the reason that elephants are intelligent, fearsome, stalwart and loyal when provoked. On the other hand, the jackass is a position about elephants therefore we will depart that matter for another day.

The elephant normally deserves to be upheld and appreciated as an instance of strength, patience, self-reliance, persistence, courage and common high quality of being.

Big kids and little kids are attracted by elephants. In the circus, natural world special on TV, in a zoo, elephants enthrall us through their complete size.

In a quote Aristotle said that elephants are “The beast which passed all others in wit and mind.”

Current studies have also revealed that elephants have aptitude alike that of dolphins, and also very alike to that of mandrills. Their complex and large brain permit them to show a diversity of behaviors and emotions: compassion, grief, memory and also sense of humor and bounciness. Some still state that elephants have a creative elevation to them. Don’t have faith on me? Please check out www.novica.com, and then click on “Elephant Art” division under the canvas tab.

Mission Media Inc .formed in the year of 1996, outsized for the reason that elephants are ....huge. The originator, Wayne Hepburn, got a paperweight of elephants on the procession from his daughter as a reward. Wayne became attracted through them. He collected big collections of elephant paraphernalia and books. His appeal and care for elephants, directed to the formation of this Elephant Appreciation Day therefore I and you may stop and get pleasure from this massive, lumbering beast.

National Elephant Appreciation Day was affirmed in the beginning of 1996 through Mission Media to commemorate the Elephant because….
  • is the biggest land creature of our period,
  • is exclusive amongst mammals for its stem,
  • is the most dignified of beasts on globe,
  • is excessively threatened with extermination,
  • has been the benefactor of man in several ways all over history,
  • is amusing and entertaining,
  • is friendly and gentle,
  • supplies to ecosystem maintenance and development,
Elephant day or National Elephant Appreciation Day is supported through Mission Media, Inc., a print and digital publisher of graphics. And Mission Media is completely owned through Hepburn Family in Sarasota, Florida. And Wayne Hepburn, the President and Publisher, launched the day for the causes outlined above.

While existing in the Chicago quarter in 1970, the originator, Wayne Hepburn, obtained as a present from his 12 years old daughter a paperweight whose bottom was surrounded by a carnival of elephants. Afterward, he bought all over the place an elephant shape. By 1978 when Wayne turned to Orange Park, Florida, he had about 80 elephants massing out the manuscripts in his lounge bookcase.

Wayne began his interest in elephants and started learning and reading about them, riding them, seeking them out and nourished his rising zeal for elephants with the assortment which in 1997 numbers one thousand nine hundred nine registered items. The registered items include: toys, books, figures, clothing articles, jewelry, original arts, prints and music boxes…. Briefly, every possible artifact and art bearing or prepared in the similarity of an elephant. Besides he has amassed instances of elephant figures used in advertising, publicity, cartoons, all methods of print, brand identifications and new media applications.

He found a World Wide Web area, elephanteria.com in 1996 and placed the single site of its type on the web….. ELEPHANTERIA as a set where public who adore elephants can get the desires of their hearts and links to the whole thing not surround in this site. And The Wild Heart deal name was vended in 2001. Elephanteria ownership relapsed to Mission Media, Inc.

Elephant Day or National Elephant Appreciation Day, dissimilar community celebrations, has no middle event. And it is also to be watched and enjoyed with anyone wherever on the local level.

National Hobbit Day


September 22nd is the Birthday of Bilbo and Frodo Baggins, two characters from J.R.R. Tolkien’s popular Middle Earth Cycle books (The Hobbit and Lord Of The Rings respectively) in which Hobbits, typically between two and four feet tall and nothing like your usual ‘hero’, accomplish great feats and amazing acts of courage. It is in honor of these creatures and those acts that the day is celebrated with events not unlike the birthday party described in the beginning of “The Fellowship of the Ring”.

In the United States National Hobbit Day has gained some measure of legal dignity due to the elected officials who support the day and the goals of the American Tolkien Society. The Day has also attracted Bipartisan Support from places as the U.S. County Courthouse, to the White House, to the U.S. Capitol.

A separate event to Tolkien Week (although the Week will always fall over Hobbit Day, running Sunday to Saturday), National Hobbit Day is perhaps the oldest running day celebrated by fans. There is some debate on the date that National Hobbit Day should be celebrated on, due to the differences in the Gregorian and Shire calendars. Tolkien once said that the Shire calendar is ahead by about ten days depending on the month. A suggested alternative date by hardcore fans is September 14th. Although the day was not officially designated until 1978 and has had many names and designations, it has been celebrated since 1973, shortly after J.R.R. Tolkien died on September 2nd of that year.

Fans celebrate by anything from going barefoot all day and having seven meals, to Literary discussions and readings, Lord Of The Rings Movie Marathons, and throwing parties in honour of the ‘Long Awaited Party’ at the start of the Fellowship Of The Ring with events such as feasts, games, costumes and fireworks.


National Ice Cream Cone Day


September 22nd is National Ice Cream Cone Day! While the origins of this annual holiday are unknown, folks have been enjoying cool and creamy ice cream scoops served in a crunchy cone for over a century.

An ice cream cone, poke or cornet is a dry, cone-shaped pastry, usually made of a wafer similar in texture to a waffle, which enables ice cream to be held in the hand and eaten without a bowl or spoon. Various types of ice cream cones include wafer (or cake) cones, waffle cones, and sugar cones.

Many novelty style cones are made, including pretzel cones and chocolate-coated cones. A variety of double wafer cone exists that allows two scoops of ice cream to be served side by side. Wafer cones are often made with a flat bottom instead of a pointed, conical shape, enabling the ice cream and "cone" to stand upright on a surface without support. These types of wafer cones are often branded as "cups".

Edible cones were mentioned in French cooking books as early as 1825, when Julien Archambault described how one could roll a cone from "little waffles". Another printed reference to an edible cone is in Mrs A. B. Marshall's Cookery Book, written in 1888 by Agnes B. Marshall (1855–1905) of England. Her recipe for "Cornet with Cream" said that "the cornets were made with almonds and baked in the oven, not pressed between irons".

In the United States, ice cream cones were popularized in the first decade of the 20th century. On December 13, 1904, a New Yorker named Italo Marchioni received U.S. patent No. 746971 for a mold for making pastry cups to hold ice cream. Marchioni claimed that he has been selling ice cream in edible pastry holders since 1896. However, Marchioni's patent was not for a cone and he lost the lawsuits that he later filed against cone manufacturers for patent infringement.

Abe Doumar and the Doumar family can also claim credit for the ice cream cone. At the age of 16 Doumar began to sellpaperweights and other items. One night, he bought a waffle from another vendor transplanted to Norfolk, Virginia from Ghent in Belgium, Leonidas Kestekidès. Doumar proceeded to roll up the waffle and place a scoop of ice cream on top. He then began selling the cones at the St. Louis Exposition. His cones were such a success that he designed a four-iron baking machine and had a foundry make it for him. At the Jamestown Exposition in 1907, he and his brothers sold nearly twenty-three thousand cones. After that, Abe bought a semiautomatic 36-iron machine, which produced 20 cones per minute and opened Doumar's Drive In in Norfolk, Virginia, which still operates at the same location over 100 years later.

National Voter Registration Day


National Voter Registration Day is a celebration of our democracy and the largest one-day effort to register voters. It falls on every 3rd Tuesday of September.

In 2008, 6 million Americans didn't vote because they missed a registration deadline or didn't know how to register. In 2014, we want to make sure no one is left out.

On September 23, 2014, volunteers, celebrities, and organizations from all over the country will "hit the streets" for National Voter Registration Day. This single day of coordinated field, technology and media efforts will create pervasive awareness of voter registration opportunities--allowing us to reach tens of thousands of voters who we could not reach otherwise.

What It Means
  • Volunteers at transportation hubs, retail stores, sporting events, and concerts.
  • Technology to help eligible voters find registration drives nearby and register to vote online.
  • A network of grassroots, local organizations engaged in their own communities.
  • Tens of thousands of voters registering to vote online and offline in a single day.
What It Will Accomplish
  • Register Voters: A network of a thousand organizations operating on the ground and through social media will register tens of thousands of voters in the field and tens of thousands more online while also receiving pledges to vote from those already registered.
  • Mobilize Volunteers: By partnering with nonprofits not usually engaged in voter registration drives, and amplifying existing drives through event-based recruitment and cultural outreach, National Voter Registration Day will bring together thousands of volunteers across the nation to register voters.
  • Educate Eligible Voters: Millions of voters need to register and re-register every year. By utilizing new technology and leveraging partners, we'll educate more Americans than ever before, bringing new voters into the fold. 
  • Change the Conversation: National Voter Registration Day will be an opportunity to put our differences aside and celebrate the rights that unite us as Americans; democracy.
National Voter Registration Day has been made possible in part by a working group of organizations providing coordination and support. These organizations include, Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance Education Fund, Bus Federation Civic Fund, Fair Elections Legal Network, League of Women Voters, Nonprofit VOTE, Rock the Vote, and Voto Latino. 


National Walk n' Roll Dog Day


Founded in August 2012 by award winning author and advocate for dogs with Intervertabral Disc Disease (IVDD) and dogs in wheelchairs, Barbara Techel created this day in memory of her beloved Dachshund, Frankie, nationally and internationally known as the ‘Walk ‘N Roll Dog’, and in honor of all wheelchair dogs around the world.

Barbara witnessed first hand from Frankie who became paralyzed after a fall and diagnoses of IVDD, that dogs in wheelchairs can live happy, long, quality lives if given a chance. We should not take pity on pets who may lose their mobility but instead celebrate and embrace their perseverance and adversity. In Frankie’s memory Barbara founded this day to continue to bring positive awareness to all dogs in wheelchairs.

The Frankie Fund began as a memorial after Frankie’s passing. We received over $2,700 in memorial funds and we were able to help six dogs who may not have otherwise been able to get wheelchairs. They are now living a happy, quality life!

To date the fund has granted 30 wheelchairs to paralyzed dogs in need. This effort has been through yearly fundraisers and the many people who support us with a monetary donation. We couldn’t do it without you and we are so grateful!

We also have a store with items for sale and companies we have partnered with. A portion of all sales benefits The Frankie Wheelchair Fund.  It is on this page that you can also make a monetary donation if you wish. If you prefer to send us a check to help us in our efforts please make check out to:  The Frankie Wheelchair Fund, 304 Kettleview Court, Elkhart Lake, WI  53020.

Please note, contributions are not tax-deductible as we are not a non-profit but you will receive a grateful letter of thanks.

Before considering a wheelchair for your pet please read the following:
  • If your dog has been diagnosed with IVDD have you visited Dodgerslist for advice in caring for your IVDD dog?  It is highly recommended that your dog have 6-8 weeks strict crate rest before considering being fitted for a wheelchair.
  • Each person requesting money from the fund, when funds are available, will be asked if they are able to pay something towards the cart (doing a fundrasier or tag sales is a great way to raise funds).  This way we can help more dogs. If you are interested in being considered for this fund, please fill out application.
  • We ask that you consider donating the wheels you receive from this fund back to Eddie’s Wheels when and if they are no longer needed.
Frankie the Walk ‘N Roll Dogs legacy lives on in this special day created for her as well as The Frankie Fund. Her motto also lives on in the young and young at heart of thousands we met in over 400 appearances we did from 2007-2012, as well as in the children’s book series written about her, Frankie the Walk ‘N Roll Dog:

Always be positive, make a difference, and… keep on rolling!

National White Chocolate Day



It’s National White Chocolate Day! White chocolate was invented by the Nestlé company in Switzerland. The first white chocolate bar debuted in 1930.

Despite its long history, for many years the confection we know as “white chocolate” was not officially chocolate at all. White chocolate does not contain cocoa solids—one of the main ingredients in traditional chocolate. In 2004, ten years after chocolate manufacturers filed the first petition, the FDA finally relaxed its definition of “chocolate” and accepted white chocolate into the family. According to the regulations, true white chocolate must contain at least 20% cocoa butter, 14% total milk solids, 3.5% milk fat, and less than 63% sugar.

Chocolate itself, in bar and candy form, isn't so old. The first chocolate bar was invented in 1847 by the Fry Brothers in Bristol, England. Prior to then, chocolate was drunk as a beverage. Milk chocolate was first made successfully in 1897, after Daniel Peter, a Swiss chocolate manufacturer, thought to try making it with the powdered milk invented by his neighbor, Henri Nestlé, 30 years earlier. In the intervening years, everyone had been trying to make milk chocolate with milk or cream.

For a 20th-century product, the history of white chocolate is shrouded in ambiguity. Some claim it was produced in New Hampshire just after World War I, after an American saw it in Europe. Nestlé launched a white chocolate bar in Europe in the 1930s. According to Nestlé, white chocolate was originally created as a way to use excess cocoa butter (although the company does not specify who created it—a detail perhaps lost in history).

The first mass-distributed white chocolate in the U.S. was Nestlé’s Alpine White chocolate bar, introduced around 1948. It included almonds and had a good run through the 1990s (it is now discontinued, to the chagrin of many fans). Competitor Hershey’s didn’t make Hugs, a.k.a. white chocolate Kisses, until 1993, and has since made white-chocolate versions of Reese’s Cups and Twix.

Today, just about every major chocolate maker produces a bar (usually plain, but sometimes flavored), and many a pastry chef spins white chocolate cake, ice cream and mousse from large blocks of white couverture. Its ivory color makes it a lovely contrast against dark chocolate backgrounds of cakes and bonbons. Certain flavors marry better with white chocolate than they do with dark chocolate—lavender, for example—which leads to new flavor combinations and recipes.

Over the last few decades, the world has become a more sophisticated marketplace for fine chocolate. In 2002, the FDA amended its standards of identity, enabling white chocolate to be called chocolate if, among other requirements, it is made from a minimum of 20% cocoa butter (by weight), a minimum of 15% milk powder and a maximum of 55% sweetener (generally sugar or maltitol for high-quality sugar-free chocolate). Any other formulation must still be called confectionary or summer coating.

More than a few famous “food experts” do not realize this, and are heard on television shows or read in print misinforming audiences that “white chocolate is not chocolate.” Don’t believe it, no matter how iconic the speaker. We have personally phoned the FDA and, from their lips to this page, white chocolate made under the standards above is chocolate.

Pick up a scrumptious white chocolate truffle or a package of white chocolate covered pretzels to celebrate!

World Carfree Day


World Carfree Day - We all know about the dangers of too much pollution to our environment, yet every day we get in our cars and make the situation worse.  This important awareness day aims to help highlight the pollution of the world caused by car use and persuade us to leave the car at home and have a no car day!

Every year on or around 22 September, people from around the world get together in the streets, intersections, and neighborhood blocks to remind the world that we don't have to accept our car-dominated society.

World Carfree Day - We all know about the dangers of too much pollution to our environment, yet every day we get in our cars and make the situation worse.  This important awareness day aims to help highlight the pollution of the world caused by car use and persuade us to leave the car at home and have a no car day!

It is not just the pollution that can make travelling by car a misery.   I hate sitting grid-locked in a city traffic jam when I could be walking past the very traffic I am stuck in.  I think it would be nice to travel at my own pace and not have that set by other commuters.

Some methods of public transport also shorten your journey time by avoiding congested roads and taking more direct routes offered by infrastructure such as railway lines.

Car use is seen as the norm in modern society but why should it be? Imagine a day when there is no traffic noise, everyone is car free and you can hear the birds sing!  Beyond the day to day journeying and pollution, cars blight our environment with discarded parts such as batteries and tyres, oil leaks and then eventually the carcass of the car when it is no longer fit for use.

Actually World Carfree Day was first organized back during the 1970s oil crisis and more days were organized in the 1990s in cities in Europe.  The problem is, that most people don’t take notice at all or take part for one day then revert back to the old way!

So on 22 September 2015 please take part in World Carfree Day and help make our world a little bit nicer to live in ... you might even enjoy a change of scenery!

World Rhino Day


World Rhino Day is on September 22 and celebrates all five species of rhino: Black, white, greater one-horned, Sumatran and Javan rhinos.

World Rhino Day was first announced by WWF-South Africa in 2010. The following year, World Rhino Day grew into an international success, encompassing both African and Asian rhino species, thanks to the efforts of two determined women …

It all started with an email: In mid-2011, Lisa Jane Campbell of Chishakwe Ranch in Zimbabwe was already planning ahead for World Rhino Day. She searched online for ideas and potential collaborators, and found Rhishja’s blog. Lisa Jane sent Rhishja an email, and the two found they shared a common goal of making World Rhino Day a day of celebration for all five species of rhino. In the months that followed, they worked together to make World Rhino Day 2011 an international success, both online and offline. World Rhino Day has since grown to become a global phenomenon, uniting NGOs, zoos, cause-related organizations, businesses, and concerned individuals from nearly every corner of the world!

Rhinoceros (/raɪˈnɒsərəs/), often abbreviated as rhino, is a group of five extant species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae. Two of these species are native to Africa and three to Southern Asia.

Members of the rhinoceros family are characterized by their large size (they are some of the largest remaining megafauna, with all of the species able to reach onetonne or more in weight); as well as by an herbivorous diet; a thick protective skin, 1.5–5 cm thick, formed from layers of collagen positioned in a lattice structure; relatively small brains for mammals this size (400–600 g); and a large horn. They generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgutallows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter, if necessary. Unlike other perissodactyls, the two African species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their lips to pluck food.

Rhinoceros are killed by humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and which are used by some cultures for ornamental or traditional medicinal purposes. East Asia, specifically Vietnam, is the largest market for rhino horns. By weight, rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. People grind up the horns and then consume them believing the dust has therapeutic properties. The horns are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes uphair and fingernails. Both African species and the Sumatran rhinoceros have two horns, while the Indian and Javan rhinoceros have a single horn.

The IUCN Red List identifies three of the species as critically endangered.