Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Holidays and Observances for September 9 2015

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Awareness Day

September 9 is the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day. This day is observed since 1999 and it provides an opportunity to build awareness and knowledge about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome popularly also called as FAS among your community and your people. Its awareness is important as FAS is not curable but 100% preventable. It is the damage caused to the unborn child because of the mother’s drinking habit that is continued during pregnancy.

Every year on the 9th day of the 9th month at 9:09 am Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day is observed. People all around the world gather together for this event for awareness on the facts and damages done due to drinking during pregnancy. This day is chosen so that the world remembers that during the nine months of pregnancy a woman should stay away from alcohol as it may cause damage to it unborn baby.

It is said that anytime is a good time to raise the awareness for such a disease. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the name given to problems that arise due to the continuum of physical and mental health. It arises because of the foetus that is exposed to alcohol in uterus. Diagnosis of the same is very difficult and sometimes not done unless a mother discusses its drinking habit with the doctor. Some of the most common characteristics seen in the children whose brain has been damaged are poor impulse control, poor problem solving skills, difficulty in linking themselves into actions and their consequences, poor communication skills and lack of learning skills.

People Suffering from FAS have a great difficulty in internalizing values, feelings and laws and they may also develop inappropriate skills related to social and sexual.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day: It is very necessary to raise the awareness about the dangers of consuming alcohol during pregnancy and the consequences that may be seen later. Your participation in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day will ensure a healthier community today and healthier babies in the near future. There is no cure for this disorder but these disabilities can be prevented if you realise it early and apply some intervention strategies.

Taking participation and becoming an activist for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day will not take much hard work and neither much energy of yours. You do not have to do this work all alone you just need to find some partners and also get some media coverage for yourself. Then from the following activity choose any one and your part of work is done.
The activities are:
  • Ring some bells on 9th September 9:09 am so that people gets to know about the Feat Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day.
  • Host a get together or an informal gathering of families and friends where you can brief them about the disorder and its prevention causes.
  • Start a small social group which will go door to door and especially to the maternity hospitals to give the expected mothers knowledge about the Feat Alcohol Syndrome and its Awareness Day.
  • You can also plan a Walk Along and round up your city for such a noble cause and give them a T-shirt the ones who are participating inscribed Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day so that people comes to know about such disorder and its day.
As it is said that any day can be chosen to spread the awareness of the disorder so begin the event on 9th day of the 9th month of the year which is worldwide observed as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day.

International Sudoku Day

Today is quite a special day for all Sudoku players and crafters around the world; the 9th of September Careers HAS-been Declared by the World Puzzle Federation International Day Sudoku. Now, I am not usually a man of goal celebrations since this one is put under the signs of sharing and fun, I thought I Could do a small something myself for the occasion.

You Will find below a link to a .pdf file Containing a Sudoku puzzle; not the usual one 9x9, goal Gattai-9 Sudoku, That Is a 9 grid made ​​of overlapping sub-grids contents, each being white is standard Sudoku in shape and size. Each one of These sub-grids obeys its own set of rules (8 of em are common variants, the 9th one being white new) in addition to the standard rules of Sudoku - this is all detailed in the queue.

As is tradition Regarding Gattai-of Sudoku, all overlapping regions are empty of Given digits - and to Fulfill my own personal limitations, you can find all around symmetry Elements of the puzzle. Additionally I tried to keep solving the pleasant, and I hope the result Will Be Considering the difficulty satisfying enough to obey all constraints thesis.

Sudoku originally called Number Place, is a logic-based, combinatorial number-placement puzzle. The objective is to fill a 9×9 grid with digits so that each column, each row, and each of the nine 3×3 sub-grids that compose the grid (also called "boxes", "blocks", "regions", or "sub-squares") contains all of the digits from 1 to 9. The puzzle setter provides a partially completed grid, which for a well-posed puzzle has a unique solution.

Completed puzzles are always a type of Latin square with an additional constraint on the contents of individual regions. For example, the same single integer may not appear twice in the same row, column or in any of the nine 3×3 subregions of the 9x9 playing board.

Although French newspapers featured variations of the puzzles in the 19th century, the modern sudoku only started to become mainstream in 1986 by the Japanese puzzle company Nikoli, under the name Sudoku, meaning single number. It first appeared in a US newspaper and then The Times (UK) in 2004, from the efforts of Wayne Gould, who devised a computer program to rapidly produce distinct puzzles. It appeared since 1979 in puzzle books under the name Number Place.

Number puzzles appeared in newspapers in the late 19th century, when French puzzle setters began experimenting with removing numbers from magic squares. Le Siècle, a Paris daily, published a partially completed 9×9 magic square with 3×3 sub-squares on November 19, 1892. It was not a Sudoku because it contained double-digit numbers and required arithmetic rather than logic to solve, but it shared key characteristics: each row, column and sub-square added up to the same number.

On July 6, 1895, Le Siècle's rival, La France, refined the puzzle so that it was almost a modern Sudoku. It simplified the 9×9 magic square puzzle so that each row, column and broken diagonals contained only the numbers 1–9, but did not mark the sub-squares. Although they are unmarked, each 3×3 sub-square does indeed comprise the numbers 1–9 and the additional constraint on the broken diagonals leads to only one solution.

These weekly puzzles were a feature of French newspapers such as L'Echo de Paris for about a decade but disappeared about the time of World War I.

The modern Sudoku was most likely designed anonymously by Howard Garns, a 74-year-old retired architect and freelance puzzle constructor from Connersville, Indiana, and first published in 1979 by Dell Magazines as Number Place (the earliest known examples of modern Sudoku). Garns's name was always present on the list of contributors in issues of Dell Pencil Puzzles and Word Games that included Number Place, and was always absent from issues that did not. He died in 1989 before getting a chance to see his creation as a worldwide phenomenon. It is unclear if Garns was familiar with any of the French newspapers listed above.

The puzzle was introduced in Japan by Nikoli in the paper Monthly Nikolist in April 1984 as Sūji wa dokushin ni kagiru, which also can be translated as "the digits must be single" or "the digits are limited to one occurrence." (In Japanese, dokushin means an "unmarried person".) At a later date, the name was abbreviated to Sudoku by Maki Kaji, taking only the first kanji of compound words to form a shorter version. Sudoku is a registered trademark in Japan and the puzzle is generally referred to as Number Place or, more informally, a portmanteau of the two words, Num(ber) Pla(ce). In 1986, Nikoli introduced two innovations: the number of givens was restricted to no more than 32, and puzzles became "symmetrical" (meaning the givens were distributed in rotationally symmetric cells). It is now published in mainstream Japanese periodicals, such as the Asahi Shimbun.

The Times of London began featuring Sudoku in late 2004 after a successful appearance in a local US newspaper, from the efforts of Wayne Gould, and rapidly spread to other newspapers as a regular feature. Gould devised a computer program to produce unique puzzles rapidly.

National “I Love Food” Day

When it comes to delicious food holidays, Sept. 9 takes the cake….and the ice cream….and the fries….and the juicy steak…..and the pasta! If you are a foodie - go grab your fork. It's National I Love Food Day, an annual occasion that celebrates one of life’s most enjoyable pleasures - food!

Whether you have a hankerin’ for something sweet to eat, love to try new things, are a tried-and-true meat-and-potatoes kind of person, are a strict vegetarian or somewhere in-between, food is a large part of our everyday lives. Regardless of our culture or where we live, food is usually front-and-center at all sorts of gatherings – from family reunions, picnics, holiday celebrations and festive parties to bridal showers, weddings and funerals.

Besides water and air, we all need food to survive. Food provides energy to help us grow, stay strong and healthy. And the better we eat, the better we feel.
  • While ice cream or chips and dip may be your preferred “food group,” eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables may protect against certain types of cancers and reduce the risk of heart disease. Veggies and fruit contain essential vitamins, minerals and fiber and most are low in fat and calories.
  • Rich in essential fatty acids, salmon is rich in Vitamin D and Omega-3 which may prevent heart disease, minimize the effects of arthritis and inflammatory joint conditions, reduces depression, dementia and helps you sleep. Sardines, trout, flaxseed, chia, walnuts, edamame, kale, spinach, canola oil are also rich in Omega-3.
  • Dark chocolate is good for you, too! Sweet! Loaded with flavonoid antioxidants, many believe dark chocolate not only tastes great, but provides heart-healthy benefits and may improve brain function, too.
Food for thought – today is all about food. Whether you try a new dish or a family favorite in honor of the occasion - Bon Appetite!

National Steak au Poivre Day

September 9 is National Steak Au Poivre Day!

Steak au Poivre is a French dish made with steak and peppercorns, topped with a cream or wine sauce. Traditionally made with boneless cuts of beef of a higher quality, this dish literally translates to “pepper steak,” and is often called so. Richly flavored, it is typically cooked in a fatty substance and plated with a vegetable and potato.

Often reserved for tender cuts of beef such as filet mignon, Steak au Poivre is meant to be quite succulent. To achieve the desired juiciness, a restaurant or at-home chef generally pan fries the steak in a generous amount of oil or butter. Cooks should avoid using non-stick pans when cooking this dish, as such pans hinder the charred, caramelized effect that is meant to occur. The steaks are generally quickly seared on either side before letting rest for several minutes before serving.

Often served rarer than medium rare, this steak dish has two competing flavors that are meant to balance each other out: the peppercorns and the sauce. Black peppercorns are typically used for this dish, as they are easier to find and used in more mainstream recipes than the other varieties of peppercorns. Other colored peppercorns may also be used — such as green, red or white — singularly or mixed with one another.

As a general rule, depending on how peppery each consumer likes his steak, the ratio of peppercorn to meat should be about one teaspoon to one tablespoon of peppercorns per one slab of beef. The coarse, barely-crushed peppercorns should thoroughly be able to coat the steak before it is thrown into the pan. Some chefs prefer to coat the steak with the peppercorns a few hours before cooking, so as to allow the flavor to set in even more.

Traditional Steak au Poivre has been served with a true pan sauce since at least mid-19th century. The original pan sauce recipe, however, is disputed by chefs in the 21st century. Regardless of the concoction, the same pan should be used to create the sauce as was used to cook the steak.

Typical ingredients for the pan sauce include reduced cognac, red wine, or bourbon. Other ingredients include shallots, butter, ground mustard, dark stock, and the deglazed bits from the bottom of the pan. Seasoned chefs believe heavy cream doesn’t belong in the traditional Steak au Poivre recipe, though many restaurants and at-home chefs include the cream. The richness of a cream sauce has the ability to reduce some of the bitter flavor left from the peppercorn crust.

Popular accompaniments for Steak au Poivre include a steamed or roasted green vegetable, such as asparagus, or a salad. Potatoes are almost always served along this French meal. Baked potatoes, pommes frites — thinly cut French fries — and mashed potatoes are generally picked as one of the side dishes.

Celebrate this food holiday by indulging in some Steak Au Poivre. If there are no French eateries nearby, try and make this dish on your own!

National Teddy Bear Day

National Teddy Bear Day takes place in the US on September 9th. Initially a US specific holiday this is increasingly being celebrated by bear lovers across the world. There appears to be no record of the origin of this holiday or why this particular date was chosen - perhaps the bears themselves know?

On this day in 1903, toy store owner and inventor Morris Michtom places two stuffed bears in his shop window, advertising them as Teddy bears. Michtom had earlier petitioned President Theodore Roosevelt for permission to use his nickname, Teddy. The president agreed and, before long, other toy manufacturers began turning out copies of Michtom's stuffed bears, which soon became a national childhood institution.

One of Theodore Roosevelt's hunting expeditions provided the inspiration for the Teddy bear. Ironically, though he was an avid conservationist, Roosevelt-led hunting trips often resulted in excessive slaughter, including one African trip during which his party killed more than 6,000 animals for sport and trophies. However, the idea for the teddy bear likely arose out of one of Roosevelt's more compassionate acts.

Reports differ as to the exact details of the inspiration behind the teddy bear, but it is thought that while hunting in Mississippi in 1902, Roosevelt came upon an old injured black bear that his guides had tied to a tree. (The age, sex and state of health of the bear remain contested.) While some reports claim Roosevelt shot the bear out of pity for his suffering, others insist he set the bear free. Political cartoonists later portrayed the bear as a cub, implying that under the tough, outdoorsy and macho image of Roosevelt lay a much softer, more sensitive interior. The rest, as the say, is history.

Today people buy teddy bears across the world, not just for young children but often for themselves as collectibles. Some early bears by well known names such as Steiff or Gund are rare and much sought after by enthusiasts.

So if anyone deserves an annual holiday it's certainly the Teddy Bear. How they celebrate their special day depends on their owner. Some people like to take their bear out on a trip, others like to organise a toy party and perhaps even buy their bear gifts. If all inspriation fails, there's always the traditional picnic - I've never known a bear turn one down!

Confusingly there's also a National Teddy Bear Day in November. That special day was created by the Vermont Teddy Bear Company in 2000 to celebrate the contribution the teddy has made to popular culture.

National Wiener Schnitzel Day

September 9 is the National Wiener Schnitzel Day. This food-related holiday is dedicated to a traditional Austrian dish which belongs to the best known specialties of Viennese cuisine.
“Wiener Schnitzel” is translated into English as “Viennese schnitzel”. It is a very thin schnitzel made from veal which is breaded and then deep fried in clarified butter or lard. The term “Wiener Schnitzel” was first used in the early 1830s, though similar dishes had been known earlier.

The schnitzel is prepared from about 4 mm thin veal slices. The veal is lightly hammered, slightly salted and rolled in flour, whipped eggs, and bread crumbs. Then it is fried in a large amount of lard or butter until golden yellow or brown. The large amount of fat is important for the schnitzel to cook evenly.

Wiener Schnitzel is traditionally served with lettuce salad, cucumber salad, potato salad, or parsley potatoes. A slice of lemon is commonly served with the schnitzel to give the bread crumbs more taste. Rice, roasted potatoes, and French fries have become popular side dishes to Wiener Schnitzel lately.

It is worth noting that a variation of Wiener Schnitzel made with pork instead of veal is usually called Viennese style schnitzel (Schnitzel Wiener Art).

The designation "Wiener Schnitzel" first appeared in the end of the 19th century, with the first known mention in a cookbook from 1831. In the popular southern German cookbook by Katharina Prato, it was mentioned as eingebröselte Kalbsschnitze.

According to a legend, field marshal Joseph Radetzky von Radetz brought the recipe from Italy to Vienna in 1857. In 2007,linguist Heinz Dieter Pohl discovered that this story had been invented. According to Pohl, the dish is first mentioned in connection with Radetzky in 1969 in an Italian gastronomy book (Guida gastronomica d'Italia), which was published in German in 1971 as Italien tafelt, and it is claimed that the story instead concerned the cotoletta alla milanese. Before this time, the story was unknown in Austria. The Radetzky legend is however based on this book, which claims that a Count Attems, an adjutant to the emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria gave a notice from Radetzky about the situation in Lombardy and mentioned a tasty veal steak in a margin note. After Radetzky had returned, the emperor personally requested the recipe from him.

Pohl relates this anecdote with the words: "This story is scientifically meaningless, it does not cite any sources and it is not mentioned in the literature about Radetzky. No such Count Attems appears in any biographical work about the Austrian monarchy, which would have corresponded to this time and position."

Pohl doubts that the Wiener Schnitzel came from Italy at all, with the basis that in the other "imported dishes" in Austrian cuisine, the original concept is mentioned, even if in Germanised form, such as in goulash or pancakes, and the Schnitzel does not appear even in specialized cookbooks about Italian cuisine.

Pohl hints that there had been other dishes in Austrian cuisine, before the Schnitzel, that were breaded and deep fried, such as the popular Backhendl, which was first mentioned in a cookbook from 1719. The Schnitzel was then mentioned in the 19th century as Wiener Schnitzel analogically to the Wiener Backhendl.

There are documents in the Milan archive of Saint Ambrose dated in 1148 where "Lumbolos cum panicio" (Latin), which can be translated in Italian as "Cotoletta alla Milanese", is mentioned. This contrasts with Pohl's doubts about the Milan originality of the Wiener Schnitzel.

In 1887, E F Knight ordered a dish called Wienerschnitzel in a Rotterdam cafe and wrote "as far as I could make out, the lowest layer of a Wienerschnitzel consists of juicy veal steaks and slices of lemon peel; the next layer is composed of sardines; then come sliced gherkins, capers, and diverse mysteries; a delicate sauce flavors the whole, and the result is a gastronomic dream."

Tester's Day

Today – on September 9 – testers from all over the world are celebrating their professional holiday – Tester’s day! We’d like to congratulate all people who test applications, who fight with various bugs and errors and wish them all the best!

This holiday has its own legend. According to it, on September 9, 1945 when the scientists who were testing the computer Mark II Aiken Relay Calculator, they found a real small moth between the contacts of the electromechanical relay and one of them pronounced the word ‘bug’. The scientists had to make a report on the work done where the term ‘debugging’ appeared for the first time. Now debugging is the process of finding and eliminating bugs which lead to incorrect performance of the system and failures.

Software testing is not an easy job. The tester should be able to think as a user, on one side, and, on the other hand, analyze the system’s behavior, input parameters and obtained results as an engineer who takes part in software development.

Happy day, testers!

Wonderful Weirdos Day

If non-traditional holidays are your cup of tea, today is your lucky day. Sept. 9 is Wonderful Weirdos Day,an annual "holiday" created by Thomas and Ruth Roy at Wellcat. This yearly occasion celebrates those who refuse to go with the flow.

If you tend to think outside the box and prefer to march to the beat from another drummer, embrace it! Whether your fashion style, hair style or personality is totally different than everyone else’s, your uniqueness makes you stand out from the crowd and makes you who are you. Remember, many celebrities and famous people have unusual traits that make them stand out.

In honor of Wonderful Weirdos Day, check out these really, really weird lists: