Friday, October 2, 2015

Holidays and Observances for October 2 2015

International Day of Non-Violence

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Non-Violence is a global observance that promotes non-violence through education and public awareness. It is annually held on October 2 to coincide with renowned Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.

Many people, governments, and non-government organizations around the world observe the International Day of Non-Violence through various events and activities such as:
  • News articles and broadcast announcements promoting the day.
  • Public lectures, seminars, discussions, and press conferences about non-violence.
  • Photo exhibitions highlighting issues, such as the dangers of the illicit trade of small arms.
  • Street awareness campaigns.
  • Light ceremonies promoting non-violence and peace.
  • Multi-faith prayer meetings.
The International Day of Non-Violence has strong connections with the works, beliefs, and methods of peace leader Mahatma Gandhi, who is known as India’s “Father of the Nation”.

The principle of non-violence, also known as non-violent resistance, rejects the use of physical violence to achieve social or political change. Many groups throughout the world use this method in social justice campaigns. There are three main categories of non-violence action:
  • Protest and persuasion, including marches and vigils.
  • Non-cooperation.
  • Non-violent intervention, such as blockades and occupations.
The UN recognizes a philosophical connection between the human rights principles in its universal declaration and those that Mahatma Gandhi used. Gandhi was born in India on October 2, 1869. He is remembered today for his contributions towards India’s freedom and for sharing with the world a doctrine for dealing with injustice and disharmony. He taught people the philosophy of Ahimsa, which encourages the use of non-violence as a tool for the peaceful resolution of differences. India gained its freedom on August 15, 1947, through Gandhi’s efforts. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.

The UN General Assembly came up with a resolution in 2007 to establish the International Day of Non-Violence. The day aimed to spread the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness, around the world. The resolution reflected universal respect for Gandhi and his philosophy. October 2, which is Gandhi’s birthday, was allocated as the day’s date. The first International Day of Non-Violence was on October 2, 2007.

The UN logo is often associated with marketing and promotional material for this event. It features a projection of a world map (less Antarctica) centered on the North Pole, inscribed in a wreath consisting of crossed conventionalized branches of the olive tree. The olive branches symbolize peace and the world map depicts the area of concern to the UN in achieving its main purpose, peace and security. The projection of the map extends to 60 degrees south latitude, and includes five concentric circles.

Lee National Denim Day

Lee National Denim Day is a fundraiser created by Lee Jeans where participants donate $5 or more in exchange for wearing jeans to work. Since its inception in 1996, Lee National Denim Day participants have raised more than $91 million for the fight against breast cancer and with your help, we hope to add even more to that total. Funds will support the American Cancer Society and their breast cancer programs and services.

Join Lee Jeans and the American Cancer Society in the movement to rise above breast cancer by donating $5 or more today. Your donation helps the American Cancer Society discover new ways to prevent, find and cure breast cancer while ensuring access to mammograms and providing free support to people affected by the disease.

It all started when several Lee Jeans employees realized that each of them, in one form or another, had been touched by breast cancer. An everyday conversation sparked an idea and led to the creation of Lee National Denim Day, which has become one of the largest single–day fundraisers nationwide for breast cancer.

In its first year, Lee Jeans set a goal of raising $1 million on Lee National Denim Day. To do this, Lee Jeans asked companies to go casual for a cause, inviting employees to wear their jeans to work on Denim Day in exchange for a $5 contribution to the fight against breast cancer. The underlying concept behind the program was simple—by convincing enough people to take one small step, together they could reach an incredible goal.

The response to the inaugural Lee National Denim Day program was astounding. That year, more than 3,000 companies signed up to participate, raising $1.4 million dollars for the fight against breast cancer and setting the stage for what would become one of the most captivating social action campaigns in the country.

National Custodial Worker Day

National Custodial Worker Day is celebrated on October 2nd of each year.  It was established to celebrate the hard work of men and women in the custodial profession.  Custodial workers are those who clean toilets, mop floors, take out the garbage and generally maintain your office space.  These men and women work hard every day and are often taken for granted.  Today is a great day to show a little appreciation.

We were unable to locate the origin of National Custodial Worker Day.  However, we were able to locate a Custodial Worker’s Resource website.  Custodial Worker’s Resource provides resources for custodial workers as well as recognition.  One of their “Dates to remember” is National Custodial Worker Day on October 2nd.

Recognizing the Custodial Worker’s who work with you can be as simple as saying hello and how much you appreciate their work.  Other options are greeting cards, a poster placed for all to see, or if you are the boss maybe offer the day off.

National Diversity Day

A day to celebrate and embrace who we are, despite our differences, no matter what race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, age, nationality or disability. A day to reflect on and learn about different cultures and ideologies. A day to vow acceptance and tolerance. A day to consciously address these areas at educational and religious institutions, as well as in the workplace and at home. Our slogan: “Embrace diversity, embrace our world.” Annually, the first Friday in October.

The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences.  These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies.  It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment. It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of diversity contained within each individual.

National Fried Scallops Day

It's National Fried Scallops Day! A scallop is a type of marine mollusk in the Pectinidae family. Scallops are typically two to five inches in size and can swim by rapidly opening and closing their shells. The muscle used for this activity is the only part of the animal that we eat.

Scallops are one of the most delectable foodstuffs to come from the sea. Not much more expensive than other bi-valve mollusk cousins, they are so rich, sweet and tender that a little goes a long way.

The word scallop comes from the Old French escalope meaning "shell," referring to the shell that houses the scallop. Scallops are mentioned in print as far back as 1280, when Marco Polo mentions scallops as being one of the seafoods sold in the marketplace in Hangchow, China.

Paris restauranteur Gustave Chatagnier featured a special scallops dish on his menu in 1936.

With the advent of new equipment in 1965 enabling the processing of deepwater mollusks, calico scallops became a major harvest off the shores of North Carolina and Florida, with catches averaging 12 million pounds a year between 1984 and 1994.

Probably the most famous scallop dish is Coquille St.-Jacques. The word coquille means shell in French. This dish has some religious history, but only with regard to the shell itself. The scallop shell was used as a badge of reverence and identification by pilgrims visiting the Spanish shrine of St. James (St. Jacques in French). The famous dish is made of a blend of scallops in a cream and butter sauce and is traditionally served in the beautiful shell of the scallop.

To celebrate National Fried Scallop Day, enjoy some delicious fried scallops paired with a glass of white wine. Bon appétit!

National Name Your Car Day

National Name Your Car Day is celebrated on October 2nd of each year and is a great time to personalize your car with a name, if you haven’t done so already.

Many of you most likely remember  “Herbie” the Love Bug, “Lightning McQueen” from Cars, “Kit” from Knight Rider, “General Lee” from The Dukes of Hazzard, “Bandit” from Smokey and the Bandit and "Shaguar" from Austin Powers, International Man of Mystery. These are just some of the famous car names that are known by millions of people.

People give attention and consideration to anything important and have value to them. Giving a name to your pet or to your kids is just like giving a name to your car. Naming them describes their personality. Cars are also believed to have feelings and character.

Though there is no direct information about the origin of this day, Nevertheless, take advantage of this day to acknowledge and give credit to your car. Your car maybe a new one–it is much easier to give names to them, because they look wonderful, or maybe an old one–must have witnessed every ups and down; the highs and the lows in the family, and has become a very faithful companion to you. Have fun in looking out for the right name to your car. If you can’t of a name, you may visit Cool Car Nicknames Generator, a website that particularly assists on giving the right and unique name for cars.

Phileas Fogg's Wager Day

Phileas Fogg is the fictional main protagonist in the 1873 Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days.

Fogg attempts to circumnavigate the late Victorian world in 80 days or fewer, for a wager of £20,000 with members of London's Reform Club. He takes the wager and leaves with servant Jean Passepartout, vowing to return by 8:45 pm on Saturday 21 December 1872. Under suspicion of robbing the Bank of England, he is followed by a detective named Fix. Fogg has no idea about Fix's true intentions and Fix, in order to get Fogg back to the United Kingdom so that he can arrest him, works with Fogg in the last half of the book.

While in India he saves a widowed princess, Aouda, from Sati during her husband's funeral and she accompanies Fogg for the rest of his journey. She and Fogg eventually fall in love and marry at the end of the book.


Plaidurday is the worldwide celebration of plaid. It occurs annually on the first Friday of October. There are lots of ways to celebrate! With plaid we can all make a positive impact in the world.

It all began in Lansing, Michigan. In part, it was inspired by the heckling one young man received from his co-workers. These co-workers (who he secretly has great admiration for) noticed that he was wearing plaid quite frequently. At which point we ask, what else would he wear? Solid colors? Polka dots? Stripes that don’t intersect? Argyle?  Sounds foolish.

On the morning of August 26, 2010, an epiphany was had. Plaidurday! The word came to this young man’s mind. From where, nobody knows. But perhaps there is a higher being who happens to love plaid just as much as he does.

The part-ginger, full-Yooper, plaid-wearing man was destined to create the greatest holiday that ever existed. Plaidurday: The Worldwide Celebration of Plaid.

Whether you adore it or find it a symbol of all things hipster, plaid is one of the most ubiquitous patterns in modern fashion. From Alexander McQueen to Vivienne Westwood, designers adore the cross-hatched pattern and its simultaneously preppy and punk connotations. Considering its current popularity, plaid's history may surprise you — after all, it hasn't always been our country's pattern of the choice. Let's take a look at how plaid got so damn popular.

Most of us don't know the difference between plaid and tartan. Tartan refers to the unique cloth patterns which distinguish one Scottish clan or geographical region from another. By the original Scottish definition, a "plaid" was a Celtic kilt or blanket which served as an outer layer to battle the Highland elements.

Plaid, as we know it, was later appropriated by British and American manufacturers, who created patterned fabric which resembled tartan. Written records from 1538 place the fabric in high esteem amongst royalty including King James V, who gifted his wife with several bolts of the material.

Though many of us may want to impose a plaid embargo on our most hipster-adjacent friends, tartan was actually literally forbidden in Britain during the 18th century. The fabric's rebel uniform association with the Scottish Rebellion of 1745 against the union of Scotland and England, making tartan prohibited in the country for nearly half a century under the Dress Act. The print didn't really resurface again until 1782, when plaid became legal, and it became in vogue to wear plaid gowns to formal occasions.

During the 19th century, the pattern made the leap from Europe to the U.S., where it became known by the moniker we know today: plaid. Midwest company Woolrich Woolen Mills gave plaid's popularity a boost when they originated Buffalo plaid in the 1850s. Buffalo plaid's distinctive red and black checkered pattern became a staple amongst those in outdoor professions — most notably, lumberjacks.

Clothing company Pendleton debuted a mass-produced plaid shirt for men in 1924, which became an instant casual wear hit. In 1936, flannel caught its next big break: During a particularly bitter winter snowstorm, the little town of Cedar Springs began to produce its own red flannel, and the print began to take root as a winter staple. Pendleton responded to the upswing in interest by debuting a female version of the shirt in 1949.

After several decades of developing into one of the United State's favored patterns, plaid returned to its insurgent origins as a form of liberated, devil-may-care style. Plaid became ubiquitous in the 1970s, adorning everything from suits to interior design elements. Though originally imbued with sweet, rustic connotations, the plaid shirt became part of a more sexualized look when The Dukes of Hazard's Daisy knotted hers above the waist and wore it with daring hot pants.

Across the pond, Queen Elizabeth II's Royal Stewart Tartan was appropriated by the punk movement in the form of ripped layers and shredded shirts. The look was famously intended to give the fabric, associated with the monarchy, an anarchic spin. Spurred by the cultural phenomenon, Vivienne Westwood began to popularize her famously punk-inspired plaid on the coattails of the movement. Plaid was about to become a symbol of rebellion once more.

The 1980s proved a pivotal decade for plaid. Movies from The Heathers to St. Elmo's Fire had plaid in a preppy stronghold, and public figures including Princess Diana exhibited the fabric's more pristine potential. But meanwhile, the grunge movement was starting to take form in the Pacific Northwest, spurring what would become plaid's most notorious decade yet.

The plaid flannel shirt became the unofficial symbol of the grunge movement in the early 1990s. Bands like Nirvana, The Breeders, and Pearl Jam rocked plaids in their signature, grungy fashion. Newcomer to the fashion scene Marc Jacobs appropriated the style with his line in his notoriously grunge-inspired Spring 1993 collection, and has continued his love affair with plaid ever since.

But despite plaid's counterculture reputation, popular culture seemed determined to make plaid both mainstream and idiosyncratic, culminating with Cher's style in 1995's Clueless.

Empire Records followed soon after, and Liv Tyler's ultra-mini plaid skirt and fuzzy blue sweater became an iconic counter cultural image.

This day would bring together all the wonderful plaid-wearing people of the world.

The inaugural celebration took place on October 7, 2011. And forevermore the first Friday of October will be dedicated to plaid.

World Farm Animal Day

World Farm Animal Day is an annual event started by the Farm Animal Reform Movement. It was established to raise awareness of the billions of animals suffering and slaughtered in the world's factory farms. The occasion is observed with events in all 50 states and two dozen other countries.

Every second, 269 chickens are killed in the U.S. for food. That's 23 million chickens every day, or 9 billion every year. Chickens and other animals raised for food aren't just food choices or statistics like "10 billion land animals are killed for food every year in the United States".

Just like the dogs, cats, rabbits, horses and other animals that we welcome into our homes and hearts, chickens, pigs, turkeys, and cows have thoughts, personalities, preferences,feel pain or experience happiness, and also suffer from intensive confinement, boredom and frustration

Every year, large numbers of flora and fauna are killed in factory farms of the world and also in the slaughter house for producing the dairy, eggs and meat. The World Farm Animal Day is devoted to mourning, memorializing and exposing the useless death and sufferings of the pigs, chickens, cows, turkeys and the other sentient and innocent animals slaughtered and raised for food. October 2nd is the honor birthday of the Mahatma Gandhi who was the outspoken supporter of the non- violence towards the animals.

The observances of the World Farm Animal Day is hosted by the certain volunteers in the communities in near about 24 other countries and approximately in fifty US states. The participants consists of the animal encouragement groups, character activists and the newcomers similar- everyone and anyone who cares for the animals is optimistic to link in worldwide protest.

Traditionally the activities consist of the leafleting, vigils, exhibiting, tabling and marches. Much of the theatrical events consist of the die- ins, video rigs and cage- ins. Activist support the mayors and governors to issue particular proclamations disapproving the cruelty to the farmed animals.

World Farm Animal Day is the global campaign of the FARM which was launched in the year 1983, which is an organization that is based outside Washington DC. This FARM performs its functioning with the domestic volunteers by hosting the different activities, helping as resource by giving guidance, media outreach, information, materials and also the directory of the online events. World Farm Animal Day provides us the opportunity to speak against brutalization and atrocities of the animals that are raised for the dairy, eggs and meat.

Among activities that will be organized in the North America will the yearly walk of the Farm Sanctuary’s for the farm animals. Actually it is the series of walking dealings which are organized all through US and Canada in the month of September as well as October. Gene Baur, the co- founder and president of the Farm Sanctuary explains that walk for the farm animals is the crucial tool which provides chances for the animal supporter to reveal the support for the protection of animals, educate general people that why it is significant issue and also help in raising the resources that are necessary to keep on the distinctive work of the Farm Sanctuary’s to save the animals of the farm from the abuse and also support for protection of farm animals around country by the corporate, legal and legislative campaign efforts.

World Farm Animal Day is the day of the remembrance and mourning for all animals that are tortured, slaughtered and imprisoned due to the demand of the society’s for the meat. World Farm Animals Day is the yearly event which was started by Farm Animal Reform Movement to save the farm animals from the tortures of the human beings.

World No Alcohol Day

In many parts of the world, drinking alcoholic beverages is a common feature of social gatherings. Nevertheless, the consumption of alcohol carries a risk of adverse health and social consequences related to its intoxicating, toxic and dependence-producing properties.

In addition to the chronic diseases that may develop in those who drink large amounts of alcohol over a number of years, alcohol use is also associated with an increased risk of acute health conditions, such as injuries, including from traffic accidents.

The harmful use of alcohol results in 2.5 million deaths each year. According to WHO,  320,000 young people between the age of 15 and 29 die from alcohol-related causes, resulting in 9% of all deaths in that age group. ICN is concerned about the growing number of youths who abuse alcohol and other drugs. Nurses, as key providers of health care for young people, have a crucial role in addressing substance abuse in this age group.

Prevention and reduction of substance abuse through policy and advocacy, promotion of healthy lifestyles, and equipping youth with life skills to deal with stress, peer pressure, and other risk factors is an important role for ICN and nursing.  The harmful use of alcohol is one of the risk factors leading to the growing burden of chronic diseases.  WHO has developed innovative portals on alcohol and health with a web-based self-help intervention tool in four pilot countries, Belarus, Brazil, India and Mexico. The portals provide information not only for policymakers and professionals, but also for the public at large. They include a self-screening tool for hazardous and harmful use of alcohol and a fully computerized self-help program for people who wish to reduce or stop drinking alcohol.

World Smile Day

As is well known by now throughout the world Harvey Ball, a commercial artist from Worcester, Massachusetts created the smiley face in 1963. That image went on to become the most recognizable symbol of good will and good cheer on the planet.

As the years passed Harvey Ball became concerned about the over-commercialization of his symbol, and how its original meaning and intent had become lost in the constant repetition of the marketplace. Out of that concern came his idea for World Smile Day. He thought that we, all of us, should devote one day each year to smiles and kind acts throughout the world. The smiley face knows no politics, no geography and no religion. Harvey’s idea was that for at least one day each year, neither should we.  He declared that the first Friday in October each year would henceforth be World Smile Day. Ever since that first World Smile Day held in 1999, it has continued every year in Smiley's hometown of Worcester, MA and around the world.

After Harvey died in 2001, the Harvey Ball World Smile Foundation was created to honor his name and memory. The Foundation continues as the official sponsor of World Smile Day each year.

This website was created to provide information about  World Smile Day®, Harvey Ball and Smiley. Browse the archives to learn more about past World Smile Day events, Smiley and his creator - Harvey Ball. And be sure to join the celebration this year on Friday, October 3rd, and "Do an act of kindness. Help one person smile"!