Sunday, September 27, 2015

Holidays and Observances for September 27 2015

Ancestor Appreciation Day


Ancestor Appreciation Day is a day to learn more about our ancestors and our past so that we can preserve our family history for future generations. Knowing where you came from and who your ancestors were can give you insight into your family’s values and traditions and perhaps even make you appreciate how far you family has come.

Celebrate Ancestor Appreciation Day by spending time with your relatives, who can probably tell you more about your family history. You can also learn more about your ancestors by researching online. Ancestry.com is a great source for learning more about genealogy, how to make a family tree, and how to find family history records.

You can also head over to About.com’s genealogy section to learn more about genealogy, how to research your family history and where to look, and how to share and preserve your family history for future generations.

An ancestor or forebear is a parent or (recursively) the parent of an ancestor (i.e., a grandparent, great-grandparent, great-great-grandparent, and so forth). Ancestor is "any person from whom one is descended. In law the person from whom an estate has been inherited."

Two individuals have a genetic relationship if one is the ancestor of the other, or if they share a common ancestor from the past. In evolutionary theory, species which share an evolutionary ancestor are said to be of common descent. However, this concept of ancestry does not apply to some bacteria and other organisms capable of horizontal gene transfer.

Assuming that all of an individual's ancestors are otherwise unrelated to each other, that individual has 2n ancestors in the nth generation before him and a total of about 2g+1 ancestors in the g generations before him. In practice, however, it is clear that the vast majority of ancestors of humans (and indeed any other species) are multiply related (see pedigree collapse). Consider n = 40: the human species is more than 40 generations old, yet the number 240, approximately 1012 or one trillion, dwarfs the number of humans who have ever lived.

Ignoring the possibility of other inter-relationships (even distant ones) among ancestors, an individual has a total of 2046 ancestors up to the 10th generation, 1024 of which are 10th-generation ancestors. With the same assumption, any given person has over a billion 30th-generation ancestors (who lived roughly 1000 years ago) and this theoretical number increases past the estimated total population of the world in around AD 1000. (All of these ancestors will have contributed to one's autosomal DNA: this excludes Y-chromosomal DNA and mitochondrial DNA.)

Some cultures confer reverence to ancestors, both living and dead; in contrast, some more youth-oriented cultural contexts display less veneration of elders. In other cultural contexts, some people seek providence from their deceased ancestors; this practice is sometimes known as ancestor worship or, more accurately, ancestor veneration.

Daughter's Day


Daughters Day is celebrated on the fourth Sunday in the month of September. Daughters Day date varies across countries and is celebrated on different dates across the world. On this day, parents wish the love of their lives, the little angels, Happy Daughters Day. There might be some confusion regarding when is National Daughters Day or when is Daughters Day 2015. National Daughters Day 2015 can be celebrated on the fourth Sunday in the month of September. Otherwise October 1 has also been known to be celebrated as National Daughters Day. Loving wishes pour in from all corners of the world cheering and adoring every lovely daughter who is the light of her parents’ and close ones’ lives. National Daughters Week or Daughters Week is also celebrated.

Daughters Day wishes flow freely from beloved parents to their daughters during the Daughters Day celebrations in the United States(US). The beautiful innocent flashing smile flitting across the daughter’s face is a cherished and coveted thing for every parent. To bring this smile on their daughter’s face, parents bestow gifts, select items, chocolates, fresh flowers, dresses, jewelry and lot others. Parties are planned. Activities are chalked out. Daughters Day in US is an occasion for parents and other family members to bond with daughters and spend some exclusive moments together to cherish for the rest of the lifetime.

A daughter is a female offspring; a girl, woman, or female animal in relation to her parents. Daughterhood is the state of being a daughter. The male counterpart is a son. Analogously the name is used in several areas to show relations between groups or elements.

In patriarchal societies, daughters often have different or lesser familial rights than sons. A family may prefer to have sons rather than daughters, with the daughters subjected to female infanticide. In some societies it is the custom for a daughter to be 'sold' to her husband, who must pay a bride price. The reverse of this custom, where the parents pay the husband a sum of money to compensate for the financial burden of the woman, is found in societies where women do not labor outside the home, and is referred to as dowry.

In the United States, the birth rate is 105 sons to 100 daughters which has been the natural birth rate since the 18th century. About 80 percent of prospective adoptive parents from the US will choose a girl over a boy.

Gold Star Mother's Day


Gold Star Mother’s Day is observed in the United States on the last Sunday of September each year. It is a day for people to recognize and honor those who have lost a son or daughter while serving the United States Armed Forces.

Each year on Gold Star Mother's Day the United States president calls on all Americans to display the nation's flag and hold appropriate meetings to publicly express their love, sorrow, and reverence towards Gold Star Mothers and their families. Government buildings are also required to display the flag.

American Gold Star Mothers, Inc. is an organization of mothers whose sons or daughters served and died while serving their nation in times of war or conflict. It organizes major events that take place on or around Gold Star Mother’s Day each year. Previous activities included a Gold Star flower wreath laying service, as well as an afternoon tour of President Lincoln’s cottage in Washington DC.

The last Sunday in September is also Parents of Fallen Military Sons and Daughters Day in New Jersey. This day is a tribute to all parents whose children died as a result of their service with the United States Armed Forces. It commemorates the contributions, commitments and sacrifices made by those parents individually and through the American Gold Star Mothers, Inc.

The name the Gold Star Mothers was derived from the custom of military families who put a service flag near their front window. The flag featured a star for each family member serving in their country – living members were denoted in blue but gold stars honored family members who were killed while in duty. In 1918 President Woodrow Wilson approved the wearing of black arm bands bearing a gilt star by those who had a family member who died in the military service to the United States. This distinguished them from the blue stars, representing a family member presently serving in the armed forces.

American Gold Star Mothers, Inc. was incorporated in 1929, obtaining a federal charter from the US Congress. It began with 25 mothers living in the Washington DC area and soon expanded to include affiliated groups throughout the nation. On June 23, 1936, a joint congressional resolution designated the last Sunday in September as Gold Star Mother's Day, a holiday that has been observed each year by a presidential proclamation.

A gold star symbolizes a family member who died in the line of duty while serving the United States Armed Forces.  It may be seen on a service flag or in the form of a pin, which is worn by Gold Star mothers. The pin is not limited to mothers and it is awarded by the US Department of Defense.

National Chocolate Milk Day


Celebrate National Chocolate Milk Day! Who doesn't crave a nice, tall glass of frothy chocolate milk?

Chocolate milk is objectively delicious, whether cold, boxed, hot or malted. The beverage has been a staple of American lunches for years (thanks, in part, to the U.S. milk lobby). It has also been the center of some controversy: parents can’t seem to decide if the beverage is a hero (saving their children from drinking soda at lunch) or villain (filling their children with empty calories). In New York City, about 60 percent of the milk cartons served at every school lunch are full of chocolate milk. That’s 60 million cartons of chocolate milk consumed every year in New York City lunchrooms alone. 

But where did it come from? Who first thought to add chocolate and milk together? According to the Natural History Museum in Britain, that credit goes to Sir Hans Sloane, an Irish botanist. Sloane spent some time in Jamaica in the early 1700s, where the local people gave him cocoa to drink. “He found it 'nauseous' but by mixing it with milk made it more palatable," the museum says. When he returned to England, Sloane brought the milk and cocoa mixture with him, and for many years it was sold as medicine.

But, as with most things, the European who gets credit for inventing something probably did not actually invent it. According to Jame Delbougo, a historian, the Jamaicans were brewing “a hot beverage brewed from shavings of freshly harvested cacao, boiled with milk and cinnamon” as far back as 1494. And chocolate has been known to humans as far back as 350 B.C. It's hard to believe that no one before Sloane thought to put milk in it.

Even Europeans had known about chocolate since 1502, when Columbus brought it back from his conquests in the Americas—although it wasn’t until Cortez pillaged the Aztecs in 1516 that Europeans actually figured out what to do with cacao. In fact, Cortez had a similar reaction to Sloan when served the bitter drink—he added spices and sugar to cut the bite.

Chocolate milk has surprising restorative properties. In 2006, the dairy industry conducted a study and discovered that chocolate milk helps athletes with muscle recovery. It provides nine essential nutrients, making it both delicious and nutritious!

Pour yourself a nice tall glass of chocolate milk in honor of National Chocolate Milk Day!

National Corned Beef Hash Day


Hash it all out - September 27 is National Corned Beef Hash Day! Today is all about celebrating the meat and potatoes! It's not glamorous but mashing corned beef, potatoes, spices and onions together until smooth and creamy can be a lip-smacking one-pot meal.

Corned beef hash is a dish that begins with corned beef, a type of beef brisket that has been specially preserved, and combines it with onions, potatoes, and spices. Brisket is often a tough cut of meat and is usually slow roasted or cooked in a slow cooker over a matter of several hours. Corned beef can also be found in cans, and this version may be used in some versions of hash.

To make a "hash" of something is an English term for either messing up a situation or just throwing something together. Corned beef hash is one of those "throw together" dishes, and it has its roots in Colonial America, when corned beef was an important staple because it was preserved. People extended dishes and made the most of what they had, so cooking the end pieces of the corned beef with diced potatoes made sense when feeding a large family. The recipe appeared in the Fannie Farmer Cookbook in 1918, although it had been popular along the railroad lines and on chuck wagons for years before.

To make the hash, a cook begins by chopping the beef into small cubes or by breaking up the canned meat. He then dices a medium onion and, if he likes shredded potato, grates several raw ones. Otherwise, he cubes two or three medium potatoes and sets them to cook (only if they are cubed). When the potatoes are done, he mixes them with the corned beef, onion, and seasonings like salt, pepper, dry mustard, and garlic, to taste. In many cases, the cook then breaks an egg into this mixture and puts it into a non-stick skillet, frying the hash until all is crispy and brown. Some people top the corned beef hash with a fried egg and serve it with toast, while others serve it with pancakes, waffles, or with scrambled eggs on the side.

Corned beef hash can also be used to stuff bell peppers, or it can be cooked with grated beets for something called "red flannel hash." It is a homey, earthy dish that has been in America almost since America has been an independent country. Cooks who have leftover brisket, too much corned beef, or just like the dish often find it to be a good meal for breakfast or dinner.

While traditionally considered to be breakfast fare, you can mash up some corned beef hash any time of day. Diners like to serve it with a fried egg or hash browns on top.

It's also National Chocolate Milk Day, so whether you decide to wash your savory hash down with some sweet chocolatey milk could, well, be quite an interesting mash-up.

National Crush A Can Day


Today is National Crush A Can Day; yes, such a day exists. The aluminum can recycling rate in the United States is on the rise but as a nation, we still have a long way to go. According to The Aluminum Association, the aluminum beverage container recycling rate in 2011 jumped to 65.1 percent, up 7 percent from the year prior. However, that means that one-third of the aluminum cans used in the United States are not recycled.
Alcoa and the Alcoa Foundation are working to improve aluminum recycling through a $2 million Clinton Global Initiative commitment. The “Action to Accelerate Recycling” will focus on aluminum as well as plastic, glass and paper recycling education efforts.
Through the initiative, Alcoa estimates that 90 tons of recycled content will be diverted from local landfills. If this diversion level is achieved, it would result in the avoidance of 850 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions.
In addition to the “Action to Accelerate Recycling” initiative, Alcoa announced a new Pass the Can Facebook app, which includes a charitable donation. Through these efforts, the aluminum can recycling rate in the nation should be on track to reach a 75 percent recycling rate by 2015.
In honor of National Crush A Can Day, help spread the word about the importance of aluminum can recycling, share the Pass the Can app and even head out and collect aluminum cans in your neighborhood. If you decide to collect cans in your community, I encourage you to pledge the financial proceeds from the recycling process to a local charity.

National Gay Men's HIV/AIDS Awareness Day


September 27 is the annual observance of National Gay Men’s HIV/AIDS Awareness Day. The day serves to highlight the continuing impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among gay men.
Gay and bisexual men are more severely affected by HIV than any other group in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) represent approximately 2% of the U.S. population but accounted for 63% of estimated new HIV infections in 2010. By the end of 2010, an estimated 302,148 gay and bisexual men with an AIDS diagnosis had died in the United States since the beginning of the epidemic, representing 48% of all deaths of people with AIDS.
Because of the high prevalence of HIV in this population, it is important for gay, bisexual, and other MSM to be tested for HIV and to take steps to reduce their risk of HIV transmission.

Nearly 1 in 5 gay and bisexual men living with HIV are undiagnosed. Getting tested is the critical first step in the process of protecting oneself and partners from HIV. Knowing one's HIV status provides powerful information and the steps to take to protect health. Gay and bisexual men should get tested, and encourage others to get tested too. If a test is positive, treatment is available to stay healthy for many years and reduce the chance of transmitting HIV to sex partners. If a test is negative, for those who are sexually active, getting tested at least once a year is recommended – some men may benefit from more frequent testing (e.g., every 3-6 months).


Know Your Prevention and Treatment Options

For HIV-negative gay and bisexual men who are sexually active, there are more tools available today and more actions to take to stay safe and healthy. Below are the key actions to take and you can learn more at the Start Talking. Stop HIV. web site.
  • Choose less risky sexual behaviors. Use condoms consistently and correctly.
  • Reduce the number of people with whom you have sex.
  • Talk to your doctor about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), taking HIV medicine daily to prevent HIV infection.
  • Talk to your doctor right away (within 3 days) about post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) if you have a possible exposure to HIV. Get tested and treated for other STDs and encourage your partners to do the same. Find an STD testing site.
  • If your partner is HIV-positive, encourage your partner to get and stay on treatment.
For gay and bisexual men living with HIV, the following actions can reduce the risk of transmitting HIV:
  • Use antiretroviral therapy (ART) consistently and correctly.
  • If you are taking ART, follow your health care provider's advice.
  • Choose less risky sexual behaviors.
  • Use condoms consistently and correctly.
  • Talk to your partners about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), taking HIV medicine daily to prevent HIV infection.
  • Talk to your partners about post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) if you think they have had a possible exposure to HIV.
  • Get tested and treated for STDs and encourage your partners to do the same. Find an STD testing site.
Data from a recent CDC study show that in 2010, 42% of all gay and bisexual men living with diagnosed HIV had achieved viral suppression, while only 26% of young gay and bisexual men were virally suppressed. CDC's focus on getting people with HIV into treatment – and staying in treatment – will protect the health of many as well as prevent further transmission of HIV. A new CDC HIV awareness campaign, HIV Treatment Works, encourages people living with HIV to get in care, start taking HIV medications, remain in care, and stay on treatment as directed.

World Deaf Day


World Deaf Day is celebrated every year in last week (last Sunday of the month of September) of the September to draw the attention of general public, politician and development authorities towards the achievements of the deaf people as well as deaf people community. Throughout the celebration of the event, all the deaf people organization worldwide are encouraged greatly to fulfill the demands and needs of the deaf people as well as increasing their rights all over the world.

A person named, Granville Richard Seymour Redmond (born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA in the year 1871) got deafness because of the scarlet fever in his early childhood. He was supported by his family to a lot and given higher education in a special school. He was the owner of the natural artistic talents which was getting spread all over the world. He also learned the painting, drawing and pantomime from the famous California School of Design in San Francisco. He was very talented as same as a normal person. Because of this reason, the World Deaf Day is commemorated all over the world for the deaf and by the deaf for their healthier conditions, better life, self-esteem, nationality, schooling and work.

People must participate in celebrating the World Deaf Day not only as Deaf Day but to expand the way of growth and development through the new technologies as well as to offer deaf people wide variety of opportunities to change their lifestyle. It is celebrated with the rallies, seminar and various deaf awareness campaigns including some fun events.

Various social organizations of the Varanasi city is working for the deaf people rights as well as aware the common people about noise pollution hazards through the several programmes and rallies which begins from the Luxa police station, passing through the Gurubagh, Rathyatra, Sigra and ends at the Shahid Udyan of the city.

World Rivers Day


World Rivers Day is a celebration of the world’s waterways. It highlights the many values of our rivers, strives to increase public awareness, and encourages the improved stewardship of all rivers around the world.  Rivers in virtually every country face an array of threats, and only through our active involvement can we ensure their health in the years ahead.

In 2005, the United Nations launched the Water for Life Decade to help create a greater awareness of the need to better care for our water resources. Following this, the establishment of World Rivers Day was in response to a proposal initiated by internationally renowned river advocate, Mark Angelo.

The proposal for a  global event to celebrate rivers was based on the success of BC Rivers Day, which Mark Angelo had founded and led in western Canada since 1980.  A World Rivers Day event was seen by agencies of the UN as a good fit for the aims of the Water for Life Decade and the proposal was approved.  River enthusiasts from around the world came together to organize the inaugural WRD event.  That first event in 2005 was a great success and Rivers Day was celebrated across dozens of countries.  Since then, the event has continued to grow.  It is annually celebrated on the last Sunday of every September.  Last year, several million people across more than 60 countries celebrated the many values of our waterways.

Mark Angelo hails from Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, and is an internationally celebrated river conservationist. He is the founder and Chair of both BC and World Rivers Day and is Chair Emeritus of the Rivers Institute at the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT). Mark was also the long time head of BCIT’s Fish, Wildlife and Recreation Program.  He has received both the Order of British Columbia and the Order of Canada (his country’s highest honour) in recognition of his river conservation efforts over the past four decades. Among his many other awards are the United Nations Stewardship Award and the National River Conservation Award.  As an avid paddler, Mark has traveled along close to 1000 rivers around the world, perhaps more than any other person. From 2003 to 2006, his acclaimed Riverworld program played to sold-out audiences across North America and the program’s website had more than 40 million visits. Mark continues to work on conservation issues in his community and province, as well as across Canada and elsewhere in the world. Mark has written more than 300 articles and essays about his experiences and related conservation issues. He is a regular contributor to newspaper travel sections and is the Past Chair of the Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council. He was recently awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Simon Fraser University in recognition of his river conservation efforts.  Mark is a Fellow International of the New York based Explorers Club, a Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographic Society, and is currently working on a global river documentary film, entitled RiverBlue, set for international release in late 2015. 

World Tourism Day


Many people around celebrate the United Nations’ (UN) World Tourism Day, which is on September 27 each year. The day aims to foster awareness among the international community of the importance of tourism and its social, cultural, political and economic values.

The United Nations’ World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) invites people worldwide to participate in World Tourism Day on September 27 every year.  The UNWTO Secretary-General annually sends out a message to the general public to mark the occasion. Many tourism enterprises and organizations, as well as government agencies with a special interest in tourism, celebrate the event with various special events and festivities.

Different types of competitions, such as photo competitions promoting tourism, as well as tourism award presentations in areas such as ecotourism, are held on World Tourism Day. Other activities include free entries, discounts or special offers for the general public to any site of tourism interest. Government and community leaders, as tourism business representatives, may make public announcements or offer special tours or fares to promote both their region and World Tourism Day on or around September 27.

Tourism has experienced continued growth and deeper diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world. ‎Modern tourism is closely linked to development and includes more new destinations for tourists. These dynamics turned tourism into a key driver for socio-‎economic progress.‎ Tourism has become one of the major players in ‎international commerce, and represents at the same time one of the main income ‎sources for many developing countries.

The UNWTO decided in late September 1979 to institute World Tourism Day, which was first celebrated on September 27, 1980. September 27 was chosen as the date for World Tourism Day because that date coincided with an important milestone in world tourism: the anniversary of the adoption of the UNWTO Statutes on September 27, 1970.

The UNWTO believes that the date for World Tourism Day is appropriate because it comes at the end of the high tourist season in the northern hemisphere and the start of the tourist season in the southern hemisphere, when tourism is of topical interest to many people worldwide, particularly travelers and those working in the tourism sector. Each year has a different theme – for example, “Tourism – Celebrating Diversity” was designated as the theme for 2009, with Ghana as the event’s host country for that year.